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Expansion of Agriculture in Northern Cold-Climate Regions : A Cross-Sectoral Perspective on Opportunities and Challenges

Expansion of Agriculture in Northern Cold-Climate Regions : A Cross-Sectoral Perspective on Opportunities and Challenges


Title: Expansion of Agriculture in Northern Cold-Climate Regions : A Cross-Sectoral Perspective on Opportunities and Challenges
Author: Unc, Adrian
Altdorff, Daniel
Abakumov, Evgeny
Adl, Sina
Baldursson, Snorri
Bechtold, Michel
Cattani, Douglas J.
Firbank, Les G.
Grand, Stéphanie
Guðjónsdóttir, María
... 20 more authors Show all authors
Date: 2021-07-15
Language: English
Scope:
Department: Nature & Forest
Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition
Series: Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems; 5()
ISSN: 2571-581X
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fsufs.2021.663448
Subject: Landbúnaður; Norðurslóðir; Norður-heimskautið; Norðurslóðir; Norður-heimskautið; Stefnumótun; Arctic agriculture; boreal agriculture; crops and agricultural practices; land-use conversion; northern soils; policies for agriculture expansion; social and cultural drivers; Global and Planetary Change; Food Science; Ecology; Agronomy and Crop Science; Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law; Horticulture
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/3242

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Citation:

Unc , A , Altdorff , D , Abakumov , E , Adl , S , Baldursson , S , Bechtold , M , Cattani , D J , Firbank , L G , Grand , S , Guðjónsdóttir , M , Kallenbach , C , Kedir , A J , Li , P , McKenzie , D B , Misra , D , Nagano , H , Neher , D A , Niemi , J , Oelbermann , M , Overgård Lehmann , J , Parsons , D , Quideau , S , Sharkhuu , A , Smreczak , B , Sorvali , J , Vallotton , J D , Whalen , J K , Young , E H , Zhang , M & Borchard , N 2021 , ' Expansion of Agriculture in Northern Cold-Climate Regions : A Cross-Sectoral Perspective on Opportunities and Challenges ' , Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems , vol. 5 , 663448 . https://doi.org/10.3389/fsufs.2021.663448

Abstract:

Agriculture in the boreal and Arctic regions is perceived as marginal, low intensity and inadequate to satisfy the needs of local communities, but another perspective is that northern agriculture has untapped potential to increase the local supply of food and even contribute to the global food system. Policies across northern jurisdictions target the expansion and intensification of agriculture, contextualized for the diverse social settings and market foci in the north. However, the rapid pace of climate change means that traditional methods of adapting cropping systems and developing infrastructure and regulations for this region cannot keep up with climate change impacts. Moreover, the anticipated conversion of northern cold-climate natural lands to agriculture risks a loss of up to 76% of the carbon stored in vegetation and soils, leading to further environmental impacts. The sustainable development of northern agriculture requires local solutions supported by locally relevant policies. There is an obvious need for the rapid development of a transdisciplinary, cross-jurisdictional, long-term knowledge development, and dissemination program to best serve food needs and an agricultural economy in the boreal and Arctic regions while minimizing the risks to global climate, northern ecosystems and communities.

Description:

Publisher Copyright: © Copyright © 2021 Unc, Altdorff, Abakumov, Adl, Baldursson, Bechtold, Cattani, Firbank, Grand, Guðjónsdóttir, Kallenbach, Kedir, Li, McKenzie, Misra, Nagano, Neher, Niemi, Oelbermann, Overgård Lehmann, Parsons, Quideau, Sharkhuu, Smreczak, Sorvali, Vallotton, Whalen, Young, Zhang and Borchard.

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