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Short-term, intermediate-term and long-term risks of acute coronary syndrome in cohorts of patients with RA starting biologic DMARDs : results from four Nordic countries

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dc.contributor Landspitali - The National University Hospital of Iceland
dc.contributor.author Delcoigne, Benedicte
dc.contributor.author Ljung, Lotta
dc.contributor.author Provan, Sella A
dc.contributor.author Glintborg, Bente
dc.contributor.author Hetland, Merete Lund
dc.contributor.author Grøn, Kathrine Lederballe
dc.contributor.author Peltomaa, Ritva
dc.contributor.author Relas, Heikki
dc.contributor.author Turesson, Carl
dc.contributor.author Guðbjörnsson, Björn
dc.contributor.author Michelsen, Brigitte
dc.contributor.author Askling, Johan
dc.date.accessioned 2022-05-19T01:02:56Z
dc.date.available 2022-05-19T01:02:56Z
dc.date.issued 2022-03-22
dc.identifier.citation Delcoigne , B , Ljung , L , Provan , S A , Glintborg , B , Hetland , M L , Grøn , K L , Peltomaa , R , Relas , H , Turesson , C , Guðbjörnsson , B , Michelsen , B & Askling , J 2022 , ' Short-term, intermediate-term and long-term risks of acute coronary syndrome in cohorts of patients with RA starting biologic DMARDs : results from four Nordic countries ' , Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases , vol. 81 , no. 6 , pp. 789-797 . https://doi.org/10.1136/annrheumdis-2021-221996
dc.identifier.issn 0003-4967
dc.identifier.other PURE: 48668724
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: d0e2d802-de31-49ec-a85f-f120aa258247
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85127536600
dc.identifier.other unpaywall: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2021-221996
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/3185
dc.description Funding Information: Competing interests LL: chairs the steering committee of the Swedish Rheumatology Quality Register, SRQ. Karolinska University Hospital and its principal investigator SRQ has had agreements for register data analyses with AbbVie, Amgen, BMS, Eli Lilly, Galapagos, Janssen, Novartis, Pfizer, Sanofi, Sobi and UCB. BG: research grants: Pfizer, BMS, Sandoz and AbbVie. MLH: grants: AbbVie, Biogen, BMS, Celltrion, Eli Lilly Denmark A/S, Janssen Biologics B.V, Lundbeckfonden, MSD, Pfizer, Roche, Samsung Bioepis and Sandoz; chairs the steering committee of the Danish Rheumatology Quality Registry (DANBIO), which receives public funding from the hospital owners and funding from pharmaceutical companies, and cochairs Eurospa, which generates real-world evidence of treatment of psoriatic arthritis and axial spondyloarthritis based on secondary data and is partly funded by Novartis. KLG: grants: BMS. RP: lecturer: Actelion, Boehringer Ingelheim, Pfizer, Sanofi and Janssen; grants: Mylen and data safety monitoring: Boehringer Ingelheim, Lilly, Janssen and AbbVie. HR: Congress fees and speaker fees from AbbVie and consulting fees: Celgene and Pfizer. CT: speaker fees: AbbVie, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Nordic Drugs, Pfizer and Roche. BG: consultant and lecturer fees: Novartis. BM: research grant (paid to employer) and consultancy fees: Novartis. JA: grants: AbbVie, Astra-Zeneca, BMS, Eli Lilly, Galapagos, MSD, Pfizer, Roche, Samsung Bioepis, Sanofi and UCB. AbbVie, Astra-Zeneca, BMS, Eli Lilly, MSD, Pfizer, Roche, Samsung Bioepis, Sanofi, and UCB have entered into agreements with Karolinska Institutet with JA as principal investigator, mainly in the context of safety monitoring of biologics via the ARTIS national safety monitoring system. Funding Information: Funding This work was supported by NordForsk and the Foundation for Research in Rheumatology (Foreum), Vinnova. The research infrastructure was supported by funds from the Swedish Research Council, the Swedish Heart Lung Foundation, the Swedish Cancer Society and Region Stockholm–Karolinska Institutet (ALF). Publisher Copyright: © 2022 Author(s) (or their employer(s)). Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVES: To compare the 1-year, 2-year and 5-year incidences of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) starting any of the biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) currently available in clinical practice and to anchor these results with a general population comparator. METHODS: Observational cohort study, with patients from Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden starting a bDMARD during 2008-2017. Time to first ACS was identified through register linkages. We calculated the 1-year, 2-year and 5-year incidence rates (IR) (on drug and ever since treatment start) and used Cox regression (HRs) to compare ACS incidences across treatments taking ACS risk factors into account. Analyses were further performed separately in subgroups defined by age, number of previous bDMARDs and history of cardiovascular disease. We also compared ACS incidences to an individually matched general population cohort. RESULTS: 24 083 patients (75% women, mean age 56 years) contributing 40 850 treatment courses were included. During the maximum (5 years) follow-up (141 257 person-years (pyrs)), 780 ACS events occurred (crude IR 5.5 per 1000 pyrs). Overall, the incidence of ACS in RA was 80% higher than that in the general population. For all bDMARDs and follow-up definitions, HRs were close to 1 (etanercept as reference) with the exception of the 5-year risk window, where signals for abatacept, infliximab and rituximab were noted. CONCLUSION: The rate of ACS among patients with RA initiating bDMARDs remains elevated compared with the general population. As used in routine care, the short-term, intermediate-term and longer-term risks of ACS vary little across individual bDMARDs.
dc.format.extent 9
dc.format.extent 789-797
dc.language.iso en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases; 81(6)
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Líftæknilyf
dc.subject Kransæðasjúkdómar
dc.subject Gigtarlæknisfræði
dc.subject Iktsýki
dc.subject biological therapy
dc.subject cardiovascular diseases
dc.subject rheumatoid arthritis
dc.subject tumor necrosis factor inhibitors
dc.subject Tumor necrosis factor inhibitors
dc.subject Rheumatoid arthritis
dc.subject Biological therapy
dc.subject Cardiovascular diseases
dc.subject Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (all)
dc.subject Rheumatology
dc.subject Immunology and Allergy
dc.subject Immunology
dc.title Short-term, intermediate-term and long-term risks of acute coronary syndrome in cohorts of patients with RA starting biologic DMARDs : results from four Nordic countries
dc.type /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/researchoutputtypes/contributiontojournal/article
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.pmid 35318218
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1136/annrheumdis-2021-221996
dc.relation.url http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85127536600&partnerID=8YFLogxK
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Medicine
dc.contributor.department Internal Medicine and Emergency Services

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