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Active Materials for 3D Printing in Small Animals : Current Modalities and Future Directions for Orthopedic Applications

Active Materials for 3D Printing in Small Animals : Current Modalities and Future Directions for Orthopedic Applications


Title: Active Materials for 3D Printing in Small Animals : Current Modalities and Future Directions for Orthopedic Applications
Author: Memarian, Parastoo
Pishavar, Elham
Zanotti, Federica
Trentini, Martina
Camponogara, Francesca
Soliani, Elisa
Gargiulo, Paolo   orcid.org/0000-0002-5049-4817
Isola, Maurizio
Zavan, Barbara
Date: 2022-02-01
Language: English
Scope: 25
University/Institute: Landspitali - The National University Hospital of Iceland
Department: Department of Engineering
Other departments
Series: International Journal of Molecular Sciences; 23(3)
ISSN: 1661-6596
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms23031045
Subject: Vísindadeild; 3D printing; Materials; Orthopedics; Receiver-specific; Veterinary; Catalysis; Molecular Biology; Spectroscopy; Computer Science Applications; Physical and Theoretical Chemistry; Organic Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/3156

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Citation:

Memarian , P , Pishavar , E , Zanotti , F , Trentini , M , Camponogara , F , Soliani , E , Gargiulo , P , Isola , M & Zavan , B 2022 , ' Active Materials for 3D Printing in Small Animals : Current Modalities and Future Directions for Orthopedic Applications ' , International Journal of Molecular Sciences , vol. 23 , no. 3 , 1045 . https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms23031045

Abstract:

The successful clinical application of bone tissue engineering requires customized implants based on the receiver’s bone anatomy and defect characteristics. Three-dimensional (3D) printing in small animal orthopedics has recently emerged as a valuable approach in fabricating individualized implants for receiver-specific needs. In veterinary medicine, because of the wide range of dimensions and anatomical variances, receiver-specific diagnosis and therapy are even more critical. The ability to generate 3D anatomical models and customize orthopedic instruments, implants, and scaffolds are advantages of 3D printing in small animal orthopedics. Furthermore, this technology provides veterinary medicine with a powerful tool that improves performance, precision, and cost-effectiveness. Nonetheless, the individualized 3D-printed implants have benefited several complex orthopedic procedures in small animals, including joint replacement surgeries, critical size bone defects, tibial tuberosity advancement, patellar groove replacement, limb-sparing surgeries, and other complex orthopedic procedures. The main purpose of this review is to discuss the application of 3D printing in small animal orthopedics based on already published papers as well as the techniques and materials used to fabricate 3D-printed objects. Finally, the advantages, current limitations, and future directions of 3D printing in small animal orthopedics have been addressed.

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Publisher Copyright: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

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