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The Predation Game : Does dividing attention affect patterns of human foraging?

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dc.contributor.author Thornton, Ian M.
dc.contributor.author Tagu, Jérôme
dc.contributor.author Zdravković, Sunčica
dc.contributor.author Kristjánsson, Árni
dc.date.accessioned 2022-05-07T01:01:55Z
dc.date.available 2022-05-07T01:01:55Z
dc.date.issued 2021-05-06
dc.identifier.citation Thornton , I M , Tagu , J , Zdravković , S & Kristjánsson , Á 2021 , ' The Predation Game : Does dividing attention affect patterns of human foraging? ' , Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications , vol. 6 , no. 1 , 35 , pp. 35 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s41235-021-00299-w
dc.identifier.issn 2365-7464
dc.identifier.other PURE: 37016727
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: dc33fa19-9b86-4910-ae81-c50ef862e928
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85105428896
dc.identifier.other WOSLite: 000647712100001
dc.identifier.other unpaywall: 10.1186/s41235-021-00299-w
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/3144
dc.description Funding text IMT’s research is supported by the Academic Work Resource Fund and the University Research Fund of the University of Malta. AK was supported by the Icelandic Research Fund (Grant #152427) as well as a grant from the Research Fund of the University of Iceland. JT was also supported by the Icelandic Research Fund (Grant # 206744-051). Publisher Copyright: © 2021, The Author(s).
dc.description.abstract Attention is known to play an important role in shaping the behaviour of both human and animal foragers. Here, in three experiments, we built on previous interactive tasks to create an online foraging game for studying divided attention in human participants exposed to the (simulated) risk of predation. Participants used a “sheep” icon to collect items from different target categories randomly distributed across the display. Each trial also contained “wolf” objects, whose movement was inspired by classic studies of multiple object tracking. When participants needed to physically avoid the wolves, foraging patterns changed, with an increased tendency to switch between target categories and a decreased ability to prioritise high reward targets, relative to participants who could safely ignore them. However, when the wolves became dangerous by periodically changing form (briefly having big eyes) instead of by approaching the sheep, foraging patterns were unaffected. Spatial disruption caused by the need to rapidly shift position—rather the cost of reallocating attention—therefore appears to influence foraging in this context. These results thus confirm that participants can efficiently alternate between target selection and tracking moving objects, replicating earlier single-target search findings. Future studies may need to increase the perceived risk or potential costs associated with simulated danger, in order to elicit the extended run behaviour predicted by animal models of foraging, but absent in the current data.
dc.format.extent 35
dc.language.iso en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications; 6(1)
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Athygli
dc.subject Atferli
dc.subject Sjónskynjun
dc.subject Divided attention
dc.subject Dual-task
dc.subject Foraging
dc.subject Multiple target search
dc.subject Multiple-object tracking
dc.subject Predation
dc.subject Visual search
dc.subject Predatory Behavior
dc.subject Movement
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Attention
dc.subject Animals
dc.subject Wolves
dc.subject Sheep
dc.subject Reward
dc.subject Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
dc.subject Cognitive Neuroscience
dc.title The Predation Game : Does dividing attention affect patterns of human foraging?
dc.type /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/researchoutputtypes/contributiontojournal/article
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.pmid 33956238
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1186/s41235-021-00299-w
dc.relation.url http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85105428896&partnerID=8YFLogxK
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Psychology

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