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Oestrogenic Regulation of Mitochondrial Dynamics

Oestrogenic Regulation of Mitochondrial Dynamics


Title: Oestrogenic Regulation of Mitochondrial Dynamics
Author: Kalkhoran, Siavash Beikoghli
Kararigas, Georgios
Date: 2022-02-01
Language: English
Scope:
Department: Faculty of Medicine
Series: International Journal of Molecular Sciences; 23(3)
ISSN: 1661-6596
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms23031118
Subject: Hvatberar; Virkni; Hjarta- og æðaskurðlækningar; Kynferði; 17β-oestradiol; Biological sex; Cardiovascular; Heart–brain axis; Neuronal; Catalysis; Molecular Biology; Spectroscopy; Computer Science Applications; Physical and Theoretical Chemistry; Organic Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/3052

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Citation:

Kalkhoran , S B & Kararigas , G 2022 , ' Oestrogenic Regulation of Mitochondrial Dynamics ' , International Journal of Molecular Sciences , vol. 23 , no. 3 , 1118 . https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms23031118

Abstract:

Biological sex influences disease development and progression. The steroid hormone 17β-oestradiol (E2), along with its receptors, is expected to play a major role in the manifestation of sex differences. E2 exerts pleiotropic effects in a system-specific manner. Mitochondria are one of the central targets of E2, and their biogenesis and respiration are known to be modulated by E2. More recently, it has become apparent that E2 also regulates mitochondrial fusion–fission dynamics, thereby affecting cellular metabolism. The aim of this article is to discuss the regulatory pathways by which E2 orchestrates the activity of several components of mitochondrial dynamics in the cardiovascular and nervous systems in health and disease. We conclude that E2 regulates mitochondrial dynamics to maintain the mitochondrial network promoting mitochondrial fusion and attenuating mitochondrial fission in both the cardiovascular and nervous systems.

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Publisher Copyright: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This work was supported by a grant from the European Union (101024324).

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