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Conceptual development and content validation of a multicultural instrument to assess the normalization of gender-based violence against women

Conceptual development and content validation of a multicultural instrument to assess the normalization of gender-based violence against women


Title: Conceptual development and content validation of a multicultural instrument to assess the normalization of gender-based violence against women
Author: Rodelli, Maddalena
Koutra, Kleio
Þorvaldsdóttir, Karen Birna
Bilgin, Hulya
Ratsika, Nikoleta
Testoni, Ines
Saint Arnault, Denise M.
Date: 2022-02
Language: English
Scope: 22
Department: Doctoral program center
Series: Sexuality and Culture; 26(1)
ISSN: 1095-5143
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12119-021-09877-y
Subject: Kynbundið ofbeldi; Konur; Menning; Gender-based violence; Normalization; Survivors; Scale development; Content validity; Cognitive interviewing
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/2991

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Citation:

Rodelli , M , Koutra , K , Þorvaldsdóttir , K B , Bilgin , H , Ratsika , N , Testoni , I & Saint Arnault , D M 2022 , ' Conceptual development and content validation of a multicultural instrument to assess the normalization of gender-based violence against women ' , Sexuality and Culture , vol. 26 , no. 1 , pp. 26-47 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s12119-021-09877-y

Abstract:

The normalization of gender-based violence (GBV) consists of all those cultural beliefs and values that sustain, justify, or minimize GBV perpetration. Acknowledging the lack of instruments addressing the normalization of GBV and its constitutive sociocultural dimensions, this article presents the conceptual development and initial validation of the Normalization of gender-based violence against women scale. This 18-item instrument could be used to assess the normalization of violence against women in GBV survivors of various cultural contexts. The scale has been developed through a sizeable mixed-methods study. This paper reports the qualitative portion of the study that allowed the development of the instrument and assessment of its content and face validity. In particular, the method section details the process by which the assessed scale’s domain has been identifed through an expert panel workshop, the analysis of GBV survivor’s interviews, and the review of existing scales. The assessment of face and content validity, trough expert judges’ evaluation and Cognitive Interviewing, is presented. This instrument is the frst normalization scale developed by a multicultural team for use with violence survivors. The techniques used to construct this scale aimed to capture cultural aspects of normalization that might be shared across women from diverse groups. Therefore, its use could enable social or health care providers worldwide to program or evaluate the efectiveness of interventions to contrast GBV by promoting a clearer understanding of cultural and social norms that sustain the acceptance and normalization of violence.

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