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Encouraging rational antibiotic prescribing behaviour in primary care–prescribing practice among children aged 0–4 years 2016–2018 : an observational study

Encouraging rational antibiotic prescribing behaviour in primary care–prescribing practice among children aged 0–4 years 2016–2018 : an observational study


Title: Encouraging rational antibiotic prescribing behaviour in primary care–prescribing practice among children aged 0–4 years 2016–2018 : an observational study
Author: Gunnlaugsdóttir, María Rún
Linnet, Kristján
Jónsson, Jón Steinar
Blöndal, Anna Bryndís
Date: 2021-08-04
Language: English
Scope: 9
Department: Faculty of Medicine
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Series: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care; 39(3)
ISSN: 0281-3432
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02813432.2021.1958506
Subject: Ungbörn; Leikskólabörn; Sýklalyf; Heilsugæsla; Antibiotic prescribing; antibiotic surveillance; children; primary care; respiratory infections; Inappropriate Prescribing; Humans; Child, Preschool; Infant; Drug Prescriptions; Practice Patterns, Physicians'; Primary Health Care; Respiratory Tract Infections/drug therapy; Retrospective Studies; Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use; Prescriptions; Infant, Newborn; Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/2904

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Citation:

Gunnlaugsdóttir , M R , Linnet , K , Jónsson , J S & Blöndal , A B 2021 , ' Encouraging rational antibiotic prescribing behaviour in primary care–prescribing practice among children aged 0–4 years 2016–2018 : an observational study ' , Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care , vol. 39 , no. 3 , pp. 373-381 . https://doi.org/10.1080/02813432.2021.1958506

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: To study antibiotic prescriptions among 0- to 4-year-old children before and after implementing a quality project on prudent prescribing of antibiotics in primary healthcare in the capital region of Iceland. DESIGN: An observational, descriptive, retrospective study using quantitative methodology. SETTING: Primary healthcare in the Reykjavik area with a total population of approximately 220,000. SUBJECTS: A total of 6420 children 0-4 years of age presenting at the primary healthcare centres in the metropolitan area over three years from 2016 to 2018. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Reduction of antibiotic prescriptions and change in antibiotic profile. Data on antibiotic prescriptions for children 0-4 years of age was obtained from the medical records. Out-of-hours prescriptions were not included in the database. RESULTS: The number of prescriptions during the study period ranged from 263.6 to 289.6 prescriptions/1000 inhabitants/year. A reduction of 9% in the total number of prescriptions between 2017-2018 was observed. More than half of all prescriptions were for otitis media, followed by pneumonia and skin infections. Amoxicillin accounted for over half of all prescriptions, increasing between 2016 and 2018 by 51.3%. During this period, the prescribing of co-amoxiclav and macrolides decreased by 52.3% and 40.7%, respectively. These changes were significant in all cases, p  < 0.0001. CONCLUSION: The results show an overall decrease in antibiotic prescribing concurrent with a change in the choice of antibiotics prescribed and in line with the recommendations presented in the prescribing guidelines implemented by the Primary Healthcare of the Capital Area, and consistent with the project's goals.Key pointsA substantial proportion of antibiotic prescribing can be considered inappropriate and the antibiotic prescription rate is highest in Iceland of the Nordic countries.After implementing guidance on the treatment of common infections together with feedback on antibiotic prescribing, a decrease in the total number of prescriptions accompanied by a shift in the antibiotic profile was observed.

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Publisher Copyright: © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

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