Opin vísindi

Faces and words are both associated and dissociated as evidenced by visual problems in dyslexia

Faces and words are both associated and dissociated as evidenced by visual problems in dyslexia


Title: Faces and words are both associated and dissociated as evidenced by visual problems in dyslexia
Author: Sigurðardóttir, Heiða María
Arnardóttir, Alexandra
Halldórsdóttir, Eydís Þuríður
Date: 2021-12
Language: English
Scope:
Department: Faculty of Psychology
Series: Scientific Reports; 11(1)
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-02440-7
Subject: Lesblinda; Andlit; Skynjun; Sjónskynjun; Prosopagnosia; Face perception; Facial recognition; Dyslexia; Multidisciplinary
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/2807

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Citation:

Sigurðardóttir , H M , Arnardóttir , A & Halldórsdóttir , E Þ 2021 , ' Faces and words are both associated and dissociated as evidenced by visual problems in dyslexia ' , Scientific Reports , vol. 11 , no. 1 , 23000 . https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-02440-7

Abstract:

Faces and words are traditionally assumed to be independently processed. Dyslexia is also traditionally thought to be a non-visual deficit. Counter to both ideas, face perception deficits in dyslexia have been reported. Others report no such deficits. We sought to resolve this discrepancy. 60 adults participated in the study (24 dyslexic, 36 typical readers). Feature-based processing and configural or global form processing of faces was measured with a face matching task. Opposite laterality effects in these tasks, dependent on left–right orientation of faces, supported that they tapped into separable visual mechanisms. Dyslexic readers tended to be poorer than typical readers at feature-based face matching while no differences were found for global form face matching. We conclude that word and face perception are associated when the latter requires the processing of visual features of a face, while processing the global form of faces apparently shares minimal—if any—resources with visual word processing. The current results indicate that visual word and face processing are both associated and dissociated—but this depends on what visual mechanisms are task-relevant. We suggest that reading deficits could stem from multiple factors, and that one such factor is a problem with feature-based processing of visual objects.

Description:

This work was supported by The Icelandic Research Fund (Grants No. 174013-051, 195912-053) and the University of Iceland Research Fund. We wish to thank Hilma Ros Omarsdottir and Anna Sigridur Valgeirsdottir for collaboration with running participants. We also thank Ómar Ingi Jóhannesson for his assistance, and Randi Starrfelt for helpful discussions concerning the current experiments. We also want to thank Van Belle et al. (2009) for making their face stimuli available to other researchers. Finally, we want to thank Sabrina Hansmann-Roth for her idea of making audio versions of the Icelandic Vision Lab’s papers. The audio version of a preprint of an earlier version of the paper can be found at: https://notendur.hi.is/~heidasi/audio_papers/faces_and_words_v2. Publisher Copyright: © 2021, The Author(s).

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