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EU country and EFTA country export differences

EU country and EFTA country export differences


Title: EU country and EFTA country export differences
Author: Óskarsson, Guðmundur Kristján
Kristjánsdóttir, Helga
Date: 2021-04
Language: English
Scope: 147
University/Institute: University of Akureyri
School: School of Business and Science
Series: JOURNAL OF RISK AND FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT; 14(4)
ISSN: 1911-8066
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm14040147
Subject: Milliríkjaviðskipti; Útflutningur; UK; EU; International trade; Geographic distance; International trade; Geographic distance; EU; EFTA
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/2770

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Citation:

Óskarsson , G K & Kristjánsdóttir , H 2021 , ' EU country and EFTA country export differences ' , JOURNAL OF RISK AND FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT , vol. 14 , no. 4 , pp. 147 . https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm14040147

Abstract:

 
This research seeks to analyze the export differences facing countries in the EU and EFTA. This is firstly to analyze the effects on international trade of the trade bloc of the European Union (EU), and secondly the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), and provide a comparison of these two. This research seeks to analyze exports determinants to answer these two questions. There are two countries selected for this study, the small EFTA country Iceland, and the large EU country UK, before BREXIT. We apply a gravity model in our econometric analysis, with exports dependent on the gross domestic product, population, and geographic distance. We estimate these effects on the exports of both the UK and Iceland in separate equation systems. We conclude that exports from the UK, before BREXIT, are more negatively affected by geographical distance than exports for the EFTA country Iceland, when corrected for gross domestic product and population size.
 
This research seeks to analyze the export differences facing countries in the EU and EFTA. This is firstly to analyze the effects on international trade of the trade bloc of the European Union (EU), and secondly the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), and provide a comparison of these two. This research seeks to analyze exports determinants to answer these two questions. There are two countries selected for this study, the small EFTA country Iceland, and the large EU country UK, before BREXIT. We apply a gravity model in our econometric analysis, with exports dependent on the gross domestic product, population, and geographic distance. We estimate these effects on the exports of both the UK and Iceland in separate equation systems. We conclude that exports from the UK, before BREXIT, are more negatively affected by geographical distance than exports for the EFTA country Iceland, when corrected for gross domestic product and population size.
 

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