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Browsing IRIS by Department "Office of Division of Clinical Services I"

Browsing IRIS by Department "Office of Division of Clinical Services I"

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  • Tsakpounidou, Kalliopi; van der Merwe, Jan; Klinke, Marianne Elisabeth; Webb, Chris; Ouriques Martins, Sheila Cristina; Proios, Hariklia (2022-04-18)
    Background: Educating the at-risk population about stroke symptoms and requirement of calling an ambulance when stroke strikes is challenging. This exploratory cross-country study provides insights to the FAST Heroes educational campaign and outcomes ...
  • Rusanen, Matias; Huttunen, Riku; Korkalainen, Henri; Myllymaa, Sami; Toyras, Juha; Myllymaa, Katja; Sigurdardottir, Sigridur; Ólafsdóttir, Kristín Anna; Leppanen, Timo; Arnardóttir, Erna Sif; Kainulainen, Samu (2023-04-01)
    Reliable, automated, and user-friendly solutions for the identification of sleep stages in home environment are needed in various clinical and scientific research settings. Previously we have shown that signals recorded with an easily applicable textile ...
  • Nicoletti, Paola; Devarbhavi, Harshad; Goel, Ashish; Venkatesan, Radha; Eapen, Chundamannil E.; Grove, Jane I.; Zafer, Samreen; Björnsson, Einar Stefán; Lucena, M. Isabel; Andrade, Raul J.; Pirmohamed, Munir; Wadelius, Mia; Larrey, Dominique; Maitland-van der Zee, Anke Hilse; Ibanez, Luisa; Watkins, Paul B.; Daly, Ann K.; Aithal, Guruprasad P. (2021-04)
    Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a complication of treatment with antituberculosis (TB) drugs, especially in isoniazid (INH)-containing regimens. To investigate genetic risk factors, we performed a genomewide association study (GWAS) involving anti-TB ...
  • NAFLD policy review collaborators (2022-04-01)
    BACKGROUND & AIMS: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a highly prevalent, yet largely underappreciated liver condition which is closely associated with obesity and metabolic disease. Despite affecting an estimated 1 in 4 adults globally, NAFLD ...
  • Sigurdarson, Sigurdur S.; Kristjánsson, Már; Björnsson, Einar Stefán (2024-03-01)
    Liver injury associated with the use of a number of different of herbal and dietary supplements are increasingly recognized. It is though often unclear which of the sometimes multiple ingredients are responsible for the liver injury. Several case reports ...
  • Olafsdottir, Thorunn A; Bjarnadottir, Kristbjorg; Norddahl, Gudmundur L.; Halldórsson, Gísli Hreinn; Melsted, Páll; Gunnarsdottir, Kristbjorg; Ivarsdottir, Erna; Olafsdottir, Thorhildur; Arnthorsson, Asgeir O; Theódórs, Fannar; Eyþórsson, Elías Sæbjörn; Helgason, Dadi; Eggertsson, Hannes P.; Masson, Gisli; Bjarnadottir, Solveig; Sævarsdóttir, Sædís; Runólfsdóttir, Hrafnhildur L.; Ólafsson, Ísleifur; Saemundsdottir, Jona; Sigurðsson, Martin Ingi; Ingvarsson, Ragnar Freyr; Pálsson, Runólfur; Thorgeirsson, Gudmundur; Halldórsson, Bjarni Vilhjálmur; Holm, Hilma; Kristjánsson, Már; Sulem, Patrick; Þorsteinsdóttir, Unnur; Jónsdóttir, Ingileif; Gudbjartsson, Daniel F; Stefansson, Kari (2022-09-06)
    Memory T-cell responses following SARS-CoV-2 infection have been extensively investigated but many studies have been small with a limited range of disease severity. Here we analyze SARS-CoV-2 reactive T-cell responses in 768 convalescent SARS-CoV-2-infected ...
  • Rögnvaldsson, Sæmundur; Love, Thorvardur Jon; Thorsteinsdottir, Sigrun; Reed, Elín Ruth; Óskarsson, Jón Þórir; Pétursdóttir, Íris; Sigurðardóttir, Guðrún Ásta; Viðarsson, Brynjar; Önundarson, Páll Torfi; Agnarsson, Bjarni A.; Þorsteinsdóttir, Ingunn; Ólafsson, Ísleifur; Þórðardóttir, Ásdís Rósa; Eyþórsson, Elías; Jónsson, Ásbjörn; Björnsson, Andri S.; Gunnarsson, Gunnar Þór; Pálsson, Runólfur; Indriðason, Ólafur Skúli; Gíslason, Gauti Kjartan; Ólafsson, Andri; Hákonardóttir, Guðlaug Katrín; Brinkhuis, Manje; Halldórsdóttir, Sara Lovísa; Ásgeirsdóttir, Tinna Laufey; Steingrímsdóttir, Hlíf; Danielsen, Ragnar; Dröfn Wessman, Inga; Kampanis, Petros; Hulcrantz, Malin; Durie, Brian G.M.; Harding, Stephen; Landgren, Ola; Kristinsson, Sigurður Yngvi (2021-05-17)
    Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) precedes multiple myeloma (MM). Population-based screening for MGUS could identify candidates for early treatment in MM. Here we describe the Iceland Screens, Treats, or Prevents Multiple Myeloma ...
  • Saevarsdóttir, Karen Sól; Hilmarsdóttir, Hildur Ýr; Magnúsdóttir, Ingibjörg; Hauksdóttir, Arna; Thordardottir, Edda Bjork; Gudjónsdóttir, Ásdís Braga; Tomasson, Gunnar; Rúnarsdóttir, Harpa; Jónsdóttir, Harpa Lind; Gudmundsdóttir, Berglind; Pétursdóttir, Gudrún; Petersen, Pétur Henry; Kristinsson, Sigurdur Yngvi; Love, Thorvardur Jon; Hansdóttir, Sif; Hardardóttir, Hrönn; Gudmundsson, Gunnar; Eythorsson, Elias; Gudmundsdóttir, Dóra Gudrún; Sigbjörnsdóttir, Hildur; Haraldsdóttir, Sigrídur; Möller, Alma Dagbjört; Palsson, Runolfur; Jakobsdóttir, Jóhanna; Aspelund, Thor; Valdimarsdottir, Unnur (2021-07-23)
    Objective To test if patients recovering from COVID-19 are at increased risk of mental morbidities and to what extent such risk is exacerbated by illness severity. Design Population-based cross-sectional study. Setting Iceland. Participants A total of ...
  • Jónsson, Arnar Jan; Lund, Sigrún Helga; Eriksen, Bjorn O.; Pálsson, Runólfur; Indriðason, Ólafur Skúli (2022-07-01)
    Background: Information on the incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the general population is scarce. This study examined the incidence and risk factors of CKD stages 1-5 in Iceland, based on multiple markers of kidney damage. Methods: All serum ...
  • Egilsdóttir, Halldóra; Jónsdóttir, Helga; Klinke, Marianne Elisabeth (2022-07-26)
    We used explorative interviews to gauge (inter)personal, physiological, and emotional challenges of seven rural cancer patients who traveled long distances to cancer treatment centers. After a thematic analysis, we foregrounded experiences of temporality ...
  • Rögnvaldsson, Sæmundur; Eythorsson, Elias; Thorsteinsdottir, Sigrun; Vidarsson, Brynjar; Önundarson, Páll Torfi; Agnarsson, Bjarni Agnar; Sigurdardottir, Margret; Thorsteinsdóttir, Ingunn; Ólafsson, Ísleifur; Runólfsdóttir, Hrafnhildur L.; Helgason, Dadi; Emilsdóttir, Arna Rut; Ágústsson, Arnar Snær; Björnsson, Aron Hjalti; Kristjánsdóttir, Gudrún; Thordardottir, Asdis Rosa; Indridason, Olafur Skuli; Jónsson, Ásbjörn; Gislason, Gauti Kjartan; Olafsson, Andri; Steingrímsdóttir, Hlíf; Kampanis, Petros; Hultcrantz, Malin; Durie, Brian G.M.; Harding, Stephen; Landgren, Ola; Palsson, Runolfur; Love, Thorvarður Jon; Kristinsson, Sigurdur Yngvi (2021-12-01)
    Multiple myeloma (MM) patients have increased risk of severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) when infected by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), the precursor of ...
  • Olafsson, Sigurdur; Rögnvaldsson, Sigurjon; Bergmann, Ottar M.; Jonasson, Jon G.; Benitez Hernandez, Ubaldo; Björnsson, Einar S. (2021-06-01)
    Background & Aims: The incidence of cirrhosis in Iceland has been the lowest in the world with only 3 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. Alcohol consumption has almost doubled in Iceland from 1980 to 2016. Obesity has also risen and hepatitis C virus has ...
  • Björnsson, Einar Stefán; Stephens, Camilla; Atallah, Edmond; Robles-Diaz, Mercedes; Alvarez-Alvarez, Ismael; Gerbes, Alexander; Weber, Sabine; Stirnimann, Guido; Kullak-Ublick, Gerd; Cortez-Pinto, Helena; Grove, Jane I.; Lucena, M. Isabel; Andrade, Raul J.; Aithal, Guruprasad P. (2023-01-01)
    Background & Aims: No multi-national prospective study of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) has originated in Europe. The design of a prospective European DILI registry, clinical features and short-term outcomes of the cases and controls is reported. ...
  • Niu, Hao; Sanabria-Cabrera, Judith; Alvarez-Alvarez, Ismael; Robles-Diaz, Mercedes; Stankevičiūtė, Simona; Aithal, Guruprasad P.; Björnsson, Einar Stefán; Andrade, Raul J.; Lucena, M. Isabel (2021-02)
    Conducting randomised clinical trials (RCTs) in idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is challenging. This systematic review aims to summarise the design and findings of RCTs in the prevention and management of idiosyncratic DILI. A systematic ...
  • Nilsson, H.; Stranne, J.; Hugosson, J.; Wessman, C.; Steineck, G.; Bjartell, A.; Carlsson, S.; Thorsteinsdottir, T.; Tyritzis, S. I.; Lantz, A.; Wiklund, P.; Haglind, E. (2022-02)
    Purpose: In addition to incisional hernia, inguinal hernia is a recognized complication to radical retropubic prostatectomy. To compare the risk of developing inguinal and incisional hernias after open radical prostatectomy compared to robot-assisted ...
  • Björnsson, Einar Stefán; Vucic, Vesna; Stirnimann, Guido; Robles-Díaz, Mercedes (2022-02-10)
    Introduction: Apart from cessation of the implicated agent leading to drug-induced liver injury (DILI), there is no standard therapy for DILI. Corticosteroids have been used in DILI, although their efficacy is unclear. Published data showed either ...
  • Robles-Díaz, Mercedes; Nezic, Lana; Vujic-Aleksic, Vesna; Björnsson, Einar Stefán (2021-10-27)
    Introduction: Treatment is generally not available for drug-induced liver injury (DILI) patients except in some specific circumstances. The management of DILI is based on the withdrawal of the responsible drug and monitoring the patients and only a few ...
  • Björnsson, Einar S.; Medina-Caliz, Inmaculada; Andrade, Raul J.; Lucena, M. Isabel (2022-05-21)
    Nitrofurantoin, minocycline, methyldopa and infliximab, have been found to induce autoimmune-like hepatitis (DI-AILH). Evidence for other drugs and herbal and dietary supplements (HDS) is unclear. The aims of the study were to establish criteria to ...
  • van Dongen, Lisa; Hafsteinsdóttir, Þóra B.; Parker, Ethna; Bjartmarz, Ingibjörg; Hjaltadóttir, Ingibjörg; Jónsdóttir, Helga (2021-03-10)
    Aim: This study aimed to explore how stroke survivors deal with stroke-related impairments when rebuilding their lives in the community and their experiences of exercising at home. Design: An explorative and descriptive qualitative study. Methods: A ...