Opin vísindi

Legalizing altruistic surrogacy in response to evasive travel? An Icelandic proposal

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dc.contributor Háskólinn á Akureyri
dc.contributor University of Akureyri
dc.contributor.author Kristinsson, Sigurdur
dc.date.accessioned 2019-12-10T13:45:18Z
dc.date.available 2019-12-10T13:45:18Z
dc.date.issued 2016-12
dc.identifier.citation Kristinsson, S. (2016). Legalizing altruistic surrogacy in response to evasive travel? An Icelandic proposal. Reproductive Biomedicine and Society Online, 3, 109-119. doi:10.1016/j.rbms.2016.12.003
dc.identifier.issn 2405-6618
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/1383
dc.description.abstract Surrogate motherhood has been prohibited by Icelandic law since 1996, but in recent years, Icelandic couples have soughttransnational surrogacy in India and the United States despite uncertainties about legal parental status as they return to Iceland withinfants born to surrogate mothers. This reflects global trends of increased reproductive tourism, which forces restrictive regimes not onlyto make decisions concerning the citizenship and parentage of children born to surrogate mothers abroad, but also to confront difficultmoral issues concerning surrogacy, global justice, human rights and exploitation. In March 2015, a legislative proposal permittingaltruistic surrogacy, subject to strict regulation and oversight, and prohibiting the solicitation of commercial surrogacy abroad, waspresented in the Icelandic Parliament. The proposal aims to protect the interest of the child first, respect the autonomy of the surrogatesecond, and accommodate the intended parents’wishes third. After a brief overview of the development of the surrogacy issue inIceland, this article describes the main features of this legislative proposal and evaluates it from an ethical and global justice perspective.It concludes that the proposed legislation is a response to problems generated by cross-border surrogacy in the context of evolving publicattitudes toward the issue, and constitutes a valid attempt to reduce the moral hazards of surrogacy consistent with insights from currentbioethical literature. Although the proposed legislation arguably represents an improvement over the current ban, however, difficultproblems concerning evasive travel and global injustice are likely to persist until effective international coordination is achieved.
dc.description.sponsorship This research was supported by the Brocher foundation, and by University of Akureyri through a sabbatical leave.
dc.format.extent 109-119
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Elsevier BV
dc.relation.ispartofseries Reproductive Biomedicine and Society Online;3
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Surrogacy
dc.subject Ethics
dc.subject Law
dc.subject Staðgöngumæðrun
dc.subject Siðfræði
dc.subject Lög
dc.title Legalizing altruistic surrogacy in response to evasive travel? An Icelandic proposal
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dcterms.license This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).www.sciencedirect.comwww.rbmsociety.comReproductive BioMedicine and Society Online (2016)3, 109–119
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.journal Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.rbms.2016.12.003
dc.contributor.department Félagsvísindadeild (HA)
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Social Sciences (UA)
dc.contributor.school Hug- og félagsvísindasvið (HA)
dc.contributor.school School of Humanities and Social Sciences (UA)

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