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The effects of road infrastructure improvement on work travel in Northern Iceland

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dc.contributor Háskólinn á Akureyri
dc.contributor University of Akureyri
dc.contributor.author Bjarnason, Thoroddur
dc.date.accessioned 2019-03-26T15:20:30Z
dc.date.available 2019-03-26T15:20:30Z
dc.date.issued 2014-12
dc.identifier.citation Bjarnason, T. (2014). The effects of road infrastructure improvement on work travel in Northern Iceland. Journal of Transport Geography, 41, 229-238. doi:10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2014.09.009
dc.identifier.issn 0966-6923
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/1074
dc.description.abstract Work travel is an important alternative to out-migration in rural areas characterized by a limited range of jobs. The size of local labour markets is determined in part by geography and tradition, but advances in transportation have the potential to move people and communities closer together and transform established mindscapes. In Iceland, the dispersion of the rural population, a challenging terrain, and unpredictable weather has made road infrastructure improvements a key component in regional development strategies. A large-scale tunnel project completed in 2010 was intended to strengthen a vulnerable rural area on the northern coast and expand the urban labour market of the regional centre of Akureyri. Traffic surveys and resident surveys conducted before and after the tunnels show a substantial increase in 17-34. km work travel between rural communities. Work travel 61-77. km to and from the regional centre did however not increase. The average length of work travel has shortened but the increase in commuting yielded a net increase in total km commuted. The tunnels increased work travel irrespective of age and education, but increased work travel by women with children in the household in particular. The results suggest that large-scale road infrastructure improvements may substantially strengthen rural labour markets within a driving distance of 15-30. min, but may not extend the edge of micropolitan labour markets 45-60. min from an urban centre of less than 20 thousand inhabitants.
dc.format.extent 229-238
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Elsevier BV
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of Transport Geography;41
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Road tunnel
dc.subject Commuting
dc.subject Work travel
dc.subject Labor market
dc.subject Rural Iceland
dc.subject Vegakerfi
dc.subject Ferðalög
dc.subject Atvinnumál
dc.subject Dreifbýli
dc.title The effects of road infrastructure improvement on work travel in Northern Iceland
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dcterms.license © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.journal Journal of Transport Geography
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2014.09.009
dc.contributor.department Félagsvísinda- og lagadeild (HA)
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Social Sciences and Law (UA)
dc.contributor.school Hug- og félagsvísindasvið (HA)
dc.contributor.school School of Humanities and Social Sciences (UA)

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