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Browsing by Subject "Psychiatry and Mental Health"

Browsing by Subject "Psychiatry and Mental Health"

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  • Hálfdánarson, Óskar; Cohen, Jacqueline M.; Karlstad, Øystein; Cesta, Carolyn E.; Bjørk, Marte Helene; Håberg, Siri Eldevik; Einarsdóttir, Kristjana; Furu, Kari; Gissler, Mika; Hjellvik, Vidar; Kieler, Helle; Leinonen, Maarit K.; Nørgaard, Mette; Öztürk Essen, Buket; Ulrichsen, Sinna Pilgaard; Reutfors, Johan; Zoega, Helga (2022-05-01)
    BACKGROUND: Antipsychotics are increasingly used among women of childbearing age and during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether children exposed to antipsychotics in utero are at increased risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) ...
  • Bressler, Jan; Davies, Gail; Smith, Albert Vernon; Saba, Yasaman; Bis, Joshua C.; Jian, Xueqiu; Hayward, Caroline; Yanek, Lisa; Smith, Jennifer A.; Mirza, Saira S.; Wang, Ruiqi; Adams, Hieab H.H.; Becker, Diane; Boerwinkle, Eric; Campbell, Archie; Cox, Simon R.; Eiríksdóttir, Guðný; Fawns-Ritchie, Chloe; Gottesman, Rebecca F.; Grove, Megan L.; Guo, Xiuqing; Hofer, Edith; Kardia, Sharon L.R.; Knol, Maria J.; Koini, Marisa; Lopez, Oscar L.; Marioni, Riccardo E.; Nyquist, Paul; Pattie, Alison; Polasek, Ozren; Porteous, David J.; Rudan, Igor; Satizabal, Claudia L.; Schmidt, Helena; Schmidt, Reinhold; Sidney, Stephen; Simino, Jeannette; Smith, Blair H.; Turner, Stephen T.; van der Lee, Sven J.; Ware, Erin B.; Whitmer, Rachel A.; Yaffe, Kristine; Yang, Qiong; Zhao, Wei; Guðnason, Vilmundur G.; Launer, Lenore J.; Fitzpatrick, Annette L.; Psaty, Bruce M.; Fornage, Myriam; Arfan Ikram, M.; van Duijn, Cornelia M.; Seshadri, Sudha; Mosley, Thomas H.; Deary, Ian J. (2021-12-04)
    Measures of information processing speed vary between individuals and decline with age. Studies of aging twins suggest heritability may be as high as 67%. The Illumina HumanExome Bead Chip genotyping array was used to examine the association of rare ...
  • Li, Yuchen; Sjölander, Arvid; Song, Huan; Cnattingius, Sven; Fang, Fang; Yang, Qian; Fernández de la Cruz, Lorena; Mataix-Cols, David; Brander, Gustaf; Li, Jiong; Zhang, Wei; Fall, Katja; D’Onofrio, Brian M.; Almqvist, Catarina; Lichtenstein, Paul; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur Anna; Lu, Donghao (2022-01-01)
    Little is known about the contribution of pregnancy-related parental and perinatal factors to the development of stress-related disorders. We aimed to investigate whether parental/perinatal adversities entail higher risks of stress-related disorders ...
  • Frenzel, Stefan; Bis, Joshua C.; Gudmundsson, Elias F.; O'Donnell, Adrienne; Simino, Jeannette; Yaqub, Amber; Bartz, Traci M.; Brusselle, Guy G.O.; Bülow, Robin; DeCarli, Charles S.; Ewert, Ralf; Gharib, Sina A.; Ghosh, Saptaparni; Gireud-Goss, Monica; Gottesman, Rebecca F.; Ikram, M. Arfan; Knopman, David S.; Launer, Lenore J.; London, Stephanie J.; Longstreth, W. T.; Lopez, Oscar L.; Melo van Lent, Debora; O'Connor, George; Satizabal, Claudia L.; Shrestha, Srishti; Sigurdsson, Sigurdur; Stubbe, Beate; Talluri, Rajesh; Vasan, Ramachandran S.; Vernooij, Meike W.; Völzke, Henry; Wiggins, Kerri L.; Yu, Bing; Beiser, Alexa S.; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Mosley, Thomas; Psaty, Bruce M.; Wolters, Frank J.; Grabe, Hans J.; Seshadri, Sudha (2022-11-22)
    BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest poor pulmonary function is associated with increased burden of cerebral white matter hyperintensities and brain atrophy among elderly individuals, but the results are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: To study the cross-sectional ...
  • Jónasson, Hlynur; Van Weeghel, Jaap; Koatz, Débora; Johnston, Gary; Bejerholm, Ulrika; Fioritti, Angelo (2022-04-28)
  • Kristinsson, Sigfús Helgi; Busby, Natalie; Rorden, Christopher; Newman-Norlund, Roger; Den Ouden, Dirk B.; Magnúsdóttir, Sigríður; Hjaltason, Haukur; Thors, Helga; Hillis, Argye E.; Kjartansson, Olafur; Bonilha, Leonardo; Fridriksson, Julius (2022)
    The association between age and language recovery in stroke remains unclear. Here, we used neuroimaging data to estimate brain age, a measure of structural integrity, and examined the extent to which brain age at stroke onset is associated with (i) ...
  • Viðarsdóttir, Ólína Guðbjörg; Roberts, David L.; Twamley, Elizabeth W.; Guðmundsdóttir, Berglind; Sigurðsson, Engilbert; Magnúsdóttir, Brynja Björk (2021-01-14)
    Many individuals demonstrate functionally relevant impairment in neurocognition as well as social cognition early on in the course of their psychotic disorder. There is robust evidence supporting cognitive remediation as an effective treatment of ...
  • Teitsdóttir, Unnur Diljá; Halldórsson, Skarphéðinn; Rolfsson, Óttar; Lund, Sigrún H.; Jónsdóttir, María Kristín; Snædal, Jón G.; Petersen, Pétur Henry (2021-05-04)
    BACKGROUND: Understanding how dysregulation in lipid metabolism relates to the severity of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology might be critical in developing effective treatments. OBJECTIVE: To identify lipid species in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ...
  • Nardone, Raffaele; Golaszewski, Stefan; Schwenker, Kerstin; Brigo, Francesco; Maccarrone, Miriam; Versace, Viviana; Sebastianelli, Luca; Saltuari, Leopold; Höller, Yvonne (2019-08-01)
    The pathophysiological mechanisms of cognitive and gait disturbances in subjects with normal-pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) are still unclear. Cholinergic and other neurotransmitter abnormalities have been reported in animal models of NPH. The objective ...
  • Sharma, Eesha; Sharma, Lavanya P.; Balachander, Srinivas; Lin, Boyee; Manohar, Harshini; Khanna, Puneet; Lu, Cynthia; Garg, Kabir; Thomas, Tony Lazar; Au, Anthony Chun Lam; Selles, Robert R.; Højgaard, Davíð R.M.A.; Skarphéðinsson, Gudmundur Ágúst; Stewart, S. Evelyn (2021-11-11)
    Comorbidities are seen with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) across the lifespan. Neurodevelopmental comorbidities are common in young children, followed by mood, anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive related disorders (OCRDs) in children, adolescents ...
  • Ingadottir, Brynja; Laitonen, Elina; Stefansdottir, Adalheidur; Sigurdardottir, Anna Olafia; Brynjolfsdottir, Berglind; Parisod, Heidi; Nyman, Johanna; Gunnarsdottir, Karitas; Jónsdóttir, Katrín; Salanterä, Sanna; Pakarinen, Anni (2022-01-20)
    Background: Every year, millions of children undergo medical procedures that require anesthesia. Fear and anxiety are common among young children undergoing such procedures and can interfere with the child’s recovery and well-being. Relaxation, ...
  • Hjartarson, Kristján Helgi; Snorrason, Ivar; Bringmann, Laura F.; Ögmundsson, Bjarni E.; Ólafsson, Ragnar Pétur (2021-05)
    It has been suggested that mental habits may underpin a heightened disposition to engage in rumination in response to negative mood. The aim of the current study was to assess the role of habit in the dynamic interplay between affect and ruminative ...
  • Yang, Huazhen; Chen, Wenwen; Fang, Fang; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur A.; Song, Huan (2021-02)
  • Kristjánsson, Árni; Helgadóttir, Auður; Kristjánsson, Tómas (2021-02-10)
    Background: Foraging tasks have recently been increasingly used to investigate visual attention. Visual attention can be biased when certain stimuli capture our attention, especially threatening or anxiety-provoking stimuli, but such effects have not ...
  • Babiano-Espinosa, Lucía; Skarphedinsson, Gudmundur; Weidle, Bernhard; Wolters, Lidewij H.; Compton, Scott; Ivarsson, Tord; Skokauskas, Norbert (2022-04-22)
    Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by recurring obsessions and compulsions often with severe impairment affecting 1–3% of children and adolescents. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is the therapeutic golden standard for paediatric ...
  • Njardvik, Urdur; Smaradottir, Hronn; Öst, Lars Göran (2022-02-08)
    Disruptive behavior problems are a frequent reason for children’s referrals to psychological services and can have negative effects on social and academic functioning. Most treatment programs involve parents as recipients and implementation of intervention ...
  • Ivanova, Masha Y.; Achenbach, Thomas M.; Turner, Lori; Almqvist, Fredrik; Begovac, Ivan; Bilenberg, Niels; Bird, Hector; Broberg, Anders G.; Córdova Calderón, Mery A.; Chahed, Myriam; Dang, Hoang Minh; Dobrean, Anca; Döpfner, Mandred; Erol, Nese; Forns, Maria; Guðmundsson, Halldór S.; Hannesdóttir, Helga; Hewitt-Ramirez, Nohelia; Kanbayashi, Yasuko; Karki, Suyen; Koot, Hans M.; Lambert, Michael C.; Leung, Patrick; Magai, Dorcas N.; Maggiolini, Alfio; Metzke, Christa Winkler; Minaei, Asghar; Monzani da Rocha, Marina; Moreira, Paulo A.S.; Mulatu, Mesfin S.; Nøvik, Torunn Stene; Oh, Kyung Ja; Petot, Djaouida; Petot, Jean Michel; Pisa, Cecilia; Pomalima, Rolando; Roussos, Alexandra; Rudan, Vlasta; Sawyer, Michael G.; Shahini, Mimoza; Simsek, Zeynep; Steinhausen, Hans Christoph; Verhulst, Frank C.; Weintraub, Sheila; Weiss, Bahr; Wolanczyk, Tomasz; Zhang, Eugene Yuqing; Zilber, Nelly; Žukauskienė, Rita (2022-02-15)
    Background: Clinicians increasingly serve youths from societal/cultural backgrounds different from their own. This raises questions about how to interpret what such youths report. Rescorla et al. (2019, European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 28, 1107) ...
  • Selles, Robert R.; Naqqash, Zainab; Best, John R.; Franco-Yamin, Diana; Qiu, Serene T.; Ferreira, Jessica S.; Deng, Xiaolei; Hannesdottir, Dagmar Kr; Oberth, Carla; Belschner, Laura; Negreiros, Juliana; Farrell, Lara J.; Stewart, S. Evelyn (2021-05-17)
    Introduction: Optimizing individual outcomes of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) remains a priority. Methods: Youth were randomized to receive intensive CBT at a hospital clinic (n = 14) or within their home (n = 12). Youth completed 3 × 3 h sessions ...
  • Ólafsson, Ragnar P.; Friðriksdóttir, Aldís E.; Sveinsdóttir, Sigrún; Kristjánsson, Árni (2019-07)
    Although attention biases are common in various anxiety disorders, there is no consensus yet regarding attentional bias in obsessive–compulsive disorder. We assessed attention bias toward images involving contamination and disgust using an emotional ...
  • Hjartarson, Kristján Helgi; Snorrason, Ivar; Friðriksdóttir, Ágústa; Þórsdóttir, Brynja B.; Arnarsdóttir, Nína B.; Ólafsson, Ragnar P. (2020)
    Habitual thinking may underpin a heightened disposition to engage in rumination in response to negative mood, a widely held notion that has rarely been directly tested. The purpose of the current study was to investigate whether rumination is associated ...