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Browsing by Subject "Prospective Studies"

Browsing by Subject "Prospective Studies"

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  • Thórsson, Bolli; Guðmundsson, Elías Freyr; Sigurðsson, Gunnar; Aspelund, Thor; Guðnason, Vilmundur G. (2021-05)
    INTRODUCTION: The number of people with type 2 diabetes has increased in Iceland in the last few decades. We utilized the national database on prescribed medication from the Directorate of Health to estimate the prevalence and incidence of type 2 ...
  • Wang, Junren; Zhu, Jianwei; Yang, Huazhen; Hu, Yao; Sun, Yajing; Ying, Zhiye; Qu, Yuanyuan; Valdimarsdottir, Unnur; Fang, Fang; Song, Huan (2021-06-04)
    Objective To assess the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on cardiovascular disease (CVD) related mortality and hospitalisation. Design Community-based prospective cohort study. Setting The UK Biobank. Participants 421 372 UK Biobank participants who ...
  • Guðmundsdóttir, Embla Ýr; Gottfreðsdóttir, Helga; Hálfdánsdóttir, Berglind; Nieuwenhuijze, Marianne; Gissler, Mika; Einarsdóttir, Kristjana (2021-09)
    INTRODUCTION: This study aims to explore maternal and perinatal outcomes of migrant women in Iceland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective population-based cohort study included women who gave birth to a singleton in Iceland between 1997 and 2018, ...
  • Brueggemann, Angela B.; Jansen van Rensburg, Melissa J.; Shaw, David; McCarthy, Noel D.; Jolley, Keith A.; Maiden, Martin C.J.; van der Linden, Mark P.G.; Amin-Chowdhury, Zahin; Bennett, Désirée E.; Borrow, Ray; Brandileone, Maria Cristina C.; Broughton, Karen; Campbell, Ruth; Cao, Bin; Casanova, Carlo; Choi, Eun Hwa; Chu, Yiu Wai; Clark, Stephen A.; Claus, Heike; Coelho, Juliana; Corcoran, Mary; Cottrell, Simon; Cunney, Robert J.; Dalby, Tine; Davies, Heather; de Gouveia, Linda; Deghmane, Ala Eddine; Demczuk, Walter; Desmet, Stefanie; Drew, Richard J.; du Plessis, Mignon; Erlendsdóttir, Helga; Fry, Norman K.; Fuursted, Kurt; Gray, Steve J.; Henriques-Normark, Birgitta; Hale, Thomas; Hilty, Markus; Hoffmann, Steen; Humphreys, Hilary; Ip, Margaret; Jacobsson, Susanne; Johnston, Jillian; Kozakova, Jana; Kristinsson, Karl Gústaf; Krizova, Pavla; Kuch, Alicja; Ladhani, Shamez N.; Lâm, Thiên Trí; Lebedova, Vera; Lindholm, Laura; Litt, David J.; Martin, Irene; Martiny, Delphine; Mattheus, Wesley; McElligott, Martha; Meehan, Mary; Meiring, Susan; Mölling, Paula; Morfeldt, Eva; Morgan, Julie; Mulhall, Robert M.; Muñoz-Almagro, Carmen; Murdoch, David R.; Murphy, Joy; Musilek, Martin; Mzabi, Alexandre; Perez-Argüello, Amaresh; Perrin, Monique; Perry, Malorie; Redin, Alba; Roberts, Richard; Roberts, Maria; Rokney, Assaf; Ron, Merav; Scott, Kevin J.; Sheppard, Carmen L.; Siira, Lotta; Skoczyńska, Anna; Sloan, Monica; Slotved, Hans Christian; Smith, Andrew J.; Song, Joon Young; Taha, Muhamed Kheir; Toropainen, Maija; Tsang, Dominic; Vainio, Anni; van Sorge, Nina M.; Varon, Emmanuelle; Vlach, Jiri; Vogel, Ulrich; Vohrnova, Sandra; von Gottberg, Anne; Zanella, Rosemeire C.; Zhou, Fei (2021-06)
    Background: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Neisseria meningitidis, which are typically transmitted via respiratory droplets, are leading causes of invasive diseases, including bacteraemic pneumonia and meningitis, and of secondary ...
  • Yang, Qian; Sjölander, Arvid; Li, Yuchen; Viktorin, Alexander; Bertone-Johnson, Elizabeth R.; Ye, Weimin; Fang, Fang; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur A.; Lu, Donghao (2021-05-26)
    Background: Premenstrual disorders, including premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder, are suggested to be correlated with suicidal behavior and accidents in cross-sectional and retrospective studies. However, prospective data are ...
  • Styrkarsdottir, Unnur; Lund, Sigrun H.; Sævarsdóttir, Sædís; Magnusson, Magnus I.; Gunnarsdottir, Kristbjorg; Norddahl, Gudmundur L.; Frigge, Michael L.; Ivarsdottir, Erna V.; Bjornsdottir, Gyda; Holm, Hilma; Thorgeirsson, Gudmundur; Rafnar, Thorunn; Jónsdóttir, Ingileif; Ingvarsson, Þorvaldur; Jónsson, Helgi; Sulem, Patrick; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Stefansson, Kari (2021-11)
    Objective: Biomarkers for diagnosis and progression of osteoarthritis (OA) are lacking. This study was undertaken to identify circulating biomarkers for OA that could predict disease occurrence and/or progression to joint replacement. Methods: Using ...
  • Kristiansen, Martin; Lindén, Christina; Qvarlander, Sara; Wåhlin, Anders; Ambarki, Khalid; Hallberg, Per; Eklund, Anders; Jóhannesson, Gauti (2020-11-19)
    Purpose: To examine feasibility of phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (PCMRI) and to assess blood flow rate in the ophthalmic artery (OA) in patients with normal tension glaucoma (NTG) compared with healthy controls. Methods: Sixteen patients ...
  • Skuladottir, Astros Th; Bjornsdottir, Gyda; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Walters, G. Bragi; Nawaz, Muhammad Sulaman; Moore, Kristjan Helgi Swerford; Olason, Pall I.; Thorgeirsson, Thorgeir E.; Sigurpalsdottir, Brynja; Sveinbjornsson, Gardar; Eggertsson, Hannes P.; Magnusson, Sigurdur H.; Oddsson, Asmundur; Bjornsdottir, Anna; Vikingsson, Arnor; Sveinsson, Olafur A.; Hrafnsdottir, Maria G.; Sigurdardottir, Gudrun R.; Halldorsson, Bjarni V.; Hansen, Thomas Folkmann; Paarup, Helene; Erikstrup, Christian; Nielsen, Kaspar; Klokker, Mads; Bruun, Mie Topholm; Sorensen, Erik; Banasik, Karina; Burgdorf, Kristoffer S.; Pedersen, Ole Birger; Ullum, Henrik; Jonsdottir, Ingileif; Stefansson, Hreinn; Stefansson, Kari (2021-02-18)
    Bell’s palsy is the most common cause of unilateral facial paralysis and is defined as an idiopathic and acute inability to control movements of the facial muscles on the affected side. While the pathogenesis remains unknown, previous studies have ...
  • Halldórsson, Þórhallur Ingi; Birgisdóttir, Bryndís Eva; Brantsæter, Anne Lise; Meltzer, Helle Margrete; Haugen, Margaretha; Þórsdóttir, Inga; Ólafsdóttir, Anna Sigríður; Olsen, Sjurdur F. (2021-01-29)
    BACKGROUND: A previous randomized dietary intervention in pregnant women from the 1970s, the Harlem Trial, reported retarded fetal growth and excesses of very early preterm births and neonatal deaths among those receiving high-protein supplementation. ...
  • Skúladóttir, Hafdís; Björnsdóttir, Amalía; Holden, Janean E.; Gunnarsdóttir, Þóra Jenný; Halldórsdóttir, Sigríður; Sveinsdóttir, Herdís (2021-09-30)
    Multidisciplinary long-term pain rehabilitation programs with a team of healthcare professionals are an integrated approach to treat patients with chronic non-malignant pain. In this longitudinal prospective cohort study, we investigated the long-term ...
  • Skúladóttir, Hafdís; Sveinsdóttir, Herdís; Holden, Janean E.; Gunnarsdóttir, Þóra Jenný; Halldórsdóttir, Sigríður; Björnsdóttir, Amalía (2021-09-28)
    Multidisciplinary pain-management programs have the potential to decrease pain intensity, improve health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and increase sleep quality. In this longitudinal prospective cohort study, the aim was to investigate the long-term ...
  • Lu, Donghao; Aleknaviciute, Jurate; Bjarnason, Ragnar; Tamimi, Rulla M.; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur A.; Bertone-Johnson, Elizabeth R. (2021-02)
    STUDY QUESTION: Is pubertal timing associated with risk of premenstrual disorders (PMDs) in young adulthood? SUMMARY ANSWER: Late pubertal development is associated with decreased premenstrual symptom burden and risk of PMDs in young adulthood. WHAT ...
  • Hedenstierna, L.; Opava, C. H.; Askling, J.; Jiang, X.; Ernestam, S.; Alfredsson, L.; Klareskog, L.; Sævarsdóttir, Sædís (2021-01-12)
    Objectives: To investigate whether low social support or low decision latitude at work correlate with risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and whether and how those factors are associated with known modifiable risk factors for RA. Method: The Swedish ...
  • Sveinsdóttir, Herdís; Zoëga, Sigríður; Ingadóttir, Brynja; Blöndal, Katrín (2020-09-16)
    Aims: To describe prevalence of symptoms of anxiety and depression in surgical patients at three time points: at hospital postsurgery (T1), 6 weeks (T2) and 6 months (T3) postdischarge from hospital; and detect situations and experiences that predict ...
  • Pétursson, Bjarni Elvar; Sailer, Irena; Latyshev, Andrey; Rabel, Kerstin; Kohal, Ralf Joachim; Karasan, Duygu (2021-10)
    OBJECTIVE: To assess the survival, failure, and complication rates of veneered and monolithic all-ceramic implant-supported single crowns (SCs). METHODS: Literature search was conducted in Medline (PubMed), Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of ...