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Browsing by Subject "Neuroscience (all)"

Browsing by Subject "Neuroscience (all)"

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  • Chorghay, Zahraa; MacFarquhar, David; Li, Vanessa J.; Aufmkolk, Sarah; Schohl, Anne; Wiseman, Paul W.; Káradóttir, Ragnhildur Þóra; Ruthazer, Edward S. (2021-10-02)
    Myelination allows for the regulation of conduction velocity, affecting the precise timing of neuronal inputs important for the development and function of brain circuits. In turn, myelination may be altered by changes in experience, neuronal activity, ...
  • Daníelsdóttir, Hilda Björk; Aspelund, Thor; Thordardottir, Edda Bjork; Fall, Katja; Fang, Fang; Tómasson, Gunnar; Rúnarsdóttir, Harpa; Yang, Qian; Choi, Karmel W; Kennedy, Beatrice; Halldorsdottir, Thorhildur; Lu, Donghao; Song, Huan; Jakobsdóttir, Jóhanna; Hauksdóttir, Arna; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur Anna (2022-02-01)
    Background: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have consistently been associated with elevated risk of multiple adverse health outcomes, yet their contribution to coping ability and psychiatric resilience in adulthood is unclear. Methods: Cross-sectional ...
  • Thorudottir, Sandra; Sigurdardottir, Heida M.; Rice, Grace E.; Kerry, Sheila J.; Robotham, Ro J.; Leff, Alex P.; Starrfelt, Randi (2020-02)
    While the loss of mental imagery following brain lesions was first described more than a century ago, the key cerebral areas involved remain elusive. Here we report neuropsychological data from an architect (PL518) who lost his ability for visual imagery ...
  • Teitsdóttir, Unnur Diljá; Halldórsson, Skarphéðinn; Rolfsson, Óttar; Lund, Sigrún H.; Jónsdóttir, María Kristín; Snædal, Jón G.; Petersen, Pétur Henry (2021-05-04)
    BACKGROUND: Understanding how dysregulation in lipid metabolism relates to the severity of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology might be critical in developing effective treatments. OBJECTIVE: To identify lipid species in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ...
  • Schwimmbeck, Fabian; Staffen, Wolfgang; Höhn, Christopher; Rossini, Fabio; Renz, Nora; Lobendanz, Markus; Reichenpfader, Peter; Iglseder, Bernhard; Aigner, Ludwig; Trinka, Eugen; Höller, Yvonne (2021-05)
    Montelukast is a well-established antiasthmatic drug with little side effects. It is a leukotriene receptor antagonist and recent research suggests cognitive benefits from its anti-inflammatory actions on the central nervous system. However, changes ...
  • Kamen, Yasmine; Káradóttir, Ragnhildur Þóra (2021-06-18)
    Single-cell electrophysiological recordings combined with dye loading and immunohistochemistry provide unparalleled single-cell resolution of cell physiology, morphology, location, and protein expression. When correlated with bulk RNA sequencing, these ...
  • Song, Huan; Fang, Fang; Larsson, Henrik; Pedersen, Nancy L.; Magnusson, Patrik K.E.; Almqvist, Catarina; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur A. (2021-01-28)
    Twins suffering a co-twin loss at birth have reported feelings of loneliness and grief while it remains unexplored if they suffer increased risk of psychiatric disorders. We contrasted rate of first-onset psychiatric disorders among all Swedish-born ...
  • Aubonnet, Romain; Banea, Ovidiu C.; Sirica, Roberta; Wassermann, Eric M.; Yassine, Sahar; Jacob, Deborah; Magnúsdóttir, Brynja Björk; Haraldsson, Magnús; Stefansson, Sigurjon B.; Jónasson, Viktor D.; Ívarsson, Eysteinn; Jónasson, Aron D.; Hassan, Mahmoud; Gargiulo, Paolo (2020-11-20)
    Schizophrenia is a complex disorder about which much is still unknown. Potential treatments, such as transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), have not been exploited, in part because of the variability in behavioral response. This can be overcome with ...
  • Karim, Mohd A.; Shilts, Jarrod; Schwartzentruber, Jeremy; Hayhurst, James; Buniello, Annalisa; Mohammed, Elmutaz Shaikho Elhaj; Zheng, Jie; Holmes, Michael V.; Ochoa, David; Carmona, Miguel; Maranville, Joseph; Gaunt, Tom R.; Emilsson, Valur; Guðnason, Vilmundur G.; McDonagh, Ellen M.; Wright, Gavin J.; Ghoussaini, Maya; Dunham, Ian (2021-08-17)
    Background: The virus SARS-CoV-2 can exploit biological vulnerabilities (e.g. host proteins) in susceptible hosts that predispose to the development of severe COVID-19. Methods: To identify host proteins that may contribute to the risk of severe COVID-19, ...
  • Jégousse, Clara; Vannier, Pauline; Groben, René; Glöckner, Frank Oliver; Marteinsson, Viggó Þór (2021-04-02)
    Marine microorganisms contribute to the health of the global ocean by supporting the marine food web and regulating biogeochemical cycles. Assessing marine microbial diversity is a crucial step towards understanding the global ocean. The waters surrounding ...
  • Sigurðardóttir, Heiða María; Ólafsdóttir, Inga María; Devillez, Hélène (2021-11)
    Developmental dyslexia is defined by reading impairments that are disproportionate to intelligence, motivation, and the educational opportunities considered necessary for reading. Its cause has traditionally been considered to be a phonological deficit, ...