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Browsing by Subject "Medicine (all)"

Browsing by Subject "Medicine (all)"

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  • Hetland, Merete Lund; Haavardsholm, Espen A.; Rudin, Anna; Nordström, Dan; Nurmohamed, Michael; Gudbjornsson, Bjorn; Lampa, Jon; Hørslev-Petersen, Kim; Uhlig, Till; Grondal, Gerdur; Østergaard, Mikkel; Heiberg, Marte S.; Twisk, Jos; Lend, Kristina; Krabbe, Simon; Hyldstrup, Lise Hejl; Lindqvist, Joakim; Hultgård Ekwall, Anna Karin; Grøn, Kathrine Lederballe; Kapetanovic, Meliha; Faustini, Francesca; Tuompo, Riitta; Lorenzen, Tove; Cagnotto, Giovanni; Baecklund, Eva; Hendricks, Oliver; Vedder, Daisy; Sokka-Isler, Tuulikki; Husmark, Tomas; Ljoså, Maud Kristine Aga; Brodin, Eli; Ellingsen, Torkell; Söderbergh, Annika; Rizk, Milad; Olsson, Åsa Reckner; Larsson, Per; Uhrenholt, Line; Just, Søren Andreas; Stevens, David John; Laurberg, Trine Bay; Bakland, Gunnstein; Olsen, Inge C.; Van Vollenhoven, Ronald (2020-12-02)
    AbstractObjective To evaluate and compare benefits and harms of three biological treatments with different modes of action versus active conventional treatment in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis. Design Investigator initiated, randomised, open ...
  • Vilaplana-Pérez, Alba; Sidorchuk, Anna; Pérez-Vigil, Ana; Brander, Gustaf; Isoumura, Kayoko; Hesselmark, Eva; Sevilla-Cermeño, Laura; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur Anna; Song, Huan; Jangmo, Andreas; Kuja-Halkola, Ralf; D'Onofrio, Brian M.; Larsson, Henrik; Garcia-Soriano, Gemma; Mataix-Cols, David; Fernández de la Cruz, Lorena (2020-12-01)
    Importance: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been associated with impaired educational performance. Previous studies on the disorder could not control for important measured and unmeasured confounders. Objective: To prospectively investigate ...
  • Yang, Qian; Þórðardóttir, Edda Björk; Hauksdóttir, Arna; Aspelund, Thor; Jakobsdóttir, Jóhanna; Halldorsdottir, Thorhildur; Tómasson, Gunnar; Rúnarsdóttir, Harpa; Daníelsdóttir, Hilda Björk; Bertone-Johnson, Elizabeth R; Sjölander, Arvid; Fang, Fang; Lu, Donghao; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur Anna (2022-02-21)
    Background: Childhood abuse and neglect have been associated with premenstrual disorders (PMDs), including premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). However, the associations of other adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) ...
  • Wang, Junren; Zhu, Jianwei; Yang, Huazhen; Hu, Yao; Sun, Yajing; Ying, Zhiye; Qu, Yuanyuan; Valdimarsdottir, Unnur; Fang, Fang; Song, Huan (2021-06-04)
    Objective To assess the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on cardiovascular disease (CVD) related mortality and hospitalisation. Design Community-based prospective cohort study. Setting The UK Biobank. Participants 421 372 UK Biobank participants who ...
  • Yang, Qian; Sjölander, Arvid; Li, Yuchen; Viktorin, Alexander; Bertone-Johnson, Elizabeth R.; Ye, Weimin; Fang, Fang; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur A.; Lu, Donghao (2021-05-26)
    Background: Premenstrual disorders, including premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder, are suggested to be correlated with suicidal behavior and accidents in cross-sectional and retrospective studies. However, prospective data are ...
  • Svanes, Cecilie; Johannessen, Ane; Bertelsen, Randi Jacobsen; Dharmage, Shyamali; Benediktsdottir, Bryndis; Bråbäck, Lennart; Gislason, Thorarinn; Holm, Mathias; Jõgi, Oskar; Lodge, Caroline J.; Malinovschi, Andrei; Martinez-Moratalla, Jesus; Oudin, Anna; Sánchez-Ramos, José Luis; Timm, Signe; Janson, Christer; Real, Francisco Gomez; Schlünssen, Vivi (2022-06-01)
    Purpose The Respiratory Health in Northern Europe, Spain and Australia (RHINESSA) cohort was established to (1) investigate how exposures before conception and in previous generations influence health and disease, particularly allergies and respiratory ...
  • Bjerregaard, Anne Ahrendt; Halldorsson, Thorhallur Ingi; Tetens, Inge; Olsen, Sjurdur Frodi (2019)
    The first and fourth authors' names are published incorrectly in the article XML. The correct name for the first author is Anne Ahrendt Bjerregaard. The correct indexing in PubMed should read Bjerregaard AA. The correct name for the fourth author is ...
  • Hou, Can; Hu, Yihan; Yang, Huazhen; Chen, Wenwen; Zeng, Yu; Ying, Zhiye; Hu, Yao; Sun, Yajing; Qu, Yuanyuan; Gottfreðsson, Magnús; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur Anna; Song, Huan (2021-11-16)
    BACKGROUND: With the increasing number of people infected with and recovered from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the extent of major health consequences of COVID-19 is unclear, including risks of severe secondary infections. METHODS: Based on ...
  • Hauer, Larissa; Sellner, Johann; Brigo, Francesco; Trinka, Eugen; Sebastianelli, Luca; Saltuari, Leopold; Versace, Viviana; Höller, Yvonne; Nardone, Raffaele (2019-04)
    Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) may be effective for enhancing cognitive functioning. In this review, we aimed to systematically evaluate the effects of rTMS on attention in psychiatric diseases. In particular, we searched PubMed ...
  • Harðardóttir, Ingibjörg; Kunitake, Steven T.; Moser, A. H.; Doerrler, William; Rapp, Joseph H.; Grunfeld, Carl; Feingold, Kenneth R. (1994-09)
    Infection and inflammation induce alterations in hepatic synthesis and plasma concentrations of the acute phase proteins. Our results show that apolipoprotein (apo) J is a positive acute phase protein. Endotoxin (LPS), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), and ...
  • GBD 2019 Police Violence US Subnational Collaborators; Sigfúsdóttir, Inga Dóra (2021-10-02)
    Background: The burden of fatal police violence is an urgent public health crisis in the USA. Mounting evidence shows that deaths at the hands of the police disproportionately impact people of certain races and ethnicities, pointing to systemic racism ...
  • InterAct Consortium (2020-06)
    Background De novo lipogenesis (DNL) is the primary metabolic pathway synthesizing fatty acids from carbohydrates, protein, or alcohol. Our aim was to examine associations of in vivo levels of selected fatty acids (16:0, 16:1n7, 18:0, 18:1n9) in DNL ...
  • GBD 2019 Adolescent Mortality Collaborators (2021-10-30)
    Background: Documentation of patterns and long-term trends in mortality in young people, which reflect huge changes in demographic and social determinants of adolescent health, enables identification of global investment priorities for this age group. ...
  • Wadsworth, Lauren P.; Wessman, Inga Dröfn; Björnsson, Andri Steinþór; Jónsdóttir, Guðbjörg; Kristinsson, Sigurður Yngvi (2022-09-23)
    Cancer screening is recommended for select cancers worldwide. Cancer screening has become increasingly effective and accessible and often increases overall survival. However, the mental health effects of cancer screening, such as its impact on depression, ...
  • Sigurdsson, Emil Larus; Blondal, Anna Bryndis; Jonsson, Jon Steinar; Tomasdottir, Margret Olafia; Hrafnkelsson, Hannes; Linnet, Kristjan; Sigurdsson, Johann Agust (2020-12-07)
    Objective To describe how the primary healthcare (PHC) in Iceland changed its strategy to handle the COVID-19 pandemic. Design Descriptive observational study. Setting Reykjavik, the capital of Iceland. Population The Reykjavik area has a total of 233 ...
  • Saevarsdóttir, Karen Sól; Hilmarsdóttir, Hildur Ýr; Magnúsdóttir, Ingibjörg; Hauksdóttir, Arna; Thordardottir, Edda Bjork; Gudjónsdóttir, Ásdís Braga; Tomasson, Gunnar; Rúnarsdóttir, Harpa; Jónsdóttir, Harpa Lind; Gudmundsdóttir, Berglind; Pétursdóttir, Gudrún; Petersen, Pétur Henry; Kristinsson, Sigurdur Yngvi; Love, Thorvardur Jon; Hansdóttir, Sif; Hardardóttir, Hrönn; Gudmundsson, Gunnar; Eythorsson, Elias; Gudmundsdóttir, Dóra Gudrún; Sigbjörnsdóttir, Hildur; Haraldsdóttir, Sigrídur; Möller, Alma Dagbjört; Palsson, Runolfur; Jakobsdóttir, Jóhanna; Aspelund, Thor; Valdimarsdottir, Unnur (2021-07-23)
    Objective To test if patients recovering from COVID-19 are at increased risk of mental morbidities and to what extent such risk is exacerbated by illness severity. Design Population-based cross-sectional study. Setting Iceland. Participants A total of ...
  • Fietze, Ingo; Laharnar, Naima; Bargiotas, Panagiotis; Basoglu, Ozen K.; Dogas, Zoran; Drummond, Marta; Fanfulla, Francesco; Gíslason, Þórarinn; Gouveris, Haralampos; Grote, Ludger; Hein, Holger; Jennum, Poul; Joppa, Pavol; van Kralingen, Klaas; Kvamme, John Arthur; Lombardi, Carolina; Ludka, Ondrej; Mallin, Wolfgang; Marrone, Oreste; McNicholas, Walter T.; Mihaicuta, Stefan; Montserrat, Josep; Pillar, Giora; Pataka, Athanasia; Randerath, Winfried; Riha, Renata L.; Roisman, Gabriel; Saaresranta, Tarja; Schiza, Sophia E.; Sliwinski, Pawel; Svaza, Juris; Steiropoulos, Paschalis; Tamisier, Renauld; Testelmans, Dries; Trakada, Georgia; Verbraecken, Johan; Zablockis, Rolandas; Penzel, Thomas (2022-09-01)
    Objective: In 2010, a questionnaire-based study on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) management in Europe identified differences regarding reimbursement, sleep specialist qualification, and titration procedures. Now, 10 years later, a follow-up study was ...
  • SPRINTT consortium (2022-05-11)
    OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a multicomponent intervention based on physical activity with technological support and nutritional counselling prevents mobility disability in older adults with physical frailty and sarcopenia. DESIGN: Evaluator blinded, ...
  • the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (2021-11-04)
    BACKGROUND: Current equations for estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) that use serum creatinine or cystatin C incorporate age, sex, and race to estimate measured GFR. However, race in eGFR equations is a social and not a biologic construct. ...
  • Karlsdottir, Kristin; Gunnarsdottir, Anna I.; Grondal, Gerdur; Love, Thorvardur J.; Stefansdottir, Elinborg; Davidsdottir, Loa G.; Thorleifsdottir, Ragna H.; Gudbjornsson, Bjorn (2022-01-27)
    Objective: Due to a tender process in Iceland, all patients on Humira® were switched nationwide to its biosimilar Imraldi® in March 2019. The study aimed to explore the patient's perspective of the Humira® and Imraldi® injection devices. Methods: A ...