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Browsing by Subject "Geriatrics and Gerontology"

Browsing by Subject "Geriatrics and Gerontology"

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  • Frenzel, Stefan; Bis, Joshua C.; Gudmundsson, Elias F.; O'Donnell, Adrienne; Simino, Jeannette; Yaqub, Amber; Bartz, Traci M.; Brusselle, Guy G.O.; Bülow, Robin; DeCarli, Charles S.; Ewert, Ralf; Gharib, Sina A.; Ghosh, Saptaparni; Gireud-Goss, Monica; Gottesman, Rebecca F.; Ikram, M. Arfan; Knopman, David S.; Launer, Lenore J.; London, Stephanie J.; Longstreth, W. T.; Lopez, Oscar L.; Melo van Lent, Debora; O'Connor, George; Satizabal, Claudia L.; Shrestha, Srishti; Sigurdsson, Sigurdur; Stubbe, Beate; Talluri, Rajesh; Vasan, Ramachandran S.; Vernooij, Meike W.; Völzke, Henry; Wiggins, Kerri L.; Yu, Bing; Beiser, Alexa S.; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Mosley, Thomas; Psaty, Bruce M.; Wolters, Frank J.; Grabe, Hans J.; Seshadri, Sudha (2022-11-22)
    BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest poor pulmonary function is associated with increased burden of cerebral white matter hyperintensities and brain atrophy among elderly individuals, but the results are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: To study the cross-sectional ...
  • Teitsdóttir, Unnur Diljá; Halldórsson, Skarphéðinn; Rolfsson, Óttar; Lund, Sigrún H.; Jónsdóttir, María Kristín; Snædal, Jón G.; Petersen, Pétur Henry (2021-05-04)
    BACKGROUND: Understanding how dysregulation in lipid metabolism relates to the severity of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology might be critical in developing effective treatments. OBJECTIVE: To identify lipid species in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ...
  • Valsdóttir, Vaka; Magnúsdóttir, Brynja Björk; Chang, Milan; Sigurdsson, Sigurdur; Guðnason, Vilmundur G; Launer, Lenore J.; Jónsdóttir, María Kristín (2022-12)
    The paper aimed to compare how factors previously identified as predictive factors for cognitive decline and dementia related to cognitive performance on the one hand and brain health on the other. To that aim, multiple linear regression was applied ...
  • On Behalf of the EuGMS SIG Pharmacology (2022-12)
    Purpose: To provide an overview of the current deprescribing attitudes, practices, and approaches of geriatricians and geriatricians-in-training across Europe. Methods: An online survey was disseminated among European geriatricians and geriatricians- ...
  • Geirsdottir, Olöf G.; Chang, Milan; Briem, Kristin; Jonsson, Pálmi V.; Thorsdottir, Inga; Ramel, Alfonso (2022-03)
    Background. Poor physical function is associated with disability and mortality in old people. Objectives. The aim was to find determinants of physical function in old people. Design. Secondary, cross-sectional analysis. Setting. Community in the ...
  • Chinmayee, Anagha; Subbarayan, Selvarani; Myint, Phyo Kyaw; Cherubini, Antonio; Cruz-Jentoft, Alfonso J.; Petrovic, Mirko; Guðmundsson, Aðalsteinn; Byrne, Stephen; O’Mahony, Denis; Soiza, Roy L. (2024-02)
    PURPOSE: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality, especially in older people. Older people with diabetes mellitus may be at especially high risk of ADRs but this risk has not been well studied. This study aimed to ...
  • Yang, Huazhen; Chen, Wenwen; Fang, Fang; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur A.; Song, Huan (2021-02)
  • Arnadottir, Solveig A.; Bruce, Julie; Lall, Ranjit; Withers, Emma J.; Underwood, Martin; Shaw, Fiona; Sheridan, Ray; Hossain, Anower; Lamb, Sarah E.; Martin, Finbarr; Yardley, Lucy; Skelton, Dawn; Willett, Keith; Eldridge, Sandra; Slowther, Anne Marie; Duggan, Sarah; Bruce, Julie; Hennings, Susie; Withers, Emma; Mant, Rhys; Rai, Rishpal; Turner, Craig; Andrews, Agata; Fearn, Rachael; Finnegan, Susanne; Walker, Nicola; Potter, Rachel; Lall, Ranjit; Hulme, Claire; Bojke, Chris; Longo, Roberta; Finnegan, Susanne; Westacott, Katherine; Ralhan, Shvaita; Sheridan, Ray; Treml, Jonathan; Sheridan, Ray; Riglin, Jackie; Gordjin, Harm; Dutta, Ruma; Burns, Jo; Treml, Jonathan; Shaw, Fiona; Davison, John; Willis, Ade; Muthiah, Chocks; Adjei, Henry (2020-01-15)
    Background: The aim was to estimate the prevalence of frailty and relative contribution of physical/balance, nutritive, cognitive and sensory frailty to important adverse health states (falls, physical activity levels, outdoor mobility, problems in ...
  • Geirsdottir, Olof; Chang, Milan; Jónsson, Pálmi V.; Thorsdottir, Inga; Ramel, Alfons (Hindawi Limited, 2019-02-18)
    Objectives. Obesity-related physiological changes can limit improvements of obese subjects after training. The aim was to investigate obesity, muscular strength, and physical function in community-dwelling nonsarcopenic old adults. Methods. Nonsarcopenic ...
  • EuGMS SIG Pharmacology (2023-12)
    Inappropriate polypharmacy is highly prevalent among older adults and presents a significant healthcare concern. Conducting medication reviews and implementing deprescribing strategies in multimorbid older adults with polypharmacy are an inherently ...
  • Klunder, Jet H.; Bordonis, Veronique; Heymans, Martijn W.; van der Roest, Henriëtte G.; Declercq, Anja; Smit, Jan H.; Garms-Homolova, Vjenka; Jónsson, Pálmi V.; Finne-Soveri, Harriet; Onder, Graziano; Joling, Karlijn J.; Maarsingh, Otto R.; van Hout, Hein P.J. (2021-10-14)
    Background: Accurate identification of older persons at risk of unplanned hospital visits can facilitate preventive interventions. Several risk scores have been developed to identify older adults at risk of unplanned hospital visits. It is unclear ...
  • Hamina, A.; Muller, A. E.; Clausen, T.; Skurtveit, S.; Hesse, M.; Tjagvad, C.; Thylstrup, B.; Odsbu, I.; Zoega, H.; Jónsdóttir, Harpa Lind; Taipale, H. (2022-05-16)
    Abstract: Background: Opioid use has increased globally in the recent decade. Although pain remains a significant problem among older adults, susceptibility to opioid-related harms highlights the importance of careful opioid therapy monitoring on ...
  • Yang, Huazhen; Chen, Wenwen; Hu, Yao; Chen, Yilong; Zeng, Yu; Sun, Yajing; Ying, Zhiye; He, Junhui; Qu, Yuanyuan; Lu, Donghao; Fang, Fang; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur Anna; Song, Huan (2020-11)
    Background: Psychiatric morbidities have been associated with a risk of severe infections through compromised immunity, health behaviours, or both. However, data are scarce on the association between multiple types of pre-pandemic psychiatric disorders ...
  • Sigurðardóttir, Árún Kristín; Steingrimsson, Jon A.; Kristófersson, Gísli Kort; Gunnarsdóttir, Elín Díanna (2022-12)
    Objective. We examined how individual and contextual factors affect resilience in community-dwelling older adults living in urban or rural areas in Northern Iceland. Methods. A cross-sectional study, conducted from 2017–2018, ran-domly sampled ...
  • Oltra, Javier; Habich, Annegret; Schwarz, Christopher G.; Nedelska, Zuzana; Przybelski, Scott A.; Inguanzo, Anna; Diaz-Galvan, Patricia; Lowe, Val J.; Oppedal, Ketil; Gonzalez, Maria C.; Philippi, Nathalie; Blanc, Frederic; Barkhof, Frederik; Lemstra, Afina W.; Hort, Jakub; Padovani, Alessandro; Rektorova, Irena; Bonanni, Laura; Massa, Federico; Kramberger, Milica G.; Taylor, John Paul; Snædal, Jón G; Walker, Zuzana; Antonini, Angelo; Dierks, Thomas; Segura, Barbara; Junque, Carme; Westman, Eric; Boeve, Bradley F.; Aarsland, Dag; Kantarci, Kejal; Ferreira, Daniel (2023-12-22)
    INTRODUCTION: Sex influences neurodegeneration, but it has been poorly investigated in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). We investigated sex differences in brain atrophy in DLB using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: We included 436 patients ...
  • O'Mahony, Denis; Cherubini, Antonio; Guiteras, Anna Renom; Denkinger, Michael; Beuscart, Jean-Baptiste; Onder, Graziano; Guðmundsson, Aðalsteinn; Cruz-Jentoft, Alfonso J; Knol, Wilma; Bahat, Gülistan; van der Velde, Nathalie; Petrovic, Mirko; Curtin, Denis (2023-08)
    PURPOSE: STOPP/START is a physiological systems-based explicit set of criteria that attempts to define the clinically important prescribing problems relating to potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs-STOPP criteria) and potential prescribing ...
  • Vakula, Michael N.; Waller, Benjamin; Bressel, Eadric; Kim, Youngwook (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-08-25)
    Abstract Background: Balance impairments are the leading causes of falls in older adults. Aquatic-based exercises have been broadly practiced as an alternative to land-based exercises; however, the effects on dynamic balance have not been comprehensively ...
  • Pazan, Farhad; Petrovic, Mirko; Cherubini, Antonio; Cruz-Jentoft, Alfonso J.; Denkinger, Michael; van der Cammen, Tischa J.M.; Stevenson, Jennifer M.; Ibrahim, Kinda; Rajkumar, Chakravarthi; Bakken, Marit Stordal; Crome, Peter; Guðmundsson, Aðalsteinn; Knol, Wilma; Snijders, Birgitta M.G.; O’Mahony, Denis; Serra-Rexach, José Antonio; Soulis, George; van Marum, Rob J.; Ziere, Gijsbertus; Mair, Alpana; Burkhardt, Heinrich; Neumann-Podczaska, Agnieszka; Wieczorowska-Tobis, Katarzyna; Fernandes, Marilia Andreia; Gruner, Heidi; van der Velde, Nathalie; Wehling, Martin (2022-11)
    Background: Cognitive decline is common in older people. Numerous studies point to the detrimental impact of polypharmacy and inappropriate medication on older people’s cognitive function. Here we aim to systematically review evidence on the impact of ...