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Browsing by Subject "Female"

Browsing by Subject "Female"

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  • Rögnvaldsson, Kristján G; Bjarnason, Agnar; Kristinsson, Karl Gústaf; Bragason, Hörður T; Erlendsdóttir, Helga; Þorgeirsson, Guðmundur; Gottfreðsson, Magnús (2022-08)
    BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is commonly caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) and associated with subsequent cardiovascular complications and increased mortality. Potential short-term survival benefits conferred by acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) use ...
  • Daníelsdóttir, Hilda Björk; Aspelund, Thor; Thordardottir, Edda Bjork; Fall, Katja; Fang, Fang; Tómasson, Gunnar; Rúnarsdóttir, Harpa; Yang, Qian; Choi, Karmel W; Kennedy, Beatrice; Halldorsdottir, Thorhildur; Lu, Donghao; Song, Huan; Jakobsdóttir, Jóhanna; Hauksdóttir, Arna; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur Anna (2022-02-01)
    Background: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have consistently been associated with elevated risk of multiple adverse health outcomes, yet their contribution to coping ability and psychiatric resilience in adulthood is unclear. Methods: Cross-sectional ...
  • Petursdottir, Astridur; Gunnarsson, Örvar; Valsdóttir, Elsa Björk (2020-07)
    INNGANGUR Krabbameinager í kviðarholi er oft afleiðing krabbameins í ristli eða endaþarmi og er illlæknanlegt ástand. Lifun sjúklinga með krabbameinager hefur að meðaltali verið undir tveimur árum eftir kerfislæga krabbameinslyfjameðferð með eða án ...
  • Olafsdottir, Steinunn A.; Hjaltadottir, Ingibjörg; Galvin, Rose; Hafsteinsdottir, Thora B.; Jonsdottir, Helga; Arnadottir, Solveig A. (2022-08-25)
    Background Our study aimed to map functioning and contextual factors among community-dwelling stroke survivors after first stroke, based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), and to explore if these factors ...
  • Bergmann, Asa Unnur; Þórkelsson, Þórður (2020-03-04)
    INNGANGUR Nýburagula orsakast af auknu magni gallrauða í vefjum og blóði nýbura fyrstu dagana eftir fæðingu. Yfirleitt þarf ekki að meðhöndla nýburagulu en ef styrkur gallrauða í blóði verður of mikill getur hann valdið langvarandi heilaskaða. Vegna ...
  • Hálfdánarson, Óskar; Cohen, Jacqueline M.; Karlstad, Øystein; Cesta, Carolyn E.; Bjørk, Marte Helene; Håberg, Siri Eldevik; Einarsdóttir, Kristjana; Furu, Kari; Gissler, Mika; Hjellvik, Vidar; Kieler, Helle; Leinonen, Maarit K.; Nørgaard, Mette; Öztürk Essen, Buket; Ulrichsen, Sinna Pilgaard; Reutfors, Johan; Zoega, Helga (2022-05-01)
    BACKGROUND: Antipsychotics are increasingly used among women of childbearing age and during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether children exposed to antipsychotics in utero are at increased risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) ...
  • Yang, Qian; Þórðardóttir, Edda Björk; Hauksdóttir, Arna; Aspelund, Thor; Jakobsdóttir, Jóhanna; Halldorsdottir, Thorhildur; Tómasson, Gunnar; Rúnarsdóttir, Harpa; Daníelsdóttir, Hilda Björk; Bertone-Johnson, Elizabeth R; Sjölander, Arvid; Fang, Fang; Lu, Donghao; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur Anna (2022-02-21)
    Background: Childhood abuse and neglect have been associated with premenstrual disorders (PMDs), including premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). However, the associations of other adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) ...
  • Lu, Donghao; Aleknaviciute, Jurate; Kamperman, Astrid M.; Tamimi, Rulla M.; Ludvigsson, Jonas F.; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur A.; Bertone-Johnson, Elizabeth R. (2022-03-01)
    Importance: Emerging data suggest that more than two-thirds of premenstrual disorders (PMDs), including premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder, have symptom onset during the teen years. Adulthood adiposity has been associated with ...
  • He, Hua; Yu, Yongfu; Liew, Zeyan; Gissler, Mika; László, Krisztina D.; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur Anna; Zhang, Jun; Li, Fei; Li, Jiong (2022-04-01)
    Importance: Maternal immune activation during pregnancy is associated with increased risks of several mental disorders in offspring during childhood, but little is known about how maternal autoimmune diseases during pregnancy are associated with mental ...
  • Jakubowska, A; Rozkrut, D; Antoniou, A; Hamann, U; Scott, R J; McGuffog, L; Healy, S; Sinilnikova, O M; Rennert, G; Lejbkowicz, F; Flugelman, A; Andrulis, I L; Glendon, G; Ozcelik, H; Thomassen, M; Paligo, M; Aretini, P; Kantala, J; Aroer, B; von Wachenfeldt, A; Liljegren, A; Loman, N; Herbst, K; Kristoffersson, U; Rosenquist, R; Karlsson, P; Stenmark-Askmalm, M; Melin, B; Nathanson, K L; Domchek, S M; Byrski, T; Huzarski, T; Gronwald, J; Menkiszak, J; Cybulski, C; Serrano, P; Osorio, A; Cajal, T R; Tsitlaidou, M; Benítez, J; Gilbert, M; Rookus, M; Aalfs, C M; Kluijt, I; Boessenkool-Pape, J L; Meijers-Heijboer, H E J; Oosterwijk, J C; van Asperen, C J; Blok, M J; Nelen, M R; van den Ouweland, A M W; Seynaeve, C; van der Luijt, R B; Devilee, P; Easton, D F; Peock, S; Frost, D; Platte, R; Ellis, S D; Fineberg, E; Evans, D G; Lalloo, F; Eeles, R; Jacobs, C; Adlard, J; Davidson, R; Eccles, D; Cole, T; Cook, J; Godwin, A; Bove, B; Stoppa-Lyonnet, D; Caux-Moncoutier, V; Belotti, M; Tirapo, C; Mazoyer, S; Barjhoux, L; Boutry-Kryza, N; Pujol, P; Coupier, I; Peyrat, J-P; Vennin, P; Muller, D; Fricker, J-P; Venat-Bouvet, L; Jóhannsson, Óskar Þór; Isaacs, C; Schmutzler, R; Wappenschmidt, B; Meindl, A; Arnold, N; Varon-Mateeva, R; Niederacher, D; Sutter, C; Deissler, H; Preisler-Adams, S; Simard, J; Soucy, P; Durocher, F; Chenevix-Trench, G; Beesley, J; Chen, X; Rebbeck, T; Couch, F; Wang, X; Lindor, N; Fredericksen, Z; Pankratz, V S; Peterlongo, P; Bonanni, B; Fortuzzi, S; Peissel, B; Szabo, C; Mai, P L; Loud, J T; Lubinski, J (2012-06-05)
    The variable penetrance of breast cancer in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers suggests that other genetic or environmental factors modify breast cancer risk. Two genes of special interest are prohibitin (PHB) and methylene-tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), ...
  • Bjørk, Marte Helene; Zoega, Helga; Leinonen, Maarit K.; Cohen, Jacqueline M.; Dreier, Julie Werenberg; Furu, Kari; Gilhus, Nils Erik; Gissler, Mika; Hálfdánarson, Óskar; Igland, Jannicke; Sun, Yuelian; Tomson, Torbjörn; Alvestad, Silje; Christensen, Jakob (2022-07-01)
    Importance: Women with epilepsy frequently need antiseizure medication (ASM) to prevent seizures in pregnancy. Risk of neurodevelopmental disorders after prenatal exposure to AMSs is uncertain. Objective: To determine whether children exposed prenatally ...
  • on behalf of The Euro-GASP Network (2021-03-18)
    BACKGROUND: The emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in Neisseria gonorrhoeae, nationally and internationally, is a serious threat to the management and control of gonorrhoea. Limited and conflicting data regarding the epidemiological ...
  • Li, Yuchen; Sjölander, Arvid; Song, Huan; Cnattingius, Sven; Fang, Fang; Yang, Qian; Fernández de la Cruz, Lorena; Mataix-Cols, David; Brander, Gustaf; Li, Jiong; Zhang, Wei; Fall, Katja; D’Onofrio, Brian M.; Almqvist, Catarina; Lichtenstein, Paul; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur Anna; Lu, Donghao (2022-01-01)
    Little is known about the contribution of pregnancy-related parental and perinatal factors to the development of stress-related disorders. We aimed to investigate whether parental/perinatal adversities entail higher risks of stress-related disorders ...
  • Lárusdóttir, Katrín Júniána; Guðmundsson, Hjalti J.; Johnsen, Árni; Sigurðsson, Martin Ingi; Guðbjartsson, Tómas; Guomundsdóttir, Ingibjörg Jóna (2021-03)
    INNGANGUR Ósæðarlokuþrengsl eru algengasti lokusjúkdómurinn á Vesturlöndum. Hefðbundin meðferð við alvarlegum þrengslum hefur verið opin ósæðarlokuskipti en síðastliðin ár hefur ósæðarlokuísetning með þræðingartækni (TAVI) rutt sér til rúms hér á landi ...
  • Axelsson, Gísli Þór; Eyþórsson, Elías Sæbjörn; Harðardóttir, Hrönn; Guðmundsson, Gunnar; Hansdóttir, Sif (2020-12)
    INNGANGUR Heimsfaraldur COVID-19-sjúkdóms af völdum SARS-CoV-2 hefur valdið miklu álagi á heilbrigðiskerfi um allan heim og aðgerðir vegna hans valdið miklu efnahagstjóni. Alvarlegum sjúkdómi fylgir yfirleitt lungnabólga og fylgikvillar frá lungum eru ...
  • Andersen, Karl; Aspelund, Thor; Gudmundsson, Elias Freyr; Sigurdsson, Gunnar; Sigurdsson, Sigurdur; Björnsdottir, Gudlaug; Thorsson, Bolli; Sigurdsson, Gunnar; Hardarsson, Thordur; Gudnason, Vilmundur (2022-07-07)
    INNGANGUR Lágt menntunarstig hefur verið tengt óhagstæðri samsetningu áhættuþátta kransæðasjúkdóma. Þessu fylgir aukin áhætta á hjartaáföllum hjá minna menntuðum. Litlar upplýsingar eru til um samband menntunarstigs við alvarleika æðakölkunarsjúkdóma. ...
  • Sveinsdottir, Nanna; Heidarsdottir, Sunna Run; Steinthorsson, Arni Steinn; Johannesdottir, Hera; Heimisdottir, Alexandra Aldis; Kristjansson, Tomas Thor; Einarsson Long, Thorir; Gudmundsdottir, Ingibjorg; Sigurdsson, Martin Ingi; Gudbjartsson, Tomas (2022-05-06)
    INNGANGUR Skert nýrnastarfsemi eins og við langvinnan nýrnasjúkdóm er áhættuþáttur kransæðasjúkdóms og hefur verið tengd við aukna tíðni fylgikvilla og dánartíðni eftir kransæðahjáveituaðgerð. Árangur hjáveituaðgerða hjá þessum sjúklingahóp hefur ekki ...
  • Magnadottir, Thordis; Heitmann, Leon Arnar; Arnardottir, Tinna Harper; Kristjansson, Tomas Thor; Silverborn, Per Martin; Sigurdsson, Martin Ingi; Gudbjartsson, Tomas (2022-06-02)
    INNGANGUR Frumkomið sjálfsprottið loftbrjóst er algengur sjúkdómur þar sem skurðaðgerð er beitt við viðvarandi loftleka eða endurteknu loftbrjósti. Tilgangur rannsóknarinnar var að kanna árangur þessara skurðaðgerða á Íslandi á 28 ára tímabili. EFNIVIÐUR ...
  • Torfadóttir, Jóhanna E.; Einarsdóttir, Sigrún Eva; Helgason, Asgeir R.; Þórisdottir, Birna; Gudmundsdottir, Rebekka Bjorg; Unnarsdottir, Anna Bara; Tryggvadottir, Laufey; Birgisson, Helgi; Thorvaldsdottir, Gudfinna Halla (2022-10-01)
    Spáð er mikilli fjölgun krabbameinstilfella á Íslandi næstu áratugi. Mikilvægt er að fá aukna innsýn í reynslu þeirra sem greinast með krabbamein með það að markmiði að bæta lífsgæði þeirra og horfur.
  • Lalor, J.; Ayers, S.; Celleja Agius, J.; Downe, S.; Gouni, O.; Hartmann, K.; Nieuwenhuijze, M.; Oosterman, M.; Turner, J. D.; Karlsdottir, Sigfríður Inga; Horsch, A. (2021-10)
    1 Maternity services across Europe during the pandemic has undergone changes to limit virus transmission; however, many changes are not evidence-based. 2 Although these changes were introduced to keep women, babies and healthcare staff safe, the exclusion ...