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Browsing by Subject "Cohort Studies"

Browsing by Subject "Cohort Studies"

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  • Rögnvaldsson, Kristján Godsk; Bjarnason, Agnar; Kristinsson, Karl Gústaf; Bragason, Hörður T; Erlendsdóttir, Helga; Þorgeirsson, Guðmundur; Gottfreðsson, Magnús (2022-08)
    BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is commonly caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) and associated with subsequent cardiovascular complications and increased mortality. Potential short-term survival benefits conferred by acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) use ...
  • Hálfdánarson, Óskar; Cohen, Jacqueline M.; Karlstad, Øystein; Cesta, Carolyn E.; Bjørk, Marte Helene; Håberg, Siri Eldevik; Einarsdóttir, Kristjana; Furu, Kari; Gissler, Mika; Hjellvik, Vidar; Kieler, Helle; Leinonen, Maarit K.; Nørgaard, Mette; Öztürk Essen, Buket; Ulrichsen, Sinna Pilgaard; Reutfors, Johan; Zoega, Helga (2022-05-01)
    BACKGROUND: Antipsychotics are increasingly used among women of childbearing age and during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether children exposed to antipsychotics in utero are at increased risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) ...
  • Lu, Donghao; Aleknaviciute, Jurate; Kamperman, Astrid M.; Tamimi, Rulla M.; Ludvigsson, Jonas F.; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur A.; Bertone-Johnson, Elizabeth R. (2022-03-01)
    Importance: Emerging data suggest that more than two-thirds of premenstrual disorders (PMDs), including premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder, have symptom onset during the teen years. Adulthood adiposity has been associated with ...
  • He, Hua; Yu, Yongfu; Liew, Zeyan; Gissler, Mika; László, Krisztina D.; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur Anna; Zhang, Jun; Li, Fei; Li, Jiong (2022-04-01)
    Importance: Maternal immune activation during pregnancy is associated with increased risks of several mental disorders in offspring during childhood, but little is known about how maternal autoimmune diseases during pregnancy are associated with mental ...
  • Bjørk, Marte Helene; Zoega, Helga; Leinonen, Maarit K.; Cohen, Jacqueline M.; Dreier, Julie Werenberg; Furu, Kari; Gilhus, Nils Erik; Gissler, Mika; Hálfdánarson, Óskar; Igland, Jannicke; Sun, Yuelian; Tomson, Torbjörn; Alvestad, Silje; Christensen, Jakob (2022-07-01)
    Importance: Women with epilepsy frequently need antiseizure medication (ASM) to prevent seizures in pregnancy. Risk of neurodevelopmental disorders after prenatal exposure to AMSs is uncertain. Objective: To determine whether children exposed prenatally ...
  • Li, Yuchen; Sjölander, Arvid; Song, Huan; Cnattingius, Sven; Fang, Fang; Yang, Qian; Fernández de la Cruz, Lorena; Mataix-Cols, David; Brander, Gustaf; Li, Jiong; Zhang, Wei; Fall, Katja; D’Onofrio, Brian M.; Almqvist, Catarina; Lichtenstein, Paul; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur Anna; Lu, Donghao (2022-01-01)
    Little is known about the contribution of pregnancy-related parental and perinatal factors to the development of stress-related disorders. We aimed to investigate whether parental/perinatal adversities entail higher risks of stress-related disorders ...
  • Bröms, Gabriella; Hernandez-Diaz, Sonia; Huybrechts, Krista F.; Bateman, Brian T.; Kristiansen, Eskild Bendix; Einarsdóttir, Kristjana; Engeland, Anders; Furu, Kari; Gissler, Mika; Karlsson, Pär; Klungsøyr, Kari; Lahesmaa-Korpinen, Anna Maria; Mogun, Helen; Nørgaard, Mette; Reutfors, Johan; Sørensen, Henrik Toft; Zoega, Helga; Kieler, Helle (2023-01-16)
    Objective: Most research on safety of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications during pregnancy concerns central nervous system stimulants, while little is known about the safety of atomoxetine, a primary treatment alternative. We ...
  • Torfadóttir, Jóhanna E.; Einarsdóttir, Sigrún Eva; Helgason, Asgeir R.; Þórisdottir, Birna; Gudmundsdottir, Rebekka Bjorg; Unnarsdottir, Anna Bara; Tryggvadottir, Laufey; Birgisson, Helgi; Thorvaldsdottir, Gudfinna Halla (2022-10-01)
    Spáð er mikilli fjölgun krabbameinstilfella á Íslandi næstu áratugi. Mikilvægt er að fá aukna innsýn í reynslu þeirra sem greinast með krabbamein með það að markmiði að bæta lífsgæði þeirra og horfur.
  • Sævarsdóttir, Karen Sól; Swift, Emma Marie; Einarsdóttir, Kristjana; Gunnarsdóttir, Jóhanna (2023-07-01)
    Ágrip INNGANGUR Miklar blæðingar eftir fæðingu er vaxandi vandamál víða um heim. Samkvæmt skýrslum Fæðingaskrár hefur vandamálið einnig aukist á Landspítala, ef marka má skráningu á greiningarkóðanum O72. Markmið rannsóknarinnar var að varpa ljósi á ...
  • Hamm, Michael; Sohier, Pierre; Petit, Valérie; Raymond, Jérémy H.; Delmas, Véronique; Le Coz, Madeleine; Gesbert, Franck; Kenny, Colin; Aktary, Zackie; Pouteaux, Marie; Rambow, Florian; Sarasin, Alain; Charoenchon, Nisamanee; Bellacosa, Alfonso; Sanchez-del-Campo, Luis; Mosteo, Laura; Lauss, Martin; Meijer, Dies; Steingrímsson, Eiríkur; Jönsson, Göran B.; Cornell, Robert A.; Davidson, Irwin; Goding, Colin R.; Larue, Lionel (2021-06-17)
    While the major drivers of melanoma initiation, including activation of NRAS/BRAF and loss of PTEN or CDKN2A, have been identified, the role of key transcription factors that impose altered transcriptional states in response to deregulated signaling ...
  • Vegrim, Håkon Magne; Dreier, Julie Werenberg; Alvestad, Silje; Gilhus, Nils Erik; Gissler, Mika; Igland, Jannicke; Leinonen, Maarit K.; Tomson, Torbjörn; Sun, Yuelian; Zoega, Helga; Christensen, Jakob; Bjørk, Marte Helene (2022-11-14)
    Importance: Women with epilepsy are recommended high doses of folic acid before and during pregnancy owing to risk of congenital anomalies associated with antiseizure medications. Whether prenatal exposure to high-dose folic acid is associated with ...
  • Guðmundsdóttir, Embla Ýr; Gottfreðsdóttir, Helga; Hálfdánsdóttir, Berglind; Nieuwenhuijze, Marianne; Gissler, Mika; Einarsdóttir, Kristjana (2021-09)
    INTRODUCTION: This study aims to explore maternal and perinatal outcomes of migrant women in Iceland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective population-based cohort study included women who gave birth to a singleton in Iceland between 1997 and 2018, ...
  • Yang, Qian; Sjölander, Arvid; Li, Yuchen; Viktorin, Alexander; Bertone-Johnson, Elizabeth R.; Ye, Weimin; Fang, Fang; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur A.; Lu, Donghao (2021-05-26)
    Background: Premenstrual disorders, including premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder, are suggested to be correlated with suicidal behavior and accidents in cross-sectional and retrospective studies. However, prospective data are ...
  • Svanes, Cecilie; Johannessen, Ane; Bertelsen, Randi Jacobsen; Dharmage, Shyamali; Benediktsdóttir, Bryndís; Bråbäck, Lennart; Gíslason, Þórarinn; Holm, Mathias; Jõgi, Oskar; Lodge, Caroline J.; Malinovschi, Andrei; Martinez-Moratalla, Jesus; Oudin, Anna; Sánchez-Ramos, José Luis; Timm, Signe; Janson, Christer; Real, Francisco Gomez; Schlünssen, Vivi (2022-06-01)
    Purpose The Respiratory Health in Northern Europe, Spain and Australia (RHINESSA) cohort was established to (1) investigate how exposures before conception and in previous generations influence health and disease, particularly allergies and respiratory ...
  • Ingason, Arnar Bragi; Hreinsson, Jóhann P.; Lund, Sigrún Helga; Ágústsson, Arnar Snær; Rumba, Edward; Pálsson, Daníel; Reynisson, Indriði E.; Guðmundsdóttir, Brynja R; Önundarson, Páll Torfi; Björnsson, Einar Stefán (2023-01-01)
    OBJECTIVE: Previous observational studies have yielded conflicting results on whether medication adherence differs between patients receiving warfarin and direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). Importantly, no study has adequately accounted for warfarin ...
  • Hou, Can; Hu, Yihan; Yang, Huazhen; Chen, Wenwen; Zeng, Yu; Ying, Zhiye; Hu, Yao; Sun, Yajing; Qu, Yuanyuan; Gottfreðsson, Magnús; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur Anna; Song, Huan (2021-11-16)
    BACKGROUND: With the increasing number of people infected with and recovered from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the extent of major health consequences of COVID-19 is unclear, including risks of severe secondary infections. METHODS: Based on ...
  • Hu, Yihan; Yang, Huazhen; Hou, Can; Chen, Wenwen; Zhang, Hanyue; Ying, Zhiye; Hu, Yao; Sun, Yajing; Qu, Yuanyuan; Feychting, Maria; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur Anna; Song, Huan; Fang, Fang (2022-01-07)
    Background: An increased susceptibility to COVID-19 has been suggested for individuals with neurodegenerative diseases, but data are scarce from longitudinal studies. Methods: In this community-based cohort study, we included 96,275 participants of the ...
  • Jónsdóttir, Freyja; Blöndal, Anna Bryndís; Guðmundsson, Aðalsteinn; Bates, Ian; Stevenson, Jennifer M; Sigurðsson, Martin Ingi (2023-05-05)
    Background: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of preoperative polypharmacy and the incidence of postoperative polypharmacy/hyper-polypharmacy in surgical patients and their association with adverse outcomes. Methods: This was a ...
  • Ahluwalia, Tarunveer S.; Prins, Bram P.; Abdollahi, Mohammadreza; Armstrong, Nicola J.; Aslibekyan, Stella; Bain, Lisa; Jefferis, Barbara; Baumert, Jens; Beekman, Marian; Ben-Shlomo, Yoav; Bis, Joshua C.; Mitchell, Braxton D.; De Geus, Eco; Delgado, Graciela E.; Marek, Diana; Eriksson, Joel; Kajantie, Eero; Kanoni, Stavroula; Kemp, John P.; Lu, Chen; Marioni, Riccardo E.; McLachlan, Stela; Milaneschi, Yuri; Nolte, Ilja M.; Petrelis, Alexandros M.; Porcu, Eleonora; Sabater-Lleal, Maria; Naderi, Elnaz; Seppälä, Ilkka; Shah, Tina; Singhal, Gaurav; Standl, Marie; Teumer, Alexander; Thalamuthu, Anbupalam; Thiering, Elisabeth; Trompet, Stella; Ballantyne, Christie M.; Benjamin, Emelia J.; Casas, Juan P.; Toben, Catherine; Dedoussis, George; Deelen, Joris; Durda, Peter; Engmann, Jorgen; Feitosa, Mary F.; Grallert, Harald; Hammarstedt, Ann; Harris, Sarah E.; Homuth, Georg; Guðnason, Vilmundur G. (2021-01-30)
    Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a multifunctional cytokine with both pro-A nd anti-inflammatory properties with a heritability estimate of up to 61%. The circulating levels of IL-6 in blood have been associated with an increased risk of complex disease ...