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  • Ásgeirsson, Árni; Kristjánsson, Árni (Frontiers Media SA, 2014-04-10)
    Consistent financial reward of particular features influences the allocation of visual attention in many ways. More surprising are 1-trial reward priming effects on attention where reward schedules are random and reward on one trial influences attentional ...
  • Young, Susan; Emilsson, Brynjar; Sigurdsson, Jon Fridrik; Khondoker, Mizanur; Philipp-Wiegmann, Florence; Baldursson, Gísli; Ólafsdóttir, Halldóra; Gudjonsson, Gisli (Springer Nature, 2016-10-17)
    Studies assessing psychological treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults are increasingly reported. However, functional outcomes are often neglected in favour of symptom outcomes. We investigated functional outcomes in 95 ...
  • Chetverikov, Andrey; Campana, Gianluca; Kristjánsson, Árni (Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO), 2017-02-28)
    We recently demonstrated that observers are capable of encoding not only summary statistics, such as mean and variance of stimulus ensembles, but also the shape of the ensembles. Here, for the first time, we show the learning dynamics of this process, ...
  • Smith, Dirk; Helgason, Hannes; Sulem, Patrick; Björnsdóttir, Unnur Steina; Lim, Ai Ching; Sveinbjörnsson, Garðar; Hasegawa, Haruki; Brown, Michael; Ketchem, Randal R.; Gavala, Monica; Garrett, Logan; Jónasdóttir, Aðalbjörg; Jónasdóttir, Áslaug; Sigurðsson, Ásgeir; Magnússon, Ólafur T.; Eyjólfsson, Guðmundur I.; Ólafsson, Ísleifur; Önundarson, Páll Torfi; Sigurðardóttir, Ólöf; Gíslason, Davíð; Gíslason, Þórarinn; Lúðvíksson, Björn Rúnar; Lúðvíksdóttir, Dóra; Boezen, H. Marike; Heinzmann, Andrea; Krueger, Marcus; Porsbjerg, Celeste; Ahluwalia, Tarunveer S.; Waage, Johannes; Backer, Vibeke; Deichmann, Klaus A.; Koppelman, Gerard H.; Bønnelykke, Klaus; Bisgaard, Hans; Másson, Gísli; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Johnston, James A.; Jonsdottir, Ingileif; Stefansson, Kari (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2017-03-08)
    IL-33 is a tissue-derived cytokine that induces and amplifies eosinophilic inflammation and has emerged as a promising new drug target for asthma and allergic disease. Common variants at IL33 and IL1RL1, encoding the IL-33 receptor ST2, associate with ...
  • Sigfusson, Bergur (University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, 2009)
    This thesis studied the volcanic and geothermal source of arsenic (As) and its fate in shallow ground waters and upon entering the ocean by means of experimental and field measurements combined with geochemical modeling. Arsenic enters the atmosphere ...
  • Perkin, Samuel (2018-02)
    Power system operation is concerned with supplying electricity to society in a reliable manner. Reliability has traditionally been managed through use of the deterministic N-1 criterion. The EU FP7 GARPUR research project proposes that Transmission ...
  • Ottelin, Juudit (Unigrafia, Helsinki, 2016-11)
    Climate change mitigation in the built environment encompasses various mitigation measures, such as energy efficient buildings, spatial planning instruments and other policies targeting the emissions resulting from transport. However, studies on the ...
  • Scully, Sean; Orlygsson, Johann (MDPI AG, 2014-12-24)
    There is an increased interest in using thermophilic bacteria for the production of bioethanol from complex lignocellulosic biomass due to their higher operating temperatures and broad substrate range. This review focuses upon the main genera ...
  • McKelvey, Maureen; Saemundsson, Rognvaldur; Zaring, Olof (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018-01-19)
    This article focuses upon issues that public policy makers need to address, when trying to stimulate world-leading research into new areas, which are potentially also valuable to solving societal challenges. Our analysis helps contribute to the theoretical ...
  • Koziel, Slawomir; Bekasiewicz, Adrian (Walter de Gruyter GmbH, 2015-09-23)
    This paper addresses computationally feasible multi-objective optimization of antenna structures. We review two recent techniques that utilize the multi-objective evolutionary algorithm (MOEA) working with fast antenna replacement models (surrogates) ...
  • Martin, Peter; Dalmannsdottir, Sigridur; í Gerdinum, Jens Ivan; Halland, Hilde; Hermannsson, Jónatan; Kavanagh, Vanessa; MacKenzie, Katrin; Reykdal, Ólafur; Russell, Joanne; Sveinsson, Sæmundur; Thomsen, Mette; Wishart, John (Springer Nature, 2017-10-26)
    Although grass dominates most agricultural systems in the North Atlantic region (NAR), spring barley is the most important cereal and is used for animal feed and food and drink products. Recent changes in climate have resulted in warmer conditions ...
  • Young, Susan; Asherson, Philip; Colley, Bill; Gudjonsson, Gisli; Müller, Ulrich; Paul, Moli; Pitts, Mark; Arif, Muhammad; Adamou, Marios; McCarthy, Jane; Hollis, Chris; Coghill, David (Biomed Central LTD, 2016-08-26)
    The aim of this consensus statement was to discuss transition of patients with ADHD from child to adult healthcare services, and formulate recommendations to facilitate successful transition. An expert workshop was convened in June 2012 by the UK Adult ...
  • Jóhannesdóttir, Lilja; Alves, Jose; Gill, Jennifer A.; Gunnarsson, Tomas Gretar (Resilience Alliance, Inc., 2017)
    Intensified agricultural practices have driven biodiversity loss throughout the world, and although many actions aimed at halting and reversing these declines have been developed, their effectiveness depends greatly on the willingness of stakeholders ...
  • Qu, Zhishuai; Groben, René; Marteinsson, Viggó; Agatha, Sabine; Filker, Sabine; Stoeck, Thorsten (Uniwersytet Jagiellonski - Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellonskiego, 2018)
    We isolated an encysted ciliate from a geothermal field in Iceland. The morphological features of this isolate fit the descriptions of Dexiotricha colpidiopsis (Kahl, 1926) Jankowski, 1964 very well. These comprise body shape and size in vivo, the ...
  • Þórður Víkingur Friðgeirsson (Silesian University of Technology, 2016-06)
    Summary.Previous studies have indicated that the majority of infrastructure projects have cost overruns. The root causes are traced to political, technical and psychological reasons at the initial stage of the project. The ...
  • Cui, Guoqing; Lv, Zhiyong; Li, Guangfei; Benediktsson, Jon Atli; Lu, Yudong (MDPI AG, 2018-08-07)
    Land cover classification that uses very high resolution (VHR) remote sensing images is a topic of considerable interest. Although many classification methods have been developed, the accuracy and usability of classification systems can still be improved. ...
  • Harning, David (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2019-04)
    Iceland’s position at the confluence of major oceanic and atmospheric fronts results in a highly sensitive climate evident in both instrumental and paleo records. However, open questions still remain regarding the pre-instrumental evolution of climate, ...
  • Dürig, Tobias; Gudmundsson, Magnus Tumi; Dioguardi, Fabio; Woodhouse, Mark; Björnsson, Halldór; Barsotti, Sara; Witt, Tanja; Walter, Thomas R. (Elsevier BV, 2018-07)
    Meaningful forecasting of the atmospheric concentration and ground accumulation of volcanic ash during explo-sive eruptions requires detailed knowledge of the eruption source parameters. However, due to the large uncer-tainties in observations and ...
  • Óskarsson, Gunnar; Þráinsson, Hermann Þór (Viðskiptafræðideild og hagfræðideild Háskóla Íslands, viðskiptafræðideild Háskólans í Reykjavík og Seðlabanki Íslands, 2017-12-19)
    Þar sem helstu atvinnugreinar Íslands eru bundnar stækkunartakmörkunum gegna aðrar atvinnugreinar auknu mikilvægi í íslenskum efnahag. Í þessu samhengi sinna frumkvöðlafyrirtæki þýðingarmiklu hlutverki, en til að þau geti dafnað og staðist samkeppni á ...
  • Menke, William; Brandsdóttir, Bryndís; Einarsson, Páll; Bjarnason, Ingi Þorleifur (Oxford University Press (OUP), 1996-07)
    Two shear-wave profiles, E and G, collected during the 1977 Reykjanes Ridge Iceland Seismic Experiment have played an important role in models of the Icelandic crust. They were originally interpreted as indicating very low shear-wave velocities and ...