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Browsing by Subject "Oncology"

Browsing by Subject "Oncology"

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  • Vidarsdottir, Linda; Olafsdottir, Elinborg J.; Barkardóttir, Rósa Björk; Bjarnadóttir, Ólöf Kristjana; Jónasson, Jón Gunnlaugur; Sigurdsson, Stefan; Tryggvadottir, Laufey (2023-11-30)
    Estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer generally confers a more favorable prognosis than ER-negative cancer, however, a different picture is emerging for BRCA2 mutation carriers and young patients. We used nationwide data from population-based ...
  • Mateos, Marion K.; Tulstrup, Morten; Quinn, Michael C.J.; Tuckuviene, Ruta; Marshall, Glenn M.; Gupta, Ramneek; Mayoh, Chelsea; Wolthers, Benjamin O.; Barbaro, Pasquale M.; Ruud, Ellen; Sutton, Rosemary; Huttunen, Pasi; Revesz, Tamas; Trakymiene, Sonata S.; Barbaric, Draga; Tedgård, Ulf; Giles, Jodie E.; Alvaro, Frank; Jonsson, Olafur G.; Mechinaud, Françoise; Saks, Kadri; Catchpoole, Daniel; Kotecha, Rishi S.; Dalla-Pozza, Luciano; Chenevix-Trench, Georgia; Trahair, Toby N.; Macgregor, Stuart; Schmiegelow, Kjeld (2020-05-19)
    Symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) occurs in five percent of children treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), but whether a genetic predisposition exists across different ALL treatment regimens has not been well studied. Methods: We ...
  • Duran-Lozano, Laura; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Lopez de Lapuente Portilla, Aitzkoa; Niroula, Abhishek; Went, Molly; Thodberg, Malte; Pertesi, Maroulio; Ajore, Ram; Cafaro, Caterina; Olason, Pall I.; Stefansdottir, Lilja; Bragi Walters, G.; Halldorsson, Gisli H.; Turesson, Ingemar; Kaiser, Martin F.; Weinhold, Niels; Abildgaard, Niels; Andersen, Niels Frost; Mellqvist, Ulf Henrik; Waage, Anders; Juul-Vangsted, Annette; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Hansson, Markus; Houlston, Richard; Rafnar, Thorunn; Stefansson, Kari; Nilsson, Björn (2021-04)
    Multiple myeloma (MM) is caused by the uncontrolled, clonal expansion of plasma cells. While there is epidemiological evidence for inherited susceptibility, the molecular basis remains incompletely understood. We report a genome-wide association study ...
  • Magnússon, Magnús Ingvi; Agnarsson, Bjarni Agnar; Jónasson, Jón Gunnlaugur; Tryggvason, Þórður; Aeffner, Famke; le Roux, Louise; Magnusdottir, Droplaug N.; Gunnarsdóttir, Helga Sigrún; Alexíusdóttir, Kristín K.; Gunnarsdottir, Kristbjorg; Söebech, Emilia; Runarsdottir, Hjaltey; Jónsdóttir, Erna María; Kristinsdóttir, Bjarney Sif; Olafsson, Sigurgeir; Knutsdottir, Hildur; Þorsteinsdóttir, Unnur; Úlfarsson, Magnús Örn; Guðbjartsson, Daníel Fannar; Saemundsdottir, Jona; Magnusson, Olafur T.; Norddahl, Gudmundur L.; Watson, J. E.Vivienne; Rafnar, Thorunn; Lund, Sigrún Helga; Stefánsson, Kári (2023-10-19)
    Background: The TNM system is used to assess prognosis after colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnosis. Other prognostic factors reported include histopathological assessments of the tumour, tumour mutations and proteins in the blood. As some of these factors ...
  • Rögnvaldsson, Sæmundur; Love, Thorvardur Jon; Thorsteinsdottir, Sigrun; Reed, Elín Ruth; Óskarsson, Jón Þórir; Pétursdóttir, Íris; Sigurðardóttir, Guðrún Ásta; Viðarsson, Brynjar; Önundarson, Páll Torfi; Agnarsson, Bjarni A.; Þorsteinsdóttir, Ingunn; Ólafsson, Ísleifur; Þórðardóttir, Ásdís Rósa; Eyþórsson, Elías; Jónsson, Ásbjörn; Björnsson, Andri S.; Gunnarsson, Gunnar Þór; Pálsson, Runólfur; Indriðason, Ólafur Skúli; Gíslason, Gauti Kjartan; Ólafsson, Andri; Hákonardóttir, Guðlaug Katrín; Brinkhuis, Manje; Halldórsdóttir, Sara Lovísa; Ásgeirsdóttir, Tinna Laufey; Steingrímsdóttir, Hlíf; Danielsen, Ragnar; Dröfn Wessman, Inga; Kampanis, Petros; Hulcrantz, Malin; Durie, Brian G.M.; Harding, Stephen; Landgren, Ola; Kristinsson, Sigurður Yngvi (2021-05-17)
    Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) precedes multiple myeloma (MM). Population-based screening for MGUS could identify candidates for early treatment in MM. Here we describe the Iceland Screens, Treats, or Prevents Multiple Myeloma ...
  • Knutsen, Erik; Das Sajib, Saikat; Fiskaa, Tonje; Lorens, James; Guðjónsson, Þórarinn; Mælandsmo, Gunhild M.; Johansen, Steinar Daae; Seternes, Ole Morten; Perander, Maria (2023)
    Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a cellular plasticity program critical for embryonic development and tissue regeneration, and aberrant EMT is associated with disease including cancer. The high degree of plasticity in the mammary epithelium ...
  • Dam, Merete; Centanni, Maddalena; Friberg, Lena E.; Centanni, Daniel; Karlsson, Mats O.; Stensig Lynggaard, Line; Johannsdottir, Inga Maria; Wik, Hilde Skuterud; Malmros, Johan; Vaitkeviciene, Goda Elizabeta; Griskevicius, Laimonas; Hallböök, Helene; Jónsson, Ólafur Gísli; Overgaard, Ulrik; Schmiegelow, Kjeld; Hansen, Stefan Nygaard; Heyman, Mats; Albertsen, Birgitte Klug (2024-04)
    Asparaginase is an essential component of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) therapy, yet its associated toxicities often lead to treatment discontinuation, increasing the risk of relapse. Hypersensitivity reactions include clinical allergies, silent ...
  • Islind, Anna Sigridur; Johansson, Victoria; Vallo Hult, Helena; Alsén, Pia; Andreasson, Emma; Angenete, Eva; Gellerstedt, Martin (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-10-12)
    Purpose The number of colorectal cancer patient survivors is increasing. Information and support during and after treatment are requested by patients, but questions remain on what to provide. The aim of this study was to understand what informational ...
  • McInally, Wendy; Taylor, Vanessa; de los Rios de la Serna, Celia Diez; Sulosaari, Virpi; Trigoso, Eugenia; Gomes, Sara Margarida Rodrigues; Dias, Ana Rita Cesario; Piskorjanac, Silvija; Tanay, Mary Anne; Hálfdánardóttir, Halldóra; Dowling, Maura (2024)
    The European Oncology Nursing Society (EONS) is a pan-European not for profit society involving approximately 28,000 cancer nurses from 32 countries in the region. The European College of Cancer Nursing (ECCN) exists under the umbrella of EONS and was ...
  • Vogelaar, Ingrid P.; Greer, Stephanie; Wang, Fan; Shin, Gi Won; Lau, Billy; Hu, Yajing; Haraldsdottir, Sigurdis; Alvarez, Rocio; Hazelett, Dennis; Nguyen, Peter; Aguirre, Francesca P.; Guindi, Maha; Hendifar, Andrew; Balcom, Jessica; Leininger, Anna; Fairbank, Beth; Ji, Hanlee; Hitchins, Megan P. (2023-01)
    Lynch syndrome (LS), caused by heterozygous pathogenic variants affecting one of the mismatch repair (MMR) genes (MSH2, MLH1, MSH6, PMS2), confers moderate to high risks for colorectal, endometrial, and other cancers. We describe a four-generation, ...
  • Halldorsson, Skarphedinn; Rohatgi, Neha; Magnúsdóttir, Manuela; Choudhary, Kumari Sonal; Gudjonsson, Thorarinn; Knutsen, Erik; Barkovskaya, Anna; Hilmarsdóttir, Bylgja; Perander, Maria; Mælandsmo, Gunhild M.; Guðmundsson, Steinn; Rolfsson, Óttar (Elsevier BV, 2017-06)
    Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) has implications in tumor progression and metastasis. Metabolic alterations have been described in cancer development but studies focused on the metabolic re-wiring that takes place during EMT are still limited. ...
  • Liu, Dong; Liu, Cong; Wang, Xiyin; Ingvarsson, Sigurður; Chen, Huiping (Elsevier Ltd., 2014-02)
    The miR-451 was found to be frequently down-regulated in tumors, indicating that miR-451 could play an important role in carcinogenesis. This study uncovered the mechanism by which the miR-451 functions as a tumor suppressor. The target genes of miR-451 ...
  • Rögnvaldsson, Sæmundur; Eythorsson, Elias; Thorsteinsdottir, Sigrun; Vidarsson, Brynjar; Önundarson, Páll Torfi; Agnarsson, Bjarni Agnar; Sigurdardottir, Margret; Thorsteinsdóttir, Ingunn; Ólafsson, Ísleifur; Runólfsdóttir, Hrafnhildur L.; Helgason, Dadi; Emilsdóttir, Arna Rut; Ágústsson, Arnar Snær; Björnsson, Aron Hjalti; Kristjánsdóttir, Gudrún; Thordardottir, Asdis Rosa; Indridason, Olafur Skuli; Jónsson, Ásbjörn; Gislason, Gauti Kjartan; Olafsson, Andri; Steingrímsdóttir, Hlíf; Kampanis, Petros; Hultcrantz, Malin; Durie, Brian G.M.; Harding, Stephen; Landgren, Ola; Palsson, Runolfur; Love, Thorvarður Jon; Kristinsson, Sigurdur Yngvi (2021-12-01)
    Multiple myeloma (MM) patients have increased risk of severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) when infected by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), the precursor of ...
  • Krali, Olga; Marincevic-Zuniga, Yanara; Arvidsson, Gustav; Enblad, Anna Pia; Lundmark, Anders; Sayyab, Shumaila; Zachariadis, Vasilios; Heinäniemi, Merja; Suhonen, Janne; Oksa, Laura; Vepsäläinen, Kaisa; Öfverholm, Ingegerd; Barbany, Gisela; Nordgren, Ann; Lilljebjörn, Henrik; Fioretos, Thoas; Madsen, Hans O.; Marquart, Hanne Vibeke; Flaegstad, Trond; Forestier, Erik; Jónsson, Ólafur Gísli; Kanerva, Jukka; Lohi, Olli; Norén-Nyström, Ulrika; Schmiegelow, Kjeld; Harila, Arja; Heyman, Mats; Lönnerholm, Gudmar; Syvänen, Ann Christine; Nordlund, Jessica (2023-12)
    Genomic analyses have redefined the molecular subgrouping of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Molecular subgroups guide risk-stratification and targeted therapies, but outcomes of recently identified subtypes are often unclear, owing to ...
  • Hu, Kejia; Wang, Chengshi; Luo, Chuanxu; Zheng, Hong; Song, Huan; Bergstedt, Jacob; Fall, Katja; Luo, Ting; Czene, Kamila; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur A.; Fang, Fang; Lu, Donghao (2022-06-21)
    Background: Experimental studies indicate that neuroendocrine pathways might play a role in progression of breast cancer. We aim to test the hypothesis that somatic mutations in the genes of neuroendocrine pathways influence breast cancer prognosis, ...
  • Nilsson, Martin P; Undseth, Christine; Albertsson, Per; Eidem, Monika; Havelund, Birgitte Mayland; Jóhannsson, Jakob; Johnsson, Anders; Radu, Calin; Serup-Hansen, Eva; Spindler, Karen-Lise; Zakrisson, Björn; Guren, Marianne G; Kronborg, Camilla (2023-08)
    Background: To date, anal cancer patients are treated with radiotherapy to similar volumes despite a marked difference in risk profile based on tumor location and stage. A more individualized approach to delineation of the elective clinical target ...
  • Shen, Qing; Sjölander, Arvid; Sloan, Erica K.; Walker, Adam K.; Fall, Katja; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur Anna; Sparén, Pär; Smedby, Karin E.; Fang, Fang (2022-01-17)
    Background: Cancer patients experience increased risk of death from accident and suicide. Cognitive impairment induced by cancer-related inflammation and stress-related psychiatric symptoms may be underlying mechanisms. We therefore studied the association ...
  • Harðardóttir, Hrönn; Aspelund, Thor; Zhu, Jianwei; Fall, Katja; Hauksdóttir, Arna; Fang, Fang; Lu, Donghao; Janson, Christer; Jónsson, Steinn; Valdimarsdóttir, Heiðdís; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur Anna; Hardardottir, Hronn (2022-01)
    Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the role of the patient’s background and perceived healthcare-related factors in symptoms of acute stress after lung cancer diagnosis. Methods: The study population consisted of 89 individuals referred for ...
  • AOCS Group; CZECANCA Consortium; The Consortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1/2; Evidence-based Network for the Interpretation of Germline Mutant Alleles Consortium; HEBON Investigators; GEMO Study Collaborators (2023-06)
    Background: The distribution of ovarian tumour characteristics differs between germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 pathogenic variant carriers and non-carriers. In this study, we assessed the utility of ovarian tumour characteristics as predictors of BRCA1 and ...
  • OlympiA Clinical Trial Steering Committee and Investigators (2022-12-01)
    Background: The randomized, double-blind OlympiA trial compared 1 year of the oral poly(adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase inhibitor, olaparib, to matching placebo as adjuvant therapy for patients with pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants in ...