Opin vísindi: Recent submissions

  • McKelvey, Maureen; Saemundsson, Rognvaldur (Informa UK Limited, 2020-06-28)
    The purpose of this article is to better understand the challenges of avoiding the dark side of technological innovation. Specifically, we analyse 10 public investigations started as a reaction to a major crisis in regenerative medicine at the Karolinska ...
  • Wu, Peitao; Rybin, Denis; Bielak, Lawrence F.; Feitosa, Mary F.; Franceschini, Nora; Li, Yize; Lu, Yingchang; Marten, Jonathan; Musani, Solomon K.; Noordam, Raymond; Raghavan, Sridharan; Rose, Lynda M.; Schwander, Karen; Smith, Albert Vernon; Tajuddin, Salman M.; Vojinovic, Dina; Amin, Najaf; Arnett, Donna K.; Bottinger, Erwin P.; Demirkan, Ayse; Florez, Jose C.; Ghanbari, Mohsen; Harris, Tamara B.; Launer, Lenore J.; Liu, Jingmin; Liu, Jun; Mook-Kanamori, Dennis O.; Murray, Alison D.; Nalls, Mike A.; Peyser, Patricia A.; Uitterlinden, André G.; Voortman, Trudy; Bouchard, Claude; Chasman, Daniel; Correa, Adolfo; de Mutsert, Renée; Evans, Michele K.; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Hayward, Caroline; Kao, Linda; Kardia, Sharon L. R.; Kooperberg, Charles; Loos, Ruth J. F.; Province, Michael M.; Rankinen, Tuomo; Redline, Susan; Ridker, Paul M.; Rotter, Jerome I.; Siscovick, David; Smith, Blair H.; van Duijn, Cornelia; Zonderman, Alan B.; Rao, D. C.; Wilson, James G.; Dupuis, Josée; Meigs, James B.; Liu, Ching-Ti; Vassy, Jason L. (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2020-05-07)
    Smoking is a potentially causal behavioral risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D), but not all smokers develop T2D. It is unknown whether genetic factors partially explain this variation. We performed genome-environment-wide interaction studies to ...
  • Räsänen, Aleksi; Lein, Haakon; Bird, Deanne; Setten, Gunhild (Elsevier BV, 2020-05)
    Community resilience is often assessed in disaster risk management (DRM) research and it has been argued that it should be strengthened for more robust DRM. However, the term community is seldom precisely defined and it can be understood in many ways. ...
  • Sveinsdóttir, Herdís; Zoëga, Sigridur; Ingadottir, Brynja; Blondal, Katrin (Wiley, 2020-09-16)
    Aims: To describe prevalence of symptoms of anxiety and depression in surgical patients at three time points: at hospital postsurgery (T1), 6 weeks (T2) and 6 months (T3) postdischarge from hospital; and detect situations and experiences that predict ...
  • Rögnvaldsdóttir, Vaka; Brychta, Robert; Hrafnkelsdóttir, Soffía M.; Chen, Kong Y.; Arngrímsson, Sigurbjörn Árni; Johannsson, Erlingur; Gudmundsdottir, Sigridur Lara (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2020-05-15)
    Background: Sleep and physical activity are modifiable behaviors that play an important role in preventing overweight, obesity, and metabolic health problems. Studies of the association between concurrent objective measures of sleep, physical activity, ...
  • Shah, Sonia; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-01-09)
    Heart failure (HF) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. A small proportion of HF cases are attributable to monogenic cardiomyopathies and existing genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have yielded only limited insights, leaving ...
  • Sarin, Kavita Y.; Lin, Yuan; Daneshjou, Roxana; Ziyatdinov, Andrey; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Rubin, Adam; Pardo, Luba M.; Wu, Wenting; Khavari, Paul A.; Uitterlinden, Andre; Nijsten, Tamar; Toland, Amanda E.; Ólafsson, Jón H.; Sigurgeirsson, Bárður; Þórisdóttir, Kristín; Jorgensen, Eric; Whittemore, Alice S.; Kraft, Peter; Stacey, Simon; Stefansson, Kari; Asgari, Maryam M.; Han, Jiali (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-02-10)
    Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is one of the most common cancers in the United States. Previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified 14 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with cutaneous SCC. Here, we report the ...
  • Ólafsdóttir, Thorhildur; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; sulem, patrick; Stefánsson, Ólafur A.; Medek, Helga; Olafsson, Karl; Ingþórsson, Orri; Guðmundsson, Valur; Jonsdottir, Ingileif; Halldorsson, Gisli; Kristjansson, Ragnar; Frigge, Michael L.; Stefánsdóttir, Lilja; Sigurðsson, Jón K.; Oddsson, Asmundur; Sigurðsson, Ásgeir; Eggertsson, Hannes P.; Melsted, Páll; Halldórsson, Bjarni; Lund, Sigrún Helga; Styrkarsdottir, Unnur; Steinthorsdottir, Valgerdur; Gudmundsson, Julius; Holm, Hilma; Tragante do O, Vinicius; Asselbergs, Folkert; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Jónsdóttir, Kristín; Rafnar, Thorunn; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-03-17)
    Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a downward descent of one or more of the pelvic organs, resulting in a protrusion of the vaginal wall and/or uterus. We performed a genome-wide association study of POP using data from Iceland and the UK Biobank, a total ...
  • Myszor, Iwona Teresa (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2021-02)
    Innate immunity of the lung epithelium provides efficient defenses against pathogens or other stress factors by secretion of antimicrobial peptides, presence of cellular junction proteins and autophagy. Upon activation through epithelial cell receptors ...
  • Dietmann, Karen Maria; Linke, Tobias; Miguel; Pérez Pavón, José Luis; Rives, Vicente (MDPI AG, 2020-05-20)
    The contamination by chlorinated organic solvents is a worldwide problem as they can deeply penetrate aquifers, accumulating in the sub-surface as lenses of highly hazardous pollutants. In recent years, so called in situ oxidation processes have been ...
  • Gautason, Fridrik F; Schneiderbauer, Lukas; Sybesma, Watse; Thorlacius, Larus (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-05-01)
    A Page curve for an evaporating black hole in asymptotically flat spacetime is computed by adapting the Quantum Ryu-Takayanagi (QRT) proposal to an analytically solvable semi-classical two-dimensional dilaton gravity theory. The Page time is found to ...
  • Bobev, Nikolay; Gautason, Fridrik F; Pilch, Krzysztof; Suh, Minwoo; van Muiden, Jesse (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-05-01)
    We find the holographic dual to the three classes of superconformal Janus interfaces in N = 4 SYM that preserve three-dimensional N = 4, N = 2, and N = 1 supersymmetry. The solutions are constructed in five-dimensional SO(6) maximal gauged supergravity ...
  • Liu, Danfeng; Wang, Liguo; Benediktsson, Jon Atli (MDPI AG, 2020-05-21)
    Most of the available hyperspectral image (HSI) visualization methods can be considered as data-oriented approaches. These approaches are based on global data, so it is difficult to optimize display of a specific object. Compared to data-oriented ...
  • Bock, David; Angenete, Eva; Asplund, Dan; Bjartell, Anders; Carlsson, Stefan; Hugosson, Jonas; Stinesen Kollberg, Karin; Lantz, Anna; Nilsson, Hanna; Prytz, Mattias; Steineck, Gunnar; Thorsteinsdottir, Thordis; Wiklund, Peter; Haglind, Eva (Informa UK Limited, 2020-04-28)
    Objective: To evaluate the effect of intrusive thoughts at diagnosis on quality of life, depressed mood and waking up with anxiety up to two years after radical prostatectomy. Method: The Laparoscopic Prostatectomy Robot Open (LAPPRO) trial was a ...
  • de Niet, Julia; Finger, David C.; Bring, Arvid; Egilson, David; Gustafsson, David; Kalantari, Zahra (MDPI AG, 2020-03-30)
    The benefits of fractional snow cover area, as an additional dataset for calibration, were evaluated for an Icelandic catchment with a low degree of glaciation and limited data. For this purpose, a Hydrological Projections for the Environment (HYPE) ...
  • Gudmundsdottir, Sigridur Lara (Human Kinetics, 2020-02-01)
    Insufficient sleep duration may affect athletic performance and health. Inconsistent sleep pattern also has negative health effects, but studies on athletes’ intraindividual sleep variability are scarce. The aim of this research was to compare total ...
  • Udumyan, Ruzan; Montgomery, Scott; Duberg, Ann-Sofi; Fang, Fang; Valdimarsdottir, Unnur; Ekbom, Anders; Smedby, Karin E.; Fall, Katja (Informa UK Limited, 2020-05-03)
    Background: β-adrenergic signaling has been implicated in the pathology of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but the evidence from clinical studies is limited. In this national population-based cohort study, we investigated the possible association of ...
  • Rajmil, Luis; Hjern, Anders; Spencer, Nick; Taylor-Robinson, David; Gunnlaugsson, Geir; Raat, Hein (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-05-19)
    Background: To analyse the impact of austerity measures taken by European governments as a response to the 2008 economic and financial crisis on social determinants on child health (SDCH), and child health outcomes (CHO). Methods: A systematic literature ...
  • Gunnarsdóttir, Oddný Sigurborg; Rafnsson, Vilhjalmur (BMJ, 2020-05-20)
    Objectives The aim was to study mortality due to suicide, accidental poisoning, event of undetermined intent and drug-related deaths through 20 years in Iceland. Design A population-based register study. Participants Individuals who died due to road ...
  • Wang, Juan; Janson, Christer; Lindberg, Eva; Holm, Mathias; Gislason, Thorarinn; Benediktsdóttir, Bryndís; Johannessen, Ane; Schlünssen, Vivi; Jogi, Rain; Franklin, Karl A.; Norbäck, Dan (Elsevier BV, 2020-06)
    Aim: To investigate whether exposure to dampness and mold at home and at work induce sleep disturbances and daytime sleepiness among adults. Materials and methods: Associations between onset of sleep disturbances and dampness, mold and mold odor at ...