Opin vísindi: Síðast bætt við

  • Rekha, Rokeya Sultana; Mily, Akhirunnesa; Sultana, Tajnin; Haq, Ahsanul; Ahmed, Sultan; Mostafa Kamal, S. M.; van Schadewijk, Annemarie; Hiemstra, Pieter S.; Guðmundsson, Guðmundur H.; Agerberth, Birgitta; Raqib, Rubhana (Springer Nature, 2018-07-04)
    Background We have previously shown that 8 weeks’ treatment with phenylbutyrate (PBA) (500mgx2/day) with or without vitamin D3 (vitD3) (5000 IU/day) as host-directed therapy (HDT) accelerated clinical recovery, sputum culture conversion and increased ...
  • Kokorsch, Matthias (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2018-06)
    Designing a truly sustainable fisheries management regime has been a challenge internationally. Iceland is not an exception in this regard. Icelandic fisheries and their management has gone through tremendous changes since the 1980s. The implementation ...
  • Jinga, Viorel; Csiki, Irma Eva; Manolescu, Andrei; Iordache, Paul; Mates, Ioan Nicolae; Radavoi, Daniel; Rascu, Stefan; Badescu, Daniel; Badea, Paula; Mates, Dana (Wiley, 2016-01-15)
    Prostate cancer is the third‐most common form of cancer in men in Romania. The Romanian unscreened population represents a good sample to study common genetic risk variants. However, a comprehensive analysis has not been conducted yet. Here, we report ...
  • Capps, Jeremy; Marinescu, D. C.; Manolescu, Andrei (American Physical Society (APS), 2016-02-09)
    We demonstrate that a spin-dependent Seebeck effect can be detected in quantum wells with zinc-blend structure with equal Rashba-Dresselhaus spin-orbit couplings. This theory is based on the establishment of an itinerant antiferromagnetic state, a low ...
  • Juhl, Michael (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Physical Sciences, 2018-10)
    The polarization of electromagnetic waves (the direction of transversal vibration of its electric field vector) provides essential information about the emitting sources and scattering objects. Its measurement, i.e., optical polarimetry, has a history ...
  • Ólafsdóttir, Jóna; Hrafnsdóttir, Steinunn; Orjasniemi, Tarja (SAGE Publications, 2018-05-29)
    Aims: This research was designed to explore the extent to which the use of alcohol or drugs by one member of a family affects the psychosocial state of other family members. The study asks whether family members of substance abusers are more likely ...
  • Urboniene, Lolita; Kristjánsdóttir, Erla S.; Minelgaite, Inga; Littrell, Romie F. (SAGE Publications, 2018-04)
    This article presents a study of desired leadership behavior in the educational sector in Iceland. This sector has been undergoing major challenges during recent years, including restructuring and mergers of schools, strikes of teachers’ professional ...
  • Pankhurst, Matthew J.; Morgan, Daniel J.; Thordarson, Thorvaldur; Loughlin, Sue C. (Elsevier BV, 2018-07)
    How a volcano has behaved throughout its past is a guide to its future behaviour. Detailed knowledge of what preceded eruptions from specific volcanoes, and how this can be recognised in real-time, are pivotal questions of this field. Here, the physical ...
  • Kuiper, Ingrid N.; Svanes, Cecilie; Benediktsdóttir, Bryndís; Bertelsen, Randi J.; Bråbäck, Lennart; Dharmage, Shyamali C.; Holm, Mathias; Janson, Christer; Jögi, Rain; Malinovschi, Andrei; Matheson, Melanie; Moratalla, Jesús Martínez; Real, Francisco Gómez; Sánchez-Ramos, José Luis; Schlünssen, Vivi; Timm, Signe; Johannessen, Ane (Springer Nature, 2018-07-27)
    Background Self-report questionnaires are commonly used in epidemiology, but may be susceptible to misclassification, especially if answers are given on behalf of others, e.g. children or parents. The aim was to determine agreement and analyse predictors ...
  • Wyss, Annah B.; Sofer, Tamar; Lee, Mi Kyeong; Terzikhan, Natalie; Nguyen, Jennifer N.; Lahousse, Lies; Latourelle, Jeanne C.; Smith, Albert Vernon; Bartz, Traci M.; Feitosa, Mary F.; Gao, Wei; Ahluwalia, Tarunveer S.; Tang, Wenbo; Oldmeadow, Christopher; Duan, Qing; de Jong, Kim; Wojczynski, Mary K.; Wang, Xin-Qun; Noordam, Raymond; Hartwig, Fernando Pires; Jackson, Victoria E.; Wang, Tianyuan; Obeidat, Ma’en; Hobbs, Brian D.; Huan, Tianxiao; Gui, Hongsheng; Parker, Margaret M.; Hu, Donglei; Mogil, Lauren S.; Kichaev, Gleb; Jin, Jianping; Graff, Mariaelisa; Harris, Tamara B.; Kalhan, Ravi; Heckbert, Susan R.; Paternoster, Lavinia; Burkart, Kristin M.; Liu, Yongmei; Holliday, Elizabeth G.; Wilson, James G.; Vonk, Judith M.; Sanders, Jason L.; Barr, R. Graham; de Mutsert, Renée; Menezes, Ana Maria Baptista; Adams, Hieab H. H.; van den Berge, Maarten; Joehanes, Roby; Levin, Albert M.; Liberto, Jennifer; Launer, Lenore J.; Morrison, Alanna C.; Sitlani, Colleen M.; Celedón, Juan C.; Kritchevsky, Stephen B.; Scott, Rodney J.; Christensen, Kaare; Rotter, Jerome I.; Bonten, Tobias N.; Wehrmeister, Fernando César; Bossé, Yohan; Xiao, Shujie; Oh, Sam; Franceschini, Nora; Brody, Jennifer A.; Kaplan, Robert C.; Lohman, Kurt; McEvoy, Mark; Province, Michael A.; Rosendaal, Frits R.; Taylor, Kent D.; Nickle, David C.; Williams, L. Keoki; Burchard, Esteban G.; Wheeler, Heather E.; Sin, Don D.; Gudnason, Vilmundur; North, Kari E.; Fornage, Myriam; Psaty, Bruce M.; Myers, Richard H.; O’Connor, George; Hansen, Torben; Laurie, Cathy C.; Cassano, Patricia A.; Sung, Joohon; Kim, Woo Jin; Attia, John R.; Lange, Leslie; Boezen, H. Marike; Thyagarajan, Bharat; Rich, Stephen S.; Mook-Kanamori, Dennis O.; Horta, Bernardo Lessa; Uitterlinden, André G.; Im, Hae Kyung; Cho, Michael H.; Brusselle, Guy G.; Gharib, Sina A.; Dupuis, Josée; Manichaikul, Ani; London, Stephanie J. (Springer Nature, 2018-07-30)
    Nearly 100 loci have been identified for pulmonary function, almost exclusively in studies of European ancestry populations. We extend previous research by meta-analyzing genome-wide association studies of 1000 Genomes imputed variants in relation to ...
  • Einarsdóttir, Jóhanna; Jónsdóttir, Arna H. (Informa UK Limited, 2017-08-09)
    This study aims to examine the meaning-making of parents in five Icelandic preschools concerning the collaboration between preschools and families. Further, the perspectives of educators on the views of the parents were also sought. The theoretical ...
  • Safreed-Harmon, Kelly; Hetherington, Kristina L.; Aleman, Soo; Alho, Hannu; Dalgard, Olav; Frisch, Tove; Gottfredsson, Magnus; Weis, Nina; Lazarus, Jeffrey V. (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-01-30)
    Background and aims In the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden), the prevalence of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is relatively low in the general population, but is much higher among people who inject drugs (PWID). ...
  • Mikropoulos, Christos; Selkirk, Christina G Hutten; Saya, Sibel; Bancroft, Elizabeth; Vertosick, Emily; Dadaev, Tokhir; Brendler, Charles; Page, Elizabeth; Dias, Alexander; Evans, D Gareth; Rothwell, Jeanette; Maehle, Lovise; Axcrona, Karol; Richardson, Kate; Eccles, Diana; Jensen, Thomas; Osther, Palle J; van Asperen, Christi J; Vasen, Hans; Kiemeney, Lambertus A; Ringelberg, Janneke; Cybulski, Cezary; Wokolorczyk, Dominika; Hart, Rachel; Glover, Wayne; Lam, Jimmy; Taylor, Louise; Salinas, Monica; Feliubadaló, Lidia; Oldenburg, Rogier; Cremers, Ruben; Verhaegh, Gerald; van Zelst-Stams, Wendy A; Oosterwijk, Jan C; Cook, Jackie; Rosario, Derek J; Buys, Saundra S; Conner, Tom; Domchek, Susan; Powers, Jacquelyn; Ausems, Margreet GEM; Teixeira, Manuel R; Maia, Sofia; Izatt, Louise; Schmutzler, Rita; Rhiem, Kerstin; Foulkes, William D; Boshari, Talia; Davidson, Rosemarie; Ruijs, Marielle; Helderman-van den Enden, Apollonia TJM; Andrews, Lesley; Walker, Lisa; Snape, Katie; Henderson, Alex; Jobson, Irene; Lindeman, Geoffrey J; Liljegren, Annelie; Harris, Marion; Adank, Muriel A; Kirk, Judy; Taylor, Amy; Susman, Rachel; Chen-Shtoyerman, Rakefet; Pachter, Nicholas; Spigelman, Allan; Side, Lucy; Zgajnar, Janez; Mora, Josefina; Brewer, Carole; Gadea, Neus; Brady, Angela F; Gallagher, David; van Os, Theo; Donaldson, Alan; Stefansdottir, Vigdis; Barwell, Julian; James, Paul A; Murphy, Declan; Friedman, Eitan; Nicolai, Nicola; Greenhalgh, Lynn; Obeid, Elias; Murthy, Vedang; Copakova, Lucia; McGrath, John; Teo, Soo-Hwang; Strom, Sara; Kast, Karin; Leongamornlert, Daniel A; Chamberlain, Anthony; Pope, Jenny; Newlin, Anna C; Aaronson, Neil; Ardern-Jones, Audrey; Bangma, Chris; Castro, Elena; Dearnaley, David; Eyfjörð,Jórunn Erla; Falconer, Alison; Foster, Christopher S; Gronberg, Henrik; Hamdy, Freddie C; Johannsson, Oskar; Khoo, Vincent; Lubinski, Jan; Grindedal, Eli Marie; McKinley, Joanne; Shackleton, Kylie; Mitra, Anita V; Moynihan, Clare; Rennert, Gad; Suri, Mohnish; Tricker, Karen; Moss, Sue; Kote-Jarai, Zsofia; Vickers, Andrew; Lilja, Hans; Helfand, Brian T; Eeles, Rosalind A (Springer Nature, 2018-01)
    Background: Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and PSA-velocity (PSAV) have been used to identify men at risk of prostate cancer (PrCa). The IMPACT study is evaluating PSA screening in men with a known genetic predisposition to PrCa due to BRCA1/2 ...
  • Bjerregaard, Anne A.; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Kampmann, Freja B.; Olsen, Sjurdur F.; Tetens, Inge (Springer Nature, 2018-01-12)
    Background: With increased focus on dietary intake among youth and risk of diseases later in life, it is of importance, prior to assessing diet-disease relationships, to examine the validity of the dietary assessment tool. This study’s objective was ...
  • Oudin, Anna; Åström, Daniel Oudin; Asplund, Peter; Steingrimsson, Steinn; Szabo, Zoltan; Carlsen, Hanne Krage (Springer Nature, 2018-01-10)
    Background: Air pollution is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Experimental studies, and a few epidemiological studies, suggest that air pollution may cause acute exacerbation of psychiatric disorders, and even increase ...
  • Qiu, Chengxuan; Ding, Jie; Sigurðsson, Sigurður; Fisher, Diana E.; Zhang, Qian; Eiriksdottir, Gudny; Klein, Ronald; van Buchem, Mark A.; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Cotch, Mary Frances; Launer, Lenore J. (Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health), 2017-12-13)
    Objective To test the hypothesis that age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and retinal microvascular signs are differentially associated with lobar and deep cerebral microbleeds (CMBs). Methods CMBs in lobar regions indicate cerebral amyloid ...
  • Visan, Camelia; Anghel, D. V.; Nemnes, George Alexandru; Manolescu, Andrei (IOP Publishing, 2016-08)
    The hybrid graphene - hexagonal boron nitride (G-hBN) systems offer new routes in the design of nanoscale electronic devices. Using ab initio density functional theory calculations we investigate the dynamics of zig-zag nanoribbons a few interatomic ...
  • Jóhannsdóttir, Vilborg; Ingólfsdóttir, Jóna G. (UCL Press, 2018-09-28)
    The profession of social pedagogues (SPs) in Iceland provides services for a diverse group of people, particularly disabled people of all ages within variety of community settings with inclusive and rights-based practices as their primary professional ...
  • Turchin, Peter; Currie, Thomas E.; Whitehouse, Harvey; François, Pieter; Feeney, Kevin; Mullins, Daniel; Hoyer, Daniel; Collins, Christina; Grohmann, Stephanie; Savage, Patrick; Mendel-Gleason, Gavin; Turner, Edward; Dupeyron, Agathe; Cioni, Enrico; Reddish, Jenny; Levine, Jill; Jordan, Greine; Brandl, Eva; Williams, Alice; Cesaretti, Rudolf; Krueger, Marta; Ceccarelli, Alessandro; Figliulo-Rosswurm, Joe; Tuan, Po-Ju; Peregrine, Peter; Marciniak, Arkadiusz; Preiser-Kapeller, Johannes; Kradin, Nikolay; Korotayev, Andrey; Palmisano, Alessio; Baker, David; Bidmead, Julye; Bol, Peter; Christian, David; Cook, Connie; Covey, Alan; Feinman, Gary; Júlíusson, Árni Daníel; Kristinsson, Axel; Miksic, John; Mostern, Ruth; Petrie, Cameron; Rudiak-Gould, Peter; ter Haar, Barend; Wallace, Vesna; Mair, Victor; Xie, Liye; Baines, John; Bridges, Elizabeth; Manning, Joseph; Lockhart, Bruce; Bogaard, Amy; Spencer, Charles (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2017-12-21)
    Do human societies from around the world exhibit similarities in the way that they are structured, and show commonalities in the ways that they have evolved? These are long-standing questions that have proven difficult to answer. To test between competing ...
  • Aguilar, Miguel Pic; Navarro-Adelantado, Vicente; Jonsson, Gudberg Konrad (Frontiers Media SA, 2018-01-05)
    The triad is a particular structure in which an ambivalent social relationship takes place. This work is focused on the search of behavioral regularities in the practice of motor games in triad, which is a little known field. For the detection of ...