Opin vísindi: Recent submissions

  • Östman, Erik; Stopfel, Henry; Chioar, Ioan-Augustin; Arnalds, Unnar B.; Stein, Aaron; Kapaklis, Vassilios; Hjörvarsson, Björgvin (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2018-02-12)
    The modification of geometry and interactions in two-dimensional magnetic nanosystems has enabled a range of studies addressing the magnetic order1,2,3,4,5,6, collective low-energy dynamics7,8 and emergent magnetic properties5, 9,10 in, for example, ...
  • Feitosa, Mary F.; Kraja, Aldi T.; Chasman, Daniel I.; Sung, Yun J.; Winkler, Thomas W.; Ntalla, Ioanna; Guo, Xiuqing; Franceschini, Nora; Cheng, Ching-Yu; Sim, Xueling; Vojinovic, Dina; Marten, Jonathan; Musani, Solomon K.; Li, Changwei; Bentley, Amy R.; Brown, Michael R.; Schwander, Karen; Richard, Melissa A.; Noordam, Raymond; Aschard, Hugues; Bartz, Traci M.; Bielak, Lawrence F.; Dorajoo, Rajkumar; Fisher, Virginia; Hartwig, Fernando P.; Horimoto, Andrea R. V. R.; Lohman, Kurt K.; Manning, Alisa K.; Rankinen, Tuomo; Smith, Albert V.; Tajuddin, Salman M.; Wojczynski, Mary K.; Alver, Maris; Boissel, Mathilde; Cai, Qiuyin; Campbell, Archie; Chai, Jin Fang; Chen, Xu; Divers, Jasmin; Gao, Chuan; Goel, Anuj; Hagemeijer, Yanick; Harris, Sarah E.; He, Meian; Hsu, Fang-Chi; Jackson, Anne U.; Kähönen, Mika; Kasturiratne, Anuradhani; Komulainen, Pirjo; Kühnel, Brigitte; Laguzzi, Federica; Luan, Jian'an; Matoba, Nana; Nolte, Ilja M.; Padmanabhan, Sandosh; Riaz, Muhammad; Rueedi, Rico; Robino, Antonietta; Said, M. Abdullah; Scott, Robert A.; Sofer, Tamar; Stančáková, Alena; Takeuchi, Fumihiko; Tayo, Bamidele O.; van der Most, Peter J.; Varga, Tibor V.; Vitart, Veronique; Wang, Yajuan; Ware, Erin B.; Warren, Helen R.; Weiss, Stefan; Wen, Wanqing; Yanek, Lisa R.; Zhang, Weihua; Zhao, Jing Hua; Afaq, Saima; Amin, Najaf; Amini, Marzyeh; Arking, Dan E.; Aung, Tin; Boerwinkle, Eric; Borecki, Ingrid; Broeckel, Ulrich; Brown, Morris; Brumat, Marco; Burke, Gregory L.; Canouil, Mickaël; Chakravarti, Aravinda; Charumathi, Sabanayagam; Ida Chen, Yii-Der; Connell, John M.; Correa, Adolfo; de las Fuentes, Lisa; de Mutsert, Renée; de Silva, H. Janaka; Deng, Xuan; Ding, Jingzhong; Duan, Qing; Eaton, Charles B.; Ehret, Georg; Eppinga, Ruben N.; Evangelou, Evangelos; Faul, Jessica D.; Felix, Stephan B.; Forouhi, Nita G.; Forrester, Terrence; Franco, Oscar H.; Friedlander, Yechiel; Gandin, Ilaria; Gao, He; Ghanbari, Mohsen; Gigante, Bruna; Gu, C. Charles; Gu, Dongfeng; Hagenaars, Saskia P.; Hallmans, Göran; Harris, Tamara B.; He, Jiang; Heikkinen, Sami; Heng, Chew-Kiat; Hirata, Makoto; Howard, Barbara V.; Ikram, M. Arfan; John, Ulrich; Katsuya, Tomohiro; Khor, Chiea Chuen; Kilpeläinen, Tuomas O.; Koh, Woon-Puay; Krieger, José E.; Kritchevsky, Stephen B.; Kubo, Michiaki; Kuusisto, Johanna; Lakka, Timo A.; Langefeld, Carl D.; Langenberg, Claudia; Launer, Lenore J.; Lehne, Benjamin; Lewis, Cora E.; Li, Yize; Lin, Shiow; Liu, Jianjun; Liu, Jingmin; Loh, Marie; Louie, Tin; Mägi, Reedik; McKenzie, Colin A.; Meitinger, Thomas; Metspalu, Andres; Milaneschi, Yuri; Milani, Lili; Mohlke, Karen L.; Momozawa, Yukihide; Nalls, Mike A.; Nelson, Christopher P.; Sotoodehnia, Nona; Norris, Jill M.; O'Connell, Jeff R.; Palmer, Nicholette D.; Perls, Thomas; Pedersen, Nancy L.; Peters, Annette; Peyser, Patricia A.; Poulter, Neil; Raffel, Leslie J.; Raitakari, Olli T.; Roll, Kathryn; Rose, Lynda M.; Rosendaal, Frits R.; Rotter, Jerome I.; Schmidt, Carsten O.; Schreiner, Pamela J.; Schupf, Nicole; Scott, William R.; Sever, Peter S.; Shi, Yuan; Sidney, Stephen; Sims, Mario; Sitlani, Colleen M.; Smith, Jennifer A.; Snieder, Harold; Starr, John M.; Strauch, Konstantin; Stringham, Heather M.; Tan, Nicholas Y. Q.; Tang, Hua; Taylor, Kent D.; Teo, Yik Ying; Tham, Yih Chung; Turner, Stephen T.; Uitterlinden, André G.; Vollenweider, Peter; Waldenberger, Melanie; Wang, Lihua; Wang, Ya Xing; Wei, Wen Bin; Williams, Christine; Yao, Jie; Yu, Caizheng; Yuan, Jian-Min; Zhao, Wei; Zonderman, Alan B.; Becker, Diane M.; Boehnke, Michael; Bowden, Donald W.; Chambers, John C.; Deary, Ian J.; Esko, Tõnu; Farrall, Martin; Franks, Paul W.; Freedman, Barry I.; Froguel, Philippe; Gasparini, Paolo; Gieger, Christian; Jonas, Jost Bruno; Kamatani, Yoichiro; Kato, Norihiro; Kooner, Jaspal S.; Kutalik, Zoltán; Laakso, Markku; Laurie, Cathy C.; Leander, Karin; Lehtimäki, Terho; Study, Lifelines Cohort; Magnusson, Patrik K. E.; Oldehinkel, Albertine J.; Penninx, Brenda W. J. H.; Polasek, Ozren; Porteous, David J.; Rauramaa, Rainer; Samani, Nilesh J.; Scott, James; Shu, Xiao-Ou; van der Harst, Pim; Wagenknecht, Lynne E.; Wareham, Nicholas J.; Watkins, Hugh; Weir, David R.; Wickremasinghe, Ananda R.; Wu, Tangchun; Zheng, Wei; Bouchard, Claude; Christensen, Kaare; Evans, Michele K.; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Horta, Bernardo L.; Kardia, Sharon L. R.; Liu, Yongmei; Pereira, Alexandre C.; Psaty, Bruce M.; Ridker, Paul M.; van Dam, Rob M.; Gauderman, W. James; Zhu, Xiaofeng; Mook-Kanamori, Dennis O.; Fornage, Myriam; Rotimi, Charles N.; Cupples, L. Adrienne; Kelly, Tanika N.; Fox, Ervin R.; Hayward, Caroline; van Duijn, Cornelia M.; Tai, E Shyong; Wong, Tien Yin; Kooperberg, Charles; Palmas, Walter; Rice, Kenneth; Morrison, Alanna C.; Elliott, Paul; Caulfield, Mark J.; Munroe, Patricia B.; Rao, Dabeeru C.; Province, Michael A.; Levy, Daniel (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-06-18)
    Heavy alcohol consumption is an established risk factor for hypertension; the mechanism by which alcohol consumption impact blood pressure (BP) regulation remains unknown. We hypothesized that a genome-wide association study accounting for gene-alcohol ...
  • Woods, Jennifer; Donaldson, Clare; White, Robert S.; Caudron, Corentin; Brandsdóttir, Bryndís; Hudson, Thomas S.; Agustsdottir, Thorbjorg (Elsevier BV, 2018-05-15)
    The 2014–15 Bárðarbunga–Holuhraun rifting event comprised the best-monitored dyke intrusion to date and the largest eruption in Iceland in 230 years. A huge variety of seismicity was produced, including over 30,000 volcano-tectonic earthquakes (VTs) ...
  • Grozdanov, Sašo; Poovuttikul, Napat (American Physical Society (APS), 2018-05-11)
    In this work, we show how states with conserved numbers of dynamical defects (strings, domain walls, etc.) can be understood as possessing generalized global symmetries even when the microscopic origins of these symmetries are unknown. Using this ...
  • Mačić, Vesna; Albano, Paolo G.; Almpanidou, Vasiliki; Claudet, Joachim; Corrales, Xavier; Essl, Franz; Evagelopoulos, Athanasios; Giovos, Ioannis; Jimenez, Carlos; Kark, Salit; Marković, Olivera; Mazaris, Antonios D.; Ólafsdóttir, Guðbjörg Ásta; Panayotova, Marina; Petović, Slavica; Rabitsch, Wolfgang; Ramdani, Mohammed; Rilov, Gil; Tricarico, Elena; Vega Fernández, Tomás; Sini, Maria; Trygonis, Vasilis; Katsanevakis, Stelios (Frontiers Media SA, 2018-05-25)
    Biological invasions threaten biodiversity in terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems, requiring substantial conservation and management efforts. To examine how the conservation planning literature addresses biological invasions and if planning ...
  • Hussain, Javed; Jónsson, Hannes; Skulason, Egill (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2018-04-23)
    CO2 can be reduced electrochemically to form valuable chemicals such as hydrocarbons and alcohols using copper electrodes, whereas the other metal electrodes tested so far mainly form CO or formate, or only the side product, H2. Accurate modeling of ...
  • Safarian, Sahar; Unnthorsson, Runar (MDPI AG, 2018-06-07)
    This paper describes the development of a model to comprehensively assess the sustainability impacts of producing lignocellulosic bioethanol from various types of municipal organic wastes (MOWs) in Iceland: paper and paperboard, timber and wood and ...
  • Helgadottir, Anna; Sulem, Patrick; Thorgeirsson, Gudmundur; Grétarsdóttir, Sólveig; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Jensson, Brynjar Örn; Arnadottir, Gudny; Olafsson, Isleifur; Eyjólfsson, Guðmundur I.; Sigurdardottir, Olof; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Holm, Hilma; Stefansson, Kari (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018-03-27)
    Aims Scavenger receptor Class B Type 1 (SR-BI) is a major receptor for high-density lipoprotein (HDL) that promotes hepatic uptake of cholesterol from HDL. A rare mutation p.P376L, in the gene encoding SR-BI, SCARB1, was recently reported to associate ...
  • Barrière, Julien; d'Oreye, Nicolas; Oth, Adrien; Geirsson, Halldor; Mashagiro, Niche; Johnson, Jeffrey B.; Smets, Benoît; Samsonov, Sergey; Kervyn, François (Frontiers Media SA, 2018-06-19)
    Since its last effusive eruption in 2002, Nyiragongo has been an open-vent volcano characterized by the world’s largest persistent lava lake. This lava lake provides a unique opportunity to detect pressure change in the magmatic system by analyzing its ...
  • Prins, Bram P.; Mead, Timothy J.; Brody, Jennifer A.; Sveinbjörnsson, Garðar; Ntalla, Ioanna; Bihlmeyer, Nathan A.; van den Berg, Marten; Bork-Jensen, Jette; Cappellani, Stefania; Van Duijvenboden, Stefan; Klena, Nikolai T.; Gabriel, George C.; Liu, Xiaoqin; Gulec, Cagri; Grarup, Niels; Haessler, Jeffrey; Hall, Leanne M.; Iorio, Annamaria; Isaacs, Aaron; Li-Gao, Ruifang; Lin, Honghuang; Liu, Ching-Ti; Lyytikäinen, Leo-Pekka; Marten, Jonathan; Mei, Hao; Müller-Nurasyid, Martina; Orini, Michele; Padmanabhan, Sandosh; Radmanesh, Farid; Ramirez, Julia; Robino, Antonietta; Schwartz, Molly; van Setten, Jessica; Smith, Albert V.; Verweij, Niek; Warren, Helen R.; Weiss, Stefan; Alonso, Alvaro; Arnar, Davíð O.; Bots, Michiel L.; de Boer, Rudolf A.; Dominiczak, Anna F.; Eijgelsheim, Mark; Ellinor, Patrick T.; Guo, Xiuqing; Felix, Stephan B.; Harris, Tamara B.; Hayward, Caroline; Heckbert, Susan R.; Huang, Paul L.; Jukema, J. W.; Kähönen, Mika; Kors, Jan A.; Lambiase, Pier D.; Launer, Lenore J.; Li, Man; Linneberg, Allan; Nelson, Christopher P.; Pedersen, Oluf; Perez, Marco; Peters, Annette; Polasek, Ozren; Psaty, Bruce M.; Raitakari, Olli T.; Rice, Kenneth M.; Rotter, Jerome I.; Sinner, Moritz F.; Soliman, Elsayed Z.; Spector, Tim D.; Strauch, Konstantin; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Tinker, Andrew; Trompet, Stella; Uitterlinden, André; Vaartjes, Ilonca; van der Meer, Peter; Völker, Uwe; Völzke, Henry; Waldenberger, Melanie; Wilson, James G.; Xie, Zhijun; Asselbergs, Folkert W.; Dörr, Marcus; van Duijn, Cornelia M.; Gasparini, Paolo; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Hansen, Torben; Kääb, Stefan; Kanters, Jørgen K.; Kooperberg, Charles; Lehtimäki, Terho; Lin, Henry J.; Lubitz, Steven A.; Mook-Kanamori, Dennis O.; Conti, Francesco J.; Newton-Cheh, Christopher H.; Rosand, Jonathan; Rudan, Igor; Samani, Nilesh J.; Sinagra, Gianfranco; Smith, Blair H.; Holm, Hilma; Stricker, Bruno H.; Ulivi, Sheila; Sotoodehnia, Nona; Apte, Suneel S.; van der Harst, Pim; Stefansson, Kari; Munroe, Patricia B.; Arking, Dan E.; Lo, Cecilia W.; Jamshidi, Yalda (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2018-07-17)
    Background: Genome-wide association studies conducted on QRS duration, an electrocardiographic measurement associated with heart failure and sudden cardiac death, have led to novel biological insights into cardiac function. However, the variants ...
  • Regueiras, Ana; Pereira, Sandra; Costa, Maria Sofia; Vasconcelos, Vitor (MDPI AG, 2018-07-18)
    Marine sponges and cyanobacteria have a long history of co-evolution, with documented genome adaptations in cyanobionts. Both organisms are known to produce a wide variety of natural compounds, with only scarce information about novel natural compounds ...
  • Johannesdottir, Lilja; Alves, Jose; Gill, J. A.; Gunnarsson, Tomas Gretar (Wiley, 2017-12-21)
    Agriculture is one of the primary threats to biodiversity but agricultural land can also provide key resources for many species and, in some parts of the world, agricultural land supports important populations of species of conservation concern. In ...
  • Marcon, Alessandro; Pesce, Giancarlo; Calciano, Lucia; Bellisario, Valeria; Dharmage, Shyamali C.; Garcia-Aymerich, Judith; Gíslason, Þórarinn; Heinrich, Joachim; Holm, Mathias; Janson, Christer; Jarvis, Deborah; Leynaert, Bénédicte; Matheson, Melanie C.; Pirina, Pietro; Svanes, Cecilie; Villani, Simona; Zuberbier, Torsten; Minelli, Cosetta; Accordini, Simone (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-08-22)
    Background Tobacco consumption is the largest avoidable health risk. Understanding changes of smoking over time and across populations is crucial to implementing health policies. We evaluated trends in smoking initiation between 1970 and 2009 in random ...
  • Roper, Lucinda; Tran, Duong Thuy; Einarsdóttir, Kristjana; Preen, David B.; Havard, Alys (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-08-30)
    Background The linkage of routine data collections are valuable for population-based evaluation of smoking cessation pharmacotherapy in pregnancy where little is known about the utilisation or safety of these pharmacotherapies antenatally. The use of ...
  • Leifsdóttir, Kristín; Mehmet, Huseyin; Eksborg, Staffan; Herlenius, Eric (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2018-08-08)
    Background: Cerebral ischemia generates neuroinflammation that can induce neural cell death. This cohort study assessed whether Fas-ligand (FasL) and interleukin (IL)-6 levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) after hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) ...
  • Ajello, M.; Baldini, L.; Barbiellini, G.; Bastieri, D.; Bellazzini, R.; Bissaldi, E.; Blandford, R. D.; Bonino, R.; Bottacini, E.; Bregeon, J.; Bruel, P.; Buehler, R.; Cameron, R. A.; Caputo, R.; Caraveo, P. A.; Chiaro, G.; Ciprini, S.; Cohen-Tanugi, J.; Costantin, D.; D’Ammando, F.; de Palma, F.; Di Lalla, N.; Di Mauro, M.; Di Venere, L.; Domínguez, A.; Favuzzi, C.; Franckowiak, A.; Fukazawa, Y.; Funk, S.; Fusco, P.; Gargano, F.; Gasparrini, D.; Giglietto, N.; Giordano, F.; Giroletti, M.; Green, D.; Grenier, I. A.; Guiriec, S.; Holt, C.; Horan, D.; Jóhannesson, Guðlaugur; Kocevski, D.; Kuss, M.; Mura, G. La; Larsson, S.; Li, J.; Longo, F.; Loparco, F.; Lubrano, P.; Magill, J. D.; Maldera, S.; Manfreda, A.; Mazziotta, M. N.; Michelson, P. F.; Mizuno, T.; Monzani, M. E.; Morselli, A.; Negro, M.; Nuss, E.; Omodei, N.; Orienti, M.; Orlando, E.; Paliya, V. S.; Perkins, J. S.; Persic, M.; Pesce-Rollins, M.; Piron, F.; Principe, G.; Racusin, J. L.; Rainò, S.; Rando, R.; Razzano, M.; Razzaque, S.; Reimer, A.; Reimer, O.; Sgrò, C.; Siskind, E. J.; Spandre, G.; Spinelli, P.; Tak, D.; Thayer, J. B.; Torres, D. F.; Tosti, G.; Valverde, J.; Vogel, M.; Wood, K. (American Astronomical Society, 2018-08-17)
    We use joint observations by the Swift X-ray Telescope (XRT) and the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) of gamma-ray burst (GRB) afterglows to investigate the nature of the long-lived high-energy emission observed by Fermi LAT. Joint broadband spectral ...
  • Ólafsdóttir, Elín Ásta (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 2019-11-25)
    Shear wave velocity is a fundamental parameter in soil dynamics and geotechnical earthquake engineering. The Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves (MASW) method is a relatively new non-invasive technique to evaluate the near-surface shear wave velocity ...
  • Pálsdóttir, Edda; Lund, Sigrún Helga; Ásgeirsson, Kristján Skúli (SAGE Publications, 2018-05-14)
    Background and Aims: In Iceland, oncoplastic breast-conservation surgery has been performed since 2008. The aim of this population-based study was to assess and compare the efficacy and patient satisfaction of standard breast-conservation surgery with ...
  • Ghafarian Malamiri, Hamid; Rousta, Iman; Olafsson, Haraldur; Zare, Hadi; Zhang, Hao (MDPI AG, 2018-08-23)
    Land surface temperature (LST) is a basic parameter in energy exchange between the land and the atmosphere, and is frequently used in many sciences such as climatology, hydrology, agriculture, ecology, etc. Time series of satellite LST data have ...
  • Juhl, Michael; Mueller, Jan Philipp Balthasar; Leosson, Kristjan (IEEE, 2019)
    A simple, cost-effective, and high-throughput method of patterning an optical fiber facet using template stripping to transfer a gold pattern to a UV-curable hybrid polymer is presented. The template stripping transfer method is demonstrated with ...