Opin vísindi: Síðast bætt við

  • Sapkota, Yadav; Steinthorsdottir, Valgerdur; Morris, Andrew P.; Fassbender, Amelie; Rahmioglu, Nilufer; De Vivo, Immaculata; Buring, Julie E.; Zhang, Futao; Edwards, Todd L.; Jones, Sarah; O, Dorien; Peterse, Daniëlle; Rexrode, Kathryn M.; Ridker, Paul M.; Schork, Andrew J.; MacGregor, Stuart; Martin, Nicholas G.; Becker, Christian M.; Adachi, Sosuke; Yoshihara, Kosuke; Enomoto, Takayuki; Takahashi, Atsushi; Kamatani, Yoichiro; Matsuda, Koichi; Kubo, Michiaki; Þorleifsson, Guðmar; Geirsson, Reynir T.; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Wallace, Leanne M.; Werge, Thomas M.; Thompson, Wesley K.; Yang, Jian; Velez Edwards, Digna R.; Nyegaard, Mette; Low, Siew-Kee; Zondervan, Krina T.; Missmer, Stacey A.; D'Hooghe, Thomas; Montgomery, Grant W.; Chasman, Daniel I.; Stefánsson, Kári; Tung, Joyce Y.; Nyholt, Dale R. (Springer Nature, 2017-05-24)
    Endometriosis is a heritable hormone-dependent gynecological disorder, associated with severe pelvic pain and reduced fertility; however, its molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. Here we perform a meta-analysis of 11 genome-wide association ...
  • Stenkewitz, Ute; Nielsen, Ólafur K.; Skirnisson, Karl; Stefansson, Gunnar (Bio One, 2017-06)
    Feather holes have traditionally been suggested to be feeding traces of chewing lice (mallophagans). There is controversy whether mallophagans are the real source of feather holes. We studied mallophagan infestations and holes in tail feathers of 528 ...
  • Einarsdóttir, Eydís; Magnúsdóttir, Manuela; Astarita, Giuseppe; Köck, Matthias; Ögmundsdóttir, Helga M.; Þorsteinsdóttir, Margrét; Rapp, Hans; Omarsdottir, Sesselja; Paglia, Giuseppe (MDPI AG, 2017-02-22)
    Twenty-eight sponge specimens were collected at a shallow water hydrothermal vent site north of Iceland. Extracts were prepared and tested in vitro for cytotoxic activity, and eight of them were shown to be cytotoxic. A mass spectrometry (MS)-based ...
  • Johansson, Pär Ingemar; Stensballe, Jakob; Ostrowski, SisseRye (Springer Nature, 2017-02-09)
    One quarter of patients suffering from acute critical illness such as severe trauma, sepsis, myocardial infarction (MI) or post cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS) develop severe hemostatic aberrations and coagulopathy, which are associated with excess ...
  • Fahrendorff, Mathilde; Oliveri, Roberto S.; Johansson, Pär Ingemar (Springer Nature, 2017-04-13)
    Background Management of the critically bleeding patient can be encountered in many medical and surgical settings. Common for these patients is a high risk of dying from exsanguination secondary to developing coagulopathy. The purpose of this meta-analysis ...
  • Amri, Avianto; Bird, Deanne; Ronan, Kevin; Haynes, Katharine; Towers, Briony (Copernicus GmbH, 2017-04-24)
    This article investigates the implementation of disaster risk reduction education for children in Indonesia. In the last decade, education programmes related to this subject have been promoted as capable of reducing disaster losses and increasing ...
  • de Fine Licht, Sofie; Rugbjerg, Kathrine; Gudmundsdottir, Thorgerdur; Bonnesen, Trine G.; Asdahl, Peter Haubjerg; Holmqvist, Anna Sällfors; Madanat-Harjuoja, Laura; Tryggvadottir, Laufey; Wesenberg, Finn; Hasle, Henrik; Winther, Jeanette F.; Olsen, Jørgen H. (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2017-05-09)
    Background Survivors of childhood cancer are at increased risk for a wide range of late effects. However, no large population-based studies have included the whole range of somatic diagnoses including subgroup diagnoses and all main types of childhood ...
  • LeBlanc, Nathalie M.; Stewart, Donald T.; Pálsson, Snæbjörn; Elderkin, Mark F.; Mittelhauser, Glen; Mockford, Stephen; Paquet, Julie; Robertson, Gregory J.; Summers, Ron W.; Tudor, Lindsay; Mallory, Mark L. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2017-03-31)
    The Purple Sandpiper (Calidris maritima) is a medium-sized shorebird that breeds in the Arctic and winters along northern Atlantic coastlines. Migration routes and affiliations between breeding grounds and wintering grounds are incompletely understood. ...
  • Gascoin, Simon; Guðmundsson, Sverrir; Adalgeirsdottir, Gudfinna; Pálsson, Finnur; Schmidt, Louise; Berthier, Etienne; Björnsson, Helgi (MDPI AG, 2017-04-25)
    Albedo is a key variable in the response of glaciers to climate. In Iceland, large albedo variations of the ice caps may be caused by the deposition of volcanic ash (tephra). Sparse in situ measurements are insufficient to characterize the spatial ...
  • Guðnadóttir, Arna Ýr; Ólafsdóttir, Inga Sif; Middelveld, Roelinde; Ekerljung, Linda; Forsberg, Bertil; Franklin, Karl; Lindberg, Eva; Janson, Christer (BMJ, 2017-05)
    Introduction Studies of the health effects of moist oral tobacco, snus, have produced inconsistent results. The main objective of this study is to examine the health effects of snus use on asthma, respiratory symptoms and sleep-related problems, a field ...
  • Gulevich, D. R.; Yudin, D.; Skryabin, D. V.; Iorsh, I. V.; Shelykh, Ivan (Springer Nature, 2017-05-11)
    Matter in nontrivial topological phase possesses unique properties, such as support of unidirectional edge modes on its interface. It is the existence of such modes which is responsible for the wonderful properties of a topological insulator – material ...
  • Friðþjófsdóttir, Helga Guðrún; Geirsdottir, Olof; Jónsdóttir, Halldóra; Steingrimsdottir, Laufey; Thorsdottir , Inga; Þorgeirsdóttir, Hólmfríður; Briem, Nanna; Gunnarsdottir, Ingibjorg (Læknafélag Íslands / Icelandic Medical Association, 2017-06-06)
    Tilgangur: Tíðni lífsstílssjúkdóma er hærri meðal einstaklinga með geð- rofssjúkdóma en almennings. Tilgangur rannsóknarinnar var að kanna fæðuval ungs fólks með geðrofssjúkdóma, en fæðuval þessa hóps hefur aldrei verið kannað hérlendis áður. Efniviður ...
  • Guðborg Auður, Guðjónsdóttir; Þórðardóttir, Anna María; Kristinsson, Jakob (Læknafélag Íslands / Icelandic Medical Association, 2017-06-06)
    Inngangur: Samkvæmt niðurstöðum rannsóknar á eitrunum á Íslandi frá 2001-2002 leita flestir sem þarfnast meðferðar vegna eitrunar á bráðamóttökur Landspítala. Markmið rannsóknarinnar var að afla áreiðanlegra upplýsinga um bráðar eitranir sem koma ...
  • Jóhannesdóttir, Lilja (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2017-06)
    The development and expansion of agriculture throughout the world has been a major driver of biodiversity loss in recent decades. Icelandic agriculture is currently not as intense and widespread as in many other western countries, and the effects of ...
  • Magnúsdóttir, Edda Elísabet (Faculty of Life and Environmental Science, University of Iceland, 2017-05-19)
    The cyclically-repeated song of the male humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) is an important social display on their breeding grounds, functioning in male-male interactions and/or as a reproductive display to attract females. The songs are gradually ...
  • Snaebjornsson, Inga Minelgaite; Edvardsson, Ingi Runar; Littrell, Romie F. (SAGE Publications, 2017-04)
    This article contributes to cross-cultural management literature, by providing empirical data from two underresearched countries, to serve in the future as benchmark cultural shift research. Furthermore, it illustrates not only the insufficiency of ...
  • Bosmans, Kim; Lewchuk, Wayne; De Cuyper, Nele; Hardonk, Stefan; Van Aerden, Karen; Vanroelen, Christophe (Informa UK Limited, 2017-01)
    This article integrates the employment strain model with the social stress model in order to reveal the mechanisms that explain the relation between precarious employment and mental well-being. This model is applied to the case of temporary agency ...
  • Keränen, Ville; Sybesma, Watse; Szepietowski, Phillip; Thorlacius, Lárus (Springer Nature, 2017-05)
    The 2+1 dimensional quantum Lifshitz model can be generalised to a class of higher dimensional free field theories that exhibit Lifshitz scaling. When the dynamical critical exponent equals the number of spatial dimensions, equal time correlation ...
  • Moreland, William (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2017-07-14)
    The 10th century Eldgjá flood lava eruption, southern Iceland, was the most voluminous eruption on Earth in the last 1100 years, erupting up to 21.0 km3 of transitional alkali basaltic magma of rather uniform composition. While 19.7 km3 was erupted as ...
  • Xu, Maonian; Heiðmarsson, Starri; Þorsteinsdóttir, Margrét; Eiríksson, Finnur F.; Omarsdottir, Sesselja; Olafsdottir, Elin Soffia (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2017-05-24)
    Taxa in the genus Melanelia (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota) belong to a group of saxicolous lichens with brown to black foliose thalli, which have recently undergone extensive changes in circumscription. Taxa belonging to Parmeliaceae are prolific producers ...