Opin vísindi: Recent submissions

  • Clark, Deirdre (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2019-10-23)
    The reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in the atmosphere is currently one of the main challenges facing humanity. One solution is carbon capture from concentrated sources and directly from the atmosphere, and long term storage in rocks. Basaltic ...
  • Jónsson, Jón Örvar G. (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2019-09)
    Soils are an important natural capital that provides multiple services to humans including provisioning food, feed and fibre, water filtration and stabilizing climate. Soil security and soil sustainability are the basis for obtaining many of the UN ...
  • Kular, Lara; Liu, Yun; Ruhrmann, Sabrina; Zheleznyakova, Galina; Marabita, Francesco; Gomez-Cabrero, David; James, Tojo; Ewing, Ewoud; Lindén, Magdalena; Górnikiewicz, Bartosz; Aeinehband, Shahin; Stridh, Pernilla; Link, Jenny; Andlauer, Till F. M.; Gasperi, Christiane; Wiendl, Heinz; Zipp, Frauke; Gold, Ralf; Tackenberg, Björn; Weber, Frank; Hemmer, Bernhard; Strauch, Konstantin; Heilmann-Heimbach, Stefanie; Rawal, Rajesh; Schminke, Ulf; Schmidt, Carsten O.; Kacprowski, Tim; Franke, Andre; Laudes, Matthias; Dilthey, Alexander T.; Celius, Elisabeth G.; Søndergaard, Helle B.; Tegnér, Jesper; Harbo, Hanne F.; Oturai, Annette B.; Olafsson, Sigurgeir; Eggertsson, Hannes; Halldorsson, Bjarni V.; Hjaltason, Haukur; Ólafsson, Elías; Jonsdottir, Ingileif; Stefansson, Kari; Olsson, Tomas; Piehl, Fredrik; Ekström, Tomas J.; Kockum, Ingrid; Feinberg, Andrew P.; Jagodic, Maja (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2018-06-19)
    The human leukocyte antigen (HLA) haplotype DRB1*15:01 is the major risk factor for multiple sclerosis (MS). Here, we find that DRB1*15:01 is hypomethylated and predominantly expressed in monocytes among carriers of DRB1*15:01. A differentially methylated ...
  • Tirosh, Yoav (University of Iceland, School of Humanities, Faculty of Icelandic and Comparative Cultural Studies, 2019-10)
    Ljósvetninga saga takes place in Northern Iceland during the tenth and eleventh centuries and focuses on the political maneuverings of the chieftain Guðmundr inn ríki Eyjólfsson and his son Eyjólfr. Most of the academic debate surrounding Ljósvetninga ...
  • Benediktsdóttir, Ásta Kristín (University of Iceland, School of Humanities, Faculty of Icelandic and Comparative Cultural Studies, 2019-11)
    In the late 1940s an Icelandic writer, Elías Mar (1924–2007), wrote and published novels that were set in Reykjavík and dealt with young men’s same-sex desire and sexual identity crisis. Later he became quite outspoken about his bisexuality and a ...
  • Macdonald, Jed Ian; Macdonald, Jed Ian (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2019-05)
    Movements of animals en masse are impressive phenomena that continue to fascinate scientists of all persuasions. Fishes display some of the most striking examples, and an extensive literature has explored the subject in marine species with long ...
  • Erlingsson, Sigurdur I; Bardarson, Jens H; Manolescu, Andrei (Beilstein Institut, 2018-04-12)
    In this paper we consider charge current generated by maintaining a temperature difference over a nanowire at zero voltage bias. For topological insulator nanowires in a perpendicular magnetic field the current can change sign as the temperature of one ...
  • Iordache, Paul; Mates, Dana; Gunnarsson, Bjarni; Eggertsson, Hannes Pétur; Sulem, Patrick; Benonisdottir, Stefania; Csiki, Irma Eva; Rascu, Stefan; Radavoi, Daniel; Ursu, Radu; Staicu, Catalin; Calota, Violeta; Voinoiu, Angelica; Jinga, Mariana; Rosoga, Gabriel; Danau, Razvan; Sima, Sorin Cristian; Badescu, Daniel; Suciu, Nicoleta; Radoi, Viorica; Mates, Ioan Nicolae; Dobra, Mihai; Nicolae, Camelia; Kristjansdottir, Sigrun; Jónasson, Jón G.; Manolescu, Andrei; Arnadottir, Gudny; Jensson, Brynjar; Jonasdottir, Aslaug; Sigurdsson, Asgeir; le Roux, Louise; Johannsdottir, Hrefna; Rafnar, Thorunn; Halldorsson, Bjarni V.; Jinga, Viorel; Stefansson, Kari (Wiley, 2018-10-16)
    Two familial forms of colorectal cancer (CRC), Lynch syndrome (LS) and familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), are caused by rare mutations in DNA mismatch repair genes (MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2) and the genes APC and MUTYH, respectively. No information ...
  • Þórólfsdóttir, Rósa B. (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-09)
    Introduction and aims: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia and its complex pathophysiology is incompletely understood. At the time of beginning of this work, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) on AF had yielded ...
  • Memon, Mohammad Shahbaz (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Industrial Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Computer Science, 2019-09)
    Scientific communities engaging in big data analysis face numerous challenges in managing complex computations and the related data on emerging and distributed computing infrastructures. Large-scale data analysis requires applications with simplified ...
  • Dürig, Tobias; Gudmundsson, Magnus Tumi; Dioguardi, Fabio; Woodhouse, Mark; Björnsson, Halldór; Barsotti, Sara; Witt, Tanja; Walter, Thomas R. (Elsevier BV, 2018-07)
    Meaningful forecasting of the atmospheric concentration and ground accumulation of volcanic ash during explo-sive eruptions requires detailed knowledge of the eruption source parameters. However, due to the large uncer-tainties in observations and ...
  • Jakobsdóttir, Sólveig; Jóhannsdóttir, Þuríður (Carnegie Mellon University: ETC Press, 2018-04-12)
    In the early nineties, a grassroots movement of educators in rural districts initiated a nationwide network and connected most Icelandic schools to the Internet. The development of online and blended learning at the compulsory level involved: langu ...
  • Guðmundsdóttir, Ása Bryndís (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-06-04)
    Lækningamáttur Bláa Lónsins var uppgötvaður af sórasjúklingum skömmu eftir myndun þess og hafa jákvæð áhrif böðunar í lóninu verið staðfest í klínískum rannsóknum. Enn fremur hefur verið sýnt að böðun í lóninu samhliða UVB meðferð sé árangursríkari en ...
  • Ekman, stina; Lindahl, Anders H.; Rüetschi, Ulla; Jansson, Anna; Björkman, K.; Abrahamsson-Aurell, K.; Björnsdóttir, Sigríður; Löfgren, Maria; Mattsson Hultén, Lillemor; Skiöldebrand, Eva (Wiley, 2019-03-06)
    Molecular serum markers that can identify early reversible osteoarthritis (OA) in horses are lacking. Objectives: We studied serum concentrations of a novel cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) neo-epitope in horses subjected to short-term exercise ...
  • Nakashima, Miye; Dagsson-Waldhauserova, Pavla (Frontiers Media SA, 2019-01-09)
    High latitude dust is an important contributor to the global dust cycle, which affects the radiative balance of the atmosphere. The frequency and severity of dust events are driven by variables such as wind speed, precipitation, temperature, surface ...
  • Göransson, Magnus; Hallsson, Jon; Lillemo, Morten; Orabi, Jihad; Backes, Gunter; Jahoor, Ahmed; Hermannsson, Jónatan; Christerson, Therese; Tuvesson, Stine; Gertsson, Bo; Reitan, Lars; Alsheikh, Muath; Aikasalo, Reino; Isolahti, Mika; Veteläinen, Merja; Jalli, Marja; Krusell, Lene; Hjortshøj, Rasmus L.; Eriksen, Birger; Bengtsson, Therese (Frontiers Media SA, 2019-05-03)
    The northwards expansion of barley production requires adaptation to longer days, lower temperatures and stronger winds during the growing season. We have screened 169 lines of the current barley breeding gene pool in the Nordic region with regards to ...
  • Lévy, L; Gibert, B; Sigmundsson, Freysteinn; Flóvenz, Ólafur G.; Hersir, Gylfi; Briole, P; Pezard, PA (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018-08-18)
    The underground circulation of hot water, of interest for geothermal energy production, is often indirectly inferred from the presence of minerals formed by hydrothermal alteration at different temperatures. Clay minerals, such as smectite and chlorite, ...
  • Palsson, Frosti; Sveinsson, Jóhannes Rúnar; Ulfarsson, Magnus (MDPI AG, 2018-08-15)
    Single sensor fusion is the fusion of two or more spectrally disjoint reflectance bands that have different spatial resolution and have been acquired by the same sensor. An example is Sentinel-2, a constellation of two satellites, which can acquire ...
  • Cui, Guoqing; Lv, Zhiyong; Li, Guangfei; Benediktsson, Jon Atli; Lu, Yudong (MDPI AG, 2018-08-07)
    Land cover classification that uses very high resolution (VHR) remote sensing images is a topic of considerable interest. Although many classification methods have been developed, the accuracy and usability of classification systems can still be improved. ...
  • Ma, Q; Ciardi, B; Eide, M B; Helgason, Kári (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018-07-09)
    We use high-resolution hydrodynamical simulations to study the contribution to the X-ray background from high-z energetic sources, such as X-ray binaries, accreting nuclear black holes, and shock heated interstellar medium. Adopting the model discussed ...