Opin vísindi: Recent submissions

  • Elíasdóttir, Ólöf (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2020)
    Purpose and aims: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that leads to damage in the central nervous system. Although the cause of MS is still unknown, the generally accepted view is that environmental and life-style factors influence the ...
  • Gudmundsson, Vidar; Gestsson, Hallmann; Abdullah, Nzar Rauf; Tang, Chi-Shung; Manolescu, Andrei; Moldoveanu, Valeriu (2019-03-01)
    In this work, we theoretically model the time-dependent transport through an asymmetric double quantum dot etched in a two-dimensional wire embedded in a far-infrared (FIR) photon cavity. For the transient and the intermediate time regimes, the current ...
  • Todorovic Markovic, Marija; Pedersen, Court; Gottfredsson, Magnus; Todorović, Mirjana; Gaini, Shahin (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-01-07)
    Background: The aim of the present study was to gain national data on the clinical and microbiological characteristics of community-acquired infections in the Faroe Islands and to compare these data with data from other geographical areas. Methods: A ...
  • Geirsdóttir, Áslaug; Miller, G H; Andrews, John Thomas; Harning, David; Anderson, Leif S.; Florian, Christopher; Larsen, Darren; Thordarson, Thorvaldur (Copernicus GmbH, 2019-01-08)
    Strong similarities in Holocene climate reconstructions derived from multiple proxies (BSi, TOC – total organic carbon, δ13C, C∕N, MS – magnetic susceptibility, δ15N) preserved in sediments from both glacial and non-glacial lakes across Iceland indicate ...
  • Semba, Richard; Moaddel, Ruin; Cotch, Mary Frances; Jonasson, Fridbert; Eiriksdottir, Gudny; Harris, Tamara B.; Launer, Lenore J.; Sun, Kai; Klein, Ronald; Schaumberg, Debra Ann; Jónsson, Pálmi V.; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Ferrucci, Luigi (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-01-08)
    Background: Lipids are implicated in the pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The relationship between systemic lipids and AMD has not been well characterized. The objective was to investigate the relationship between serum lipids ...
  • Jack, Róbert (Menntavísindastofnun, Menntavísindasvið, Háskóli Íslands, 2018-12-31)
    Bókmenntakennsla í anda mannkostamenntunar byggist mjög á því að fjalla um dygðirnar í textanum. Þegar tilraun var gerð með að kenna Laxdæla sögu með þessu móti þurfti að taka saman dygðirnar í sögunni. Í þessari grein er að finna ítarlega greiningu á ...
  • Lovecchio, Joseph; Gargiulo, Paolo; Vargas Luna, Jose Luis; Giordano, Emanuele; Sigurjónsson, Ólafur Eysteinn (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-11-14)
    The availability of engineered biological tissues holds great potential for both clinical applications and basic research in a life science laboratory. A prototype standalone perfusion/compression bioreactor system was proposed to address the osteogenic ...
  • Vinayaga-Pavan, Mathena; Frampton, Matthew; Pontikos, Nikolas; Levine, Adam P; Smith, Phillip J; Jonasson, Jon G.; Bjornsson, Einar; Segal, Anthony W; Smith, Andrew M (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018-11-19)
    Background: A combination of genetic and environmental factors is thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC). In Iceland, the incidence of UC is one of the highest in the world. The aim of this study was to characterize ...
  • Gustmann, Henrik; Segler, Anna-Lena J; Gophane, Dnyaneshwar B; Reuss, Andreas J; Grünewald, Christian; Braun, Markus; Weigand, Julia; Sigurdsson, Snorri; Wachtveitl, Josef (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018-11-20)
    The ability of the cytidine analog Ç m f to act as a position specific reporter of RNA-dynamics was spectroscopically evaluated. Ç m f-labeled single-and double-stranded RNAs differ in their fluorescence lifetimes, quantum yields and anisotropies. These ...
  • Lorenzo Veiga, Blanca; Sigurdsson, Hakon Hrafn; Loftsson, Thorsteinn (MDPI AG, 2019-01-11)
    The topical administration route is commonly used for targeting therapeutics to the eye; however, improving the bioavailability of drugs applied directly to the eye remains a challenge. Different strategies have been studied to address this challenge. ...
  • Emami, Nargessadat; Heinonen, Jukka; Marteinsson, Björn; Säynäjoki, Antti; Junnonen, Juha-Matti Kalevi; Laine, Jani; Junnila, Seppo (MDPI AG, 2019-01-14)
    Traditionally, the emissions embodied in construction materials have not been considered important; however, they are becoming crucial due to the short time-frame in which the emissions should be reduced. Moreover, evaluating the environmental burden ...
  • Jakobsdóttir, Sólveig (European Distance and E-Learning Network, 2018-06-17)
    Some distance education programs offer campus sessions in their courses. That has been the case at the University of Iceland – School of Education (UISE) for the past decades. The question is how such sessions are best organised. Lectures and seminars ...
  • Hreinsdóttir, Freyja; Diego, Fridrik (Menntavísindastofnun Háskóla Íslands, 2019-07-03)
    Haustið 2014 var gerð könnun á stærðfræðikunnáttu nýnema við Kennaradeild Menntavísindasviðs Háskóla Íslands. Lagður var fyrir listi með spurningum úr hefðbundinni grunnskólastærðfræði sem áður hafði verið lagður fyrir árið 1992. Í greininni er sagt ...
  • Guðmundsson, Árni (Newman University, 2017-01)
    This paper will discuss group work as an important part of the work being carried out in Icelandic youth clubs. I will look at this work in a historical context and examine the creation and the history of youth clubs. Ever since youth clubs in ...
  • Thorkelsdóttir, Rannveig Björk (Melbourne Graduate School of Education, University of Melbourne, Australia., 2018-11-04)
    In this article, I will explore and discuss the meaning of the concept of critical thinking when applied to Icelandic education from a Deweyan perspective. I will explore the concept of critical thinking by referring to the Icelandic philosopher Páll ...
  • Liu, Ying; Cheng, Qingsha S.; Koziel, Slawomir (MDPI AG, 2019-07-11)
    In this article, a generalized sequential domain patching (GSDP) method for efficient multi-objective optimization based on electromagnetics (EM) simulation is proposed. The GSDP method allowing fast searching for Pareto fronts for two and three ...
  • Konchak, William (Philosophy Documentation Center, 2020)
    This paper explores the Greek conception of theoria, Gadamer’s interpretation of it, and how he applies it to his own hermeneutics. In particular, the transition that Gadamer makes from traditional metaphysical perspectives of theoria in ancient thought ...
  • Maras, Emile; Saito, Mitsuhiro; Inoue, Kazutoshi; Jónsson, Hannes; Ikuhara, Yuichi; McKenna, Keith Patrick (Elsevier BV, 2019-01-15)
    A global optimization procedure is used to predict the structure and electronic properties of the b = c[001] edge dislocation in rutile TiO2. Over 1000 different atomic configurations have been generated using both semi-empirical and density functional ...
  • Sá Couto, André; Ryzhakov, Alexey; Larsen, Kim Lambertsen; Loftsson, Thorsteinn (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2019-01-16)
    A detailed comprehensive study on how the formation of soluble and insoluble carbamazepine/cyclodextrins (CBZ/CD) complexes (with consequent changes in the solid-phase composition) depends on the CD structure is not yet available. Moreover, the study ...
  • Pape, Kathrine; Svanes, Cecilie; Malinovschi, Andrei; Benediktsdóttir, Bryndís; Lodge, Caroline; Janson, Christer; Moratalla, Jesus; Sánchez-Ramos, José Luis; Bråbäck, Lennart; Holm, Mathias; Jögi, Rain; Bertelsen, Randi Jacobsen; Sigsgaard, Torben; Johannessen, Ane; Schlünssen, Vivi (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-01-21)
    Background: With increasing interest in exposure effects across generations, it is crucial to assess the validity of information given on behalf of others. Aims: To compare adult’s report of their parent’s smoking status against parent’s own report and ...