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Browsing Doktorsritgerðir- HÍ by Title

Browsing Doktorsritgerðir- HÍ by Title

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  • Þórðardóttir, Maríanna (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-02)
    Background and aim: Multiple myeloma is a malignant chronic B-cell disorder characterized by a monoclonal proliferation of plasma cells in the bone marrow. Almost all multiple myeloma cases are preceded by the premalignant state, monoclonal gammopathy ...
  • Tirosh, Yoav (University of Iceland, School of Humanities, Faculty of Icelandic and Comparative Cultural Studies, 2019-10)
    Ljósvetninga saga takes place in Northern Iceland during the tenth and eleventh centuries and focuses on the political maneuverings of the chieftain Guðmundr inn ríki Eyjólfsson and his son Eyjólfr. Most of the academic debate surrounding Ljósvetninga ...
  • Dini, Kevin Tanguy Elian (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Physical Sciences, 2018)
    Light matter coupling is a eld that has rapidly grown in the past decades to become one of the most important interdisciplinary research subject. It combines the phenomena of condensed matter and quantum optics and brings a new panel of unique e ects. ...
  • Gestsdóttir, Hildur (University of Iceland, School of Humanities, Faculty of History and Philosophy, 2014)
    Osteoarthritis has been intensively studied within the field of palaeopathology. For decades there was assumed to be a direct link between activity and the development of osteoarthritis, and this was reflected in the work which was carried out, with ...
  • Oskarsdottir, Gudrun Nina (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2017-06)
    Lung cancer is the third most common type of cancer and the prime cause of cancer-related deaths in Iceland. As surgical resection is the only well-defined and well-studied curative treatment, the aim is to offer surgery to as many patients as possible ...
  • Karlsdóttir, Sigfríður Inga (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Nursing, 2016-12-15)
    Background: Few studies have focused on women’s expectations and experience of childbirth pain and what predicts a positive childbirth pain experience. Moreover, few studies have explored childbirth pain from a salutogenic perspective and from the ...
  • Stenkewitz, Ute (University of Iceland, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2017-05)
    The parasite fauna of the Icelandic rock ptarmigan Lagopus muta had just been described when engaging in this project in 2010. Purpose was to study the influence that parasites exhibit on ptarmigan population change over a period of 7 years (2006–2012). ...
  • Jónsdóttir, Kristín (University of Iceland, 2018-06)
    Þessi rannsókn fjallar um tengsl heimila og grunnskóla og markmið hennar var þríþætt: Í fyrsta lagi að lýsa því sem er einkennandi fyrir samskipti heimila og skóla, samstarf foreldra og kennara, og fyrir þátttöku foreldra í skólastarfi. Í öðru lagi ...
  • Snorradóttir, Ásbjörg Ósk (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2017-06)
    Arfgeng heilablæðing (Hereditary cystatin C amyloid angiopathy (HCCAA)) er séríslenskur mýlildissjúkdómur, sem erfist ókynbundið ríkjandi og stafar af stökkbreytingu í cystatin C geninu, CST3. HCCAA tilheyrir fjölbreyttum hópi sjúkdóma sem heita cerebral ...
  • Þórarinsdóttir, Kristín (Háskóli Íslands, Heilbrigðisvísindasvið, Hjúkrunarfræðideild, 2018-11)
    Bakgrunnur: Persónumiðuð nálgun og þátttaka sjúklinga eru grundvallarviðmið í endurhæfingarhjúkrun. Í samræmi við þessi viðmið er mælt með að hjúkrunarfræðilegt heilsufarsmat sé persónumiðað en í slíku mati taka sjúklingar þátt í að meta heilsu sína ...
  • Sævarsson, Elvar Smári (University of Iceland, 2018-11)
    Background: The academic performance of children has been correlated with their future educational attainment and health and has therefore been viewed as a public health concern. Physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness are known to exert many ...
  • Drobnjak, Tijana (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2018)
    Inngangur: Þegar kona verður þunguð, eiga sér stað miklar breytingar á æðakerfi hennar, til að mæta aukinni blóðþörf til fylgju og fósturs og tryggja eðlilegan vöxt fóstursins. Til að þetta sé hægt, þarf stækkun á æðum sem flytja blóð til fóstursins ...
  • Snæbjarnarson, Auðunn (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Physical Sciences, 2019-03-29)
    The first main theme of this thesis is the approximation of holomorphic functions on Stein manifolds by polynomials. In our setting a polynomial is an entire function whose absolute value is bounded from above by $\exp(a\psi+b)$ on the complement of a ...
  • Eyþórsson, Elías (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-06-05)
    Streptococcus pneumoniae is a Gram-positive diplococcus that is both a commensal bacterium in the upper respiratory tract of humans, and a common pathogen. The infectious manifestations of pneumococci span a range from benign to serious; from acute ...
  • Baldursdottir, Bergthora (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-03)
    Aims: The aim of this thesis was to evaluate the effects of a new multi-sensory balance training program: the “Reykjavik Model” among unsteady older adults as well as middle aged and elderly people with wrist fractures. Additionally, to explore the ...
  • Ágústsson, Atli (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-04-24)
    Introduction: Adult individuals with disability and low motor function frequently have body deformations, such as scoliosis and windswept hips. Posture management is a component of physical management, which aims to prevent or reduce the development ...
  • Gísladóttir, Agnes (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2017-09)
    Background and aims: Sexual violence is common and, due to the possible impact on the exposed individual, a major public health concern according to the World Health Organization. However, knowledge from large and well conducted studies on the ...
  • Swift, Emma Marie (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Nursing, 2019-01-30)
    Background: The importance of promoting and protecting the normal physiologic processes of childbirth is supported by decades of research. Despite this, the use of obstetric interventions has increased rapidly over the past years. Hence, finding an ...
  • Ingimarsdóttir, Inga Jóna (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2017-09-18)
    Blöðruhálskirtilskrabbamein er í dag algengasta krabbamein meðal karlmanna bæði á Íslandi og í Danmörku. Í byrjun 10. áratugar síðustu aldar kom fram á sjónarsviðið svokallað PSA-blóðpróf. PSA er stytting á heitinu prostate specific antigen en það er ...
  • Hálfdánarson, Óskar (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-03-08)
    Background and aims: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are commonly prescribed drugs that are used to treat acid-related disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. Over the last decade, PPI use has repeatedly been shown to be increasing worldwide, causing ...