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Browsing Doktorsritgerðir- HÍ by Title

Browsing Doktorsritgerðir- HÍ by Title

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  • Karlsdóttir, Sigfríður Inga (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Nursing, 2016-12-15)
    Background: Few studies have focused on women’s expectations and experience of childbirth pain and what predicts a positive childbirth pain experience. Moreover, few studies have explored childbirth pain from a salutogenic perspective and from the ...
  • Stenkewitz, Ute (University of Iceland, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2017-05)
    The parasite fauna of the Icelandic rock ptarmigan Lagopus muta had just been described when engaging in this project in 2010. Purpose was to study the influence that parasites exhibit on ptarmigan population change over a period of 7 years (2006–2012). ...
  • Jónsdóttir, Kristín (University of Iceland, 2018-06)
    Þessi rannsókn fjallar um tengsl heimila og grunnskóla og markmið hennar var þríþætt: Í fyrsta lagi að lýsa því sem er einkennandi fyrir samskipti heimila og skóla, samstarf foreldra og kennara, og fyrir þátttöku foreldra í skólastarfi. Í öðru lagi ...
  • Snorradóttir, Ásbjörg Ósk (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2017-06)
    Arfgeng heilablæðing (Hereditary cystatin C amyloid angiopathy (HCCAA)) er séríslenskur mýlildissjúkdómur, sem erfist ókynbundið ríkjandi og stafar af stökkbreytingu í cystatin C geninu, CST3. HCCAA tilheyrir fjölbreyttum hópi sjúkdóma sem heita cerebral ...
  • Þórarinsdóttir, Kristín (Háskóli Íslands, Heilbrigðisvísindasvið, Hjúkrunarfræðideild, 2018-11)
    Bakgrunnur: Persónumiðuð nálgun og þátttaka sjúklinga eru grundvallarviðmið í endurhæfingarhjúkrun. Í samræmi við þessi viðmið er mælt með að hjúkrunarfræðilegt heilsufarsmat sé persónumiðað en í slíku mati taka sjúklingar þátt í að meta heilsu sína ...
  • Sævarsson, Elvar Smári (University of Iceland, 2018-11)
    Background: The academic performance of children has been correlated with their future educational attainment and health and has therefore been viewed as a public health concern. Physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness are known to exert many ...
  • Drobnjak, Tijana (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2018)
    Inngangur: Þegar kona verður þunguð, eiga sér stað miklar breytingar á æðakerfi hennar, til að mæta aukinni blóðþörf til fylgju og fósturs og tryggja eðlilegan vöxt fóstursins. Til að þetta sé hægt, þarf stækkun á æðum sem flytja blóð til fóstursins ...
  • Snæbjarnarson, Auðunn (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Physical Sciences, 2019-03-29)
    The first main theme of this thesis is the approximation of holomorphic functions on Stein manifolds by polynomials. In our setting a polynomial is an entire function whose absolute value is bounded from above by $\exp(a\psi+b)$ on the complement of a ...
  • Eyþórsson, Elías (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-06-05)
    Streptococcus pneumoniae is a Gram-positive diplococcus that is both a commensal bacterium in the upper respiratory tract of humans, and a common pathogen. The infectious manifestations of pneumococci span a range from benign to serious; from acute ...
  • Baldursdottir, Bergthora (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-03)
    Aims: The aim of this thesis was to evaluate the effects of a new multi-sensory balance training program: the “Reykjavik Model” among unsteady older adults as well as middle aged and elderly people with wrist fractures. Additionally, to explore the ...
  • Ágústsson, Atli (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-04-24)
    Introduction: Adult individuals with disability and low motor function frequently have body deformations, such as scoliosis and windswept hips. Posture management is a component of physical management, which aims to prevent or reduce the development ...
  • Gísladóttir, Agnes (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2017-09)
    Background and aims: Sexual violence is common and, due to the possible impact on the exposed individual, a major public health concern according to the World Health Organization. However, knowledge from large and well conducted studies on the ...
  • Swift, Emma Marie (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Nursing, 2019-01-30)
    Background: The importance of promoting and protecting the normal physiologic processes of childbirth is supported by decades of research. Despite this, the use of obstetric interventions has increased rapidly over the past years. Hence, finding an ...
  • Ingimarsdóttir, Inga Jóna (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2017-09-18)
    Blöðruhálskirtilskrabbamein er í dag algengasta krabbamein meðal karlmanna bæði á Íslandi og í Danmörku. Í byrjun 10. áratugar síðustu aldar kom fram á sjónarsviðið svokallað PSA-blóðpróf. PSA er stytting á heitinu prostate specific antigen en það er ...
  • Hálfdánarson, Óskar (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-03-08)
    Background and aims: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are commonly prescribed drugs that are used to treat acid-related disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. Over the last decade, PPI use has repeatedly been shown to be increasing worldwide, causing ...
  • Kamble, Nilesh Ramesh (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Physical Sciences, 2017-12-21)
    Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy is a well known technique that is routinely used to investigate the structure and dynamics of nucleic acids. EPR requires incorporation of paramagnetic centers at specific sites, called site-directed ...
  • Vlasov, Sergei M. (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Physical Sciences, 2017-12)
    Nanomagnetic systems and transitions between magnetic states are currently an active topic of research. Spintronics is, in particular, a new branch of science and technology where spin degrees of freedom and spin currents are used in an analogous way ...
  • Ottelin, Juudit (Unigrafia, Helsinki, 2016-11)
    Climate change mitigation in the built environment encompasses various mitigation measures, such as energy efficient buildings, spatial planning instruments and other policies targeting the emissions resulting from transport. However, studies on the ...
  • Harning, David (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2019-04)
    Iceland’s position at the confluence of major oceanic and atmospheric fronts results in a highly sensitive climate evident in both instrumental and paleo records. However, open questions still remain regarding the pre-instrumental evolution of climate, ...
  • Unger, Elizabeth (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 2018-06-11)
    The Lisbon Treaty grants permission to each European Union Member to determine which energy sources shall be used to supply its electricity. While EU members may act independently in this regard, since 1996 when Directive 96/92/EC went into effect, ...