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Browsing Greinar- HÍ by Title

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  • Wensveen, Paul; Kvadsheim, Petter H.; Lam, Frans-Peter A.; von Benda-Beckmann, Alexander M.; Sivle, Lise D.; Visser, Fleur; Curé, Charlotte; Tyack, Peter L.; Miller, Patrick J. O. (The Company of Biologists, 2017-11-15)
    Exposure to underwater sound can cause permanent hearing loss and other physiological effects in marine animals. To reduce this risk, naval sonars are sometimes gradually increased in intensity at the start of transmission (‘ramp-up’). Here, we conducted ...
  • Beblo-Vranesevic, Kristina; Bohmeier, Maria; Perras, Alexandra K; Schwendner, Petra; Rabbow, Elke; Moissl-Eichinger, Christine; Cockell, Charles S; Vannier, Pauline; Marteinsson, Viggó; Monaghan, Euan P; Ehrenfreund, Pascale; Garcia-Descalzo, Laura; Gómez, Felipe; Malki, Moustafa; Amils, Ricardo; Gaboyer, Frédéric; Westall, Frances; Cabezas, Patricia; Walter, Nicolas; Rettberg, Petra (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018-02-21)
    Four facultative anaerobic and two obligate anaerobic bacteria were isolated from extreme environments (deep subsurface halite mine, sulfidic anoxic spring, mineral-rich river) in the frame MASE (Mars Analogues for Space Exploration) project. The ...
  • Pan, Li-Long; Deng, Yuan-Yuan; Wang, Ruxing; Wu, Chengfei; Li, Jiahong; Niu, Wenying; Yang, Qin; Bhatia, Madhav; Guðmundsson, Guðmundur Hrafn; Agerberth, Birgitta; Diana, Julien; Sun, Jia (Frontiers Media SA, 2018-04-17)
    Acute pancreatitis (AP) is one common clinical acute abdominal disease, for which specific pharmacological or nutritional therapies remain elusive. Lactose, a macronutrient and an inducer of host innate immune responses, possesses immune modulatory ...
  • Pimentel, Harold; Sturmfels, Pascal; Bray, Nicolas; Melsted, Páll; Pachter, Lior (Springer Nature, 2016-12)
    Increased emphasis on reproducibility of published research in the last few years has led to the large-scale archiving of sequencing data. While this data can, in theory, be used to reproduce results in papers, it is difficult to use in practice. We ...
  • Lv, Zhiyong; Liu, Tongfei; Zhang, Penglin; Benediktsson, Jon Atli; Chen, Yixiang (MDPI AG, 2018-06-08)
    Land cover change detection (LCCD) based on bi-temporal remote sensing images plays an important role in the inventory of land cover change. Due to the benefit of having spatial dependency properties within the image space while using remote sensing ...
  • Bjarnadóttir, Kristín (Menntavísindasvið Háskóli Íslands, 2016-12-31)
    Landspróf miðskóla sem inntökupróf í menntaskóla og kennaraskóla og síðar fleiri skóla var haldið á árunum 1946–1976. Prófað var í átta námsgreinum þar sem íslenska vó tvöfalt. Landsprófið var upphaflega grundvallað á reglugerð nr. 3/1937 um námsefni ...
  • Zillikens, M. Carola; Demissie, Serkalem; Hsu, Yi-Hsiang; Yerges-Armstrong, Laura M.; Chou, Wen-Chi; Stolk, Lisette; Livshits, Gregory; Broer, Linda; Johnson, Toby; Koller, Daniel L.; Kutalik, Zoltán; Luan, Jian’an; Malkin, Ida; Ried, Janina S.; Smith, Albert Vernon; Þorleifsson, Guðmar; Vandenput, Liesbeth; Hua Zhao, Jing; Zhang, Weihua; Aghdassi, Ali; Åkesson, Kristina; Amin, Najaf; Baier, Leslie J.; Barroso, Inês; Bennett, David A.; Bertram, Lars; Biffar, Rainer; Bochud, Murielle; Boehnke, Michael; Borecki, Ingrid; Buchman, Aron S.; Byberg, Liisa; Campbell, Harry; Campos Obanda, Natalia; Cauley, Jane A.; Cawthon, Peggy M.; Cederberg, Henna; Chen, Zhao; Cho, Nam H.; Jin Choi, Hyung; Claussnitzer, Melina; Collins, Francis; Cummings, Steven R.; De Jager, Philip L.; Demuth, Ilja; Dhonukshe-Rutten, Rosalie A. M.; Diatchenko, Luda; Eiríksdóttir, Guðný; Enneman, Anke W.; Erdos, Mike; Eriksson, Johan G.; Eriksson, Joel; Estrada, Karol; Evans, Daniel S.; Feitosa, Mary F.; Fu, Mao; Garcia, Melissa; Gieger, Christian; Girke, Thomas; Glazer, Nicole L.; Grallert, Harald; Grewal, Jagvir; Han, Bok-Ghee; Hanson, Robert L.; Hayward, Caroline; Hofman, Albert; Hoffman, Eric P.; Homuth, Georg; Hsueh, Wen-Chi; Hubal, Monica J.; Hubbard, Alan; Huffman, Kim M.; Husted, Lise B.; Illig, Thomas; Ingelsson, Erik; Ittermann, Till; Jansson, John-Olov; Jordan, Joanne M.; Jula, Antti; Karlsson, Magnus; Khaw, Kay-Tee; Kilpeläinen, Tuomas O.; Klopp, Norman; Kloth, Jacqueline S. L.; Koistinen, Heikki A.; Kraus, William E.; Kritchevsky, Stephen; Kuulasmaa, Teemu; Kuusisto, Johanna; Laakso, Markku; Lahti, Jari; Lang, Thomas; Langdahl, Bente L.; Launer, Lenore J.; Lee, Jong-Young; Lerch, Markus M.; Lewis, Joshua R.; Lind, Lars; Lindgren, Cecilia; Liu, Yongmei; Liu, Tian; Liu, Youfang; Ljunggren, Östen; Lorentzon, Mattias; Luben, Robert; Maixner, William; McGuigan, Fiona E.; Medina-Gomez, Carolina; Meitinger, Thomas; Melhus, Håkan; Mellström, Dan; Melov, Simon; Michaëlsson, Karl; Mitchell, Braxton D.; Morris, Andrew P.; Mosekilde, Leif; Newman, Anne; Nielson, Carrie M.; O’Connell, Jeffrey R.; Oostra, Ben A.; Orwoll, Eric S.; Palotie, Aarno; Parker, Stephan; Peacock, Munro; Perola, Markus; Peters, Annette; Polasek, Ozren; Prince, Richard L.; Räikkönen, Katri; Ralston, Stuart H.; Ripatti, Samuli; Robbins, John A.; Rotter, Jerome I.; Rudan, Igor; Salomaa, Veikko; Satterfield, Suzanne; Schadt, Eric E.; Schipf, Sabine; Scott, Laura; Sehmi, Joban; Shen, Jian; Soo Shin, Chan; Sigurdsson, Gunnar; Smith, Shad; Soranzo, Nicole; Stančáková, Alena; Steinhagen-Thiessen, Elisabeth; Streeten, Elizabeth A.; Styrkarsdottir, Unnur; Swart, Karin M. A.; Tan, Sian-Tsung; Tarnopolsky, Mark A.; Thompson, Patricia; Thomson, Cynthia A.; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Tikkanen, Emmi; Tranah, Gregory J.; Tuomilehto, Jaakko; van Schoor, Natasja M.; Verma, Arjun; Vollenweider, Peter; Völzke, Henry; Wactawski-Wende, Jean; Walker, Mark; Weedon, Michael N.; Welch, Ryan; Wichmann, H.-Erich; Widen, Elisabeth; Williams, Frances M. K.; Wilson, James F.; Wright, Nicole C.; Xie, Weijia; Yu, Lei; Zhou, Yanhua; Chambers, John C.; Döring, Angela; van Duijn, Cornelia M.; Econs, Michael J.; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Kooner, Jaspal S.; Psaty, Bruce M.; Spector, Timothy D.; Stefánsson, Kári; Rivadeneira, Fernando; Uitterlinden, André G.; Wareham, Nicholas J.; Ossowski, Vicky; Waterworth, Dawn; Loos, Ruth J. F.; Karasik, David; Harris, Tamara B.; Ohlsson, Claes; Kiel, Douglas P. (Springer Nature, 2017-07-19)
    Lean body mass, consisting mostly of skeletal muscle, is important for healthy aging. We performed a genome-wide association study for whole body (20 cohorts of European ancestry with n = 38,292) and appendicular (arms and legs) lean body mass (n = 28,330) ...
  • Novoselova, Iuliia P.; Petruhins, Andrejs; Wiedwald, Ulf; Ingason, Árni Sigurdur; Hase, Thomas; Magnus, Fridrik; Kapaklis, Vassilios; Palisaitis, Justinas; Spasova, Marina; Farle, Michael; Rosen, Johanna; Salikhov, Ruslan (Springer Nature, 2018-02-08)
    In 2013, a new class of inherently nanolaminated magnetic materials, the so called magnetic MAX phases, was discovered. Following predictive material stability calculations, the hexagonal Mn2GaC compound was synthesized as hetero-epitaxial films ...
  • Tarsi, Matteo (John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2019)
    The present article deals with the reflexes of Lat. scrībere in Germanic. It is proposed that the word was borrowed into Germanic at quite an early stage (1st century AD) as a result of contacts between West-Germanic-speaking populations and the ...
  • Pedersen, Gro; Höskuldsson, Ármann; Dürig, Tobias; Thordarson, Thorvaldur; Jonsdottir, Ingibjorg; Riishus, M. S.; Óskarsson, B.V.; Dumont, S.; Magnússon, Eyjólfur; Gudmundsson, Magnus Tumi; Sigmundsson, Freysteinn; Drouin, V.J.P.B.; Gallagher, C.; Askew, R.; Gudnason, J.; Moreland, William; Nikkola, P.; Reynolds, Hannah Iona; Schmith, Johanne (Elsevier BV, 2017-06)
    The 6-month long eruption at Holuhraun (August 2014–February 2015) in the Bárðarbunga-Veiðivötn volcanic system was the largest effusive eruption in Iceland since the 1783–1784 CE Laki eruption. The lava flow field covered ~84 km2 and has an estimated ...
  • Akiyama, Yu; Akamatsu, Tomonari; Rasmussen, Marianne; Iversen, Maria R.; Iwata, Takashi; Goto, Yusuke; Aoki, Kagari; Sato, Katsufumi (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2019-02-05)
    Central place foraging theory (CPF) has been used to predict the optimal patch residence time for air-breathing marine predators in response to patch quality. Humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) forage on densely aggregated prey, which may induce ...
  • Hrafnkelsdóttir, Soffía M.; Brychta, Robert J.; Rögnvaldsdóttir, Vaka; Gestsdottir, Sunna; Chen, Kong Y.; Jóhannsson, Erlingur Sigurður; Guðmundsdóttir, Sigriður Lára; Arngrímsson, Sigurbjörn Árni (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-04-26)
    Objective Few studies have explored the potential interrelated associations of screen time and physical activity with mental health in youth, particularly using objective methods. We examined cross-sectional associations of these variables among ...
  • Smárason, Birgir Örn; Ögmundarson, Ólafur; Arnason, Jon; Bjornsdottir, Rannveig; Davidsdottir, Brynhildur (Central Fisheries Research Institute, Trabzon, Turkey, 2017)
    This study utilized Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) to quantify the environmental impacts of 1 kg of live-weight Arctic char, cultivated in an Icelandic land-based aquaculture farm. The functional unit included assessments of three different feed types; ...
  • Bessarab, Pavel; Müller, Gideon Philipp; Lobanov, Igor S.; Rybakov, Filipp N.; Kiselev, Nikolai S.; Jónsson, Hannes; Uzdin, Valery M.; Blügel, Stefan; Bergqvist, Lars; Delin, Anna (Springer Nature, 2018-02-21)
    The skyrmion racetrack is a promising concept for future information technology. There, binary bits are carried by nanoscale spin swirls–skyrmions–driven along magnetic strips. Stability of the skyrmions is a critical issue for realising this technology. ...
  • Angantýsson, Ásgrímur (Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego, 2017-01-14)
    The main concern of this paper is the extent to which students’ expec-tations of first language studies reflect the idea that linguistic proficiency produces social and cultural capital (Bourdieu 2008 and earli-er work). The participants consisted of ...
  • Albalat, Amaya; Nadler, Lauren; Foo, Nicholas; Dick, James; Watts, Andrew; Philp, Heather; Neil, Douglas; Monroig, Oscar (MDPI AG, 2016-12-01)
    In the UK, the Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus) supports its most important shellfish fishery. Nephrops are sold either whole, or as tails-only for the scampi trade. In the tailing process, the head (cephalothorax) is discarded as waste. A smaller ...
  • Bjarnason, Ingi Þorleifur; Schmeling, Harro (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2009-07)
    1-D models were calculated for the velocity of shear waves, polarized vertically (SV) and horizontally (SH) from dispersed Rayleigh and Love surface waves. These had been recorded in Iceland by the ICEMELT broad-band seismic network, with about half ...
  • Hlodversdottir, Heidrun; Þorsteinsdóttir, Harpa; Þórðardóttir, Edda Björk; Njardvik, Urdur; Pétursdóttir, Guðrún; Hauksdóttir, Arna (Informa UK Limited, 2018-03-05)
    Background: More than 500 million people worldwide live within exposure range of an active volcano and children are a vulnerable subgroup of such exposed populations. However, studies on the effects of volcanic eruptions on children’s health beyond the ...
  • de Fine Licht, Sofie; Rugbjerg, Kathrine; Gudmundsdottir, Thorgerdur; Bonnesen, Trine G.; Asdahl, Peter Haubjerg; Holmqvist, Anna Sällfors; Madanat-Harjuoja, Laura; Tryggvadottir, Laufey; Wesenberg, Finn; Hasle, Henrik; Winther, Jeanette F.; Olsen, Jørgen H. (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2017-05-09)
    Background Survivors of childhood cancer are at increased risk for a wide range of late effects. However, no large population-based studies have included the whole range of somatic diagnoses including subgroup diagnoses and all main types of childhood ...
  • Jónsdóttir, Sigrídur Lóa; Brynjarsdóttir, Birta; Sæmundsen, Evald E.; Sigurðsson, Jón Friðrik (Exeley, Inc., 2018)
    Background: Studies on early intervention have reported significant gains for many children with autism. Knowledge on how these children fare in adulthood is limited. Objective: To examine long-term outcome of children with autism who received ...