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  • Ågerstrand, Marlene; Christiansen, Sofie; Hanberg, Annika; Rudén, Christina; Andersson, Lars; Andersen, Sjur; Appelgren, Henrik; Bjørge, Christine; Clausen, Ian Henning; Eide, Dag Markus; Hartmann, Nanna B.; Husøy, Trine; Halldórsson, Halldór Pálmar; van der Hagen, Marianne; Ingre-Khans, Ellen; Lillicrap, Adam David; Beltoft, Vibe Meister; Mörk, Anna-Karin; Murtomaa-Hautala, Mari; Nielsen, Elsa; Ólafsdóttir, Kristín; Palomäki, Jaana; Papponen, Hinni; Reiler, Emilie Marie; Stockmann-Juvala, Helene; Suutari, Tiina; Tyle, Henrik; Beronius, Anna (Wiley, 2018-01-03)
    This is a call for action to scientific journals to introduce reporting requirements for toxicity and ecotoxicity studies. Such reporting requirements will support the use of peer‐reviewed research studies in regulatory decision‐making. Moreover, this ...
  • Macdonald, Jed I.; Logemann, Kai; Krainski, Elias T.; Sigurðsson, Þorsteinn; Beale, Colin M.; Huse, Geir; Hjøllo, Solfrid S.; Marteinsdóttir, Guðrún (Wiley, 2017-09-13)
    Social learning can be fundamental to cohesive group living, and schooling fishes have proven ideal test subjects for recent work in this field. For many species, both demographic factors, and inter‐ (and intra‐) generational information exchange are ...
  • Säynäjoki, Antti; Heinonen, Jukka; Junnila, Seppo; Horvath, Arpad (IOP Publishing, 2017-01-05)
    Life-cycle assessment (LCA) is an established methodology that can provide decision-makers with comprehensive data on the environmental impacts of products and processes during the entire life cycle. However, the literature on building LCAs consists ...
  • Ottelin, Juudit; Heinonen, Jukka; Junnila, Seppo (Elsevier BV, 2018-08)
    Sustainable development and climate change mitigation have become guiding policy principles in many welfare states. However, the traditional role of a welfare state is to guarantee the economic stability, jobs and welfare for its citizens. Sustainable ...
  • Sharp, Hannah; Grundius, Josefine; Heinonen, Jukka (MDPI AG, 2016-11-08)
    The greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused by tourism have been studied from several perspectives, but few studies exist that include all direct and indirect emissions, particularly those from aviation. In this study, an input/output-based hybrid ...
  • Tarsi, Matteo (Félagsvísindastofnun Háskóla Íslands, 2016)
    This article examines the care for the mother tongue in the Middle Ages. The starting point of this discussion is given by a Festschrift article by Sverrir Tómasson (Málvöndun á miðöldum, 1998). In the present article more examples are given of the ...
  • Garðarsdóttir, Hólmfríður (Stofnun Vigdísar Finnbogadóttur í erlendum tungumálum, 2016)
    The article discusses the cultural diversity of the Central American Caribbean region and examines the invisibility of the Central American minority populations, with particular attention to the Costa Rican Caribbean coast. The many different aspects ...
  • De Pasquale, Massimiliano; Page, Mathew; Kann, David; Oates, Samantha; Schulze, Steve; Zhang, Bing; Cano, Zach; Gendre, Bruce; Malesani, Daniele; Rossi, Andrea; Gehrels, Neil; Troja, Eleonora; Piro, Luigi; Boër, Michel; Stratta, Giulia (MDPI AG, 2017-01-16)
    GRB 130427A was the most luminous gamma-ray burst detected in the last 30 years. With an isotropic energy output of 8.5 x 10(53) erg and redshift of 0.34, it combined very high energetics with a relative proximity to Earth in an unprecedented way. ...
  • Ron, Emanuel Y. C.; Plaza, Merichel; Kristjánsdóttir, Þórdís; Sardari, Roya R. R.; Björnsdóttir, Snædís Huld; Guðmundsson, Steinn; Hreggvidsson, Gudmundur Oli; Turner, Charlotta; van Niel, Ed W. J.; Nordberg-Karlsson, Eva (Wiley-Blackwell, 2017-10-17)
    Rhodothermus marinus, a marine aerobic thermophile, was first isolated from an intertidal hot spring in Iceland. In recent years, the R. marinus strain PRI 493 has been genetically modified, which opens up possibilities for targeted metabolic engineering ...
  • Pardal, Sara; Drews, Anna; Alves, Jose; Ramos, Jaime A.; Westerdahl, Helena (Springer Nature, 2017-05-23)
    The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) encodes proteins that are central for antigen presentation and pathogen elimination. MHC class I (MHC-I) genes have attracted a great deal of interest among researchers in ecology and evolution and have been ...
  • de Pablo-Maiso, Lorena; Glaria, Idoia; Crespo, Helena; Nistal-Villán, Estanislao; Andrésdóttir, Valgerður; de Andrés, Damián; Amorena, Beatriz; Reina, Ramsés (MDPI AG, 2017-11-17)
    Intrinsic factors of the innate immune system include the apolipoprotein B editing enzyme catalytic polypeptide-like 3 (APOBEC3) protein family. APOBEC3 inhibits replication of different virus families by cytosine deamination of viral DNA and a not ...
  • Yi, Zhiqian; Su, Yixi; Xu, Maonian; Bergmann, Andreas; Ingþórsson, Sævar; Rolfsson, Óttar; Salehi-Ashtiani, Kourosh; Brynjolfsson, Sigurdur; Fu, Weiqi (MDPI AG, 2018-08-04)
    Diatoms are a major group of unicellular algae that are rich in lipids and carotenoids. However, sustained research efforts are needed to improve the strain performance for high product yields towards commercialization. In this study, we generated a ...
  • Gunnarsdottir, Maria J; Gardarsson, Sigurdur; Bartram, Jamie; Jonsson, Gunnar St (Elsevier BV, 2016-11)
    Assuring sufficient quality of drinking water is of great importance for public wellbeing and prosperity. Nations have developed regulatory system with the aim of providing drinking water of sufficient quality and to minimize the risk of contamination ...
  • Theobald, Maryanne; Danby, Susan; Einarsdottir, Johanna; Bourne, Jane; Jones, Desley; Ross, Sharon; Knaggs, Helen; Carter-Jones, Claire (MDPI AG, 2015-11-25)
    Play as a learning practice increasingly is under challenge as a valued component of early childhood education. Views held in parallel include confirmation of the place of play in early childhood education and, at the same time, a denigration of ...
  • Vilmundardóttir, Olga Kolbrún; Gísladóttir, Guðrún; Lal, Rattan (Informa UK Limited, 2017-05-24)
    SOC has received increased attention over the last decades because of its role as an option to mitigate the effects of increased anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. In Iceland, the loss of vegetation and soil due to land-use and natural processes ...
  • Christensen, Stine Holmegaard; Timm, Signe; Janson, Christer; Benediktsdóttir, Bryndís; Forsberg, Bertil; Holm, Mathias; Jogi, Rain; Johannessen, Ane; Omenaas, Ernst; Sigsgaard, Torben; Svanes, Cecilie; Schlünssen, Vivi (Informa UK Limited, 2016-01)
    Background: The protective effect of farm upbringing on allergic rhinitis is well known, but how upbringing in other environments influences the development of allergic rhinitis is scarcely investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the ...
  • Saini, Jeetendra; Günther, Franziska; Aichner, Bernhard; Mischke, Steffen; Herzschuh, Ulrike; Zhang, Chengjun; Mäusbacher, Roland; Gleixner, Gerd (Elsevier BV, 2017-02)
    We investigated 4.84-m-long sediment record spanning over the Late Glacial and Holocene from Lake Donggi Cona to be able to reconstruct circulation pattern on the Tibetan Plateau (TP). Presently, Lake Donggi Cona is located at the boundaries of Westerlies ...
  • Hauri, Erik H.; Maclennan, J.; McKenzie, D.; Gronvold, K.; Óskarsson, N.; Shimizu, N. (Geological Society of America, 2017-11-16)
    Primitive basalt melt inclusions from Borgarhraun, northern Iceland, display large correlated variations in CO2 and nonvolatile incompatible trace elements (ITEs) such as Nb, Th, Rb, and Ba. The average CO2/ITE ratios of the Borgarhraun melt inclusion ...
  • Young, Susan; Khondoker, Mizanur; Emilsson, B.; Sigurdsson, Jon Fridrik; Philipp-Wiegmann, F.; Baldursson, G.; Olafsdottir, H.; Gudjonsson, G. (Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2015-05-29)
    Background. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by high rates of co-morbid psychopathology. Randomized controlled trials of multimodal interventions, combining pharmacological and psychological ...
  • Maret-Ouda, John; Wahlin, Karl; Artama, Miia; Brusselaers, Nele; Färkkilä, Martti; Lynge, Elsebeth; Mattsson, Fredrik; Pukkala, Eero; Romundstad, Pål; Tryggvadóttir, Laufey; Euler-Chelpin, My von; Lagergren, Jesper (BMJ, 2017-06)
    Purpose To describe a newly created all-Nordic cohort of patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD), entitled the Nordic Antireflux Surgery Cohort (NordASCo), which will be used to compare participants having undergone antireflux surgery ...