Opin vísindi

Browsing Greinar- HÍ by Title

Browsing Greinar- HÍ by Title

Sort by: Order: Results:

  • Batt, Catherine M.; Brown, Maxwell; Clelland, Sarah-Jane; Korte, Monika; Linford, Paul; Outram, Zoe (Elsevier BV, 2017-09)
    Archaeomagnetic dating offers a valuable chronological tool for archaeological investigations, particularly for dating fired material. The method depends on the establishment of a dated record of secular variation of the Earth's magnetic field and this ...
  • Tarsi, Matteo (Stofnun Árna Magnússonar í íslenskum fræðum, 2018)
    This article deals with the history and word formation of the Icelandic word for ‘police’, i.e. lögregla. The word constitutes an interesting case of word formation in that said lexeme is a dvandva compound whose creation is related to the expression að ...
  • Benediktsdóttir, Ásta Kristín; Sverrisdóttir, Rannveig (Hugvísindastofnun Háskóla Íslands, 2017)
  • Jónsdóttir, Svanborg R.; Guðjónsdóttir, Hafdís; Gísladóttir, Karen Rut (The Educational Research Institute, 2018-12-21)
    Í greininni er fjallað um sameiginlega hópleiðsögn þriggja leiðbeinenda meistaranema. Tilgangur rannsóknarinnar var að sýna fram á gildi þess að búa til námssamfélag nemenda og kennara um vinnu að meistaraprófsverkefni. Markmið rannsóknarinnar var að ...
  • Óladóttir, Ásta Dís; Friðriksson, Friðrik Árni; Magnusson, Gylfi; Þráinsson, Valur (Stofnun stjórnsýslufræða og stjórnmála við Háskóla Íslands, 2017-06-16)
    Tilgangur þessarar greinar er að fjalla um og varpa ljósi á sameiginlegt eignarhald fyrirtækja á skráðum hlutabréfamarkaði á Íslandi og er það borið saman við umfang slíks eignarhalds í Bandaríkjunum. Nokkur umræða hefur verið um hversu fáir aðilar ...
  • Jonsson, Stefan Hrafn (Félagsfræðingafélags Íslands, 2017)
    Í þessari grein er fjallað um lýðfræði sem undirgrein félagsfræðinnar í alþjóðlegu vísindastarfi. Fjallað er um helstu svið innan lýðfræðinnar, breytingar á mannfjölda á Íslandi síðustu áratugi og rannsóknir sem íslenskir fræðimenn hafa gert til aukins ...
  • Hugason, Hjalti (Guðfræðistofnun Háskóla Íslands, 2016)
    Meginviðfangsefni greinarinnar lýtur að samvinnu og skörun en jafnframt árekstrum and-legs og veraldlegs valds í kjölfar siðaskiptanna. Leitast er við að svara spurningunni um hvort andlegir og veraldlegir embættismenn Danakonungs hafi ávallt unnið ...
  • Brynjarsdóttir, Eyja (Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2018-04-20)
    This paper argues that philosophical practice in the Western world, in particular analytic philosophy, suffers from problems that contribute to its lack of diversity in two senses: the exclusion of women and minorities, and a narrow choice of subjects ...
  • Ólafsdóttir, Þórunn Ásta; Alexandersson, Kristján F.; Sveinbjörnsson, Garðar; Lapini, Giulia; Palladino, Laura; Montomoli, Emanuele; Del Giudice, Giuseppe; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Jonsdottir, Ingileif (Frontiers Media SA, 2018-01-08)
    Influenza vaccination remains the best strategy for the prevention of influenza virus-related disease and reduction of disease severity and mortality. However, there is large individual variation in influenza vaccine responses. In this study, we ...
  • Jónsson, Helgi (Springer Nature, 2017-12)
    Background: Hand photography has been used in a number of studies to determine the presence and severity of hand osteoarthritis (HOA). The aim of this study was to present age and gender specific prevalences of HOA diagnosed by this method. Methods: ...
  • Kuiper, Ingrid N.; Svanes, Cecilie; Benediktsdóttir, Bryndís; Bertelsen, Randi J.; Bråbäck, Lennart; Dharmage, Shyamali C.; Holm, Mathias; Janson, Christer; Jögi, Rain; Malinovschi, Andrei; Matheson, Melanie; Moratalla, Jesús Martínez; Real, Francisco Gómez; Sánchez-Ramos, José Luis; Schlünssen, Vivi; Timm, Signe; Johannessen, Ane (Springer Nature, 2018-07-27)
    Background Self-report questionnaires are commonly used in epidemiology, but may be susceptible to misclassification, especially if answers are given on behalf of others, e.g. children or parents. The aim was to determine agreement and analyse predictors ...
  • Arnarsson, Arsaell; Gísladóttir, Kristín Heba; Jonsson, Stefan Hrafn (Laeknabladid/The Icelandic Medical Journal, 2016-06-02)
    Inngangur: Kynferðisleg áreitni og ofbeldi gagnvart börnum og unglingum er ein alvarlegasta ógn við heilbrigði þeirra. Markmiðið var að rannsaka algengi og áhrif þess á íslenska unglinga í 10. bekk. Efniviður og aðferðir: Rannsóknin byggir á gögnum úr ...
  • Sigurdardottir, Arun K.; Hjaltadóttir, Ingibjörg (Læknafélag Íslands, 2015-02)
    Inngangur: Sykursýki er vaxandi vandamál meðal eldra fólks og einn af áhættuþáttum fyrir flutning á hjúkrunarheimili. Ennfremur er sjúkdómabyrði og lyfjanotkun þeirra sem eru með sykursýki oft meiri. Tilgangur rannsóknarinnar var að skoða algengi ...
  • Xu, Maonian; Eiriksson, Finnur Freyr; Thorsteinsdóttir, Margrét; Heiðmarsson, Starri; Omarsdottir, Sesselja; Olafsdottir, Elin Soffia (Elsevier BV, 2019-04)
    The club moss family Lycopodiaceae produces a diverse array of bioactive lycopodium alkaloids (LAs). In particular, the alkaloid huperzine A (hupA) has grasped attention since it is a potent acetylcholinesterase inhibitor of medical interest in Alzheimer's ...
  • Kibis, Oleg; Dini, Kevin Tanguy Elian; Iorsh, Ivan; Shelykh, Ivan (American Physical Society (APS), 2017-03-01)
    We demonstrate theoretically that the interaction of electrons in gapped Dirac materials (gapped graphene and transition-metal dichalchogenide monolayers) with a strong off-resonant electromagnetic field (dressing field) substantially renormalizes the ...
  • Sapkota, Yadav; De Vivo, Immaculata; Steinthorsdottir, Valgerdur; Fassbender, Amelie; Bowdler, Lisa; Buring, Julie E.; Edwards, Todd L.; Jones, Sarah; Dorien, O.; Peterse, Danielle; Rexrode, Kathryn M.; Ridker, Paul M.; Schork, Andrew J.; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Wallace, Leanne M.; Kraft, Peter; Morris, Andrew P.; Nyholt, Dale R.; Edwards, Digna R. Velez; Nyegaard, Mette; D'Hooghe, Thomas; Chasman, Daniel I.; Stefánsson, Kári; Missmer, Stacey A.; Montgomery, Grant W. (Springer Nature, 2017-09)
    Genome-wide association (GWA) studies have identified 19 independent common risk loci for endometriosis. Most of the GWA variants are non-coding and the genes responsible for the association signals have not been identified. Herein, we aimed to assess ...
  • Löve, Arndís Sue Ching; Baz-Lomba, Jose Antonio; Reid, Malcolm J.; Kankaanpää, Aino; Gunnar, Teemu; Dam, Maria; Ólafsdóttir, Kristín; Thomas, Kevin V. (Elsevier BV, 2018-06)
    Wastewater-based epidemiology is an efficient way to assess illicit drug use, complementing currently used methods retrieved from different data sources. The aim of this study is to compare stimulant drug use in five Nordic capital cities that include ...
  • Reynolds, D. J.; Scourse, J. D.; Halloran, P. R.; Nederbragt, A. J.; Wanamaker, A. D.; Butler, P. G.; Richardson, C. A.; Heinemeier, J.; Eiriksson, Jon; Knudsen, K. L.; Hall, I. R. (Springer Nature, 2016-12-06)
    Owing to the lack of absolutely dated oceanographic information before the modern instrumental period, there is currently significant debate as to the role played by North Atlantic Ocean dynamics in previous climate transitions (for example, Medieval ...
  • Marques, Y.; Obispo, A. E.; Ricco, L. S.; de Souza, M.; Shelykh, Ivan; Seridonio, A. C (American Physical Society (APS), 2017-07-11)
    The ground state of the diatomic molecules in nature is inevitably bonding, and its first excited state is antibonding. We demonstrate theoretically that, for a pair of distant adatoms placed buried in three-dimensional-Dirac semimetals, this natural ...
  • Hoffmann, Markus; Zimmermann, Bernd; Müller, Gideon Philipp; Schürhoff, Daniel; Kiselev, Nikolai S.; Melcher, Christof; Blügel, Stefan (Springer Nature, 2017-08-21)
    Chiral magnets are an emerging class of topological matter harboring localized and topologically protected vortex-like magnetic textures called skyrmions, which are currently under intense scrutiny as an entity for information storage and processing. ...