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Breast cancer survival in Nordic BRCA2 mutation carriers—unconventional association with oestrogen receptor status

Breast cancer survival in Nordic BRCA2 mutation carriers—unconventional association with oestrogen receptor status


Title: Breast cancer survival in Nordic BRCA2 mutation carriers—unconventional association with oestrogen receptor status
Author: Olafsdottir, Elinborg J.
Borg, Ake
Jensen, Maj Britt
Gerdes, Anne Marie
Johansson, Anna L.V.
Barkardottir, Rosa B.
Johannsson, Oskar T.
Ejlertsen, Bent
Sønderstrup, Ida Marie Heeholm
Hovig, Eivind
... 10 more authors Show all authors
Date: 2020-11-24
Language: English
Scope: 8
University/Institute: Landspitali - The National University Hospital of Iceland
Department: Clinical Laboratory Services, Diagnostics and Blood Bank
Faculty of Medicine
Series: British Journal of Cancer; 123(11)
ISSN: 0007-0920
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41416-020-01056-4
Subject: Oncology; Cancer Research
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/3382

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Citation:

Olafsdottir , E J , Borg , A , Jensen , M B , Gerdes , A M , Johansson , A L V , Barkardottir , R B , Johannsson , O T , Ejlertsen , B , Sønderstrup , I M H , Hovig , E , Lænkholm , A V , Hansen , T V O , Olafsdottir , G H , Rossing , M , Jonasson , J G , Sigurdsson , S , Loman , N , Nilsson , M P , Narod , S A & Tryggvadottir , L 2020 , ' Breast cancer survival in Nordic BRCA2 mutation carriers—unconventional association with oestrogen receptor status ' , British Journal of Cancer , vol. 123 , no. 11 , pp. 1608-1615 . https://doi.org/10.1038/s41416-020-01056-4

Abstract:

Background: The natural history of breast cancer among BRCA2 carriers has not been clearly established. In a previous study from Iceland, positive ER status was a negative prognostic factor. We sought to identify factors that predicted survival after invasive breast cancer in an expanded cohort of BRCA2 carriers. Methods: We studied 608 women with invasive breast cancer and a pathogenic BRCA2 mutation (variant) from four Nordic countries. Information on prognostic factors and treatment was retrieved from health records and by analysis of archived tissue specimens. Hazard ratios (HR) were estimated for breast cancer-specific survival using Cox regression. Results: About 77% of cancers were ER-positive, with the highest proportion (83%) in patients under 40 years. ER-positive breast cancers were more likely to be node-positive (59%) than ER-negative cancers (34%) (P < 0.001). The survival analysis included 584 patients. Positive ER status was protective in the first 5 years from diagnosis (multivariate HR = 0.49; 95% CI 0.26–0.93, P = 0.03); thereafter, the effect was adverse (HR = 1.91; 95% CI 1.07–3.39, P = 0.03). The adverse effect of positive ER status was limited to women who did not undergo endocrine treatment (HR = 2.36; 95% CI 1.26–4.44, P = 0.01) and patients with intact ovaries (HR = 1.99; 95% CI 1.11–3.59, P = 0.02). Conclusions: The adverse effect of a positive ER status in BRCA2 carriers with breast cancer may be contingent on exposure to ovarian hormones.

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Publisher Copyright: © 2020, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Cancer Research UK.

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