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Why babies die in unplanned out-of-institution births : An enquiry into perinatal deaths in Norway 1999–2013

Why babies die in unplanned out-of-institution births : An enquiry into perinatal deaths in Norway 1999–2013


Title: Why babies die in unplanned out-of-institution births : An enquiry into perinatal deaths in Norway 1999–2013
Author: Gunnarsson, Björn
Fasting, Sigurd
Skogvoll, Eirik
Smárason, Alexander Kristinn
Salvesen, Kjell
Date: 2017-03-01
Language: English
Scope: 8
School: School of Health Sciences
Series: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica; 96(3)
ISSN: 0001-6349
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/aogs.13067
Subject: Heimafæðing; Barnadauði; Fæðingarlækningar; Causes of death and associated conditions; Medical Birth Registry of Norway; Norwegian Institute of Public Health; Out-of-institution births; Perinatal mortality; Obstetrics and Gynecology
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/3010

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Citation:

Gunnarsson , B , Fasting , S , Skogvoll , E , Smárason , A K & Salvesen , K 2017 , ' Why babies die in unplanned out-of-institution births : An enquiry into perinatal deaths in Norway 1999–2013 ' , Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica , vol. 96 , no. 3 , pp. 326-333 . https://doi.org/10.1111/aogs.13067

Abstract:

 
Introduction The aims were to describe causes of death associated with unplanned out-of-institution births, and to study whether they could be prevented. Material and methods Retrospective population-based observational study based on data from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway and medical records. Between 1 January 1999 and 31 December 2013, 69 perinatal deaths among 6027 unplanned out-of-institution births, whether unplanned at home, during transportation, or unspecified, were selected for enquiry. Hospital records were investigated and cases classified according to Causes of Death and Associated Conditions. Results 63 cases were reviewed. There were 25 (40%) antepartum deaths, 10 (16%) intrapartum deaths, and 24 neonatal (38%) deaths. Four cases were in the unknown death category (6%). Both gestational age and birthweight followed a bimodal distribution with modes at 24 and 38 weeks and 750 and 3400 g, respectively. The most common main cause of death was infection (n = 14, 22%), neonatal (n = 14, 22%, nine due to extreme prematurity) and placental (n = 12, 19%, seven placental abruptions). There were 86 associated conditions, most commonly perinatal (n = 32), placental (n = 15) and maternal (n = 14). Further classification revealed that the largest subgroup was associated perinatal conditions/sub-optimal care, involving 25 cases (40%), most commonly due to sub-optimal maternal use of available care (n = 14, 22%). Conclusions Infections, neonatal, and placental causes accounted for almost two-thirds of perinatal mortality associated with unplanned out-of-institution births in Norway. Sub-optimal maternal use of available care was found in more than one-fifth of cases.
 
Introduction. The aims were to describe causes of death associated with unplanned out-of-institution births, and to study whether they could be prevented. Material and methods. Retrospective population-based observational study based on data from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway and medical records. Between 1 January 1999 and 31 December 2013, 69 perinatal deaths among 6027 unplanned out-of-institution births, whether unplanned at home, during transportation, or unspecified, were selected for enquiry. Hospital records were investigated and cases classified according to Causes of Death and Associated Conditions. Results. 63 cases were reviewed. There were 25 (40%) antepartum deaths, 10 (16%) intrapartum deaths, and 24 neonatal (38%) deaths. Four cases were in the unknown death category (6%). Both gestational age and birthweight followed a bimodal distribution with modes at 24 and 38 weeks and 750 and 3400 g, respectively. The most common main cause of death was infection (n = 14, 22%), neonatal (n = 14, 22%, nine due to extreme prematurity) and placental (n = 12, 19%, seven placental abruptions). There were 86 associated conditions, most commonly perinatal (n = 32), placental (n = 15) and maternal (n = 14). Further classification revealed that the largest subgroup was associated perinatal conditions/sub-optimal care, involving 25 cases (40%), most commonly due to sub-optimal maternal use of available care (n = 14, 22%). Conclusions. Infections, neonatal, and placental causes accounted for almost two-thirds of perinatal mortality associated with unplanned out-of-institution births in Norway. Sub-optimal maternal use of available care was found in more than one-fifth of cases.
 

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Publisher Copyright: © 2016 Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

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