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Browsing by Subject "Unglingar"

Browsing by Subject "Unglingar"

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  • Arnarsson, Arsaell; Kristófersson, Gísli Kort; Bjarnason, Thoroddur (Wiley, 2017-07-28)
    Introduction. Over the past two decades, alcohol consumption of Icelandic adolescents has decreased dramatically. The aim of this study was to quantify the extent of this reduction and compare it with the trend in cannabis use over a 20 year period and ...
  • Bjarnason, Thoroddur (Wiley, 2014-04-27)
    Prior research has demonstrated that migration intentions are a moderate to strong predictor of individual-level migration across a wide range of countries, but their value for predicting community-level population change remains unclear. Analyses ...
  • Arnarsson, Arsaell; Gísladóttir, Kristín Heba; Jonsson, Stefan Hrafn (Laeknabladid/The Icelandic Medical Journal, 2016-06-02)
    Inngangur: Kynferðisleg áreitni og ofbeldi gagnvart börnum og unglingum er ein alvarlegasta ógn við heilbrigði þeirra. Markmiðið var að rannsaka algengi og áhrif þess á íslenska unglinga í 10. bekk. Efniviður og aðferðir: Rannsóknin byggir á gögnum úr ...
  • Freitas, Camila R.M.; Gunnarsdóttir, Þrúður; Fidelix, Yara L.; Tenório, Thiago R.S.; Hill, James O.; Prado, Wagner L.; Lofrano-Prado, Mara Cristina (Elsevier Editora Ltda, 2016-11-04)
    Objective: To investigate the effects of multidisciplinary treatment with and without psychological counseling on obese adolescents’ self-reported quality of life. Methods: Seventy-six obese adolescents (15.87 ± 1.53 y) were allocated into ...
  • Kristjansson, Alfgeir; Sigfúsdóttir, Inga Dóra (BioMed Central, 2015-04-30)
    Electronic cigarette (EC) use is currently subject to a debate concerning safety, regulation need, and probable contribution to smoking cessation. An important gap in this debate is the lack of distinction between minors and adults. This is problematic ...
  • Hinriksdóttir, Gunnhildur; Tryggvadóttir, Ágústa; Ólafsdóttir, Anna Sigríður; Arngrímsson, Sigurbjörn Árni (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2015-06-15)
    Introduction The interaction between fatness, fitness, and C-reactive protein (CRP) in adolescents is not well characterized but may be important to prevent low grade inflammation. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between ...
  • Ólafsdóttir, Sigríður; Sigurðsson, Baldur (Menntavísindasvið Háskóla Íslands, 2017-12-31)
    Frammistaða íslenskra 15 ára unglinga í lesskilningshluta PISA-rannsóknarinnar hefur dalað um 23 stig frá árinu 2000 til ársins 2015. Lækkunin nemur um hálfu skólaári, en munur á innfæddum nemendum og fyrstu kynslóð innflytjenda hefur nær tvöfaldast á ...
  • Bjarnason, Thoroddur (SAGE Publications, 2009-05-20)
    Preferred emigration destinations among adolescents reflect images and stereotypes of other countries that continuously emerge in a multitude of local and global discourses and from concrete experiences with other countries. The affinities of Icelandic ...
  • Seyfrit, Carole L.; Bjarnason, Thoroddur; Ólafsson, Kjartan (Informa UK Limited, 2010-11-02)
    Rural communities in Iceland have been profoundly affected by natural resource management policies. As part of a regional development strategy, a large aluminum smelter and 650-megawatt hydroelectric plant were built in the sparsely populated Eastfjords ...
  • Lingam, Govinda Ishwar; Sveinbjornsdottir, Sigrun; Thorsteinsson, Einar (Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2017)
    A two-dimensional theory of adolescent coping with cross-cultural and cross-Human Development Index Categories (HDI) application was tested: the Measure of Adolescent Coping Strategies (MACS). The MACS was answered by 809 adolescents of diverse origins ...
  • Jónsdóttir, Kristín (University of Iceland, 2018-06)
    Þessi rannsókn fjallar um tengsl heimila og grunnskóla og markmið hennar var þríþætt: Í fyrsta lagi að lýsa því sem er einkennandi fyrir samskipti heimila og skóla, samstarf foreldra og kennara, og fyrir þátttöku foreldra í skólastarfi. Í öðru lagi ...
  • Sævarsson, Elvar Smári (University of Iceland, 2018-11)
    Background: The academic performance of children has been correlated with their future educational attainment and health and has therefore been viewed as a public health concern. Physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness are known to exert many ...
  • Arnarsson, Arsaell; Bjarnason, Thoroddur (MDPI AG, 2018-07-20)
    This paper tests the hypothesis of whether being bullied in an environment where bullying is infrequent decreases adolescents’ life satisfaction. Analyses were based on the international standard questionnaire from the 2005/2006 Health Behaviour in ...
  • Sigurdardottir, Arun K.; Survonen, Anne; Salanterä, Sanna; Näntö-Salonen, Kirsti; Suhonen, Riitta (Wiley, 2019-01-17)
    Aim: To analyse psychosocial self‐efficacy in adolescents with type 1 diabetes, evalu‐ ate associations between self‐efficacy and metabolic control and background varia‐ bles and determine psychometric properties of the Finnish Diabetes Empowerment Scale ...
  • Bjerregaard, Anne A.; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Kampmann, Freja B.; Olsen, Sjurdur F.; Tetens, Inge (Springer Nature, 2018-01-12)
    Background: With increased focus on dietary intake among youth and risk of diseases later in life, it is of importance, prior to assessing diet-disease relationships, to examine the validity of the dietary assessment tool. This study’s objective was ...
  • Stefánsson, Kristján K. (Univeristy of Iceland, 2017-05)
    The importance of school engagement (i.e., the willingness to engage in learning) for school success, such as good academic achievement and low dropout rates, has been well established. At the same time, intentional selfregulation (ISR; i.e., the ...
  • Eriksson, Lilly; Schnohr, Christina W; Hansen, Fredrik; Välimaa, Raili; Bjarnason, Thoroddur; Torsheim, Torbjørn (Springer Nature, 2010-06-09)
    Background. A positive association between time spent on sedentary screen-based activities and physical complaints has been reported, but the cumulative association between different types of screen-based activities and physical complaints has not been ...
  • Jónsdóttir, Kristín (European Network about Parents in Education, 2015)
    Students’ voices in research on parental involvement in schools are rather weak since many studies report only on opinions of parents and school personnel. This paper draws on findings from a study in 14 compulsory schools and uses data from ...
  • Guðjohnsen, Ragný Þóra; Aðalbjarnardóttir, Sigrún (Stofnun stjórnsýslufræða og stjórnmála við Háskóla Íslands, 2017-12-14)
    Markmið rannsóknarinnar er að kanna viðhorf ungmenna til pólitískrar þátttöku, annars vegar félagslegrar þátttöku, eins og að vernda umhverfið og vinna að mannréttindum, og hins vegar stjórnmálaþátttöku, eins og að kjósa og ganga í stjórnmálaflokk. ...