Opin vísindi

Browsing by Subject "Sykursýki"

Browsing by Subject "Sykursýki"

Sort by: Order: Results:

  • Ingimarsson, Oddur (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2018-04-10)
    Background: Schizophrenia is a chronic serious mental disorder with prevalence close to 0.7%. Early symptoms of schizophrenia generally appear in late adolescence or the early twenties. The prognosis is usually worse in cases of early onset. The ...
  • Hjaltadóttir, Ingibjörg; Sigurdardottir, Arun K. (Læknafélag Íslands, 2015-02)
    Inngangur: Sykursýki er vaxandi vandamál meðal eldra fólks og einn af áhættuþáttum fyrir flutning á hjúkrunarheimili. Ennfremur er sjúkdómabyrði og lyfjanotkun þeirra sem eru með sykursýki oft meiri. Tilgangur rannsóknarinnar var að skoða algengi ...
  • Cesta, Carolyn E; Cohen, Jacqueline M; Pazzagli, Laura; Bateman, Brian T; Bröms, Gabriella; Einarsdottir, Kristjana; Furu, Kari; Havard, Alys; Heino, Anna; Hernandez-Diaz, Sonia; Huybrechts, Krista F; Karlstad, Øystein; Kieler, Helle; Li, Jiong; Leinonen, Maarit K; Gulseth, Hanne L; Tran, Duong; Yu, Yongfu; Zoega, Helga; Odsbu, Ingvild (BMJ, 2019-11-01)
    Objective Diabetes in pregnancy and consequently the need for treatment with antidiabetic medication (ADM) has become increasingly prevalent. The prevalence and patterns of use of ADM in pregnancy from 2006 onward in seven different countries was ...
  • Antvorskov, Julie C; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Josefsen, Knud; Svensson, Jannet; Granström, Charlotta; Roep, Bart O; Olesen, Trine H; Hrolfsdottir, Laufey; Buschard, Karsten; Olsen, Sjurdur F. (BMJ, 2018-09-19)
    Objective To examine the association between prenatal gluten exposure and offspring risk of type 1 diabetes in humans. Design National prospective cohort study. Setting National health information registries in Denmark. Participants Pregnant ...
  • Hrolfsdottir, Laufey; Gunnarsdottir, Ingibjorg; Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva; Hreiðarsdóttir, Ingibjörg Th.; Smárason, Alexander; Hardardottir, Hildur; Halldorsson, Thorhallur (MDPI AG, 2019-08-11)
    Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is predominantly a lifestyle disease, with diet being an important modifiable risk factor. A major obstacle for the prevention in clinical practice is the complexity of assessing diet. In a cohort of 1651 Icelandic ...
  • Handsaker, Joseph C.; Brown, Steven J.; Petrovic, Milos; Bowling, Frank L.; Rajbhandari, Satyan; Marple-Horvat, Dilwyn E; Boulton, Andrew J.M.; Reeves, Neil D. (Elsevier BV, 2019-10)
    Introduction: Patients with diabetes and diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) place their feet with less accuracy whilst walking, which may contribute to the increased falls-risk. This study examines the effects of a multi-faceted intervention on ...
  • Chakraborty, Sandeep; Rendón-Ramírez, Adela; Ásgeirsson, Bjarni; Dutta, Mouparna; Ghosh, Anindya S.; Oda, Masataka; Venkatramani, Ravindra; Rao, Basuthkar J.; Dandekar, Abhaya M.; Goñi, Félix M. (F1000Research, 2015-01-29)
    The long term side effects of any newly introduced drug is a subject of intense research, and often raging controversies. One such example is the dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP4) inhibitor used for treating type 2 diabetes, which is inconclusively ...
  • Otten, Julia; Andersson, Jonas; Ståhl, Jens; Stomby, Andreas; Saleh, Ahmed; Waling, Maria; Ryberg, Mats; Hauksson, Jon; Svensson, Michael; Johansson, Bengt; Olsson, Tommy (Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health), 2019-01-22)
    Background The accumulation of myocardial triglycerides and remodeling of the left ventricle are common features in type 2 diabetes mellitus and represent potential risk factors for the development of diastolic and systolic dysfunction. A few studies ...
  • Costa, Margarida; Rosa, Filipa; Ribeiro, Tiago; Hernandez-Bautista, Rene; Bonaldo, Marco; Gonçalves Silva, Natália; Eiríksson, Finnur F.; Thorsteinsdóttir, Margrét; Ussar, Siegfried; Urbatzka, Ralph (MDPI AG, 2019-05-10)
    Obesity is a complex disease resulting in several metabolic co-morbidities and is increasing at epidemic rates. The marine environment is an interesting resource of novel compounds and in particular cyanobacteria are well known for their capacity to ...
  • Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Thorgeirsson, Gudmundur; Sulem, Patrick; Helgadottir, Anna; Gylfason, Arnaldur; Sæmundsdóttir, Jóna; Björnsson, Eyþór; Norðdahl, Guðmundur L.; Jónasdóttir, Áslaug; Jónasdóttir, Aðalbjörg; Eggertsson, Hannes; Grétarsdóttir, Sólveig; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Indridason, Olafur Skuli; Palsson, Runolfur; Jónasson, Friðbert; Jonsdottir, Ingileif; Eyjólfsson, Guðmundur I.; Sigurðardóttir, Ólöf; Ólafsson, Ísleifur; Danielsen, Ragnar; Matthíasson, Stefán E.; Kristmundsdóttir, Snædís; Halldórsson, Bjarni V.; Hreiðarsson, Ástráður Benedikt; Valdimarsson, Einar M.; Gudnason, Thorarinn; Benediktsson, Rafn; Steinthorsdottir, Valgerdur; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Holm, Hilma; Stefansson, Kari (Elsevier BV, 2019-12-17)
    Background: Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is a causal risk factor for cardiovascular diseases that has no established therapy. The attribute of Lp(a) that affects cardiovascular risk is not established. Low levels of Lp(a) have been associated with type 2 ...
  • Thorsen, Steffen; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Bjerregaard, Anne; Olsen, Sjurdur F.; Svensson, Jannet (MDPI AG, 2019-03-29)
    Background: Iron overload has been associated with diabetes. Studies on iron exposure during pregnancy and in early life and risk of childhood type 1 diabetes (T1D) are sparse. We investigated whether iron supplementation during pregnancy and early in ...
  • Bjarnason, Thorarinn Arni; Hafþórsson, Steinar O.; Kristinsdóttir, Linda B.; Óskarsdóttir, Erna S.; Aspelund, Thor; Sigurðsson, Sigurður; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Andersen, Karl (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2017-08-30)
    Background Type 2 diabetes and prediabetes are established risk factors for atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the atherosclerotic plaque burden in the carotid arteries of patients with acute coronary syndrome according to their ...
  • Survonen, Anne; Salanterä, Sanna; Näntö-Salonen, Kirsti; Sigurdardottir, Arun K.; Suhonen, Riitta (Wiley, 2019-01-17)
    Aim: To analyse psychosocial self‐efficacy in adolescents with type 1 diabetes, evalu‐ ate associations between self‐efficacy and metabolic control and background varia‐ bles and determine psychometric properties of the Finnish Diabetes Empowerment Scale ...
  • Steinarsson, Andri O.; Rawshani, Araz; Gudbjörnsdottir, Soffia; Franzén, Stefan; Svensson, Ann-Marie; Sattar, Naveed (Springer Nature, 2018-01-09)
    Aims/hypothesis The reasons underlying a greater association of premature mortality with early-onset type 2 diabetes relative to late-onset disease are unclear. We evaluated the clinical characteristics at type 2 diabetes diagnosis and the broad ...
  • Bjarnason, Thorarinn Arni (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-06)
    Sykursýki 2 (SS2) og forstig SS2 eru þekktir áhættuþættir æðakölkunar og alvarlegra fylgikvilla hjarta- og æðasjúkdóma. Skimun sjúklinga með brátt kransæðaheilkenni (BKH) með sykurþolsprófi hefur gefið til kynna hátt algengi ógreindrar SS2 og forstigs ...