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Browsing by Subject "Spectroscopy"

Browsing by Subject "Spectroscopy"

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  • Memarian, Parastoo; Pishavar, Elham; Zanotti, Federica; Trentini, Martina; Camponogara, Francesca; Soliani, Elisa; Gargiulo, Paolo; Isola, Maurizio; Zavan, Barbara (2022-01-18)
    The successful clinical application of bone tissue engineering requires customized implants based on the receiver’s bone anatomy and defect characteristics. Three-dimensional (3D) printing in small animal orthopedics has recently emerged as a valuable ...
  • Júlíusson, Haraldur Yngvi (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Physical Sciences, 2020-02-01)
    Rafeindasegullitrófsgreiningu (e. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance, EPR) er reglubundið beitt í rannsóknum á byggingu og hreyfingu kjarnsýra til að fá upplýsingar um starfsemi þeirra og hlutverk. Innleiðing meðseglandi kjarna á ákveðinn stað í kjarnsýrum ...
  • HASSOUN, ABDO; Gudjónsdóttir, María; Prieto, Miguel A.; Garcia-Oliveira, Paula; Simal-Gandara, Jesus; Marini, Federico; Di Donato, Francesca; D'Archivio, Angelo; Biancolillo, Alessandra (MDPI AG, 2020-08-14)
    In this review, we summarize the most recent advances in monitoring changes induced in fish and other seafood, and meat and meat products, following the application of traditional processing processes by means of conventional and emerging advanced ...
  • Lv, Zhiyong; Zhang, Penglin; Benediktsson, Jon Atli (MDPI AG, 2017-03-17)
    Aerial image classification has become popular and has attracted extensive research efforts in recent decades. The main challenge lies in its very high spatial resolution but relatively insufficient spectral information. To this end, spatial-spectral ...
  • Jagtap, Anil P.; Geiger, Michel-Andreas; Stöppler, Daniel; Orwick-Rydmark, Marcella; Oschkinat, Hartmut; Sigurdsson, Snorri (Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC), 2016)
    Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) is an efficient method to overcome the inherent low sensitivity of magic-angle spinning (MAS) solid-state NMR. We report a new polarizing agent (bcTol), designed for biological applications, that yielded an enhancement ...
  • Pálsson, Burkni; Sveinsson, Jóhannes Rúnar; Úlfarsson, Magnús Örn (2022-01-01)
    Deep learning has shown to be a powerful tool and has heavily impacted the data-intensive field of remote sensing. As a result, the number of published deep learning-based spectral unmixing techniques is proliferating. Blind hyperspectral unmixing (HU) ...
  • Rees, Julian A.; Bjornsson, Ragnar; Kowalska, Joanna K.; Lima, Frederico A.; Schlesier, Julia; Sippel, Daniel; Weyhermüller, Thomas; Einsle, Oliver; Kovacs, Julie A.; DeBeer, Serena (Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC), 2017)
    An investigation of the active site cofactors of the molybdenum and vanadium nitrogenases (FeMoco and FeVco) was performed using high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy. Synthetic heterometallic iron–sulfur cluster models and density functional theory ...
  • Belyakov, Alexander V.; Sigolaev, Yrii F.; Shlykov, Sergey A.; Wallevik, Sunna Ó.; Jónsdóttir, Nanna R.; Jónsdóttir, Sigríður; Kvaran, Agust; Bjornsson, Ragnar; Árnason, Ingvar (Elsevier BV, 2017-03)
    The conformational preference of the cyano group of the 1-cyano-1-silacyclohexane was studied experimentally by means of gas electron diffraction (GED) and dynamic nuclear magnetic resonance (DNMR) as well as by quantum chemical (QC) calculations ...
  • Ísberg, Ólöf Gerður; Xiang, Yuchen; Böðvarsdóttir, Sigríður Klara; Jónasson, Jón Gunnlaugur; Þorsteinsdóttir, Margrét; Takats, Zoltan (2021-11)
    Background: Metabolites, especially lipids, have been shown to be promising therapeutic targets. In conjugation with genes and proteins they can be used to identify phenotypes of disease and support the development of targeted treatments. The majority ...
  • Kjær, Kasper S.; Van Driel, Tim B.; Harlang, Tobias C. B.; Kunnus, Kristjan; Biasin, Elisa; Ledbetter, Kathryn; Hartsock, Robert W.; Reinhard, Marco E.; Koroidov, Sergey; Li, Lin; Laursen, Mads G.; Hansen, Frederik B.; Vester, Peter; Christensen, Morten; Haldrup, Kristoffer; Nielsen, Martin M.; Ougaard Dohn, Asmus; Pápai, Mátyás I.; Møller, Klaus Braagaard; Chabera, Pavel; Liu, Yizhu; Tatsuno, Hideyuki; Timm, Cornelia; Jarenmark, Martin; Uhlig, Jens; Sundstöm, Villy; Wärnmark, Kenneth; Persson, Petter; Németh, Zoltán; Szemes, Dorottya Sárosiné; Bajnóczi, Éva; Vankó, György; Alonso-Mori, Roberto; Glownia, James M.; Nelson, Silke; Sikorski, Marcin; Sokaras, Dimosthenis; Canton, Sophie E.; Lemke, Henrik T.; Gaffney, Kelly J. (Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC), 2019-04-22)
    Light-driven molecular reactions are dictated by the excited state potential energy landscape, depending critically on the location of conical intersections and intersystem crossing points between potential surfaces where non-adiabatic effects govern ...
  • Grytz, C. M.; Marko, A.; Cekan, P.; Sigurdsson, Snorri; Prisner, Thomas F. (Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC), 2016)
    The cocaine aptamer is a DNA three-way junction that binds cocaine at its helical junction. We studied the global conformation and overall flexibility of the aptamer in the absence and presence of cocaine by pulsed electron-electron double resonance ...
  • Sammar, Marei; Drobnjak, Tijana; Mandala, Maurizio; Gizurarson, Sveinbjörn; Huppertz, Berthold; Meiri, Hamutal (2019-07-01)
    Galectins regulate cell growth, proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, signal transduction, mRNA splicing, and interactions with the extracellular matrix. Here we focus on the galectins in the reproductive system, particularly on a group of six ...
  • Wei, Zhongwang; Lee, Xuhui; Aemisegger, Franziska; Benetti, Marion; Berkelhammer, Max; Casado, Mathieu; Caylor, Kelly; Christner, Emanuel; Dyroff, Christoph; García, Omaira; González, Yenny; Griffis, Timothy; Kurita, Naoyuki; Liang, Jie; Liang, Mao-Chang; Lin, Guanghui; Noone, David; Gribanov, Konstantin; Munksgaard, Niels C.; Schneider, Matthias; Ritter, François; Steen-Larsen, Hans Christian; Vallet-Coulomb, Christine; Wen, Xuefa; Wright, Jonathon S.; Xiao, Wei; Yoshimura, Kei (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-01-22)
    The isotopic composition of water vapour provides integrated perspectives on the hydrological histories of air masses and has been widely used for tracing physical processes in hydrological and climatic studies. Over the last two decades, the infrared ...
  • Zimta, Alina-Andreea; Sigurjonsson, Olafur Eysteinn; Gulei, Diana; Tomuleasa, Ciprian (MDPI AG, 2020-08-15)
    Nowadays, advancements in the oncology sector regarding diagnosis methods allow us to specifically detect an increased number of cancer patients, some of them in incipient stages. However, one of the main issues consists of the invasive character of ...
  • López García de Lomana, Adrián; Vilhjálmsson, Arnar Ingi; McGarrity, Sarah; Sigurðardóttir, Rósa; Anuforo, Ósk; Viktorsdóttir, Alexía Rós; Kotronoulas, Aris; Bergmann, Andreas; Franzson, Leifur; Halldórsson, Haraldur; Henriksen, Hanne H.; Wade, Charles E.; Johansson, Pär Ingemar; Rolfsson, Óttar (2022-03-15)
    Disruption to endothelial cell homeostasis results in an extensive variety of human pathologies that are particularly relevant to major trauma. Circulating catecholamines, such as adrenaline and noradrenaline, activate endothelial adrenergic receptors ...
  • Rasti, Behnood; Scheunders, Paul; Ghamisi, Pedram; Licciardi, Giorgio; Chanussot, Jocelyn (MDPI AG, 2018-03-20)
    Hyperspectral remote sensing is based on measuring the scattered and reflected electromagnetic signals from the Earth’s surface emitted by the Sun. The received radiance at the sensor is usually degraded by atmospheric effects and instrumental (sensor) ...
  • Ward, Zoe; Schmeier, Sebastian; Saddic, Louis; Sigurðsson, Martin Ingi; Cameron, Vicky A.; Pearson, John; Miller, Allison; Morley‐bunker, Arthur; Gorham, Josh; Seidman, Jonathan G.; Moravec, Christine S.; Sweet, Wendy E.; Aranki, Sary F.; Body, Simon; Muehlschlegel, Jochen D.; Pilbrow, Anna P. (2021-10-20)
    BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. We aimed to identify novel lncRNAs associated with the early response to ischemia in the heart. METHODS AND RESULTS: RNA sequencing data ...
  • Kalkhoran, Siavash Beikoghli; Kararigas, Georgios (2022-02-01)
    Biological sex influences disease development and progression. The steroid hormone 17β-oestradiol (E2), along with its receptors, is expected to play a major role in the manifestation of sex differences. E2 exerts pleiotropic effects in a system-specific ...
  • Saha, Subham; Jagtap, Anil P.; Sigurdsson, Snorri (Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC), 2015)
    Two aromatic isothiocyanates, derived from isoindoline nitroxides, were synthesized and selectively reacted with 2′-amino groups in RNA. The spin labels displayed limited mobility in RNA, making them promising candidates for distance measurements by ...
  • Abbehausen, Camilla; de Paiva, Raphael Enoque Ferraz; Bjornsson, Ragnar; Gomes, Saulo Quintana; Du, Zhifeng; Corbi, Pedro Paulo; Lima, Frederico Alves; Farrell, Nicholas (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2018)
    A combination of two elements’ (Au, Zn) X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) allowed the elucidation of differential substitution pathways of Au(I) and Au(III) compounds reacting with biologically ...