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Browsing by Subject "Sameindalíffræði"

Browsing by Subject "Sameindalíffræði"

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  • Káradóttir, Harpa; Nikhil Nitin, Kulkarn; Guðjónsson, Þórarinn; Karason, Sigurbergur; Guðmundsson, Guðmundur Hrafn (PeerJ, 2015-12-07)
    Mechanical ventilation (MV) of patients can cause damage to bronchoalveolar epithelium, leading to a sterile inflammatory response, infection and in severe cases sepsis. Limited knowledge is available on the effects of MV on the innate immune defense ...
  • Guðbrandsson, Jóhannes; Franzdottir, Sigridur Rut; Kristjansson, Bjarni K.; Pashay Ahi, Ehsan; Maier, Valerie H.; Kapralova, Kalina H.; Snorrason, Sigurdur S; Jónsson, Zophonías Oddur; Palsson, Arnar (PeerJ, 2018-02-07)
    Phenotypic differences between closely related taxa or populations can arise through genetic variation or be environmentally induced, leading to altered transcription of genes during development. Comparative developmental studies of closely related ...
  • Kapralova, Kalina H.; Guðbrandsson, Jóhannes; Reynisdottir, Sigrun; Santos, Cristina B.; Baltanás, Vanessa C; Maier, Valerie H. untranslated; Snorrason, Sigurdur S.; Palsson, Arnar (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2013-07-24)
    Northern freshwater fish may be suitable for the genetic dissection of ecological traits because they invaded new habitats after the last ice age (∼10.000 years ago). Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) colonizing streams and lakes in Iceland gave rise ...
  • Stefánsson, Bjarki; Sandholt, Gunnar Birgir; Gudmundsdottir, Ágústa (Elsevier BV, 2017-01)
    Trypsins from Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), consisting of several isoenzymes, are highly active cold-adapted serine proteases. These trypsins are isolated for biomedical use in an eco-friendly manner from underutilized seafood by-products. Our group has ...
  • Ludwig, Michael Z; Palsson, Arnar; Alekseeva, Elena; Bergman, Casey M; Nathan, Janaki; Kreitman, Martin (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2005-03-15)
    Lack of knowledge about how regulatory regions evolve in relation to their structure–function may limit the utility of comparative sequence analysis in deciphering cis-regulatory sequences. To address this we applied reverse genetics to carry out a ...
  • Ingthorsson, Saevar; Andersen, K; Hilmarsdóttir, Bylgja; Mælandsmo, Gunhild M; Magnusson, Magnus Karl; Gudjonsson, Thorarinn (Springer Nature, 2015-12-21)
    The members of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) kinase family are important players in breast morphogenesis and cancer. EGFR2/HER2 and EGFR expression have a prognostic value in certain subtypes of breast cancer such as HER2-amplified, ...
  • Basil, Sheeba Santhini (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2018)
    Lichens are a classic example of mutualism, where both partners benefit from each other. The mycobiont serves the photobiont by providing shelter, nutrients, and moisture from the environment and receives carbohydrates and sometimes fixed nitrogen from ...
  • Wesolowska, Natalia; Reynisdóttir, Sigrún; Ludwig, Michael Z.; Kreitman, Martin; Palsson, Arnar (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2014-05-01)
    Changes in regulatory DNA contribute to phenotypic differences within and between taxa. Comparative studies show that many transcription factor binding sites (TFBS) are conserved between species whereas functional studies reveal that some mutations ...
  • Gudmundsdottir, Bjorg; Gudmundsson, Kristbjorn Orri; Klarmann, Kimberly D.; Singh, Satyendra K.; Sun, Lei; Singh, Shweta; Du, Yang; Coppola, Vincenzo; Stockwin, Luke; Nguyen, Nhu; Tessarollo, Lino; Thorsteinsson, Leifur; Sigurjonsson, Olafur; Gudmundsson, Sveinn Vidar; Thorsteinsdottir, Thorunn Rafnar; Tisdale, John F.; Keller, Jonathan R. (Elsevier BV, 2018-06-12)
    Fetal globin genes are transcriptionally silenced during embryogenesis through hemoglobin switching. Strategies to derepress fetal globin expression in the adult could alleviate symptoms in sickle cell disease and β-thalassemia. We identified a zinc-finger ...
  • Yurkovich, James; Bordbar, Aarash; Sigurjonsson, Olafur; Palsson, Bernhard O. (Springer Nature, 2018-03-07)
    Blood transfusions are an important part of modern medicine, delivering approximately 85 million blood units to patients annually. Recently, the field of transfusion medicine has started to benefit from the “omic” data revolution and corresponding ...