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Browsing by Subject "Prevalence"

Browsing by Subject "Prevalence"

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  • Daníelsdóttir, Hilda Björk; Aspelund, Thor; Thordardottir, Edda Bjork; Fall, Katja; Fang, Fang; Tómasson, Gunnar; Rúnarsdóttir, Harpa; Yang, Qian; Choi, Karmel W; Kennedy, Beatrice; Halldorsdottir, Thorhildur; Lu, Donghao; Song, Huan; Jakobsdóttir, Jóhanna; Hauksdóttir, Arna; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur Anna (2022-02-01)
    Background: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have consistently been associated with elevated risk of multiple adverse health outcomes, yet their contribution to coping ability and psychiatric resilience in adulthood is unclear. Methods: Cross-sectional ...
  • Thórsson, Bolli; Guðmundsson, Elías Freyr; Sigurðsson, Gunnar; Aspelund, Thor; Guðnason, Vilmundur G. (2021-05)
    INNGANGUR Fjöldi fólks með sykursýki 2 hefur vaxið undanfarna áratugi á Íslandi. Í þessari rannsókn var notaður Lyfjagagnagrunnur Embættis landlæknis til að meta algengi og nýgengi sykursýki 2 og sett fram spá um algengi sykursýki 2 eftir 10 og 20 ár. ...
  • Axelsson, Gísli Þór; Eyþórsson, Elías Sæbjörn; Harðardóttir, Hrönn; Guðmundsson, Gunnar; Hansdóttir, Sif (2020-12)
    INNGANGUR Heimsfaraldur COVID-19-sjúkdóms af völdum SARS-CoV-2 hefur valdið miklu álagi á heilbrigðiskerfi um allan heim og aðgerðir vegna hans valdið miklu efnahagstjóni. Alvarlegum sjúkdómi fylgir yfirleitt lungnabólga og fylgikvillar frá lungum eru ...
  • Lut, Irina; Lewis, Kate; Wijlaars, Linda; Gilbert, Ruth; Fitzpatrick, Tiffany; Lu, Hong; Guttmann, Astrid; Goldfield, Sharon; Lei, Shaoke; Gunnlaugsson, Geir; Hrafn Jónsson, Stefán; Mechtler, Reli; Gissler, Mika; Hjern, Anders; Hardelid, Pia (2021-10)
    Objectives: To demonstrate the challenges of interpreting cross-country comparisons of paediatric asthma hospital admission rates as an indicator of primary care quality. Methods: We used hospital administrative data from >10 million children aged 6–15 ...
  • Hilmarsdóttir, Ingibjörg; Arnardóttir, Eva Mjöll; Jóhannesdóttir, Elísabet Reykdal; Golparian, Daniel; Unemo, Magnus (2021-02)
    The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of, and risk factors for, Chlamydia trachomatis in at-tendees recruited prospectively from October 2018 to January 2019 at the only sexually transmitted infections clinic in Iceland (in Reykjavík), ...
  • Björnsdóttir, Sigrún Vala (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2017-02-03)
    Background and aims: Worldwide chronic musculoskeletal (MSK) pain is a prevalent problem constituting a considerable societal burden. The aim was to investigate the prevalence of chronic MSK pain conditions in Iceland and the potential impact on physical ...
  • Olason, Daniel; Hayer, Tobias; Meyer, Gerhard; Brosowski, Tim (Frontiers Media SA, 2017-07-25)
    In October 2008, Iceland experienced the fastest and deepest financial crisis recorded in modern times when all three major banks went bankrupt in less than 2 weeks. The purpose of this follow-up study is to examine potential changes in participation ...
  • Madsen, Marie Kjær; Schlünssen, Vivi; Svanes, Cecilie; Johannessen, Ane; Jõgi, Nils Oskar; Holm, Mathias; Janson, Christer; Pereira-Vega, Antonio; Lowe, Adrian J.; Franklin, Karl A.; Malinovschi, Andrei; Sigsgaard, Torben; Abramson, Michael J.; Bertelsen, Randi; Oudin, Anna; Gíslason, Þórarinn; Timm, Signe (2022-07-27)
    The increasing prevalence of asthma is linked to westernization and urbanization. Farm environments have been associated with a lower risk of asthma development. However, this may not be universal, as the association differs across birth cohorts and ...
  • Ajjampur, Sitara S.R.; Kaliappan, Saravanakumar Puthupalayam; Halliday, Katherine E.; Palanisamy, Gokila; Farzana, Jasmine; Manuel, Malathi; Abraham, Dilip; Laxmanan, Selvi; Aruldas, Kumudha; Rose, Anuradha; Kennedy, David S.; Oswald, William E.; Pullan, Rachel L.; Galagan, Sean R.; Ásbjörnsdóttir, Kristjana Hrönn; Anderson, Roy M.; Muliyil, Jayaprakash; Sarkar, Rajiv; Kang, Gagandeep; Walson, Judd L. (2021-04-30)
    Since 2015, India has coordinated the largest school-based deworming program globally, targeting soil-transmitted helminths (STH) in ~250 million children aged 1 to 19 years twice yearly. Despite substantial progress in reduction of morbidity associated ...
  • Avokpaho, Euripide F.G.A.; Houngbégnon, Parfait; Accrombessi, Manfred; Atindégla, Eloïc; Yard, Elodie; Means, Arianna Rubin; Kennedy, David S.; Littlewood, D. Timothy J.; Garcia, André; Massougbodji, Achille; Galagan, Sean R.; Walson, Judd L.; Cottrell, Gilles; Ibikounlé, Moudachirou; Ásbjörnsdóttir, Kristjana Hrönn; Luty, Adrian J.F. (2021-08-17)
    Background Despite several years of school-based MDA implementation, STH infections remain an important public health problem in Benin, with a country-wide prevalence of 20% in 2015. The DeWorm3 study is designed to assess the feasibility of using ...
  • Truscott, James E.; Hardwick, Robert J.; Werkman, Marleen; Saravanakumar, Puthupalayam Kaliappan; Manuel, Malathi; Ajjampur, Sitara S.R.; Ásbjörnsdóttir, Kristjana Hrönn; Khumbo, Kalua; Witek-McManus, Stefan; Simwanza, James; Cottrell, Gilles; Houngbégnon, Parfait; Ibikounlé, Moudachirou; Walson, Judd L.; Anderson, Roy M. (2021-01-20)
    BACKGROUND: The DeWorm3 project is an ongoing cluster-randomised trial assessing the feasibility of interrupting the transmission of soil-transmitted helminths (STH) through mass drug administration (MDA) using study sites in India, Malawi and Benin. ...
  • Grabenhenrich, Linus; Trendelenburg, Valérie; Bellach, Johanna; Yürek, Songül; Reich, Andreas; Fiandor, Ana; Rivero, Daniela; Sigurðardóttir, Sigurveig; Clausen, Michael; Papadopoulos, Nikolaos G.; Xepapadaki, Paraskevi; Sprikkelman, Aline B.; Dontje, Bianca; Roberts, Graham; Grimshaw, Kate; Kowalski, Marek L.; Kurowski, Marcin; Dubakiene, Ruta; Rudzeviciene, Odilija; Fernández‐Rivas, Montserrat; Couch, Philip; Versteeg, Serge A.; Ree, Ronald; Mills, Clare; Keil, Thomas; Beyer, Kirsten (Wiley, 2020-05-19)
    Background: The prevalence of food allergy (FA) among European school children is poorly defined. Estimates have commonly been based on parent-reported symptoms. We aimed to estimate the frequency of FA and sensitization against food allergens in primary ...
  • Hjaltadóttir, Katrín; Haraldsdóttir, Kristín Huld; Möller, Páll Helgi (2020-10)
    Ágrip Gallsteinar og fylgikvillar þeirra eru með algengustu innlagnarástæðum á skurðdeildir. Meðalalgengi gallsteina er um 20% og virðist sem innlögnum og aðgerðum vegna þeirra fari fjölgandi. Gallsteinar myndast yfirleitt í gallblöðrunni en geta einnig ...
  • Dighton, Glen; Roberts, Elystan; Hoon, Alice E.; Dymond, Simon (Akademiai Kiado Zrt., 2018-04-16)
    Background and aims: International evidence indicates elevated problem gambling rates in armed forces veterans compared with the general population. Gambling problems adversely impact one's family, and family-related variables may increase vulnerability ...
  • Dovey de la Cour, Cecilie; Guleria, Sonia; Nygård, Mari; Tryggvadottir, Laufey; Sigurdsson, Kristjan; Liaw, Kaili; Hortlund, Maria; Lagheden, Camilla; Hansen, Bo Terning; Munk, Christian; Dillner, Joakim; Kjaer, Susanne K. (Wiley, 2019-01-11)
    It is valuable to establish a population‐based prevaccination baseline distribution of human papillomavirus (HPV) types among women with high‐grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 2 or 3 and cervical cancer in order to assess the potential ...
  • Thorsteinsson, Daniel A.; Stefánsdóttir, Vigdís Fjóla; Eysteinsson, Þór; Thorisdottir, Sigridur; Jónsson, Jón Jóhannes (2021-08)
    The study objective was to delineate the genetics of inherited retinal degenerations (IRDs) in Iceland, a small nation of 364.000 and a genetic isolate. Benefits include delineating novel pathogenic genetic variants and defining genetically homogenous ...
  • Adamou, Marios; Arif, Muhammad; Asherson, Philip; Aw, Tar-Ching; Bolea, Blanca; Coghill, David; Guðjónsson, Gísli; Halmøy, Anne; Hodgkins, Paul; Müller, Ulrich; Pitts, Mark; Trakoli, Anna; Williams, Nerys; Young, Susan (Biomed Central LTD, 2013-02-17)
    Background: ADHD is a common neurodevelopmental disorder that persists into adulthood. Its symptoms cause impairments in a number of social domains, one of which is employment. We wish to produce a consensus statement on how ADHD affects employment. Methods: ...
  • Halldórsson, Þórhallur Ingi; Birgisdóttir, Bryndís Eva; Brantsæter, Anne Lise; Meltzer, Helle Margrete; Haugen, Margaretha; Þórsdóttir, Inga; Ólafsdóttir, Anna Sigríður; Olsen, Sjurdur F. (2021-01-29)
    BACKGROUND: A previous randomized dietary intervention in pregnant women from the 1970s, the Harlem Trial, reported retarded fetal growth and excesses of very early preterm births and neonatal deaths among those receiving high-protein supplementation. ...
  • Gilden, Don; White, Teresa; Khmeleva, Nelly; Heintzman, Anna; Choe, Alexander; Boyer, Philip J; Grose, Charles; Carpenter, John E; Rempel, April; Bos, Nathan; Kandasamy, Balasubramaniyam; Lear-Kaul, Kelly; Holmes, Dawn B; Bennett, Jeffrey L; Cohrs, Randall J; Mahalingam, Ravi; Mandava, Naresh; Eberhart, Charles G; Bockelman, Brian; Poppiti, Robert J; Tamhankar, Madhura A; Fogt, Franz; Amato, Malena; Wood, Edward; Durairaj, Vikram; Rasmussen, Steve; Petursdottir, Vigdis; Pollak, Lea; Mendlovic, Sonia; Chatelain, Denis; Keyvani, Kathy; Brueck, Wolfgang; Nagel, Maria A (2015-05-12)
    Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection may trigger the inflammatory cascade that characterizes giant cell arteritis (GCA). Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded GCA-positive temporal artery (TA) biopsies (50 sections/TA) including adjacent skeletal muscle ...
  • Gunnlaugsson, Geir; Einarsdóttir, Jónína (Wiley, 2018-04-24)
    Aim: This review examined and summarised the research published on child abuse in Iceland, which was mainly in the country's native language, to make the findings more accessible to English speakers. It specifically focused on child rearing and the ...