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Browsing by Subject "Oncology"

Browsing by Subject "Oncology"

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  • Miettinen, Juho J.; Kumari, Romika; Traustadóttir, Gunnhildur Ásta; Huppunen, Maiju Emilia; Sergeev, Philipp; Majumder, Muntasir M.; Schepsky, Alexander; Guðjónsson, Þórarinn; Lievonen, Juha; Bazou, Despina; Dowling, Paul; O‘gorman, Peter; Slipicevic, Ana; Anttila, Pekka; Silvennoinen, Raija; Nupponen, Nina N.; Lehmann, Fredrik; Heckman, Caroline A. (2021-03-26)
    Multiple myeloma (MM) is characterized by extensive immunoglobulin production leading to an excessive load on protein homeostasis in tumor cells. Aminopeptidases contribute to proteolysis by catalyzing the hydrolysis of amino acids from proteins or ...
  • Yanes, Manar; Santoni, Giola; Maret-Ouda, John; Ness-Jensen, Eivind; Färkkilä, Martti; Lynge, Elsebeth; Nwaru, Bright; Pukkala, Eero; Romundstad, Pål; Tryggvadottir, Laufey; von Euler-Chelpin, My; Lagergren, Jesper (Elsevier BV, 2020-10)
    Introduction: Airway micro-aspiration might contribute to the proposed associations between gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and some lung diseases, including lung cancer. This study aimed to examine the hypothesis that antireflux surgery decreases ...
  • Stefánsson, Ólafur A.; Hilmarsdóttir, Hólmfridur; Ólafsdóttir, Kristrún; Tryggvadóttir, Laufey; Sverrisdóttir, Ásgerdur; Jóhannsson, Óskar Þór; Jónasson, Jón Gunnlaugur; Eyfjörð, Jórunn Erla; Sigurdsson, Stefán Þórarinn (2019-12-11)
    Background: Breast Cancer 1 gene (BRCA1) is known to be inactivated in breast tumors by promoter methylation. Tumor cells in patients carrying a germline mutation in BRCA1 are sensitive to cytotoxic drugs that cause DNA double strand breaks. However, ...
  • GEMO Study Collaborators; EMBRACE Collaborators; kConFab Investigators; HEBON Investigators; Consortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1 and BRCA2 (2022-01-11)
    BACKGROUND: Recent population-based female breast cancer and prostate cancer polygenic risk scores (PRS) have been developed. We assessed the associations of these PRS with breast and prostate cancer risks for male BRCA1 and BRCA2 pathogenic variant ...
  • Björnsson, Einar Stefán (2021-06-28)
    Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) should be considered in all patients with recent elevation of liver tests without obvious etiology and normal hepatobiliary imaging. There is currently no biomarker that is helpful in diagnosis which relies on clinical ...
  • Sigurdardottir, Anna Karen; Jonasdottir, Arna Steinunn; Asbjarnarson, Arni; Helgudottir, Hildur Run; Gudjonsson, Thorarinn; Traustadottir, Gunnhildur Asta (2021-12)
    Due to an error during typesetting, an incomplete Supplementary file was originally published with this article. Supplementary figures were missing and this has now been uploaded. The original article has been corrected.
  • Frick, Elisabet; Gudjonsson, Thorkell; Eyfjörð, Jórunn Erla; Jonasson, Jon; Tryggvadóttir, Laufey; Stefansson, Olafur; Sigurdsson, Stefan (Impact Journals, LLC, 2019-07-23)
    Estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer is subdivided into subtypes LuminalA and LuminalB, based on different expression patterns. MicroRNA-190b has been reported to be up-regulated in estrogen receptor-positive breast cancers. In this study we aimed ...
  • Barkovskaya, Anna; Goodwin, Craig M.; Seip, Kotryna; Hilmarsdottir, Bylgja; Pettersen, Solveig; Stalnecker, Clint; Engebraaten, Olav; Briem, Eirikur; Der, Channing J.; Moestue, Siver A.; Gudjonsson, Thorarinn; Mælandsmo, Gunhild M.; Prasmickaite, Lina (2021-05-01)
    Cellular phenotype plasticity between the epithelial and mesenchymal states has been linked to metastasis and heterogeneous responses to cancer therapy, and remains a challenge for the treatment of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Here, we used ...
  • Mateos, Marion K.; Tulstrup, Morten; Quinn, Michael C.J.; Tuckuviene, Ruta; Marshall, Glenn M.; Gupta, Ramneek; Mayoh, Chelsea; Wolthers, Benjamin O.; Barbaro, Pasquale M.; Ruud, Ellen; Sutton, Rosemary; Huttunen, Pasi; Revesz, Tamas; Trakymiene, Sonata S.; Barbaric, Draga; Tedgård, Ulf; Giles, Jodie E.; Alvaro, Frank; Jonsson, Olafur G.; Mechinaud, Françoise; Saks, Kadri; Catchpoole, Daniel; Kotecha, Rishi S.; Dalla-Pozza, Luciano; Chenevix-Trench, Georgia; Trahair, Toby N.; Macgregor, Stuart; Schmiegelow, Kjeld (2020-05)
    Symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) occurs in five percent of children treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), but whether a genetic predisposition exists across different ALL treatment regimens has not been well studied. Methods: We ...
  • Rögnvaldsson, Sæmundur; Love, Thorvardur Jon; Thorsteinsdottir, Sigrun; Reed, Elín Ruth; Óskarsson, Jón Þórir; Pétursdóttir, Íris; Sigurðardóttir, Guðrún Ásta; Viðarsson, Brynjar; Önundarson, Páll Torfi; Agnarsson, Bjarni A.; Sigurðardóttir, Margrét; Þorsteinsdóttir, Ingunn; Ólafsson, Ísleifur; Þórðardóttir, Ásdís Rósa; Eyþórsson, Elías; Jónsson, Ásbjörn; Björnsson, Andri S.; Gunnarsson, Gunnar Þór; Pálsson, Runólfur; Indriðason, Ólafur Skúli; Gíslason, Gauti Kjartan; Ólafsson, Andri; Hákonardóttir, Guðlaug Katrín; Brinkhuis, Manje; Halldórsdóttir, Sara Lovísa; Ásgeirsdóttir, Tinna Laufey; Steingrímsdóttir, Hlíf; Danielsen, Ragnar; Dröfn Wessman, Inga; Kampanis, Petros; Hulcrantz, Malin; Durie, Brian G.M.; Harding, Stephen; Landgren, Ola; Kristinsson, Sigurður Yngvi (2021-05-17)
    Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) precedes multiple myeloma (MM). Population-based screening for MGUS could identify candidates for early treatment in MM. Here we describe the Iceland Screens, Treats, or Prevents Multiple Myeloma ...
  • Islind, Anna Sigridur; Johansson, Victoria; Vallo Hult, Helena; Alsén, Pia; Andreasson, Emma; Angenete, Eva; Gellerstedt, Martin (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-10-12)
    Purpose The number of colorectal cancer patient survivors is increasing. Information and support during and after treatment are requested by patients, but questions remain on what to provide. The aim of this study was to understand what informational ...
  • Halldorsson, Skarphedinn; Rohatgi, Neha; Magnúsdóttir, Manuela; Choudhary, Kumari Sonal; Gudjonsson, Thorarinn; Knutsen, Erik; Barkovskaya, Anna; Hilmarsdóttir, Bylgja; Perander, Maria; Mælandsmo, Gunhild M.; Guðmundsson, Steinn; Rolfsson, Óttar (Elsevier BV, 2017-06)
    Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) has implications in tumor progression and metastasis. Metabolic alterations have been described in cancer development but studies focused on the metabolic re-wiring that takes place during EMT are still limited. ...
  • Liu, Dong; Liu, Cong; Wang, Xiyin; Ingvarsson, Sigurður; Chen, Huiping (Elsevier Ltd., 2014-02)
    The miR-451 was found to be frequently down-regulated in tumors, indicating that miR-451 could play an important role in carcinogenesis. This study uncovered the mechanism by which the miR-451 functions as a tumor suppressor. The target genes of miR-451 ...
  • Rögnvaldsson, Sæmundur; Eythorsson, Elias; Thorsteinsdottir, Sigrun; Vidarsson, Brynjar; Önundarson, Páll Torfi; Agnarsson, Bjarni Agnar; Sigurdardottir, Margret; Thorsteinsdóttir, Ingunn; Ólafsson, Ísleifur; Runólfsdóttir, Hrafnhildur L.; Helgason, Dadi; Emilsdóttir, Arna Rut; Ágústsson, Arnar Snær; Björnsson, Aron Hjalti; Kristjánsdóttir, Gudrún; Thordardottir, Asdis Rosa; Indridason, Olafur Skuli; Jónsson, Ásbjörn; Gislason, Gauti Kjartan; Olafsson, Andri; Steingrímsdóttir, Hlíf; Kampanis, Petros; Hultcrantz, Malin; Durie, Brian G.M.; Harding, Stephen; Landgren, Ola; Palsson, Runolfur; Love, Thorvarður Jon; Kristinsson, Sigurdur Yngvi (2021-12-01)
    Multiple myeloma (MM) patients have increased risk of severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) when infected by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), the precursor of ...
  • Shen, Qing; Sjölander, Arvid; Sloan, Erica K.; Walker, Adam K.; Fall, Katja; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur Anna; Sparén, Pär; Smedby, Karin E.; Fang, Fang (2022-01-17)
    Background: Cancer patients experience increased risk of death from accident and suicide. Cognitive impairment induced by cancer-related inflammation and stress-related psychiatric symptoms may be underlying mechanisms. We therefore studied the association ...
  • Harðardóttir, Hrönn; Aspelund, Thor; Zhu, Jianwei; Fall, Katja; Hauksdóttir, Arna; Fang, Fang; Lu, Donghao; Janson, Christer; Jónsson, Steinn; Valdimarsdóttir, Heiðdís; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur Anna (2022-01)
    Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the role of the patient’s background and perceived healthcare-related factors in symptoms of acute stress after lung cancer diagnosis. Methods: The study population consisted of 89 individuals referred for ...
  • Sigurdardottir, Anna Karen; Jonasdottir, Arna Steinunn; Asbjarnarson, Arni; Helgudottir, Hildur Run; Gudjonsson, Thorarinn; Traustadottir, Gunnhildur Asta (2021-12)
    The human breast is composed of terminal duct lobular units (TDLUs) that are surrounded by stroma. In the TDLUs, basement membrane separates the stroma from the epithelial compartment, which is divided into an inner layer of luminal epithelial cells ...
  • Shen, Qing; Jöud, Anna; Schelin, Maria E. C.; Sjölander, Arvid; Cao, Yang; Sparén, Pär; Fall, Katja; Czene, Kamila; Valdimarsdottir, Unnur; Fang, Fang (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-12-10)
    Background: An increasing number of women are evaluated for potential breast cancer and may experience mental distress during evaluation. We aim to assess the risks of psychiatric disorders and cardiovascular diseases during the diagnostic workup of ...
  • Xie, Yuxin; Valdimarsdottir, Unnur; Wang, Chengshi; Zhong, XiaoRong; Gou, Qiheng; Zheng, Hong; Deng, Ling; He, Ping; Hu, Kejia; Fall, Katja; Fang, Fang; Tamimi, Rulla M.; Luo, Ting; Lu, Donghao (Wiley, 2020-07-14)
    Little is known about how health insurance policies, particularly in developing countries, influence breast cancer prognosis. Here, we examined the association between individual health insurance and breast cancer-specific mortality in China. We included ...
  • Vésteinsdóttir, Edda (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2022-05)
    Sepsis is a leading cause of admission to intensive care units (ICU) worldwide and mortality rates remain high despite advances in organ support. Awareness of the syndrome has increased substantially in the past 20 years, after the publication of several ...