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Browsing by Subject "Mataræði"

Browsing by Subject "Mataræði"

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  • Barrio, Isabel C; Bueno, C. Guillermo; Gartzia, M; Soininen, E.M.; Christie, K.S.; Speed, J.D.M.; Ravolainen, V.T.; Forbes, B.C.; Gauthier, G.; Horstkotte, T.; Hoset, K.S.; Hoye, T.T.; Jónsdóttir, Ingibjörg Svala; Lévesque, E.; Mörsdorf, M.A.; Olofsson, J.; Wookey, P.A.; Hik, D.S. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2016)
    Aim. Understanding the forces shaping biodiversity patterns, particularly for groups of organisms with key functional roles, will help predict ecosystem responses to environmental changes. Our aim was to evaluate the relative role of different drivers ...
  • Hrolfsdottir, Laufey; Gunnarsdottir, Ingibjorg; Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva; Hreiðarsdóttir, Ingibjörg Th.; Smárason, Alexander; Hardardottir, Hildur; Halldorsson, Thorhallur (MDPI AG, 2019-08-11)
    Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is predominantly a lifestyle disease, with diet being an important modifiable risk factor. A major obstacle for the prevention in clinical practice is the complexity of assessing diet. In a cohort of 1651 Icelandic ...
  • Madsen, Marie T. B.; Bjerregaard, Anne A.; Furtado, Jeremy D.; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Ström, Marin; Granström, Charlotta; Giovannucci, Edward; Olsen, Sjurdur F. (MDPI AG, 2019-03-06)
    The growing interest in potential health effects of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) makes it important to evaluate the method used to assess the fatty acid intake in nutrition research studies. We aimed to validate the questionnaire-based ...
  • Hrolfsdottir, Laufey; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva; Hreiðarsdóttir, Ingibjörg Th.; Hardardottir, Hildur; Gunnarsdottir, Ingibjorg (Wiley, 2018-07-23)
    Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) is a risk factor for several adverse pregnancy outcomes, including macrosomia. Diet is one of the few modifiable risk factors identified. However, most dietary assessment methods are impractical for use in maternal ...
  • Haraldsdottir, Alfheidur; Torfadottir, Johanna; Valdimarsdottir, Unnur; Adami, Hans-Olov; Aspelund, Thor; Tryggvadottir, Laufey; Þórðardóttir, Maríanna; Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva; Harris, Tamara B.; Launer, Lenore J.; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Steingrimsdottir, Laufey (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-05-30)
    Recent studies indicate that lifestyle factors in early life affect breast cancer risk. We therefore explored the association of high consumption of meat, milk, and whole grain products in adolescence and midlife, on breast cancer risk. We used data ...
  • Thordardottir, Marianna; Lindqvist, Ebba K.; Lund, Sigrún Helga; Costello, Rene; Burton, Debra; Steingrimsdottir, Laufey; Korde, Neha; Mailankody, Sham; Eiriksdottir, Gudny; Launer, Lenore J.; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Harris, Tamara B.; Landgren, Ola; Torfadottir, Johanna; Kristinsson, Sigurður Yngvi (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-11-01)
    The etiology of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), the precursor state of multiple myeloma (MM), is mostly unknown and no studies have been conducted on the effect of diet on MGUS or progression from MGUS to MM. We aimed to ...
  • Margrete Meltzer, Helle; Brantsæter, Anne Lise; Trolle, Ellen; Eneroth, Hanna; Fogelholm, Mikael; Ydersbond, Trond Arild; Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva (MDPI AG, 2019-09-18)
    "The Nordic diet" is an umbrella term that encompasses any interpretation that combines Food-Based Dietary Guidelines (FBDGs) with local Nordic foods. The five Nordic countries have collaborated on Nordic Nutrition Recommendations for forty years, ...
  • Galan-Lopez, Pablo; Domínguez, Raúl; Pihu, Maret; Gísladóttir, Þórdís Lilja; Sánchez-Oliver, Antonio J.; Ries, Francis (MDPI, 2019-11-02)
    Unhealthy lifestyles, low levels of physical fitness, and adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) are associated with bad quality of life and the development of a wide range of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The current study aimed to evaluate the ...
  • Hrolfsdottir, Laufey (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, 2018-01)
    Aim: The aim of this Ph.D. thesis is to enhance understanding of the relation between maternal diet, gestational weight gain (GWG), and offspring’s cardio-metabolic factors. Moreover, the objective is to identify dietary predictors for excessive GWG. ...
  • Maslova, Ekaterina; Hansen, Susanne; Strøm, Marin; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Grunnet, Louise; Vaag, Allan; Olsen, Sjurdur F. (MDPI AG, 2018-10-17)
    Oily fish, an important source of marine n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA), has shown to reduce cardiometabolic risk in adults. Whether maternal fish intake affects offspring metabolic health is less established, especially among ...
  • Friðþjófsdóttir, Helga Guðrún; Geirsdottir, Olof; Jónsdóttir, Halldóra; Steingrimsdottir, Laufey; Thorsdottir , Inga; Þorgeirsdóttir, Hólmfríður; Briem, Nanna; Gunnarsdottir, Ingibjorg (Læknafélag Íslands / Icelandic Medical Association, 2017-06-06)
    Tilgangur: Tíðni lífsstílssjúkdóma er hærri meðal einstaklinga með geð- rofssjúkdóma en almennings. Tilgangur rannsóknarinnar var að kanna fæðuval ungs fólks með geðrofssjúkdóma, en fæðuval þessa hóps hefur aldrei verið kannað hérlendis áður. Efniviður ...
  • Galan-Lopez, Pablo; Ries, Francis; Gísladóttir, Þórdís Lilja; Domínguez, Raúl; Sánchez-Oliver, Antonio (MDPI AG, 2018-11-24)
    Childhood and adolescent obesity are currently among the greatest challenges for public health. Physical activity, physical fitness, and adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD), representing powerful indicators of healthy lifestyles, are shown as ...
  • Thorisdottir, Birna; Gunnarsdottir, Ingibjorg; Viðarsdóttir, Anna Guðrún; Sigurðardóttir, Sigurveig; Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva; Thorsdottir, Inga (MDPI AG, 2019-07-23)
    Nordic Nutrition Recommendations (NNR) recommend exclusive breastfeeding until 6 months, partial breastfeeding until 1 year or longer and irrespective of breastfeeding, avoiding solid foods before 4 months. Strong evidence was found for benefits of ...
  • Ulven, Stine M.; Holven, Kirsten B.; Rundblad, Amanda; Myhrstad, Mari C. W.; Leder, Lena; Dahlman, Ingrid; Mello, Vanessa D. de; Schwab, Ursula; Carlberg, Carsten; Pihlajamäki, Jussi; Hermansen, Kjeld; Dragsted, Lars O.; Gunnarsdottir, Ingibjorg; Cloetens, Lieselotte; Åkesson, Björn; Rosqvist, Fredrik; Hukkanen, Janne; Herzig, Karl-Heinz; Savolainen, Markku J; Risérus, Ulf; Thorsdottir , Inga; Poutanen, Kaisa S; Arner, Peter; Uusitupa, Matti; Kolehmainen, Marjukka (MDPI AG, 2019-12-03)
    A healthy dietary pattern is associated with a lower risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and reduced inflammation. To explore this at the molecular level, we investigated the effect of a Nordic diet (ND) on changes in the gene expression profiles of ...
  • Brantsæter, Anne Lise; Englund-Ögge, Linda; Haugen, Margareta; Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva; Knutsen, Helle Katrine; Sengpiel, Verena; Myhre, Ronny; Alexander, Jan; Nilsen, Roy M.; Jacobsson, Bo; Meltzer, Helle Margrete (Springer Nature, 2017-01-19)
    Background Preterm delivery increases the risk of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Studies suggest that maternal diet may affect the prevalence of preterm delivery. The aim of this study was to assess whether maternal intakes of seafood and marine ...
  • Hrolfsdottir, Laufey; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Rytter, Dorte; Bech, Bodil Hammer; Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva; Gunnarsdottir, Ingibjorg; Granström, Charlotta; Henriksen, Tine Brink; Olsen, Sjurdur F.; Maslova, Ekaterina (Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health), 2017-04)
    Background Results from 2 cohort studies in Scotland established in the 1940s and 1950s (Aberdeen and Motherwell) suggested that a high protein diet during pregnancy might adversely influence offspring blood pressure at adult age. Our objective was to ...
  • Englund-Ögge, Linda; Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva; Sengpiel, Verena; Brantsæter, Anne Lise; Haugen, Margareta; Myhre, Ronny; Meltzer, Helle Margrete; Jacobsson, Bo (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2017-03-01)
    Background Dietary habits are linked to high maternal glucose levels, associated with preterm delivery. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between meal frequency and glycemic properties of maternal diet in relation to preterm ...
  • Ahrendt Bjerregaard, Anne; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Tetens, Inge; Olsen, Sjurdur F. (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2019-09-12)
    Background: The Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) hypothesis postulates that exposures during early life, such as maternal dietary intake during pregnancy, may have a lifelong impact on the individual's susceptibility to diseases. The ...
  • Þórðardóttir, Maríanna (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-02)
    Background and aim: Multiple myeloma is a malignant chronic B-cell disorder characterized by a monoclonal proliferation of plasma cells in the bone marrow. Almost all multiple myeloma cases are preceded by the premalignant state, monoclonal gammopathy ...
  • Ingadottir, Arora Ros; Beck, Anne Marie; Baldwin, Christine; Weekes, Christine Elizabeth; Geirsdottir, Olof; Ramel, Alfons; Gislason, Thorarinn; Gunnarsdottir, Ingibjorg (BMJ, 2019-01)
    Introduction Intervention studies have mainly used oral nutritional supplements (ONS) for the management of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) identified as at nutritional risk. In this 12-month randomised feasibility trial, we ...