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Browsing by Subject "Læknisfræði"

Browsing by Subject "Læknisfræði"

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  • Helgason, Dadi (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-06)
    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a growing problem worldwide and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. AKI is a known complication following cardiac operations and coronary angiography (CA). Following CA, AKI has been associated with contrast ...
  • Long, Thorir E (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-12)
    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common clinical problem both in the hospital and outpatient setting and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a risk factor for developing AKI and AKI is a risk factor for ...
  • Runólfsdóttir, Hrafnhildur Linnet (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2020-08-21)
    Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of adenine metabolism that results in the generation and renal excretion of large amounts of the poorly soluble 2,8-dihydroxyadenine (DHA), causing kidney ...
  • Sigurðsson, Haraldur Björn (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019)
    Aims: The aim of the doctoral project was to develop and assess data extraction and analysis methods specific to the anterior cruciate ligament injury mechanism. The aim of paper I was to evaluate differences in the timing of the peak knee valgus moment ...
  • Þorvaldsdóttir, Birna (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-11)
    Germline mutations in BRCA2 increase the risk of breast and ovarian cancer. The BRCA2 protein is involved in maintaining genomic stability through its roles in DNA double strand break repair and protection of stalled replication forks. The BRCA2 gene ...
  • Lemarquis, Andri Leo (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-06-03)
    Sértækur IgA skortur (sIgAD) er algengasti galli í sértæka ónæmiskerfinu. Gallinn er skilgreindur sem algjör skortur á IgA með eðlilegum IgG og IgM styrk í sermi. Tíðni sjúkdóma sem tengjast óeðlilegu ónæmissvari er hærri hjá sIgAD ...
  • Guðmundsdóttir, Ása Bryndís (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-06-04)
    Lækningamáttur Bláa Lónsins var uppgötvaður af sórasjúklingum skömmu eftir myndun þess og hafa jákvæð áhrif böðunar í lóninu verið staðfest í klínískum rannsóknum. Enn fremur hefur verið sýnt að böðun í lóninu samhliða UVB meðferð sé árangursríkari en ...
  • Þórólfsdóttir, Rósa B. (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-09)
    Introduction and aims: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia and its complex pathophysiology is incompletely understood. At the time of beginning of this work, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) on AF had yielded ...
  • Stefánsdóttir, Vigdís (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-09)
    The overall aim of this PhD thesis was to cohesively assess the availability and use of electronic genealogy databases and information from cancer registries to construct electronically generated pedigrees for risk assessment in genetic counselling. ...
  • Elíasdóttir, Ólöf (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2020)
    Purpose and aims: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that leads to damage in the central nervous system. Although the cause of MS is still unknown, the generally accepted view is that environmental and life-style factors influence the ...
  • Hermanowicz, Stefan (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-05)
    The DNA damage response is crucial to maintaining the integrity of DNA and the health of a cell. Unrepaired lesions within the DNA can lead to genomic instability and potentially aid in the formation of diseases such as cancer. Some cancers possess ...
  • Thorsteinsdottir, Lilja (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2020-03)
    Íslenski hesturinn er eini hestastofninn á Íslandi. Hestar voru fluttir hingað við landnám og hafa verið hreinræktaðir síðan. Vegna landfræðilegrar einangrunar er stofninn berskjaldaður fyrir mörgum sjúkdómsvöldum sem herja á hesta í öðrum löndum. ...
  • Kristjánsdóttir, Guðlaug Þóra (Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2009)
    The interferon regulatory factor 5 (IRF5) gene encodes a transcription factor that plays an important role in the innate as well as in the cell-mediated immune response. The IRF5 gene has received considerable attention since it was shown to be associated ...
  • Steinhaeuser, Sarah Sophie (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-08)
    The microenvironment is increasingly being recognized as a key player in supporting cancer progression. Therefore, investigating heterotypic interactions between cancer cells and their microenvironment is important for improving our understanding ...
  • Sigurdsson, Samuel (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2018-12)
    Pneumococci are commonly carried asymptomatically in the nasopharynx, especially in children. Pneumococci are also one of the major bacterial pathogens causing both severe infections and non-severe infections in both children and adults. The most severe ...
  • Walters, G. Bragi; Gústafsson, Ómar; Sveinbjornsson, Gardar; Eiriksdottir, Valgerdur Kristin; Ágústsdóttir, Arna B.; Jónsdóttir, Guðrún A.; Steinberg, Stacy; Gunnarsson, Árni F.; Magnússon, Magnús I.; Unnsteinsdóttir, Unnur; Lee, Amy L.; Jónasdóttir, Aðalbjörg; Sigurðsson, Ásgeir; Jónasdóttir, Áslaug; Skúladóttir, Ástrós; Jonsson, Lina; Nawaz, Muhammad S.; Sulem, Patrick; Frigge, Mike; Ingason, Andrés; Love, Askell; Norðdahl, Guðmundur L.; Zervas, Mark; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Ulfarsson, Magnus; Sæmundsen, Evald E.; Stefansson, Hreinn; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2018-08-27)
    Discovery of coding variants in genes that confer risk of neurodevelopmental disorders is an important step towards understanding the pathophysiology of these disorders. Wholegenome sequencing of 31,463 Icelanders uncovers a frameshift variant ...
  • Ballesteros Álvarez, Josué A (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-01-10)
    The MITF, TFEB, TFE3 and TFEC (MiT-TFE) proteins belong to a larger family of basic helix-loop-helix leucine zipper transcription factors that are able to bind DNA and regulate gene expression. MITF is crucial for melanocyte development and has been ...
  • Þórðardóttir, Maríanna (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-02)
    Background and aim: Multiple myeloma is a malignant chronic B-cell disorder characterized by a monoclonal proliferation of plasma cells in the bone marrow. Almost all multiple myeloma cases are preceded by the premalignant state, monoclonal gammopathy ...
  • Volmer, Daisy; Sokirskaja, Aleksandra; Laaksonen, Raisa; Vainio, Kirsti; Sandler, Niklas; Halvorsen, Kjell; Kjome, Reidun; Gizurarson, Sveinbjorn; Muceniece, Ruta; Maurina, Baiba; Dauksiene, Jurgita; Ruuben, Lilian; Björnsdottir, Ingunn; Ratassepp, Tagne; Heinämäki, Jyrki (MDPI AG, 2016-10-13)
    With increased development of medical technology (MT), new challenges emerge related to education and training of pharmacists and other healthcare specialists. Currently, only a few universities in the EU promote MT education and research. Objectives: ...
  • Eyþórsson, Elías (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-06-05)
    Streptococcus pneumoniae is a Gram-positive diplococcus that is both a commensal bacterium in the upper respiratory tract of humans, and a common pathogen. The infectious manifestations of pneumococci span a range from benign to serious; from acute ...