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Browsing by Subject "Jarðfræði"

Browsing by Subject "Jarðfræði"

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  • Liu, E. J.; Cashman, K. V.; Rust, A. C.; Höskuldsson, Ármann (Springer Nature, 2017-09-07)
    Growing evidence for significant magmatic vesiculation prior to magma-water interaction (MWI) has brought into question the use of ‘diagnostic’ features, such as low vesicularities and blocky morphologies, to identify hydromagmatic pyroclasts. We address ...
  • Přikryl, Jan (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2018-05)
    Fluid-rock interaction is an important process in nature, and in many industrial fields. Fluid-rock interaction can be utilized to sequester industrial gases like CO2 and H2S in porous rocks of geothermal systems. The gases are re-injected, together ...
  • Olafsdottir, Rannveig; Tverijonaite, Edita (MDPI AG, 2018-06-26)
    Geotourism is one of the newest concepts within tourism studies today. The popularity of geotourism has likewise grown rapidly over the past few decades. This rapidly growing popularity and the growing body of research on geotourism create the need for ...
  • Eddudóttir, Sigrún Dögg (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2016-12)
    For most of the Holocene the main driver of vegetation and environmental change in Iceland was climate, although intermittent volcanic events had short term impacts. This changed with the Norse colonisation in the late 9th century AD, from when land ...
  • Bjarnason, Ingi Þorleifur (Iceland Glaciological Society and Geoscience Society of IcelandJöklarannsóknafélags Íslands og Jarðfræðafélags Íslands, 2008)
    Is Iceland a hotspot, with ridge-centered plume? In Iceland vigorous volcanism has built up a plateau 3.0 km higher than at a normal mid-ocean ridge with 3 to 4 times thicker crust than average oceanic crust. This volcanism can be associated with ...
  • Bjarnason, Ingi Þorleifur; Wolfe, Cecily J.; Solomon, Sean C.; Guðmundsson, Gunnar (Wiley-Blackwell, 1996-03-01)
    We present results from the first stage of the ICEMELT broadband seismometer experiment designed to determine upper mantle structure beneath Iceland, a hotspot located on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Relative delays of teleseismic body waves across Iceland ...
  • Björnsson, Sveinbjörn (Hið íslenzka náttúrufræðifélag, 1976)
    Larger earthquakes in Iceland occur mainly in two zones, a narrow E-W trending zone in S-Iceland and 75 km broad zone off the northern coast. Destruction and ground displacement due to the earthquake sequences of J784 (Ms 7.5-8), 1896 Mg 7-7.5) and ...
  • Pedersen, Gro; Höskuldsson, Ármann; Dürig, Tobias; Thordarson, Thorvaldur; Jonsdottir, Ingibjorg; Riishus, M. S.; Óskarsson, B.V.; Dumont, Stéphanie; Magnússon, Eyjólfur; Gudmundsson, Magnus Tumi; Sigmundsson, Freysteinn; Drouin, V.J.P.B.; Gallagher, C.; Askew, R.; Gudnason, J.; Moreland, William; Nikkola, P.; Reynolds, Hannah Iona; Schmith, Johanne (Elsevier BV, 2017-06)
    The 6-month long eruption at Holuhraun (August 2014–February 2015) in the Bárðarbunga-Veiðivötn volcanic system was the largest effusive eruption in Iceland since the 1783–1784 CE Laki eruption. The lava flow field covered ~84 km2 and has an estimated ...
  • Clark, Deirdre (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2019-10-23)
    The reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in the atmosphere is currently one of the main challenges facing humanity. One solution is carbon capture from concentrated sources and directly from the atmosphere, and long term storage in rocks. Basaltic ...
  • Harning, David (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2019-04)
    Iceland’s position at the confluence of major oceanic and atmospheric fronts results in a highly sensitive climate evident in both instrumental and paleo records. However, open questions still remain regarding the pre-instrumental evolution of climate, ...
  • Bjarnason, Ingi Þorleifur; Menke, William; Flóvenz, Ólafur G.; Caress, David (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 1993-04-10)
    The 170 km South Iceland Seismic Tomography (SIST) profile extends from the west and across the Mid‐Atlantic Ridge spreading center in the Western Volcanic Zone and continues obliquely through the transform zone (the South Iceland Seismic Zone) to the ...