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Browsing by Subject "Incidence"

Browsing by Subject "Incidence"

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  • Helgadottir, Solveig (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2017-01-06)
    In line with advances in surgery, perioperative care, and intensive care, the outcome in patients treated for cardiovascular disease has improved. Open-heart surgery is common in most western countries and, in line with the general ageing of populations, ...
  • Long, Thorir E (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-12)
    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common clinical problem both in the hospital and outpatient setting and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a risk factor for developing AKI and AKI is a risk factor for ...
  • Thórsson, Bolli; Guðmundsson, Elías Freyr; Sigurðsson, Gunnar; Aspelund, Thor; Guðnason, Vilmundur G. (2021-05)
    INNGANGUR Fjöldi fólks með sykursýki 2 hefur vaxið undanfarna áratugi á Íslandi. Í þessari rannsókn var notaður Lyfjagagnagrunnur Embættis landlæknis til að meta algengi og nýgengi sykursýki 2 og sett fram spá um algengi sykursýki 2 eftir 10 og 20 ár. ...
  • Bergmann, Asa Unnur; Þórkelsson, Þórður (2020-03-04)
    INNGANGUR Nýburagula orsakast af auknu magni gallrauða í vefjum og blóði nýbura fyrstu dagana eftir fæðingu. Yfirleitt þarf ekki að meðhöndla nýburagulu en ef styrkur gallrauða í blóði verður of mikill getur hann valdið langvarandi heilaskaða. Vegna ...
  • Gautadottir, Kolfinna; Gudmundsdottir, Ingibjorg Jona; Sigurdsson, Martin Ingi; Andersen, Karl (2022-10-04)
    INNGANGUR Nýgengi bráðs hjartadreps hefur lækkað í almennu þýði á undanförnum áratugum en margt bendir til þess að þetta eigi ekki við um yngstu aldurshópana. Markmið þessarar rannsóknar var að kanna nýgengi, áhættuþætti og horfur eftir brátt hjartadrep ...
  • Brueggemann, Angela B.; Jansen van Rensburg, Melissa J.; Shaw, David; McCarthy, Noel D.; Jolley, Keith A.; Maiden, Martin C.J.; van der Linden, Mark P.G.; Amin-Chowdhury, Zahin; Bennett, Désirée E.; Borrow, Ray; Brandileone, Maria Cristina C.; Broughton, Karen; Campbell, Ruth; Cao, Bin; Casanova, Carlo; Choi, Eun Hwa; Chu, Yiu Wai; Clark, Stephen A.; Claus, Heike; Coelho, Juliana; Corcoran, Mary; Cottrell, Simon; Cunney, Robert J.; Dalby, Tine; Davies, Heather; de Gouveia, Linda; Deghmane, Ala Eddine; Demczuk, Walter; Desmet, Stefanie; Drew, Richard J.; du Plessis, Mignon; Erlendsdóttir, Helga; Fry, Norman K.; Fuursted, Kurt; Gray, Steve J.; Henriques-Normark, Birgitta; Hale, Thomas; Hilty, Markus; Hoffmann, Steen; Humphreys, Hilary; Ip, Margaret; Jacobsson, Susanne; Johnston, Jillian; Kozakova, Jana; Kristinsson, Karl Gústaf; Krizova, Pavla; Kuch, Alicja; Ladhani, Shamez N.; Lâm, Thiên Trí; Lebedova, Vera; Lindholm, Laura; Litt, David J.; Martin, Irene; Martiny, Delphine; Mattheus, Wesley; McElligott, Martha; Meehan, Mary; Meiring, Susan; Mölling, Paula; Morfeldt, Eva; Morgan, Julie; Mulhall, Robert M.; Muñoz-Almagro, Carmen; Murdoch, David R.; Murphy, Joy; Musilek, Martin; Mzabi, Alexandre; Perez-Argüello, Amaresh; Perrin, Monique; Perry, Malorie; Redin, Alba; Roberts, Richard; Roberts, Maria; Rokney, Assaf; Ron, Merav; Scott, Kevin J.; Sheppard, Carmen L.; Siira, Lotta; Skoczyńska, Anna; Sloan, Monica; Slotved, Hans Christian; Smith, Andrew J.; Song, Joon Young; Taha, Muhamed Kheir; Toropainen, Maija; Tsang, Dominic; Vainio, Anni; van Sorge, Nina M.; Varon, Emmanuelle; Vlach, Jiri; Vogel, Ulrich; Vohrnova, Sandra; von Gottberg, Anne; Zanella, Rosemeire C.; Zhou, Fei (2021-06)
    Background: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Neisseria meningitidis, which are typically transmitted via respiratory droplets, are leading causes of invasive diseases, including bacteraemic pneumonia and meningitis, and of secondary ...
  • Wang, Juan; Janson, Christer; Lindberg, Eva; Holm, Mathias; Gislason, Thorarinn; Benediktsdóttir, Bryndís; Johannessen, Ane; Schlünssen, Vivi; Jogi, Rain; Franklin, Karl A.; Norbäck, Dan (Elsevier BV, 2020-06)
    Aim: To investigate whether exposure to dampness and mold at home and at work induce sleep disturbances and daytime sleepiness among adults. Materials and methods: Associations between onset of sleep disturbances and dampness, mold and mold odor at ...
  • Steinvik, Tine; Raatiniemi, Lasse; Mogensen, Brynjólfur; Steingrímsdóttir, Guðrún B.; Beer, Torfinn; Eriksson, Anders; Dehli, Trond; Wisborg, Torben; Bakke, Håkon Kvåle (2022-01-11)
    Background: The northern regions of the Nordic countries have common challenges of sparsely populated areas, long distances, and an arctic climate. The aim of this study was to compare the cause and rate of fatal injuries in the northernmost area of ...
  • InterAct Consortium (2020-06)
    Background De novo lipogenesis (DNL) is the primary metabolic pathway synthesizing fatty acids from carbohydrates, protein, or alcohol. Our aim was to examine associations of in vivo levels of selected fatty acids (16:0, 16:1n7, 18:0, 18:1n9) in DNL ...
  • Guðnason, Hafsteinn Óli; Kristinsson, Jón Örvar; Bergmann, Óttar Már; Ólafsson, Sigurður; Jónasson, Jón Gunnlaugur; Björnsson, Einar Stefán (2019-09)
    INNGANGUR Frumkomin trefjunargallgangabólga er langvinnur bólgusjúkdómur í gallvegum innan og/eða utan lifrar sem getur valdið skorpulifur, lokastigs lifrarbilun og leitt til lifrarígræðslu. Bólgusjúkdómar í meltingarvegi, fyrst og fremst sáraristilbólga, ...
  • TraP Hep C group (2022-11-14)
    BACKGROUND: The Treatment as Prevention for Hepatitis C program started in 2016 in Iceland, offering treatment with direct-acting antivirals to hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected individuals. Reinfections through injection drug use (IDU) can hamper ...
  • Bjarnason, Agnar; Westin, Johan; Lindh, Magnus; Andersson, Lars-Magnus; Kristinsson, Karl G.; Löve, Arthur; Baldursson, Ólafur; Gottfredsson, Magnus (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018-02-01)
    Background The microbial etiology of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is often unclear in clinical practice, and previous studies have produced variable results. Population-based studies examining etiology and incidence are lacking. This study ...
  • Asgeirsdottir, Dagny; Olafsson, Ingvar H; Sveinsson, Olafur Arni (2022-02-04)
    INNGANGUR Stokkasegi er orsök um 0,5-1% allra heilablóðfalla. Stokkasegi getur valdið blæðingu og/eða heiladrepi auk hækkaðs innankúpuþrýstings. Erfitt getur reynst að greina stokkasega vegna fjölbreyttra einkenna og erfiðrar myndgreiningar á köflum. ...
  • Hjaltason, Haukur; Sveinsson, Olafur (2020-05)
    MS (multiple sclerosis) er algengasti bólgusjúkdómurinn í miðtaugakerfi og ein algengasta orsök fötlunar hjá ungu og miðaldra fólki. MS er sjálfsofnæmissjúkdómur sem orsakast af flóknu samspili erfða og umhverfis. Miklar framfarir hafa orðið í greiningu ...
  • Pétursdóttir, Sigrún Guðný; Kristjánsson, Jón Magnús; Björnsson, Hjalti Már (2021-05)
    INNGANGUR Rafskútur eru orðnar vinsæll samgöngumáti á höfuðborgarsvæðinu. Erlendis hefur notkun þeirra fylgt nokkur slysatíðni en ekki er vitað um tíðni slíkra slysa á Íslandi. Markmið rannsóknarinnar var að meta orsakir, eðli og afleiðingar rafskútuslysa ...
  • Birgisson, Helgi; Ólafsdóttir, Elínborg J.; Sverrisdóttir, Anna; Einarsson, Sigurður; Smáradóttir, Agnes; Tryggvadóttir, Laufey (2021-09-03)
    In this article the incidence and mortality for cancer of the colon and rectum in Iceland is discussed. The two most common screening methods, faecal immunochemical test (FIT) and colonoscopy are compared and an estimate of cost and benefits for the ...
  • Hedenstierna, L.; Opava, C. H.; Askling, J.; Jiang, X.; Ernestam, S.; Alfredsson, L.; Klareskog, L.; Sævarsdóttir, Sædís (2021-01-12)
    Objectives: To investigate whether low social support or low decision latitude at work correlate with risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and whether and how those factors are associated with known modifiable risk factors for RA. Method: The Swedish ...
  • Gylfason, Adalsteinn Dalmann; Bjarnason, Agnar; Helgason, Kristjan Orri; Rognvaldsson, Kristjan Godsk; Armannsdottir, Brynja; Gudmundsdottir, Ingibjorg J; Gottfredsson, Magnus (2022-04-06)
    INNGANGUR Sóttvarnaaðgerðir og breytingar á venjum almennings drógu úr útbreiðslu COVID-19 smita á árinu 2020 en áhrif aðgerðanna á tilurð og greiningu annarra sjúkdóma eru óþekkt. Markmið þessarar rannsóknar var að skoða áhrif heimsfaraldurs COVID-19 ...
  • Wolters, Frank J.; Chibnik, Lori B.; Waziry, Reem; Anderson, Roy; Berr, Claudine; Beiser, Alexa; Bis, Joshua C.; Blacker, Deborah; Bos, Daniel; Brayne, Carol; Dartigues, Jean François; Darweesh, Sirwan K.L.; Davis-Plourde, Kendra L.; de Wolf, Frank; Debette, Stephanie; Dufouil, Carole; Fornage, Myriam; Goudsmit, Jaap; Grasset, Leslie; Guðnason, Vilmundur G.; Hadjichrysanthou, Christoforos; Helmer, Catherine; Ikram, M. Arfan; Ikram, M. Kamran; Joas, Erik; Kern, Silke; Kuller, Lewis H.; Launer, Lenore; Lopez, Oscar L.; Matthews, Fiona E.; McRae-McKee, Kevin; Meirelles, Osorio; Mosley, Thomas H.; Pase, Matthew P.; Psaty, Bruce M.; Satizabal, Claudia L.; Seshadri, Sudha; Skoog, Ingmar; Stephan, Blossom C.M.; Wetterberg, Hanna; Wong, Mei Mei; Zettergren, Anna; Hofman, Albert (2020-08-04)
    OBJECTIVE: To determine changes in the incidence of dementia between 1988 and 2015. METHODS: This analysis was performed in aggregated data from individuals >65 years of age in 7 population-based cohort studies in the United States and Europe from the ...