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Browsing by Subject "Incidence"

Browsing by Subject "Incidence"

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  • Helgadottir, Solveig (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2017-01-06)
    In line with advances in surgery, perioperative care, and intensive care, the outcome in patients treated for cardiovascular disease has improved. Open-heart surgery is common in most western countries and, in line with the general ageing of populations, ...
  • Long, Thorir E (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-12)
    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common clinical problem both in the hospital and outpatient setting and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a risk factor for developing AKI and AKI is a risk factor for ...
  • Heidarsdottir, Sunna Run; Heitmann, Leon Arnar; Gunnarsdottir, Erla Liu Ting; Gunnarsdottir, Sunna Lu Xi; Thorsteinsson, Egill Gauti; Johnsen, Arni; Jeppson, Anders; Guðbjartsson, Tómas (2024-02-01)
    INNGANGUR Hjartadrep í tengslum við kransæðahjáveituaðgerð getur verið alvarlegur fylgikvilli og hefur ekki verið rannsakaður ítarlega á Íslandi. Markmið rannsóknarinnar var að kanna tíðni hjartadreps og áhrif þess á 30 daga dánartíðni og langtímalifun ...
  • Thórsson, Bolli; Guðmundsson, Elías Freyr; Sigurðsson, Gunnar; Aspelund, Thor; Guðnason, Vilmundur G. (2021-05)
    INNGANGUR Fjöldi fólks með sykursýki 2 hefur vaxið undanfarna áratugi á Íslandi. Í þessari rannsókn var notaður Lyfjagagnagrunnur Embættis landlæknis til að meta algengi og nýgengi sykursýki 2 og sett fram spá um algengi sykursýki 2 eftir 10 og 20 ár. ...
  • Bergmann, Asa Unnur; Þórkelsson, Þórður (2020-03-04)
    INNGANGUR Nýburagula orsakast af auknu magni gallrauða í vefjum og blóði nýbura fyrstu dagana eftir fæðingu. Yfirleitt þarf ekki að meðhöndla nýburagulu en ef styrkur gallrauða í blóði verður of mikill getur hann valdið langvarandi heilaskaða. Vegna ...
  • Sævarsdóttir, Karen Sól; Swift, Emma Marie; Einarsdóttir, Kristjana; Gunnarsdóttir, Jóhanna (2023-07-01)
    Ágrip INNGANGUR Miklar blæðingar eftir fæðingu er vaxandi vandamál víða um heim. Samkvæmt skýrslum Fæðingaskrár hefur vandamálið einnig aukist á Landspítala, ef marka má skráningu á greiningarkóðanum O72. Markmið rannsóknarinnar var að varpa ljósi á ...
  • Gautadottir, Kolfinna; Guðmundsdóttir, Ingibjörg Jóna; Sigurðsson, Martin Ingi; Andersen, Karl Konráð (2022-10-04)
    INNGANGUR Nýgengi bráðs hjartadreps hefur lækkað í almennu þýði á undanförnum áratugum en margt bendir til þess að þetta eigi ekki við um yngstu aldurshópana. Markmið þessarar rannsóknar var að kanna nýgengi, áhættuþætti og horfur eftir brátt hjartadrep ...
  • Brueggemann, Angela B.; Jansen van Rensburg, Melissa J.; Shaw, David; McCarthy, Noel D.; Jolley, Keith A.; Maiden, Martin C.J.; van der Linden, Mark P.G.; Amin-Chowdhury, Zahin; Bennett, Désirée E.; Borrow, Ray; Brandileone, Maria Cristina C.; Broughton, Karen; Campbell, Ruth; Cao, Bin; Casanova, Carlo; Choi, Eun Hwa; Chu, Yiu Wai; Clark, Stephen A.; Claus, Heike; Coelho, Juliana; Corcoran, Mary; Cottrell, Simon; Cunney, Robert J.; Dalby, Tine; Davies, Heather; de Gouveia, Linda; Deghmane, Ala Eddine; Demczuk, Walter; Desmet, Stefanie; Drew, Richard J.; du Plessis, Mignon; Erlendsdóttir, Helga; Fry, Norman K.; Fuursted, Kurt; Gray, Steve J.; Henriques-Normark, Birgitta; Hale, Thomas; Hilty, Markus; Hoffmann, Steen; Humphreys, Hilary; Ip, Margaret; Jacobsson, Susanne; Johnston, Jillian; Kozakova, Jana; Kristinsson, Karl Gústaf; Krizova, Pavla; Kuch, Alicja; Ladhani, Shamez N.; Lâm, Thiên Trí; Lebedova, Vera; Lindholm, Laura; Litt, David J.; Martin, Irene; Martiny, Delphine; Mattheus, Wesley; McElligott, Martha; Meehan, Mary; Meiring, Susan; Mölling, Paula; Morfeldt, Eva; Morgan, Julie; Mulhall, Robert M.; Muñoz-Almagro, Carmen; Murdoch, David R.; Murphy, Joy; Musilek, Martin; Mzabi, Alexandre; Perez-Argüello, Amaresh; Perrin, Monique; Perry, Malorie; Redin, Alba; Roberts, Richard; Roberts, Maria; Rokney, Assaf; Ron, Merav; Scott, Kevin J.; Sheppard, Carmen L.; Siira, Lotta; Skoczyńska, Anna; Sloan, Monica; Slotved, Hans Christian; Smith, Andrew J.; Song, Joon Young; Taha, Muhamed Kheir; Toropainen, Maija; Tsang, Dominic; Vainio, Anni; van Sorge, Nina M.; Varon, Emmanuelle; Vlach, Jiri; Vogel, Ulrich; Vohrnova, Sandra; von Gottberg, Anne; Zanella, Rosemeire C.; Zhou, Fei (2021-06)
    Background: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Neisseria meningitidis, which are typically transmitted via respiratory droplets, are leading causes of invasive diseases, including bacteraemic pneumonia and meningitis, and of secondary ...
  • Kristjánsdóttir, Ásdís; Rafnsson, Vilhjálmur; Geirsson, Reynir Tómas (2023-10)
    Introduction: The incidence and prevalence of pelvic endometriosis is still being debated. Population-based studies have shown annual incidences between 0.1% and 0.3%, which translates to a prevalence of symptom-giving disease of between 2% and 6% over ...
  • Wang, Juan; Janson, Christer; Lindberg, Eva; Holm, Mathias; Gislason, Thorarinn; Benediktsdóttir, Bryndís; Johannessen, Ane; Schlünssen, Vivi; Jogi, Rain; Franklin, Karl A.; Norbäck, Dan (Elsevier BV, 2020-06)
    Aim: To investigate whether exposure to dampness and mold at home and at work induce sleep disturbances and daytime sleepiness among adults. Materials and methods: Associations between onset of sleep disturbances and dampness, mold and mold odor at ...
  • Hafsteinsdóttir, Brynhildur; Dalemo, Ellen; Elíasdóttir, Ólöf; Ólafsson, Elías; Axelsson, Markus (2023-03)
    Background: Guillain-Barré syndrome is an immune-mediated acute inflammatory polyneuropathy that is associated with various triggers, including certain infections and vaccines. It has been suggested that both SARS-CoV-2 infection and vaccination may ...
  • Steinvik, Tine; Raatiniemi, Lasse; Mogensen, Brynjólfur Árni; Steingrímsdóttir, Guðrún Björg; Beer, Torfinn; Eriksson, Anders; Dehli, Trond; Wisborg, Torben; Bakke, Håkon Kvåle (2022-01-11)
    Background: The northern regions of the Nordic countries have common challenges of sparsely populated areas, long distances, and an arctic climate. The aim of this study was to compare the cause and rate of fatal injuries in the northernmost area of ...
  • Ólafsdóttir, Halla Sif; Alexíusdottir, Kristín; Jónasson, Jón Gunnlaugur; Lund, Sigrún Helga; Jónsson, Þorvaldur; Skuladottir, Halla (2016-03-02)
    Inngangur: Magakrabbamein var algengasta krabbameinið á Íslandi upp úr miðri 20. öld en er nú einungis 2-3% krabbameina. Markmið þessarar rannsóknar var að gera faraldsfræðilegan samanburð á tveimur meginflokkum kirtilfrumukrabbameina í maga samkvæmt ...
  • InterAct Consortium (2020-06)
    Background De novo lipogenesis (DNL) is the primary metabolic pathway synthesizing fatty acids from carbohydrates, protein, or alcohol. Our aim was to examine associations of in vivo levels of selected fatty acids (16:0, 16:1n7, 18:0, 18:1n9) in DNL ...
  • Jónasson, Jón Gunnlaugur; Guðnason, Hafsteinn Ó.; Kristinsson, Jón Örvar; Bergmann, Óttar Már; Ólafsson , S.; Björnsson, Einar Stefán (2019-09)
    INNGANGUR Frumkomin trefjunargallgangabólga er langvinnur bólgusjúkdómur í gallvegum innan og/eða utan lifrar sem getur valdið skorpulifur, lokastigs lifrarbilun og leitt til lifrarígræðslu. Bólgusjúkdómar í meltingarvegi, fyrst og fremst sáraristilbólga, ...
  • TraP Hep C group (2022-04-19)
    BACKGROUND: The Treatment as Prevention for Hepatitis C program started in 2016 in Iceland, offering treatment with direct-acting antivirals to hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected individuals. Reinfections through injection drug use (IDU) can hamper ...
  • Oudin, Anna; Bjursten, Henrik; Oudin Åström, Daniel; Nozohoor, Shahab; Ahmad, Khalil; Tang, Mariann; Bjurbom, Markus; Hansson, Emma C.; Jeppsson, Anders; Moeller, Christian H.; Jormalainen, Mikko; Juvonen, Tatu; Mennander, Ari; Olsen, Peter S.; Olsson, Christian; Ahlsson, Anders; Pan, Emily; Raivio, Peter; Wickbom, Anders; Sjögren, Johan; Geirsson, Arnar; Gudbjartsson, Tomas; Zindovic, Igor (2022-11-29)
    Previous studies have demonstrated that environmental and temporal factors may affect the incidence of acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD). Here, we aimed to investigate the hypothesis that national holidays and weekends influence the incidence of ...
  • Sigurðsson, Theódór Skúli; Snaebjornsdottir, Steinunn; Sigurðsson, Martin Ingi (2023-12-01)
  • Derner, Ondrej; Kramer, Anneke; Hruskova, Zdenka; Arici, Mustafa; Collart, Frederic; Finne, Patrik; Fuentes Sánchez, Laura; Harambat, Jérôme; Hemmelder, Marc H.; Hommel, Kristine; Kerschbaum, Julia; De Meester, Johan; Palsson, Runolfur; Segelmark, Mårten; Skrunes, Rannveig; Traynor, Jamie P.; Zurriaga, Oscar; Massy, Ziad A.; Jager, Kitty J.; Stel, Vianda S.; Tesar, Vladimir (2022-05)
    RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: There is a dearth of data characterizing patients receiving kidney replacement therapy (KRT) for kidney failure due to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and their clinical outcomes. The aim of this study was to describe trends ...
  • Bjarnason, Agnar; Westin, Johan; Lindh, Magnus; Andersson, Lars-Magnus; Kristinsson, Karl G.; Löve, Arthur; Baldursson, Ólafur; Gottfredsson, Magnus (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018-02-01)
    Background The microbial etiology of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is often unclear in clinical practice, and previous studies have produced variable results. Population-based studies examining etiology and incidence are lacking. This study ...