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Browsing by Subject "Hraunrennsli"

Browsing by Subject "Hraunrennsli"

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  • Aufaristama, Muhammad (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2020-04-29)
    The purpose of this thesis is to employ remote sensing to study lava flow products during the 2014-2015 eruption at Holuhraun, Iceland. Multimodal remote sensing techniques and datasets were applied and developed for three study themes (1) deriving ...
  • Nikkola, Paavo; Thordarson, Thorvaldur; Rämö, O. Tapani; Heikkilä, Pasi (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-11-25)
    To gain insights into crystal–melt separation processes during basalt differentiation, we have studied an 8-m-thick pāhoehoe lava lobe from the Hafnarhraun lava flow field in SW Iceland. The lobe has abundant melt segregations, porous cylindrical and ...
  • Gudmundsson, Magnus Tumi; Jónsdóttir, Kristín; Hooper, Andrew; Holohan, Eoghan P.; Halldorsson, Saemundur; Ofeigsson, Benedikt Gunnar; Cesca, Simone; Vogfjörð, Kristín S.; Sigmundsson, Freysteinn; Högnadóttir, Thórdís; Einarsson, Páll; Sigmarsson, Olgeir; Jarosch, Alexander H.; Jónasson, Kristján; Magnússon, Eyjólfur; Hreinsdóttir, Sigrún; Bagnardi, Marco; Parks, Michelle M.; Hjorleifsdottir, Vala; Pálsson, Finnur; Walter, Thomas R.; Schöpfer, Martin P. J.; Heimann, Sebastian; Reynolds, Hannah Iona; Dumont, Stéphanie; Bali, Eniko; Guðfinnsson, Guðmundur; Dahm, Torsten; Roberts, Matthew J.; Hensch, Martin; Belart, Joaquín M. C.; Spaans, Karsten; Jakobsson, Sigurður; Guðmundsson, Gunnar B.; Fridriksdóttir, Hildur María; Drouin, Vincent; Dürig, Tobias; Adalgeirsdottir, Gudfinna; Riishuus, Morten; Pedersen, Gro; van Boeckel, Tayo; Oddsson, Björn; Pfeffer, Melissa A.; Barsotti, Sara; Bergsson, Baldur; Donovan, Amy; Burton, Mike R.; Aiuppa, Alessandro (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2016-07-14)
    Large volcanic eruptions on Earth commonly occur with a collapse of the roof of a crustal magma reservoir, forming a caldera. Only a few such collapses occur per century, and the lack of detailed observations has obscured insight into the mechanical ...
  • Pedersen, Gro; Belart, Joaquín M. C.; Magnússon, Eyjólfur; Vilmundardóttir, Olga Kolbrún; Kizel, Fadi; Sigurmundsson, Friðþór Sófus; Gísladóttir, Guðrún; Benediktsson, Jon Atli (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2018-02-22)
    Lava flow thicknesses, volumes, and effusion rates provide essential information for understanding the behavior of eruptions and their associated deformation signals. Preeruption and posteruption elevation models were generated from historical stereo ...
  • Pedersen, Gro; Höskuldsson, Ármann; Dürig, Tobias; Thordarson, Thorvaldur; Jonsdottir, Ingibjorg; Riishus, M. S.; Óskarsson, B.V.; Dumont, Stéphanie; Magnússon, Eyjólfur; Gudmundsson, Magnus Tumi; Sigmundsson, Freysteinn; Drouin, V.J.P.B.; Gallagher, C.; Askew, R.; Gudnason, J.; Moreland, William; Nikkola, P.; Reynolds, Hannah Iona; Schmith, Johanne (Elsevier BV, 2017-06)
    The 6-month long eruption at Holuhraun (August 2014–February 2015) in the Bárðarbunga-Veiðivötn volcanic system was the largest effusive eruption in Iceland since the 1783–1784 CE Laki eruption. The lava flow field covered ~84 km2 and has an estimated ...
  • Aufaristama, Muhammad; Höskuldsson, Ármann; Ulfarsson, Magnus; Jónsdóttir, Ingibjörg; Thordarson, Thorvaldur (MDPI AG, 2020-03-31)
    Roughness can be used to characterize the morphologies of a lava flow. It can be used to identify lava flow features, provide insight into eruption conditions, and link roughness pattern across a lava flow to emplacement conditions. In this study, we ...
  • Boreham, Frances; Cashman, Katharine; Rust, Alison; Höskuldsson, Ármann (Elsevier BV, 2018-09)
    It is well established that rootless cones and associated deposits are the result of explosive interactions between lava flows and environmental water, but there is substantial uncertainty about the dynamics of rootless eruptions, particularly the ...
  • Pankhurst, Matthew J.; Morgan, Daniel J.; Thordarson, Thorvaldur; Loughlin, Sue C. (Elsevier BV, 2018-07)
    How a volcano has behaved throughout its past is a guide to its future behaviour. Detailed knowledge of what preceded eruptions from specific volcanoes, and how this can be recognised in real-time, are pivotal questions of this field. Here, the physical ...
  • Hartley, Margaret E.; Bali, Eniko; Maclennan, John; Neave, David A.; Halldórsson, Sæmundur Ari (Springer Nature, 2018-01-12)
    The 2014–2015 Holuhraun eruption, on the Bárðarbunga volcanic system in central Iceland, was one of the best-monitored basaltic fissure eruptions that has ever occurred, and presents a unique opportunity to link petrological and geochemical data with ...
  • Aufaristama, Muhammad; Höskuldsson, Ármann; Jónsdóttir, Ingibjörg; Ulfarsson, Magnus; Thordarson, Thorvaldur (MDPI AG, 2018-01-20)
    A new lava field was formed at Holuhraun in the Icelandic Highlands, north of Vatnajökull glacier, in 2014–2015. It was the largest effusive eruption in Iceland for 230 years, with an estimated lava bulk volume of ~1.44 km3 covering an area of ~84 km2. ...
  • Vilmundardóttir, Olga Kolbrún; Sigurmundsson, Friðþór Sófus; Pedersen, Gro; Belart, Joaquín M. C.; Kizel, Fadi; Falco, Nicola; Benediktsson, Jon Atli; Gísladóttir, Guðrún (SAGE Publications, 2018-10-07)
    Lava flows pose a hazard in volcanic environments and reset ecosystem development. A succession of dated lava flows provides the possibility to estimate the direction and rates of ecosystem development and can be used to predict future development. We ...
  • Aufaristama, Muhammad; Höskuldsson, Ármann; Jónsdóttir, Ingibjörg; Ulfarsson, Magnus; Erlangga, I G D; Thordarson, Thorvaldur (IOP Publishing, 2019-08-14)
    In the beginning of December 2017, Mt. Agung eruption powered down to minor ash emissions and on the middle of December, aerial photographs of the crater were taken by Indonesia Centre of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation (PVMBG) showing a ...