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Browsing by Subject "Hraun"

Browsing by Subject "Hraun"

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  • Aufaristama, Muhammad (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2020-04-29)
    The purpose of this thesis is to employ remote sensing to study lava flow products during the 2014-2015 eruption at Holuhraun, Iceland. Multimodal remote sensing techniques and datasets were applied and developed for three study themes (1) deriving ...
  • Aufaristama, Muhammad; Höskuldsson, Ármann; Ulfarsson, Magnus; Jónsdóttir, Ingibjörg; Thordarson, Thorvaldur (MDPI AG, 2019-02-26)
    The Holuhraun lava flow was the largest effusive eruption in Iceland for 230 years, with an estimated lava bulk volume of ~1.44 km3 and covering an area of ~84 km2. The six month long eruption at Holuhraun 2014–2015 generated a diverse surface environment. ...
  • Galeczka, Iwona; Sigurdsson, Gunnar; Eiriksdottir, Eydis Salome; Oelkers, Eric H.; Gíslason, Sigurður Reynir (Elsevier BV, 2016-04)
    The 2014/15 Bárðarbunga volcanic eruption was the largest in Iceland for more than 200 years. This eruption released into the atmosphere on average 60,000 tonnes/day of SO2, 30,000 tonnes/day of CO2, and 500 tonnes/day of HCl affecting the chemical ...
  • Hauri, Erik H.; Maclennan, J.; McKenzie, D.; Gronvold, K.; Óskarsson, N.; Shimizu, N. (Geological Society of America, 2017-11-16)
    Primitive basalt melt inclusions from Borgarhraun, northern Iceland, display large correlated variations in CO2 and nonvolatile incompatible trace elements (ITEs) such as Nb, Th, Rb, and Ba. The average CO2/ITE ratios of the Borgarhraun melt inclusion ...
  • Pálsson, Gísli; Swanson, Heather Anne (Duke University Press, 2016)
    “Nature” and “social life” tended to be separated by Enlightenment thinkers, setting the stage for a long-standing tension between geology and social-cultural theory. Such a division suppressed the liveliness that humans have often attributed to material ...
  • Gíslason, Sigurður Reynir; Stefansdottir, Gerdur; Pfeffer, Melissa; Barsotti, Sara; Jóhannsson, Th.; Galeczka, Iwona Monika; Bali, Eniko; Sigmarsson, Olgeir; Stefansson, Andri; Keller, Nicole Simone; Sigurðsson, Á.; Bergsson, Bergur H.; Galle, B.; Jacobo, V.C; Arellano, S.; Aiuppa, A.; Jónasdóttir, Elín Björk; Eiríksdóttir, E.S.; Jakobsson, Sigurður; Guðfinnsson, Guðmundur; Halldórsson, Sæmundur Ari; Gunnarsson, H.; Haddadi, B.; Jonsdottir, Ingibjorg; Thordarson, Thorvaldur; Riishuus, Morten; Högnadóttir, Thórdís; Dürig, Tobias; Pedersen, Gro; Höskuldsson, Ármann; Gudmundsson, Magnus Tumi (European Association of Geochemistry, 2015)
    The effusive six months long 2014-2015 Bárðarbunga eruption (31 August-27 February) was the largest in Iceland for more than 200 years, producing 1.6 ± 0.3 km3 of lava. The total SO2 emission was 11 ± 5 Mt, more than the amount emitted from Europe ...
  • Nikkola, Paavo; Thordarson, Thorvaldur; Rämö, O. Tapani; Heikkilä, Pasi (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-11-25)
    To gain insights into crystal–melt separation processes during basalt differentiation, we have studied an 8-m-thick pāhoehoe lava lobe from the Hafnarhraun lava flow field in SW Iceland. The lobe has abundant melt segregations, porous cylindrical and ...
  • Pedersen, Gro; Belart, Joaquín M. C.; Magnússon, Eyjólfur; Vilmundardóttir, Olga Kolbrún; Kizel, Fadi; Sigurmundsson, Friðþór Sófus; Gísladóttir, Guðrún; Benediktsson, Jon Atli (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2018-02-22)
    Lava flow thicknesses, volumes, and effusion rates provide essential information for understanding the behavior of eruptions and their associated deformation signals. Preeruption and posteruption elevation models were generated from historical stereo ...
  • Pedersen, Gro; Montalvo, Jorge; Einarsson, Páll; Vilmundardóttir, Olga Kolbrún; Sigurmundsson, Friðþór Sófus; Belart, Joaquín M. C.; Hjartardottir, Asta Rut; Kizel, Fadi; Rustowicz, Rose; Falco, Nicola; Gísladóttir, Guðrún; Benediktsson, Jon Atli (Iceland Glaciological Society and Geoscience Society of IcelandJöklarannsóknafélags Íslands og Jarðfræðafélags Íslands, 2018)
    Hekla volcano is known to have erupted at least 23 times in historical time (last 1100 years); often producing mixed eruptions of tephra and lava. The lava flow volumes from the 20th century have amounted 80% to almost 100% of the entire erupted ...
  • Aufaristama, Muhammad; Höskuldsson, Ármann; Ulfarsson, Magnus; Jónsdóttir, Ingibjörg; Thordarson, Thorvaldur (MDPI AG, 2020-03-31)
    Roughness can be used to characterize the morphologies of a lava flow. It can be used to identify lava flow features, provide insight into eruption conditions, and link roughness pattern across a lava flow to emplacement conditions. In this study, we ...
  • Aufaristama, Muhammad; Höskuldsson, Ármann; Jonsdottir, Ingibjorg; Ólafsdóttir, Rósa (IOP Publishing, 2016-01-19)
    Iceland is well known for its volcanic activity due to its location on the spreading Mid Atlantic Ridge and one of the earth’s hot spot. In the past 1000 years there were about 200 eruptions occurring in Iceland, meaning volcanic eruptions occurred ...
  • Aufaristama, Muhammad; Höskuldsson, Ármann; Jónsdóttir, Ingibjörg; Ulfarsson, Magnus; Thordarson, Thorvaldur (MDPI AG, 2018-01-20)
    A new lava field was formed at Holuhraun in the Icelandic Highlands, north of Vatnajökull glacier, in 2014–2015. It was the largest effusive eruption in Iceland for 230 years, with an estimated lava bulk volume of ~1.44 km3 covering an area of ~84 km2. ...
  • Hamilton, Christopher W.; Fitch, Erin P.; Fagents, Sarah A.; Thordarson, Thorvaldur (Springer Nature, 2017-01)
    Volcanic rootless cones are the products of thermohydraulic explosions involving rapid heat transfer from active lava (fuel) to external sources of water (coolant). Rootless eruptions are attributed to molten fuel–coolant interactions (MFCIs), but ...
  • Caudron, Corentin; White, Robert S.; Green, Robert G.; Woods, Jennifer; Agustsdottir, Thorbjorg; Donaldson, Clare; Greenfield, Tim; Rivalta, Eleonora; Brandsdóttir, Bryndís (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2018-01)
    Magma is transported in brittle rock through dikes and sills. This movement may be accompanied by the release of seismic energy that can be tracked from the Earth's surface. Locating dikes and deciphering their dynamics is therefore of prime importance ...
  • Barrière, Julien; d'Oreye, Nicolas; Oth, Adrien; Geirsson, Halldor; Mashagiro, Niche; Johnson, Jeffrey B.; Smets, Benoît; Samsonov, Sergey; Kervyn, François (Frontiers Media SA, 2018-06-19)
    Since its last effusive eruption in 2002, Nyiragongo has been an open-vent volcano characterized by the world’s largest persistent lava lake. This lava lake provides a unique opportunity to detect pressure change in the magmatic system by analyzing its ...
  • Aufaristama, Muhammad; Höskuldsson, Ármann; Jónsdóttir, Ingibjörg; Ulfarsson, Magnus; Erlangga, I G D; Thordarson, Thorvaldur (IOP Publishing, 2019-08-14)
    In the beginning of December 2017, Mt. Agung eruption powered down to minor ash emissions and on the middle of December, aerial photographs of the crater were taken by Indonesia Centre of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation (PVMBG) showing a ...