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Browsing by Subject "Genetics"

Browsing by Subject "Genetics"

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  • Palsson, Arnar; Gibson, Greg (Genetics Society of America, 2004-07-01)
    As part of an effort to dissect quantitative trait locus effects to the nucleotide level, association was assessed between 238 single-nucleotide and 20 indel polymorphisms spread over 11 kb of the Drosophila melanogaster Egfr locus and nine relative ...
  • Pardal, Sara; Drews, Anna; Alves, Jose; Ramos, Jaime A.; Westerdahl, Helena (Springer Nature, 2017-05-23)
    The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) encodes proteins that are central for antigen presentation and pathogen elimination. MHC class I (MHC-I) genes have attracted a great deal of interest among researchers in ecology and evolution and have been ...
  • Jensson, Brynjar Örn; Hansdottir, Sif; Arnadottir, Gudny; Sulem, Gerald; Kristjansson, Ragnar; Oddsson, Asmundur; Benonisdottir, Stefania; Jónsson, Hákon; Helgason, Agnar; Sæmundsdóttir, Jóna; Magnússon, Ólafur T.; Másson, Gísli; Thorisson, Gudmundur; Jónasdóttir, Aðalbjörg; Jónasdóttir, Áslaug; Sigurðsson, Ásgeir; Jonsdottir, Ingileif; Pétursdóttir, Vigdís; Kristinsson, Jón R.; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Arngrimsson, Reynir; Sulem, Patrick; Guðmundsson, Gunnar; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Nature, 2017-11-14)
    Background: Rare missense mutations in the gene encoding coatomer subunit alpha (COPA) have recently been shown to cause autoimmune interstitial lung, joint and kidney disease, also known as COPA syndrome, under a dominant mode of inheritance. Case ...
  • Guðbrandsson, Jóhannes; Pashay Ahi, Ehsan; Franzdottir, Sigridur Rut; Kapralova, Kalina H.; Kristjansson, Bjarni K.; Steinhäuser, Sophie S.; Maier, Valerie H.; Johannesson, Isak M.; Snorrason, Sigurdur S.; Jonsson, Zophonias O.; Palsson, Arnar (F1000 Research, Ltd., 2016-12-02)
    Species and populations with parallel evolution of specific traits can help illuminate how predictable adaptations and divergence are at the molecular and developmental level. Following the last glacial period, dwarfism and specialized bottom feeding ...
  • Kapralova, Kalina H.; Guðbrandsson, Jóhannes; Reynisdottir, Sigrun; Santos, Cristina B.; Baltanás, Vanessa C; Maier, Valerie H. untranslated; Snorrason, Sigurdur S.; Palsson, Arnar (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2013-07-24)
    Northern freshwater fish may be suitable for the genetic dissection of ecological traits because they invaded new habitats after the last ice age (∼10.000 years ago). Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) colonizing streams and lakes in Iceland gave rise ...
  • Katrínardóttir, Borgný; Alves, Jose; Sigurjónsdóttir, Hrefna; Hersteinsson, Páll; Gunnarsson, Tomas Gretar (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2015-07-10)
    Distinct preference of species for habitats is most often driven by long term differences in demographic rates between habitats. Estimating variation in those rates is key for developing successful conservation strategies. Stochastic events can interact ...
  • Gowers, Glen-Oliver. F.; Vince, Oliver; Charles, John-Henry; Klarenberg, Ingeborg J.; Ellis, Tom; Edwards, Arwyn (MDPI AG, 2019-11-07)
    Microbial communities in remote locations remain under-studied. This is particularly true on glaciers and icecaps, which cover approximately 11% of the Earth’s surface. The principal reason for this is the inaccessibility of most of these areas due ...
  • Gudmundsson, Julius; Sigurðsson, Jón K.; Stefánsdóttir, Lilja; Agnarsson, Bjarni A.; Ísaksson, Helgi J.; Stefánsson, Ólafur A.; Guðjónsson, Sigurjón Axel; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Másson, Gísli; Frigge, Michael L.; Stacey, Simon N.; Sulem, Patrick; Halldorsson, Gisli; Tragante, Vinicius; Holm, Hilma; Eyjólfsson, Guðmundur I.; Sigurðardóttir, Ólöf; Olafsson, Isleifur; Jónsson, Þorvaldur; Jónsson, Eirikur; Barkardóttir, Rósa B.; Hilmarsson, Rafn; Asselbergs, Folkert W.; Geirsson, Guðmundur; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Rafnar, Thorunn; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2018-11-08)
    Benign prostatic hyperplasia and associated lower urinary tract symptoms (BPH/LUTS) are common conditions affecting the majority of elderly males. Here we report the results of a genome-wide association study of symptomatic BPH/LUTS in 20,621 patients ...
  • Styrkarsdottir, Unnur; Stefansson, Olafur A.; Gunnarsdottir, Kristbjorg; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Lund, Sigrún Helga; Stefansdottir, Lilja; Juliusson, Kristinn; Ágústsdóttir, Arna B.; Zink, Florian; Halldorsson, Gisli; Ivarsdottir, Erna V.; Benonisdottir, Stefania; Jonsson, Hakon; Gylfason, Arnaldur; Norland, Kristjan; Trajanoska, Katerina; Boer, Cindy G.; Southam, Lorraine; Leung, Jason C. S.; Tang, Nelson L. S.; Kwok, Timothy C. Y.; Lee, Jenny S. W.; Ho, Suzanne C.; Byrjalsen, Inger; Center, Jacqueline R.; Lee, Seung Hun; Koh, Jung-Min; Lohmander, L. Stefan; Ho-Pham, Lan T.; Nguyen, Tuan V.; Eisman, John A.; Woo, Jean; Leung, Ping-C.; Loughlin, John; Zeggini, Eleftheria; Christiansen, Claus; Rivadeneira, Fernando; van Meurs, Joyce; Uitterlinden, Andre G.; Mogensen, Brynjolfur; Jonsson, Helgi; Ingvarsson, Thorvaldur; Sigurdsson, Gunnar; Benediktsson, Rafn; Sulem, Patrick; Jonsdottir, Ingileif; Masson, Gisli; Holm, Hilma; Norddahl, Gudmundur L.; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-05-03)
    Bone area is one measure of bone size that is easily derived from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans. In a GWA study of DXA bone area of the hip and lumbar spine (N ≥ 28,954), we find thirteen independent association signals at twelve loci ...
  • Ingthorsson, Saevar; Andersen, K; Hilmarsdóttir, Bylgja; Mælandsmo, Gunhild M; Magnusson, Magnus Karl; Gudjonsson, Thorarinn (Springer Nature, 2015-12-21)
    The members of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) kinase family are important players in breast morphogenesis and cancer. EGFR2/HER2 and EGFR expression have a prognostic value in certain subtypes of breast cancer such as HER2-amplified, ...
  • Wesolowska, Natalia; Reynisdóttir, Sigrún; Ludwig, Michael Z.; Kreitman, Martin; Palsson, Arnar (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2014-05-01)
    Changes in regulatory DNA contribute to phenotypic differences within and between taxa. Comparative studies show that many transcription factor binding sites (TFBS) are conserved between species whereas functional studies reveal that some mutations ...
  • Guðmundsson, Bjarki; Þormar, Hans G; Sigurðsson, Albert; Dankers, Wendy; Steinarsdóttir, Margrét; Hermanowicz, Stefan; Sigurðsson, Stefán; Ólafsson, Davið; Halldorsdottir, Anna; Meyn, Stephen; Jonsson, Jon J. (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018-07-24)
    DNA damage assays have various limitations in types of lesions detected, sensitivity, specificity and samples that can be analyzed. The Northern Lights Assay (NLA) is based on 2D Strandness-Dependent Electrophoresis (2D-SDE), a technique that separates ...
  • Palsson, Arnar; Rouse, Ann; Riley-Berger, Rebecca; Dworkin, Ian; Gibson, Greg (Genetics Society of America, 2004-07-01)
    The Epidermal growth factor receptor is an essential gene with diverse pleiotropic roles in development throughout the animal kingdom. Analysis of sequence diversity in 10.9 kb covering the complete coding region and 6.4 kb of potential regulatory ...
  • Figueiredo Cardoso, Tainã; Amills, Marcel; Bertolini, Francesca; Rothschild, Max F.; Marras, Gabriele; Boink, Geert; Jordana, Jordi; Capote, Juan; Carolan, Sean; Hallsson, Jon; Kantanen, Juha; Pons, Àgueda L.; Lenstra, Johannes A. (Springer Nature America, Inc, 2018-11-19)
    Genetic isolation of breeds may result in a significant loss of diversity and have consequences on health and performance. In this study, we examined the effect of geographic isolation on caprine genetic diversity patterns by genotyping 480 individuals ...
  • Björnsson, Þorsteinn; Þórólfsdóttir, Rósa B.; Sveinbjörnsson, Garðar; Sulem, Patrick; Norðdahl, Guðmundur L.; Helgadóttir, Anna; Grétarsdóttir, Sólveig; Magnusdóttir, Auður; Danielsen, Ragnar; Sigurðsson, Emil L.; Adalsteinsdottir, Berglind; Gunnarsson, Sverrir I; Jonsdottir, Ingileif; Arnar, Davíð O.; Helgason, Hróðmar; Guðbjartsson, Tómas; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Holm, Hilma; Stefansson, Kari (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018-03-24)
    Aims Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) accounts for 4-8% of congenital heart defects (CHDs) and confers substantial morbidity despite treatment. It is increasingly recognized as a highly heritable condition. The aim of the study was to search for sequence ...
  • Jinga, Viorel; Csiki, Irma Eva; Manolescu, Andrei; Iordache, Paul; Mates, Ioan Nicolae; Radavoi, Daniel; Rascu, Stefan; Badescu, Daniel; Badea, Paula; Mates, Dana (Wiley, 2016-01-15)
    Prostate cancer is the third‐most common form of cancer in men in Romania. The Romanian unscreened population represents a good sample to study common genetic risk variants. However, a comprehensive analysis has not been conducted yet. Here, we report ...
  • Wutke, Saskia; Benecke, Norbert; Sandoval-Castellanos, Edson; Döhle, Hans-Jürgen; Friederich, Susanne; Gonzalez, Javier; Hofreiter, Michael; Lõugas, Lembi; Magnell, Ola; Morales-Muniz, Arturo; Orlando, Ludovic; Reissmann, Monika; Ruttkay, Matej; Trinks, Alexandra; Ludwig, Arne; Palsdottir, Albina Hulda; Hallsson, Jon (Springer Nature, 2016-12-07)
    Horses have been valued for their diversity of coat colour since prehistoric times; this is especially the case since their domestication in the Caspian steppe in ~3,500 BC. Although we can assume that human preferences were not constant, we have only ...
  • Palsson, Arnar; Dodgson, James; Dworkin, Ian; Gibson, Greg (BioMed Central Ltd, 2005)
    Background Quantitative differences between individuals stem from a combination of genetic and environmental factors, with the heritable variation being shaped by evolutionary forces. Drosophila wing shape has emerged as an attractive system for ...