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Browsing by Subject "Genarannsóknir"

Browsing by Subject "Genarannsóknir"

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  • Arason, Ari Jon; Jóelsson, Jón Pétur; Valdimarsdóttir, Bryndís; Sigurdsson, Snaevar; Guðjónsson, Alexander; Halldorsson, Skarphedinn; Jóhannsson, Freyr; Rolfsson, Óttar; Lehmann, Fredrik; Ingthorsson, Saevar; Cherek, Paulina; Gudmundsson, Gudmundur H; Garðarsson, Friðrik R.; Page, Clive P.; Baldursson, Ólafur; Gudjonsson, Thorarinn; Kricker, Jennifer (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-06-24)
    BACKGROUND: Azithromycin (Azm) is a macrolide recognized for its disease-modifying effects and reduction in exacerbation of chronic airway diseases. It is not clear whether the beneficial effects of Azm are due to its anti-microbial activity or other ...
  • Andlauer, Till F. M.; Sigurdsson, Engilbert; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-11-11)
    Multiplex families with a high prevalence of a psychiatric disorder are often examined to identify rare genetic variants with large effect sizes. In the present study, we analysed whether the risk for bipolar disorder (BD) in BD multiplex families is ...
  • Ingason, Arnar; Mechmet, Fatich; Atacho, Diahann; Steingrimsson, Eirikur; Petersen, Petur Henry (Elsevier BV, 2019-01)
    Although mast cell distribution has been described in both human and canine hearts, cardiac mast cells in mice have yet to be categorically localized. We therefore sought to describe mast cell distribution within the mouse heart and characterize their ...
  • Ólafsdóttir, Þórunn Ásta; Theódórs, Fannar; Bjarnadóttir, Kristbjörg; Björnsdóttir, Unnur Steina; Agustsdottir, Arna B.; Stefánsson, Ólafur A.; Ivarsdottir, Erna; Sigurðsson, Jón K.; Benónísdóttir, Stefanía; Eyjólfsson, Guðmundur I.; Gíslason, Davíð; Gislason, Thorarinn; Guðmundsdóttir, Steinunn; Gylfason, Arnaldur; Halldórsson, Bjarni; Halldorsson, Gisli; Júlíusdóttir, Þórhildur; Kristinsdottir, Anna M.; Lúðvíksdóttir, Dóra; Ludviksson, Bjorn; Másson, Gísli; Norland, Kristjan; Onundarson, Pall; Olafsson, Isleifur; Sigurdardottir, Olof; Stefánsdóttir, Lilja; Sveinbjörnsson, Garðar; Tragante do O, Vinicius; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Þorleifsson, Guðmar; sulem, patrick; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Norddahl, Guðmundur L.; Jonsdottir, Ingileif; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-01-20)
    Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases affecting both children and adults. We report a genome-wide association meta-analysis of 69,189 cases and 702,199 controls from Iceland and UK biobank. We find 88 asthma risk variants at 56 loci, 19 ...
  • Magnadottir, Bergljot; Uysal-Onganer, Pinar; Kraev, Igor; Dodds, Alister W.; Guðmundsdóttir, Sigríður; Lange, Sigrun (Elsevier BV, 2020-03)
    Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are released from cells and carry protein and genetic cargo involved in cell communication. EVs isolated from bodyfluids, including plasma and serum, can also be used as markers of pathophysiological changes. Peptidylarginine ...
  • Budková, Zuzana (2021-04)
    A better understanding of normal organ development can give deeper insight into which genes are harnessed by aberrant cells during cancer formation and progression. In my thesis, I have investigated two seemingly different, however, related, developmental ...
  • Pederson, Eric R. A.; Warshan, Denis; Rasmussen, Ulla (Genetics Society of America, 2019-09-01)
    The pleurocarpous feather moss Pleurozium schreberi is a ubiquitous moss species which plays a fundamental role in many terrestrial ecosystems, for instance within the boreal forest, the Earth’s largest terrestrial biome, this species plays a significant ...
  • Allen, Richard J.; Guillen-Guio, Beatriz; Oldham, Justin M.; Ma, Shwu-Fan; Dressen, Amy; Paynton, Megan L.; Kraven, Luke M.; Obeidat, Ma'en; Li, Xuan; Ng, Michael; Braybrooke, Rebecca; Molina-Molina, Maria; Hobbs, Brian D.; Putman, Rachel K.; Sakornsakolpat, Phuwanat; Booth, Helen L.; Fahy, William A.; Hart, Simon P.; Hill, Mike R.; Hirani, Nik; Hubbard, Richard B.; McAnulty, Robin J.; Millar, Ann B.; Navaratnam, Vidyia; Oballa, Eunice; Parfrey, Helen; Saini, Gauri; Whyte, Moira K. B.; Zhang, Yingze; Kaminski, Naftali; Adegunsoye, Ayodeji; Strek, Mary E.; Neighbors, Margaret; Sheng, Xuting R.; Guðmundsson, Gunnar; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Hatabu, Hiroto; Lederer, David J.; Manichaikul, Ani; Newell, John D.; O’Connor, George T.; Ortega, Victor E.; Xu, Hanfei; Fingerlin, Tasha E.; Bossé, Yohan; Hao, Ke; Joubert, Philippe; Nickle, David C.; Sin, Don D.; Timens, Wim; Furniss, Dominic; Morris, Andrew P.; Zondervan, Krina T.; Hall, Ian P.; Sayers, Ian; Tobin, Martin D.; Maher, Toby M.; Cho, Michael H.; Hunninghake, Gary M.; Schwartz, David A.; Yaspan, Brian L.; Molyneaux, Philip L.; Flores, Carlos; Noth, Imre; Jenkins, R. Gisli; Wain, Louise V. (American Thoracic Society, 2020-03-01)
    Rationale: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a complex lung disease characterized by scarring of the lung that is believed to result from an atypical response to injury of the epithelium. Genome-wide association studies have reported signals of ...
  • van Tonder, Andries J.; Bray, James E.; Jolley, Keith A.; Jansen van Rensburg, Melissa; Quirk, Sigríður Júlía; Haraldsson, Gunnsteinn; Maiden, Martin; Bentley, Stephen D.; Haraldsson, Ásgeir; Erlendsdóttir, Helga; Kristinsson, Karl G.; Brueggemann, Angela B. (Frontiers Media SA, 2019-02-25)
    Understanding the structure of a bacterial population is essential in order to understand bacterial evolution. Estimating the core genome (those genes common to all, or nearly all, strains of a species) is a key component of such analyses. The size and ...
  • Amirfallah, Arsalan; Arason, Adalgeir; Einarsson, Hjörleifur; Guðmundsdóttir, Eydís Þórunn; Freysteinsdóttir, Edda Sigríður; Ólafsdóttir, Kristrún Auður; Jóhannsson, Óskar Þór; Agnarsson, Bjarni A.; Barkardottir, Rosa Bjork; Reynisdottir, Inga (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2019-08-23)
    Background: Fusion genes result from genomic structural changes, which can lead to alterations in gene expression that supports tumor development. The aim of the study was to use fusion genes as a tool to identify new breast cancer (BC) genes with a ...
  • Bergman, Peter; Raqib, Rubhana; Rekha, Rokeya Sultana; Agerberth, Birgitta; Gudmundsson, Gudmundur H (Frontiers Media SA, 2020-06-12)
    The innate immune system constitutes the first line of defense against invading pathogens, regulating the normal microbiota and contributes to homeostasis. Today we have obtained detailed knowledge on receptors, signaling pathways, and effector molecules ...
  • Ulven, Stine M.; Holven, Kirsten B.; Rundblad, Amanda; Myhrstad, Mari C. W.; Leder, Lena; Dahlman, Ingrid; Mello, Vanessa D. de; Schwab, Ursula; Carlberg, Carsten; Pihlajamäki, Jussi; Hermansen, Kjeld; Dragsted, Lars O.; Gunnarsdottir, Ingibjorg; Cloetens, Lieselotte; Åkesson, Björn; Rosqvist, Fredrik; Hukkanen, Janne; Herzig, Karl-Heinz; Savolainen, Markku J; Risérus, Ulf; Thorsdottir , Inga; Poutanen, Kaisa S; Arner, Peter; Uusitupa, Matti; Kolehmainen, Marjukka (MDPI AG, 2019-12-03)
    A healthy dietary pattern is associated with a lower risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and reduced inflammation. To explore this at the molecular level, we investigated the effect of a Nordic diet (ND) on changes in the gene expression profiles of ...
  • Briem, Eiríkur; Budkova, Zuzana; Sigurðardóttir, Anna Karen; Hilmarsdóttir, Bylgja; Kricker, Jennifer; Timp, Winston; Magnusson, Magnus Karl; Traustadottir, Gunnhildur Asta; Gudjonsson, Thorarinn (Elsevier BV, 2019-02)
    MicroRNAs regulate developmental events such as branching morphogenesis, epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) and its reverse process mesenchymal to epithelial transition (MET). In this study, we performed small RNA sequencing of a breast epithelial ...
  • Ballesteros Alvarez, Josue; Dilshat, Ramile; Fock, Valerie; Möller, Katrin; Karl, Ludwig; LARUE, Lionel; Ogmundsdottir, Margret H; Steingrimsson, Eirikur (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2020-09-03)
    The MITF, TFEB, TFE3 and TFEC (MiT-TFE) proteins belong to the basic helix-loop-helix family of leucine zipper transcription factors. MITF is crucial for melanocyte development and differentiation, and has been termed a lineage-specific oncogene in ...
  • Möller, Katrin; Sigurbjornsdottir, Sara; Arnþórsson, Ásgeir O.; Pogenberg, Vivian; Dilshat, Ramile; Fock, Valerie; Brynjólfsdóttir, Sólveig Hlín; Bindesboll, Christian; Bessadóttir, Margrét; Ögmundsdóttir, Helga M.; Simonsen, Anne; Larue, Lionel; Wilmanns, Matthias; Thorsson, Vésteinn; Steingrimsson, Eirikur; Ogmundsdottir, Margret H (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-01-31)
    The MITF transcription factor is a master regulator of melanocyte development and a critical factor in melanomagenesis. The related transcription factors TFEB and TFE3 regulate lysosomal activity and autophagy processes known to be important in ...
  • Imsland, Freyja (Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2015)
    Domestic animals have rich phenotypic diversity that can be explored to advance our understanding of the relationship between molecular genetics and phenotypic variation. Since the advent of second generation sequencing, it has become easier to ...
  • Shen, Xueyi; Sigurdsson, Engilbert; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-05-08)
    Depression is a leading cause of worldwide disability but there remains considerable uncertainty regarding its neural and behavioural associations. Here, using non-overlapping Psychiatric Genomics Consortium (PGC) datasets as a reference, we estimate ...
  • Bjornsdottir, Gyda; Ívarsdóttir, Erna V.; Bjarnadóttir, Kristbjörg; Benonisdottir, Stefania; Gylfadottir, Sandra Sif; Arnadottir, Gudny; Benediktsson, Rafn; Halldorsson, Gisli; Helgadottir, Anna; Jónasdóttir, Aðalbjörg; Jónasdóttir, Áslaug; Jonsdottir, Ingileif; Kristinsdóttir, Anna Margrét; Magnússon, Ólafur T.; Másson, Gísli; Melsted, Páll; Rafnar, Thorunn; Sigurðsson, Ásgeir; Sigurdsson, Gunnar; Skúladóttir, Ástrós; Steinthorsdottir, Valgerdur; Styrkarsdottir, Unnur; Thorgeirsson, Gudmundur; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Vikingsson, Arnor; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Holm, Hilma; Stefansson, Hreinn; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Norðdahl, Guðmundur L.; sulem, patrick; Thorgeirsson, Thorgeir; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-04-16)
    Nerve conduction (NC) studies generate measures of peripheral nerve function that can reveal underlying pathology due to axonal loss, demyelination or both. We perform a genome-wide association study of sural NC amplitude and velocity in 7045 Icelanders ...
  • Silva, Ana I.; Ulfarsson, Magnus; Stefansson, Hreinn; Gústafsson, Ómar; Walters, G. Bragi; Linden, David E.J.; Wilkinson, Lawrence S.; Drakesmith, Mark; Owen, Michael J.; Hall, Jeremy; Stefansson, Kari (Elsevier BV, 2019-04-01)
    Background: The 15q11.2 BP1-BP2 cytogenetic region has been associated with learning and motor delays, autism, and schizophrenia. This region includes a gene that codes for the cytoplasmic FMR1 interacting protein 1 (CYFIP1). The CYFIP1 protein is ...
  • Remina, Dilixiati (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-03)
    The pigment producing melanocytes are derived from the neural crest cells and form precursor cells called melanoblasts. These cells proliferate and migrate to their destination in skin, hair and other organs where they differentiate into melanocytes ...