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Browsing by Subject "Gen"

Browsing by Subject "Gen"

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  • Chen, Hao Yu; Cairns, Benjamin J.; Small, Aeron M.; Burr, Hannah A.; Ambikkumar, Athithan; Martinsson, Andreas; Thériault, Sébastien; Munter, Hans Markus; Steffen, Brian; Zhang, Richard; Levinson, Rebecca T.; Shaffer, Christian M.; Rong, Jian; Sonestedt, Emily; Dufresne, Line; Ljungberg, Johan; Näslund, Ulf; Johansson, Bengt; Ranatunga, Dilrini K.; Whitmer, Rachel A.; Budoff, Matthew J.; Nguyen, Albert; Vasan, Ramachandran S.; Larson, Martin G.; Harris, William S.; Damrauer, Scott M.; Stark, Ken D.; Boekholdt, S. Matthijs; Wareham, Nicholas J.; Pibarot, Philippe; Arsenault, Benoit J.; Mathieu, Patrick; Gudnason, Vilmundur; O’Donnell, Christopher J.; Rotter, Jerome I.; Tsai, Michael Y.; Post, Wendy S.; Clarke, Robert; Söderberg, Stefan; Bossé, Yohan; Wells, Quinn S.; Smith, J. Gustav; Rader, Daniel J.; Lathrop, Mark; Engert, James C.; Thanassoulis, George (American Medical Association (AMA), 2020-06-01)
    Importance: Aortic stenosis (AS) has no approved medical treatment. Identifying etiological pathways for AS could identify pharmacological targets. Objective: To identify novel genetic loci and pathways associated with AS. Design, Setting, and Participants: ...
  • Arason, Adalgeir; Agnarsson, Bjarni A.; Jóhannesdóttir, Gudrún; Jóhannsson, Óskar Þór; Hilmarsdóttir, Bylgja; Reynisdóttir, Inga; Barkardottir, Rosa Bjork (MDPI AG, 2019-11-01)
    Mutations in BRCA1 result in predisposal to breast and ovarian cancers, but many variants exist with unknown clinical significance (VUS). One is BRCA1 c.4096+3A>G, which affects production of the full-length BRCA1 transcript, while augmenting transcripts ...
  • Sønderby, Ida E; Ulfarsson, Magnus; Walters, G. Bragi; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2018-10-03)
    Carriers of large recurrent copy number variants (CNVs) have a higher risk of developing neurodevelopmental disorders. The 16p11.2 distal CNV predisposes carriers to e.g., autism spectrum disorder and schizophrenia. We compared subcortical brain volumes ...
  • Ólafsdóttir, Þórunn Ásta; Theódórs, Fannar; Bjarnadóttir, Kristbjörg; Björnsdóttir, Unnur Steina; Agustsdottir, Arna B.; Stefánsson, Ólafur A.; Ivarsdottir, Erna; Sigurðsson, Jón K.; Benónísdóttir, Stefanía; Eyjólfsson, Guðmundur I.; Gíslason, Davíð; Gislason, Thorarinn; Guðmundsdóttir, Steinunn; Gylfason, Arnaldur; Halldórsson, Bjarni; Halldorsson, Gisli; Júlíusdóttir, Þórhildur; Kristinsdottir, Anna M.; Lúðvíksdóttir, Dóra; Ludviksson, Bjorn; Másson, Gísli; Norland, Kristjan; Onundarson, Pall; Olafsson, Isleifur; Sigurdardottir, Olof; Stefánsdóttir, Lilja; Sveinbjörnsson, Garðar; Tragante do O, Vinicius; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Þorleifsson, Guðmar; sulem, patrick; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Norddahl, Guðmundur L.; Jonsdottir, Ingileif; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-01-20)
    Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases affecting both children and adults. We report a genome-wide association meta-analysis of 69,189 cases and 702,199 controls from Iceland and UK biobank. We find 88 asthma risk variants at 56 loci, 19 ...
  • Hermanowicz, Stefan (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-05)
    The DNA damage response is crucial to maintaining the integrity of DNA and the health of a cell. Unrepaired lesions within the DNA can lead to genomic instability and potentially aid in the formation of diseases such as cancer. Some cancers possess ...
  • Prins, Bram P.; Mead, Timothy J.; Brody, Jennifer A.; Sveinbjornsson, Gardar; Ntalla, Ioanna; Bihlmeyer, Nathan A.; van den Berg, Marten; Bork-Jensen, Jette; Cappellani, Stefania; Van Duijvenboden, Stefan; Klena, Nikolai T.; Gabriel, George C.; Liu, Xiaoqin; Gulec, Cagri; Grarup, Niels; Haessler, Jeffrey; Hall, Leanne M.; Iorio, Annamaria; Isaacs, Aaron; Li-Gao, Ruifang; Lin, Honghuang; Liu, Ching-Ti; Lyytikäinen, Leo-Pekka; Marten, Jonathan; Mei, Hao; Müller-Nurasyid, Martina; Orini, Michele; Padmanabhan, Sandosh; Radmanesh, Farid; Ramirez, Julia; Robino, Antonietta; Schwartz, Molly; van Setten, Jessica; Smith, Albert Vernon; Verweij, Niek; Warren, Helen R.; Weiss, Stefan; Alonso, Alvaro; Arnar, Davíð O.; Bots, Michiel L.; de Boer, Rudolf A.; Dominiczak, Anna F.; Eijgelsheim, Mark; Ellinor, Patrick T.; Guo, Xiuqing; Felix, Stephan B.; Harris, Tamara B.; Hayward, Caroline; Heckbert, Susan R.; Huang, Paul L.; Jukema, J. Wouter; Kähönen, Mika; Kors, Jan A.; Lambiase, Pier D.; Launer, Lenore J.; Li, Man; Linneberg, Allan; Nelson, Christopher P.; Pedersen, Oluf; Perez, Marco; Peters, Annette; Polasek, Ozren; Psaty, Bruce M.; Raitakari, Olli T.; Rice, Kenneth M.; Rotter, Jerome I.; Sinner, Moritz F.; Soliman, Elsayed Z.; Spector, Tim D.; Strauch, Konstantin; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Tinker, Andrew; Trompet, Stella; Uitterlinden, André; Vaartjes, Ilonca; van der Meer, Peter; Völker, Uwe; Völzke, Henry; Waldenberger, Melanie; Wilson, James G.; Xie, Zhijun; Asselbergs, Folkert W.; Dörr, Marcus; van Duijn, Cornelia M.; Gasparini, Paolo; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Hansen, Torben; Kääb, Stefan; Kanters, Jørgen K.; Kooperberg, Charles; Lehtimäki, Terho; Lin, Henry J.; Lubitz, Steven A.; Mook-Kanamori, Dennis O.; Conti, Francesco J.; Newton-Cheh, Christopher H.; Rosand, Jonathan; Rudan, Igor; Samani, Nilesh J.; Sinagra, Gianfranco; Smith, Blair H.; Holm, Hilma; Stricker, Bruno H.; Ulivi, Sheila; Sotoodehnia, Nona; Apte, Suneel S.; van der Harst, Pim; Stefansson, Kari; Munroe, Patricia B.; Arking, Dan E.; Lo, Cecilia W.; Jamshidi, Yalda (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2018-07-17)
    Background: Genome-wide association studies conducted on QRS duration, an electrocardiographic measurement associated with heart failure and sudden cardiac death, have led to novel biological insights into cardiac function. However, the variants ...
  • Briem, Eiríkur (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2018)
    Brjóstkirtillinn er myndaður af greinóttum kirtilgöngum sem umluktir eru æðaþelsríkum bandvef. Brjóstakrabbamein á upptök í kirtilþekjufrumum í endum kirtilganga. Brjóstakrabbameinsfrumur nýta sér ferli sem kallast bandvefsumbreyting þekjuvefjar til ...
  • Kristjánsdóttir, Guðlaug Þóra (Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2009)
    The interferon regulatory factor 5 (IRF5) gene encodes a transcription factor that plays an important role in the innate as well as in the cell-mediated immune response. The IRF5 gene has received considerable attention since it was shown to be associated ...
  • International Headache Genetics Consortium; HUNT All-in Headache; Danish Blood Donor Study Genomic Cohort (2022-02)
    Migraine affects over a billion individuals worldwide but its genetic underpinning remains largely unknown. Here, we performed a genome-wide association study of 102,084 migraine cases and 771,257 controls and identified 123 loci, of which 86 are ...
  • Amirfallah, Arsalan; Knutsdottir, Hildur; Arason, Aðalgeir; Hilmarsdóttir, Bylgja; Jóhannsson, Óskar Þór; Agnarsson, Bjarni Agnar; Barkardottir, Rosa B.; Reynisdottir, Inga (2021-11-19)
    Breast cancer is the cancer most often diagnosed in women. MicroRNAs (MIRs) are short RNA molecules that bind mRNA resulting in their downregulation. MIR21 has been shown to be an oncomiR in most cancer types, including breast cancer. Most of the effects ...
  • Beck, Samantha V. (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2019-01-30)
    Intraspecific variation in egg size and its effects on offspring fitness is well documented in fishes. Yet whether or not differential per propagule maternal investment (egg size) can influence phenotypic diversification is little understood. Arctic ...
  • Page, Elizabeth C.; Bancroft, Elizabeth K.; Brook, Mark N.; Assel, Melissa; Hassan Al Battat, Mona; Thomas, Sarah; Taylor, Natalie; Chamberlain, Anthony; Pope, Jennifer; Raghallaigh, Holly Ni; Evans, D. Gareth; Rothwell, Jeanette; Maehle, Lovise; Grindedal, Eli Marie; James, Paul; Mascarenhas, Lyon; McKinley, Joanne; Side, Lucy; Thomas, Tessy; van Asperen, Christi; Vasen, Hans; Kiemeney, Lambertus A.; Ringelberg, Janneke; Jensen, Thomas Dyrsø; Osther, Palle J.S.; Helfand, Brian T.; Genova, Elena; Oldenburg, Rogier A.; Cybulski, Cezary; Wokolorczyk, Dominika; Ong, Kai-Ren; Huber, Camilla; Lam, Jimmy; Taylor, Louise; Salinas, Monica; Feliubadaló, Lidia; Oosterwijk, Jan C.; van Zelst-Stams, Wendy; Cook, Jackie; Rosario, Derek J.; Domchek, Susan; Powers, Jacquelyn; Buys, Saundra; O'Toole, Karen; Ausems, Margreet G.E.M.; Schmutzler, Rita K.; Rhiem, Kerstin; Izatt, Louise; Tripathi, Vishakha; Teixeira, Manuel R.; Cardoso, Marta; Foulkes, William D.; Aprikian, Armen; van Randeraad, Heleen; Davidson, Rosemarie; Longmuir, Mark; Ruijs, Mariëlle W.G.; Helderman van den Enden, Apollonia T.J.M.; Adank, Muriel; Williams, Rachel; Andrews, Lesley; Murphy, Declan G.; Halliday, Dorothy; Walker, Lisa; Liljegren, Annelie; Carlsson, Stefan; Azzabi, Ashraf; Jobson, Irene; Morton, Catherine; Shackleton, Kylie; Snape, Katie; Hanson, Helen; Harris, Marion; Tischkowitz, Marc; Taylor, Amy; Kirk, Judy; Susman, Rachel; Chen-Shtoyerman, Rakefet; Spigelman, Allan; Pachter, Nicholas; Ahmed, Munaza; Ramon y Cajal, Teresa; Zgajnar, Janez; Brewer, Carole; Gadea, Neus; Brady, Angela F.; van Os, Theo; Gallagher, David; Johannsson, Oskar; Donaldson, Alan; Barwell, Julian; Nicolai, Nicola; Friedman, Eitan; Obeid, Elias; Greenhalgh, Lynn; Murthy, Vedang; Copakova, Lucia; Saya, Sibel; McGrath, John; Cooke, Peter; Rønlund, Karina; Richardson, Kate; Henderson, Alex; Teo, Soo H.; Arun, Banu; Kast, Karin; Dias, Alexander; Aaronson, Neil K.; Ardern-Jones, Audrey; Bangma, Chris H.; Castro, Elena; Dearnaley, David; Eccles, Diana M.; Tricker, Karen; Eyfjörð, Jórunn Erla; Falconer, Alison; Foster, Christopher; Gronberg, Henrik; Hamdy, Freddie C.; Stefansdottir, Vigdis; Khoo, Vincent; Lindeman, Geoffrey J.; Lubinski, Jan; Axcrona, Karol; Mikropoulos, Christos; Mitra, Anita; Moynihan, Clare; Rennert, Gadi; Suri, Mohnish; Wilson, Penny; Dudderidge, Tim; Offman, Judith; Kote-Jarai, Zsofia; Vickers, Andrew; Lilja, Hans; Eeles, Rosalind A. (Elsevier BV, 2019-12)
    Background: Mutations in BRCA2 cause a higher risk of early-onset aggressive prostate cancer (PrCa). The IMPACT study is evaluating targeted PrCa screening using prostate-specific-antigen (PSA) in men with germline BRCA1/2 mutations. Objective: To ...
  • Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Thorgeirsson, Gudmundur; sulem, patrick; Helgadottir, Anna; Gylfason, Arnaldur; Sæmundsdóttir, Jóna; Björnsson, Eyþór; Norðdahl, Guðmundur L.; Jónasdóttir, Áslaug; Jónasdóttir, Aðalbjörg; Eggertsson, Hannes; Grétarsdóttir, Sólveig; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Indridason, Olafur Skuli; Palsson, Runolfur; Jónasson, Friðbert; Jonsdottir, Ingileif; Eyjólfsson, Guðmundur I.; Sigurðardóttir, Ólöf; Ólafsson, Ísleifur; Danielsen, Ragnar; Matthíasson, Stefán E.; Kristmundsdóttir, Snædís; Halldórsson, Bjarni V.; Hreiðarsson, Ástráður Benedikt; Valdimarsson, Einar M.; Gudnason, Thorarinn; Benediktsson, Rafn; Steinthorsdottir, Valgerdur; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Holm, Hilma; Stefansson, Kari (Elsevier BV, 2019-12-17)
    Background: Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is a causal risk factor for cardiovascular diseases that has no established therapy. The attribute of Lp(a) that affects cardiovascular risk is not established. Low levels of Lp(a) have been associated with type 2 ...
  • Zhang, T.; Zhou, Q.; Ogmundsdottir, Margret H; Möller, Katrin; Siddaway, R.; Larue, L.; Hsing, M.; Kong, S. W.; Goding, C. R.; Palsson, Arnar; Steingrimsson, Eirikur; Pignoni, F. (The Company of Biologists, 2015-06-19)
    The v-ATPase is a fundamental eukaryotic enzyme that is central to cellular homeostasis. Although its impact on key metabolic regulators such as TORC1 is well documented, our knowledge of mechanisms that regulate v-ATPase activity is limited. Here, we ...
  • Atacho, Diahann A. M.; Reynisson, Hallur; Pétursdóttir, Anna Þóra; Eysteinsson, Thor; Steingrimsson, Eirikur; Petersen, Petur Henry (Society for Neuroscience, 2020-03)
    Neuroplasticity forms the basis for neuronal circuit complexity and differences between otherwise similar circuits. We show that the microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (Mitf) plays a central role in intrinsic plasticity of olfactory bulb ...
  • Bindesbøll, Christian; Aas, Aleksander; Ogmundsdottir, Margret H; Pankiv, Serhiy; Reine, Trine; Zoncu, Roberto; Simonsen, Anne (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-03-11)
    Dysregulated cholesterol homeostasis promotes the pathology of atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction and strokes. Cellular cholesterol is mainly regulated at the transcriptional level by SREBP2, but also through uptake of extracellular cholesterol ...
  • Skúladóttir, Guðrún Valgerður; Óskarsdóttir, Harpa; Pisanu, Claudia; Sjödin, Marcus; Lindberg, Johan; Mwinyi, Jessica; Schiöth, Helgi B (Dove Medical Press Ltd., 2018-10)
    Purpose: Dietary macronutrient composition, stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) activity indices, and primary bile acid (BA) concentrations are among the factors that have been associated with lipid metabolism and contributed to obesity. We investigated the ...
  • LeBlanc, Nathalie M.; Stewart, Donald T.; Pálsson, Snæbjörn; Elderkin, Mark F.; Mittelhauser, Glen; Mockford, Stephen; Paquet, Julie; Robertson, Gregory J.; Summers, Ron W.; Tudor, Lindsay; Mallory, Mark L. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2017-03-31)
    The Purple Sandpiper (Calidris maritima) is a medium-sized shorebird that breeds in the Arctic and winters along northern Atlantic coastlines. Migration routes and affiliations between breeding grounds and wintering grounds are incompletely understood. ...
  • Óskarsson, Guðjón R.; Oddsson, Asmundur; Magnusson, Magnus Karl; Kristjansson, Ragnar; Halldorsson, Gisli; Ferkingstad, Egil; Zink, Florian; Helgadottir, Anna; Ívarsdóttir, Erna V.; Arnadottir, Gudny; Jensson, Brynjar Örn; Katrinardottir, Hildigunnur; Sveinbjornsson, Gardar; Kristinsdóttir, Anna Margrét; Lee, Amy L.; Sæmundsdóttir, Jóna; Stefánsdóttir, Lilja; Sigurðsson, Jón K.; Davíðsson, Ólafur B.; Benonisdottir, Stefania; Jónasdóttir, Áslaug; Jónasdóttir, Aðalbjörg; Jonsson, Stefan; Guðmundsson, Reynir L.; Asselbergs, Folkert W.; Tragante, Vinicius; Gunnarsson, Bjarni; Másson, Gísli; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Rafnar, Thorunn; Holm, Hilma; Olafsson, Isleifur; Önundarson, Páll Torfi; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Norðdahl, Guðmundur L.; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; sulem, patrick; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-04-23)
    Hemoglobin is the essential oxygen-carrying molecule in humans and is regulated by cellular iron and oxygen sensing mechanisms. To search for novel variants associated with hemoglobin concentration, we performed genome-wide association studies of ...
  • Helgadottir, Anna; sulem, patrick; Thorgeirsson, Gudmundur; Grétarsdóttir, Sólveig; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Jensson, Brynjar Örn; Arnadottir, Gudny; Olafsson, Isleifur; Eyjólfsson, Guðmundur I.; Sigurdardottir, Olof; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Holm, Hilma; Stefansson, Kari (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018-03-27)
    Aims Scavenger receptor Class B Type 1 (SR-BI) is a major receptor for high-density lipoprotein (HDL) that promotes hepatic uptake of cholesterol from HDL. A rare mutation p.P376L, in the gene encoding SR-BI, SCARB1, was recently reported to associate ...