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Browsing by Subject "Gastroenterology"

Browsing by Subject "Gastroenterology"

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  • Björnsson, Einar Stefán (2021-06-28)
    Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) should be considered in all patients with recent elevation of liver tests without obvious etiology and normal hepatobiliary imaging. There is currently no biomarker that is helpful in diagnosis which relies on clinical ...
  • Vinayaga-Pavan, Mathena; Frampton, Matthew; Pontikos, Nikolas; Levine, Adam P; Smith, Phillip J; Jonasson, Jon G.; Bjornsson, Einar; Segal, Anthony W; Smith, Andrew M (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018-11-19)
    Background: A combination of genetic and environmental factors is thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC). In Iceland, the incidence of UC is one of the highest in the world. The aim of this study was to characterize ...
  • Olafsson, Sigurdur; Rögnvaldsson, Sigurjon; Bergmann, Ottar M.; Jonasson, Jon G.; Benitez Hernandez, Ubaldo; Björnsson, Einar S. (2021-06)
    Background & Aims: The incidence of cirrhosis in Iceland has been the lowest in the world with only 3 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. Alcohol consumption has almost doubled in Iceland from 1980 to 2016. Obesity has also risen and hepatitis C virus has ...
  • Caër, Charles; Gorreja, Frida; Forsskåhl, Sophia K.; Brynjólfsson, Siggeir Fannar; Szeponik, Louis; Magnusson, Maria K.; Börjesson, Lars G.; Block, Mattias; Bexe-Lindskog, Elinor; Wick, Mary Jo (2021-02-04)
    BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Uncontrolled activation of intestinal mononuclear phagocytes [MNPs] drives chronic inflammation in inflammatory bowel disease [IBD]. Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1 [TREM-1] has been implicated in the pathogenesis ...