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Browsing by Subject "Faraldsfræði"

Browsing by Subject "Faraldsfræði"

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  • Löve, Arndís Sue Ching; Baz-Lomba, Jose Antonio; Reid, Malcolm J.; Kankaanpää, Aino; Gunnar, Teemu; Dam, Maria; Ólafsdóttir, Kristín; Thomas, Kevin V. (Elsevier BV, 2018-06)
    Wastewater-based epidemiology is an efficient way to assess illicit drug use, complementing currently used methods retrieved from different data sources. The aim of this study is to compare stimulant drug use in five Nordic capital cities that include ...
  • Lønnebotn, Marianne; Svanes, Cecilie; Igland, Jannicke; Franklin, Karl A.; Accordini, Simone; Benediktsdóttir, Bryndís; Bentouhami, Hayat; Blanco, José A. G.; Bono, Roberto; Corsico, Angelo; Demoly, Pascal; Dharmage, Shyamali; Dorado Arenas, Sandra; Garcia, Judith; Heinrich, Joachim; Holm, Mathias; Janson, Christer; Jarvis, Debbie; Leynaert, Bénédicte; Martinez-Moratalla, Jesús; Nowak, Dennis; Pin, Isabelle; Raherison-Semjen, Chantal; Sánchez-Ramos, José Luis; Schlünssen, Vivi; Skulstad, Svein Magne; Dratva, Julia; Gómez Real, Francisco (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-04-25)
    Life course data on obesity may enrich the quality of epidemiologic studies analysing health consequences of obesity. However, achieving such data may require substantial resources. We investigated the use of body silhouettes in adults as a tool to ...
  • Quirk, Sigríður Júlía; Haraldsson, Gunnsteinn; Erlendsdóttir, Helga; Hjálmarsdóttir, Martha Ásdís; van Tonder, Andries J.; Hrafnkelsson, Birgir; Sigurdsson, Samuel; Bentley, Stephen D.; Haraldsson, Ásgeir; Brueggemann, Angela B.; Kristinsson, Karl G. (American Society for Microbiology, 2018-09-26)
    Vaccination with pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) disrupts the pneumococcal population. Our aim was to determine the impact of the 10-valent PCV on the serotypes, genetic lineages, and antimicrobial susceptibility of pneumococci isolated from ...
  • Hjálmarsdóttir, Martha Ásdís (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medcine, 2016-10-14)
    Streptococcus pneumoniae, pneumókokkar, sem ekki voru næmir fyrir penisillíni (PÓP) fundust fyrst á Íslandi 1988 og urðu á fjórum árum 20% allra pneumókokka stofna sem greindust hjá sjúklingum. Flestir voru þeir af hjúpgerð 6Bii/E, CC90. Árið 2011 ...
  • Kramer, Anneke; Pippias, Maria; Noordzij, Marlies; Stel, Vianda S; Afentakis, Nikolaos; Ambühl, Patrice M; Andrusev, Anton M; Fuster, Emma Arcos; Arribas Monzón, Federico E; Åsberg, Anders; Barbullushi, Myftar; Bonthuis, Marjolein; Caskey, Fergus J; Castro de la Nuez, Pablo; Cernevskis, Harijs; des Grottes, Jean-Marin; Garneata, Liliana; Golan, Eliezer; Hemmelder, Marc H; Ioannou, Kyriakos; Jarraya, Faical; Kolesnyk, Mykola; Komissarov, Kirill; Lassalle, Mathilde; Macario, Fernando; Mahillo-Duran, Beatriz; Martín de Francisco, Angel L; Palsson, Runolfur; Pechter, Ülle; Resic, Halima; Rutkowski, Boleslaw; Santiuste de Pablos, Carmen; Seyahi, Nurhan; Simic Ogrizovic, Sanja; Slon Roblero, María F; Spustova, Viera; Stojceva-Taneva, Olivera; Traynor, Jamie; Massy, Ziad A; Jager, Kitty J (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018-01-05)
    Background This article summarizes the European Renal Association – European Dialysis and Transplant Association (ERA-EDTA) Registry’s 2015 Annual Report. It describes the epidemiology of renal replacement therapy (RRT) for end-stage renal disease ...
  • Guðborg Auður, Guðjónsdóttir; Þórðardóttir, Anna María; Kristinsson, Jakob (Læknafélag Íslands / Icelandic Medical Association, 2017-06-06)
    Inngangur: Samkvæmt niðurstöðum rannsóknar á eitrunum á Íslandi frá 2001-2002 leita flestir sem þarfnast meðferðar vegna eitrunar á bráðamóttökur Landspítala. Markmið rannsóknarinnar var að afla áreiðanlegra upplýsinga um bráðar eitranir sem koma ...
  • Iordache, Paul; (2019-02)
    In Romania, there is a lack of quantitative data associating cancer risk with genetic characteristics. The aim of this thesis is to evaluate genetic risk factors associated with two major cancer types, prostate cancer and colorectal cancer. The first ...
  • Björnsdóttir, Sigríður; Harris, Simon R.; Svansson, Vilhjálmur; Gunnarsson, Eggert; Sigurðardóttir, Ólöf G.; Gammeljord, Kristina; Steward, Karen F.; Newton, J. Richard; Robinson, Carl; Charbonneau, Amelia R. L.; Parkhill, Julian; Holden, Matthew T. G.; Waller, Andrew S. (American Society for Microbiology, 2017-08-01)
    Iceland is free of the major infectious diseases of horses. However, in 2010 an epidemic of respiratory disease of unknown cause spread through the country’s native horse population of 77,000. Microbiological investigations ruled out known viral agents ...
  • Sigurdsson, Samuel (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2018-12)
    Pneumococci are commonly carried asymptomatically in the nasopharynx, especially in children. Pneumococci are also one of the major bacterial pathogens causing both severe infections and non-severe infections in both children and adults. The most severe ...
  • Liu, Dong; Liu, Cong; Wang, Xiyin; Ingvarsson, Sigurdur; Chen, Huiping (Elsevier Ltd., 2014-02)
    The miR-451 was found to be frequently down-regulated in tumors, indicating that miR-451 could play an important role in carcinogenesis. This study uncovered the mechanism by which the miR-451 functions as a tumor suppressor. The target genes of miR-451 ...
  • Wyss, Annah B.; Sofer, Tamar; Lee, Mi Kyeong; Terzikhan, Natalie; Nguyen, Jennifer N.; Lahousse, Lies; Latourelle, Jeanne C.; Smith, Albert Vernon; Bartz, Traci M.; Feitosa, Mary F.; Gao, Wei; Ahluwalia, Tarunveer S.; Tang, Wenbo; Oldmeadow, Christopher; Duan, Qing; de Jong, Kim; Wojczynski, Mary K.; Wang, Xin-Qun; Noordam, Raymond; Hartwig, Fernando Pires; Jackson, Victoria E.; Wang, Tianyuan; Obeidat, Ma’en; Hobbs, Brian D.; Huan, Tianxiao; Gui, Hongsheng; Parker, Margaret M.; Hu, Donglei; Mogil, Lauren S.; Kichaev, Gleb; Jin, Jianping; Graff, Mariaelisa; Harris, Tamara B.; Kalhan, Ravi; Heckbert, Susan R.; Paternoster, Lavinia; Burkart, Kristin M.; Liu, Yongmei; Holliday, Elizabeth G.; Wilson, James G.; Vonk, Judith M.; Sanders, Jason L.; Barr, R. Graham; de Mutsert, Renée; Menezes, Ana Maria Baptista; Adams, Hieab H. H.; van den Berge, Maarten; Joehanes, Roby; Levin, Albert M.; Liberto, Jennifer; Launer, Lenore J.; Morrison, Alanna C.; Sitlani, Colleen M.; Celedón, Juan C.; Kritchevsky, Stephen B.; Scott, Rodney J.; Christensen, Kaare; Rotter, Jerome I.; Bonten, Tobias N.; Wehrmeister, Fernando César; Bossé, Yohan; Xiao, Shujie; Oh, Sam; Franceschini, Nora; Brody, Jennifer A.; Kaplan, Robert C.; Lohman, Kurt; McEvoy, Mark; Province, Michael A.; Rosendaal, Frits R.; Taylor, Kent D.; Nickle, David C.; Williams, L. Keoki; Burchard, Esteban G.; Wheeler, Heather E.; Sin, Don D.; Gudnason, Vilmundur; North, Kari E.; Fornage, Myriam; Psaty, Bruce M.; Myers, Richard H.; O’Connor, George; Hansen, Torben; Laurie, Cathy C.; Cassano, Patricia A.; Sung, Joohon; Kim, Woo Jin; Attia, John R.; Lange, Leslie; Boezen, H. Marike; Thyagarajan, Bharat; Rich, Stephen S.; Mook-Kanamori, Dennis O.; Horta, Bernardo Lessa; Uitterlinden, André G.; Im, Hae Kyung; Cho, Michael H.; Brusselle, Guy G.; Gharib, Sina A.; Dupuis, Josée; Manichaikul, Ani; London, Stephanie J. (Springer Nature, 2018-07-30)
    Nearly 100 loci have been identified for pulmonary function, almost exclusively in studies of European ancestry populations. We extend previous research by meta-analyzing genome-wide association studies of 1000 Genomes imputed variants in relation to ...
  • Tómasdóttir, Margrét Ólafía (NTNU Grafisk senter; University of Iceland, 2017-12-07)
    Bakgrunnur: Þegar sami einstaklingur þjáist af tveimur eða fleirum langvinnum sjúkdómum er það kallað fjölveikindi (e.multimorbidity). Á undanförnum árum hefur rannsóknum á fjölveikindum fleygt fram og algengi þeirra verið metið svo mikið að fjölveikindi ...
  • Kristmundsson, Árni (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2018-10-30)
    Apicomplexans comprise a group of unicellular, often highly pathogenic, obligate parasites infecting both vertebrates and invertebrates, exploiting either one (monoxenous) or two hosts (heteroxenous) to complete a full reproductive life cycle. Their ...
  • Emilsson, Össur Ingi (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2016-10)
    Introduction: Nocturnal gastroesophageal reflux (nGER) is associated with respiratory symptoms and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), but a causal relationship has not been established. The aim of this project was to investigate the association between ...
  • Blimark, Cecilie Hveding; Turesson, Ingemar; Genell, Anna; Ahlberg, Lucia; Björkstrand, Bo; Carlson, Kristina; Forsberg, Karin; Juliusson, Gunnar; Linder, Olle; Mellqvist, Ulf-Henrik; Nahi, Hareth; Kristinsson, Sigurður Yngvi (Ferrata Storti Foundation (Haematologica), 2017-12-07)
    Epidemiology and outcome of myeloma are mainly reported from large university centers and collaborative groups, and do not represent ‘real-world’ patients. The Swedish Myeloma Registry is a prospective population-based registry documenting characteristics, ...
  • Ingimarsdóttir, Inga Jóna (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2017-09-18)
    Blöðruhálskirtilskrabbamein er í dag algengasta krabbamein meðal karlmanna bæði á Íslandi og í Danmörku. Í byrjun 10. áratugar síðustu aldar kom fram á sjónarsviðið svokallað PSA-blóðpróf. PSA er stytting á heitinu prostate specific antigen en það er ...
  • Hálfdánarson, Óskar (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-03-08)
    Background and aims: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are commonly prescribed drugs that are used to treat acid-related disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. Over the last decade, PPI use has repeatedly been shown to be increasing worldwide, causing ...