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Browsing by Subject "Erfðabreytileiki"

Browsing by Subject "Erfðabreytileiki"

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  • Daya, Michelle; Bjarnadóttir, Hrafnhildur (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-02-20)
    Asthma is a complex disease with striking disparities across racial and ethnic groups. Despite its relatively high burden, representation of individuals of African ancestry in asthma genome-wide association studies (GWAS) has been inadequate, and true ...
  • Armesto Jimenez, Amaranta (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2018-08-17)
    Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a severe lung disease with unknown aetiology. The lifespan is approximately 3 to 5 years after diagnosis, and the treatments available such as lung transplant are high risk and are not suitable for all patients. In ...
  • Guðbrandsson, Jóhannes; Kapralova, Kalina; Franzdottir, Sigridur Rut; Bergsveinsdóttir, Þóra Margrét; Hafstað, Völundur; Jónsson, Zophonías Oddur; Snorrason, Sigurður S.; Palsson, Arnar (Wiley, 2019-09-12)
    The availability of diverse ecological niches can promote adaptation of trophic specializations and related traits, as has been repeatedly observed in evolutionary radiations of freshwater fish. The role of genetics, environment, and history in ...
  • Guðbrandsson, Jóhannes (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2019-04-26)
    The four morphs of Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) in Lake Þingvallavatn, Iceland, which differ in many phenotypic traits related to morphology, life history, and feeding ecology, are believed to have evolved locally within the lake after the retreat ...
  • Eiríksson, Jón Hjalti; Sigurdsson, Agust; Jóhannesson, Guðmundur; Eythorsdottir, Emma (Agricultural University of Iceland, 2019)
    A total of 480,495 test-day yield records of 33,052 cows were used to estimate the genetic parameters for daily milk yield (MY), fat yield (FY), protein yield (PY) and somatic cell score (SCS) of Icelandic dairy cows in the first three lactations with ...
  • Pretzer, Carina; Druzhinina, Irina S.; Amaro, Carmen; Benediktsdóttir, Eva; Hedenström, Ingela; Hervio-Heath, Dominique; Huhulescu, Steliana; Schets, Franciska M.; Farnleitner, Andreas H.; Kirschner, Alexander K. T. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2017-01)
    Coastal marine Vibrio cholerae populations usually exhibit high genetic diversity. To assess the genetic diversity of abundant V. cholerae non-O1/non-O139 populations in the Central European lake Neusiedler See, we performed a phylogenetic analysis ...
  • Sapkota, Yadav; Steinthorsdottir, Valgerdur; Morris, Andrew P.; Fassbender, Amelie; Rahmioglu, Nilufer; De Vivo, Immaculata; Buring, Julie E.; Zhang, Futao; Edwards, Todd L.; Jones, Sarah; O, Dorien; Peterse, Daniëlle; Rexrode, Kathryn M.; Ridker, Paul M.; Schork, Andrew J.; MacGregor, Stuart; Martin, Nicholas G.; Becker, Christian M.; Adachi, Sosuke; Yoshihara, Kosuke; Enomoto, Takayuki; Takahashi, Atsushi; Kamatani, Yoichiro; Matsuda, Koichi; Kubo, Michiaki; Þorleifsson, Guðmar; Geirsson, Reynir T.; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Wallace, Leanne M.; Werge, Thomas M.; Thompson, Wesley K.; Yang, Jian; Velez Edwards, Digna R.; Nyegaard, Mette; Low, Siew-Kee; Zondervan, Krina T.; Missmer, Stacey A.; D'Hooghe, Thomas; Montgomery, Grant W.; Chasman, Daniel I.; Stefansson, Kari; Tung, Joyce Y.; Nyholt, Dale R. (Springer Nature, 2017-05-24)
    Endometriosis is a heritable hormone-dependent gynecological disorder, associated with severe pelvic pain and reduced fertility; however, its molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. Here we perform a meta-analysis of 11 genome-wide association ...
  • Benonisdottir, Stefania; Kristjansson, Ragnar P; Oddsson, Asmundur; Steinthorsdottir, Valgerdur; Mikaelsdottir, Evgenia; Kehr, Birte; Jensson, Brynjar O; Arnadottir, Gudny A; Sulem, Gerald; Sveinbjornsson, Gardar; Kristmundsdóttir, Snædís; Ívarsdóttir, Erna V.; Tragante, Vinicius; Gunnarsson, Bjarni; Runolfsdottir, Hrafnhildur Linnet; Arthur, Joseph G; Deaton, Aimee M; Eyjolfsson, Gudmundur I; Davidsson, Olafur B; Asselbergs, Folkert W; Hreidarsson, Astradur B; Rafnar, Thorunn; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Edvardsson, Vidar; Sigurdsson, Gunnar; Helgadottir, Anna; Halldórsson, Bjarni; Masson, Gisli; Holm, Hilma; Önundarson, Páll Torfi; Indridason, Olafur S; Benediktsson, Rafn; Palsson, Runolfur; Gudbjartsson, Daniel F; Olafsson, Isleifur; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Sulem, Patrick; Stefansson, Kari (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018-11-24)
    Urine dipstick tests are widely used in routine medical care to diagnose kidney and urinary tract and metabolic diseases. Several environmental factors are known to affect the test results, whereas the effects of genetic diversity are largely unknown. ...
  • Jónsson, Hákon; Sulem, Patrick; Kehr, Birte; Kristmundsdóttir, Snædís; Zink, Florian; Hjartarson, Eiríkur; Hardarson, Marteinn; Hjorleifsson, Kristjan; Eggertsson, Hannes; Guðjónsson, Sigurjón Axel; Ward, Lucas D.; Arnadottir, Gudny; Helgason, Einar A.; Helgason, Hannes; Gylfason, Arnaldur; Jónasdóttir, Aðalbjörg; Jónasdóttir, Áslaug; Rafnar, Thorunn; Besenbacher, Soren; Frigge, Michael L.; Stacey, Simon N.; Magnússon, Ólafur T.; Þorsteinsdóttir, Unnur; Másson, Gísli; Kong, Augustine; Halldórsson, Bjarni; Helgason, Agnar; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Nature, 2017-09-21)
    Understanding of sequence diversity is the cornerstone of analysis of genetic disorders, population genetics, and evolutionary biology. Here, we present an update of our sequencing set to 15,220 Icelanders who we sequenced to an average genome-wide ...