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Browsing by Subject "Epidemiology"

Browsing by Subject "Epidemiology"

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  • Gunnarsdóttir, Oddný Sigurborg; Rafnsson, Vilhjalmur (BMJ, 2020-05-20)
    Objectives The aim was to study mortality due to suicide, accidental poisoning, event of undetermined intent and drug-related deaths through 20 years in Iceland. Design A population-based register study. Participants Individuals who died due to road ...
  • Rich, Anna; Baldwin, David; Alfageme, Inmaculada; Beckett, Paul; Berghmans, Thierry; Brincat, Stephen; Burghuber, Otto; Corlateanu, Alexandru; Cufer, Tanja; Damhuis, Ronald; Danila, Edvardas; Domagala-Kulawik, Joanna; Elia, Stefano; Gaga, Mina; Goksel, Tuncay; Grigoriu, Bogdan; Hillerdal, Gunnar; Huber, Rudolf Maria; Jakobsen, Erik; Jónsson, Steinn; Jovanovic, Dragana; Kavcova, Elena; Konsoulova, Assia; Laisaar, Tanel; Makitaro, Riitta; Mehic, Bakir; Milroy, Robert; Moldvay, Judit; Morgan, Ross; Nanushi, Milda; Paesmans, Marianne; Putora, Paul Martin; Samarzija, Miroslav; Scherpereel, Arnaud; Schlesser, Marc; Sculier, Jean-Paul; Skrickova, Jana; Sotto-Mayor, Renato; Strand, Trond-Eirik; Van Schil, Paul; Blum, Torsten-Gerriet (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2018-11-20)
    Background: A minority of European countries have participated in international comparisons with high level data on lung cancer. However, the nature and extent of data collection across the continent is simply unknown, and without accurate data ...
  • Lanzoni, Anna; Castoldi, Anna F; Kass, George EN; Terron, Andrea; De Seze, Guilhem; Bal‐Price, Anna; Bois, Frédéric Y; Delclos, K Barry; Doerge, Daniel R; Fritsche, Ellen; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Kolossa‐Gehring, Marike; Hougaard Bennekou, Susanne; Koning, Frits; Lampen, Alfonso; Leist, Marcel; Mantus, Ellen; Rousselle, Christophe; Siegrist, Michael; Steinberg, Pablo; Tritscher, Angelika; Van de Water, Bob; Vineis, Paolo; Walker, Nigel; Wallace, Heather; Whelan, Maurice; Younes, Maged (Wiley, 2019-07-08)
    The current/traditional human health risk assessment paradigm is challenged by recent scientific and technical advances, and ethical demands. The current approach is considered too resource intensive, is not always reliable, can raise issues of ...
  • Jonsson, Helgi (Springer Nature, 2017-12)
    Background: Hand photography has been used in a number of studies to determine the presence and severity of hand osteoarthritis (HOA). The aim of this study was to present age and gender specific prevalences of HOA diagnosed by this method. Methods: ...
  • Reutfors, Johan; Cesta, Carolyn E.; Cohen, Jacqueline M.; Bateman, Brian T.; Brauer, Ruth; Einarsdóttir, Kristjana; Engeland, Anders; Furu, Kari; Gissler, Mika; Havard, Alys; Hernandez-Diaz, Sonia; Huybrechts, Krista F.; Karlstad, Øystein; Leinonen, Maarit K.; Li, Jiong; Man, Kenneth K.C.; Pazzagli, Laura; Schaffer, Andrea; Schink, Tania; Wang, Zixuan; Yu, Yongfu; Zoega, Helga; Bröms, Gabriella (Elsevier BV, 2020-06)
    Aim: To compare the prevalence and trends of antipsychotic drug use during pregnancy between countries across four continents. Methods: Individually linked health data in Denmark (2000−2012), Finland (2005–2014), Iceland (2004–2017), Norway (2005–2015), ...
  • Johannessen, Ane; Lønnebotn, Marianne; Calciano, Lucia; Benediktsdóttir, Bryndís; Bertelsen, Randi Jacobsen; Bråbäck, Lennart; Dharmage, Shyamali; Franklin, Karl A.; Gislason, Thorarinn; Holm, Mathias; Janson, Christer; Jarvis, Deborah; Jõgi, Rain; Kim, Jeong-Lim; Kirkeleit, Jorunn; Lodge, Caroline; Malinovschi, Andrei; Martinez-Moratalla, Jesus; Nilsen, Roy Miodini; Pereira-Vega, Antonio; Real, Francisco Gómez; Schlünssen, Vivi; Accordini, Simone; Svanes, Cecilie (Elsevier BV, 2020-03)
    Background: Overweight status and asthma have increased during the last decades. Being overweight is a known risk factor for asthma, but it is not known whether it might also increase asthma risk in the next generation. Objective: We aimed to examine ...
  • Peralta, Gabriela P; Marcon, Alessandro; Carsin, Anne-Elie; Abramson, Michael J; Accordini, Simone; Amaral, André FS; Antó, Josep M; Bowatte, Gayan; Burney, Peter; Corsico, Angelo; Demoly, Pascal; Dharmage, Shyamali; Forsberg, Bertil; Fuertes, Elaine; Garcia-Larsen, Vanessa; Gislason, Thorarinn; Gullón, José-Antonio; Heinrich, Joachim; Holm, Mathias; Jarvis, Deborah L; Janson, Christer; Jogi, Rain; Johannessen, Ane; Leynaert, Bénédicte; Rovira, Jesús Martínez-Moratalla; Nowak, Dennis; Probst-Hensch, Nicole; Raherison, Chantal; Sánchez-Ramos, José-Luis; Sigsgaard, Torben; Siroux, Valérie; Squillacioti, Giulia; Urrutia, Isabel; Weyler, Joost; Zock, Jan-Paul; Garcia-Aymerich, Judith (BMJ, 2020-02-25)
    Background: Previous studies have reported an association between weight increase and excess lung function decline in young adults followed for short periods. We aimed to estimate lung function trajectories during adulthood from 20-year weight change ...
  • Lønnebotn, Marianne; Svanes, Cecilie; Igland, Jannicke; Franklin, Karl A.; Accordini, Simone; Benediktsdóttir, Bryndís; Bentouhami, Hayat; Blanco, José A. G.; Bono, Roberto; Corsico, Angelo; Demoly, Pascal; Dharmage, Shyamali; Dorado Arenas, Sandra; Garcia, Judith; Heinrich, Joachim; Holm, Mathias; Janson, Christer; Jarvis, Debbie; Leynaert, Bénédicte; Martinez-Moratalla, Jesús; Nowak, Dennis; Pin, Isabelle; Raherison-Semjen, Chantal; Sánchez-Ramos, José Luis; Schlünssen, Vivi; Skulstad, Svein Magne; Dratva, Julia; Gómez Real, Francisco (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-04-25)
    Life course data on obesity may enrich the quality of epidemiologic studies analysing health consequences of obesity. However, achieving such data may require substantial resources. We investigated the use of body silhouettes in adults as a tool to ...
  • Vonk, Jet M.J.; Greving, Jacoba P.; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Launer, Lenore J.; Geerlings, Mirjam I. (2021-07-25)
    We aimed to evaluate the external performance of prediction models for all-cause dementia or AD in the general population, which can aid selection of high-risk individuals for clinical trials and prevention. We identified 17 out of 36 eligible published ...
  • Waldenlind, Kristin; Delcoigne, Bénédicte; Saevarsdottir, Saedis; Askling, Johan (BMJ, 2020-07-15)
    Objective: To investigate if autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) impacts rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease activity or response to methotrexate. Methods A nationwide register-based cohort study of 9 004 patients with new-onset RA from the Swedish ...
  • Quirk, Sigríður Júlía; Haraldsson, Gunnsteinn; Erlendsdóttir, Helga; Hjálmarsdóttir, Martha Ásdís; van Tonder, Andries J.; Hrafnkelsson, Birgir; Sigurdsson, Samuel; Bentley, Stephen D.; Haraldsson, Ásgeir; Brueggemann, Angela B.; Kristinsson, Karl G. (American Society for Microbiology, 2018-09-26)
    Vaccination with pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) disrupts the pneumococcal population. Our aim was to determine the impact of the 10-valent PCV on the serotypes, genetic lineages, and antimicrobial susceptibility of pneumococci isolated from ...
  • Lattari, Eduardo; Budde, Henning; Paes, Flávia; Neto, Geraldo Albuquerque Maranhão; Appolinario, José Carlos; Nardi, Antônio Egídio; Murillo-Rodriguez, Eric; Machado, Sérgio (Bentham Science Publishers Ltd., 2018-02-21)
    Background: The effects of the aerobic exercise on anxiety symptoms in patients with Panic Disorder (PD) remain unclear. Thus, the investigation of possible changes in EEG frontal asymmetry could contribute to understand the relationship among exercise, ...
  • Steinvik, Tine; Raatiniemi, Lasse; Mogensen, Brynjólfur; Steingrímsdóttir, Guðrún B.; Beer, Torfinn; Eriksson, Anders; Dehli, Trond; Wisborg, Torben; Bakke, Håkon Kvåle (2022-01-11)
    Background: The northern regions of the Nordic countries have common challenges of sparsely populated areas, long distances, and an arctic climate. The aim of this study was to compare the cause and rate of fatal injuries in the northernmost area of ...
  • Kramer, Anneke; Pippias, Maria; Noordzij, Marlies; Stel, Vianda S; Afentakis, Nikolaos; Ambühl, Patrice M; Andrusev, Anton M; Fuster, Emma Arcos; Arribas Monzón, Federico E; Åsberg, Anders; Barbullushi, Myftar; Bonthuis, Marjolein; Caskey, Fergus J; Castro de la Nuez, Pablo; Cernevskis, Harijs; des Grottes, Jean-Marin; Garneata, Liliana; Golan, Eliezer; Hemmelder, Marc H; Ioannou, Kyriakos; Jarraya, Faical; Kolesnyk, Mykola; Komissarov, Kirill; Lassalle, Mathilde; Macario, Fernando; Mahillo-Duran, Beatriz; Martín de Francisco, Angel L; Palsson, Runolfur; Pechter, Ülle; Resic, Halima; Rutkowski, Boleslaw; Santiuste de Pablos, Carmen; Seyahi, Nurhan; Simic Ogrizovic, Sanja; Slon Roblero, María F; Spustova, Viera; Stojceva-Taneva, Olivera; Traynor, Jamie; Massy, Ziad A; Jager, Kitty J (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018-01-05)
    Background This article summarizes the European Renal Association – European Dialysis and Transplant Association (ERA-EDTA) Registry’s 2015 Annual Report. It describes the epidemiology of renal replacement therapy (RRT) for end-stage renal disease ...
  • Kramer, Anneke; Pippias, Maria; Noordzij, Marlies; Stel, Vianda S; Andrusev, Anton M; Aparicio-Madre, Manuel I; Arribas Monzón, Federico E; Åsberg, Anders; Barbullushi, Myftar; Beltrán, Palma; Bonthuis, Marjolein; Caskey, Fergus J; Castro de la Nuez, Pablo; Cernevskis, Harijs; De Meester, Johan; Finne, Patrik; Golan, Eliezer; Heaf, James G; Hemmelder, Marc H; Ioannou, Kyriakos; Kantaria, Nino; Komissarov, Kirill; Korejwo, Grzegorz; Kramar, Reinhard; Lassalle, Mathilde; Lopot, František; Macário, Fernando; Mackinnon, Bruce; Palsson, Runolfur; Pechter, Ülle; Piñera, Vicente C; Santiuste de Pablos, Carmen; Segarra-Medrano, Alfons; Seyahi, Nurhan; Slon Roblero, Maria F; Stojceva-Taneva, Olivera; Vazelov, Evgueniy; Winzeler, Rebecca; Ziginskiene, Edita; Massy, Ziad; Jager, Kitty J (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2019-02-26)
    Background: This article summarizes the ERA-EDTA Registry's 2016 Annual Report, by describing the epidemiology of renal replacement therapy (RRT) for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in 2016 within 36 countries. Methods: In 2017 and 2018, the ERA-EDTA ...
  • Björnsdóttir, Eygló Brynja; Hjörleifsdóttir, Elísabet; Sigurðardóttir, Þórhalla; Baruchello, Giorgio; Þormóðsson, Finnbogi Rútur (2021-01-01)
    Physical rehabilitation and psychosocial support are a part of cancer patients well-being and their ability to cope. Physical geography and healthcare provider barriers may have negative influences on patients’ health outcomes. To explore the perceptions ...
  • Kishore, Nishant; Mitchell, Rebecca; Lash, Timothy L.; Reed, Carrie; Danon, Leon; Sigmundsdóttir, Guðrún; Vigfusson, Ymir (Wiley, 2019-11-09)
    Background Data collected by mobile devices can augment surveillance of epidemics in real time. However, methods and evidence for the integration of these data into modern surveillance systems are sparse. We linked call detail records (CDR) with an ...
  • Grabenhenrich, Linus; Trendelenburg, Valérie; Bellach, Johanna; Yürek, Songül; Reich, Andreas; Fiandor, Ana; Rivero, Daniela; Sigurðardóttir, Sigurveig; Clausen, Michael; Papadopoulos, Nikolaos G.; Xepapadaki, Paraskevi; Sprikkelman, Aline B.; Dontje, Bianca; Roberts, Graham; Grimshaw, Kate; Kowalski, Marek L.; Kurowski, Marcin; Dubakiene, Ruta; Rudzeviciene, Odilija; Fernández‐Rivas, Montserrat; Couch, Philip; Versteeg, Serge A.; Ree, Ronald; Mills, Clare; Keil, Thomas; Beyer, Kirsten (Wiley, 2020-05-19)
    Background: The prevalence of food allergy (FA) among European school children is poorly defined. Estimates have commonly been based on parent-reported symptoms. We aimed to estimate the frequency of FA and sensitization against food allergens in primary ...
  • Iordache, Paul (2019-02)
    In Romania, there is a lack of quantitative data associating cancer risk with genetic characteristics. The aim of this thesis is to evaluate genetic risk factors associated with two major cancer types, prostate cancer and colorectal cancer. The first ...
  • Allen, Richard J.; Guillen-Guio, Beatriz; Oldham, Justin M.; Ma, Shwu-Fan; Dressen, Amy; Paynton, Megan L.; Kraven, Luke M.; Obeidat, Ma'en; Li, Xuan; Ng, Michael; Braybrooke, Rebecca; Molina-Molina, Maria; Hobbs, Brian D.; Putman, Rachel K.; Sakornsakolpat, Phuwanat; Booth, Helen L.; Fahy, William A.; Hart, Simon P.; Hill, Mike R.; Hirani, Nik; Hubbard, Richard B.; McAnulty, Robin J.; Millar, Ann B.; Navaratnam, Vidyia; Oballa, Eunice; Parfrey, Helen; Saini, Gauri; Whyte, Moira K. B.; Zhang, Yingze; Kaminski, Naftali; Adegunsoye, Ayodeji; Strek, Mary E.; Neighbors, Margaret; Sheng, Xuting R.; Guðmundsson, Gunnar; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Hatabu, Hiroto; Lederer, David J.; Manichaikul, Ani; Newell, John D.; O’Connor, George T.; Ortega, Victor E.; Xu, Hanfei; Fingerlin, Tasha E.; Bossé, Yohan; Hao, Ke; Joubert, Philippe; Nickle, David C.; Sin, Don D.; Timens, Wim; Furniss, Dominic; Morris, Andrew P.; Zondervan, Krina T.; Hall, Ian P.; Sayers, Ian; Tobin, Martin D.; Maher, Toby M.; Cho, Michael H.; Hunninghake, Gary M.; Schwartz, David A.; Yaspan, Brian L.; Molyneaux, Philip L.; Flores, Carlos; Noth, Imre; Jenkins, R. Gisli; Wain, Louise V. (American Thoracic Society, 2020-03-01)
    Rationale: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a complex lung disease characterized by scarring of the lung that is believed to result from an atypical response to injury of the epithelium. Genome-wide association studies have reported signals of ...