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Fletta eftir efnisorði "Eldgos"

Fletta eftir efnisorði "Eldgos"

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  • Damby, David E.; Horwell, Claire J.; Larsen, Guðrún Þorgerður; Thordarson, Thorvaldur; Tomatis, Maura; Fubini, Bice; Donaldson, Ken (Springer Nature, 2017-09-11)
    Background The eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull (2010) and Grímsvötn (2011), Iceland, triggered immediate, international consideration of the respiratory health hazard of inhaling volcanic ash, and prompted the need to estimate the potential hazard posed ...
  • Prata, Fred; Woodhouse, Mark; Huppert, Herbert E.; Prata, Andrew; Thordarson, Thorvaldur; Carn, Simon (Copernicus GmbH, 2017-09-12)
    The separation of volcanic ash and sulfur dioxide (SO2) gas is sometimes observed during volcanic eruptions. The exact conditions under which separation occurs are not fully understood but the phenomenon is of importance because of the effects volcanic ...
  • Liu, E. J.; Cashman, K. V.; Rust, A. C.; Höskuldsson, Ármann (Springer Nature, 2017-09-07)
    Growing evidence for significant magmatic vesiculation prior to magma-water interaction (MWI) has brought into question the use of ‘diagnostic’ features, such as low vesicularities and blocky morphologies, to identify hydromagmatic pyroclasts. We address ...
  • Bjarnason, Ingi Þorleifur (Iceland Glaciological Society and Geoscience Society of IcelandJöklarannsóknafélags Íslands og Jarðfræðafélags Íslands, 2014)
    A day and a half after the earthquake (mb=5.3, MS=5.6, MW=5.6) in the Bárðarbunga central volcano on Sept. 29th 1996, a volcanic eruption broke out under the Vatnajökull glacier. The eruption was located approximately 20 km SSE of the earthquake ...
  • Katrínardóttir, Borgný; Alves, Jose; Sigurjónsdóttir, Hrefna; Hersteinsson, Páll; Gunnarsson, Tomas Gretar (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2015-07-10)
    Distinct preference of species for habitats is most often driven by long term differences in demographic rates between habitats. Estimating variation in those rates is key for developing successful conservation strategies. Stochastic events can interact ...
  • Gíslason, Sigurður Reynir; Stefansdottir, Gerdur; Pfeffer, Melissa; barsotti, sara; Jóhannsson, Th.; Galeczka, Iwona Monika; Bali, Eniko; Sigmarsson, Olgeir; Stefansson, Andri; Keller, Nicole Simone; Sigurðsson, Á.; Bergsson, Bergur H.; Galle, B.; Jacobo, V.C; Arellano, S.; Aiuppa, A.; Jónasdóttir, Elín Björk; Eiríksdóttir, E.S.; Jakobsson, Sigurður; Guðfinnsson, Guðmundur Heiðar; Halldórsson, Sæmundur Ari; Gunnarsson, H.; Haddadi, B.; Jonsdottir, Ingibjorg; Thordarson, Thorvaldur; Riishuus, Morten; Högnadóttir, Thórdís; Dürig, Tobias; Pedersen, Gro; Höskuldsson, Ármann; Gudmundsson, Magnus Tumi (European Association of Geochemistry, 2015)
    The effusive six months long 2014-2015 Bárðarbunga eruption (31 August-27 February) was the largest in Iceland for more than 200 years, producing 1.6 ± 0.3 km3 of lava. The total SO2 emission was 11 ± 5 Mt, more than the amount emitted from Europe ...
  • Gascoin, Simon; Guðmundsson, Sverrir; Adalgeirsdottir, Gudfinna; Pálsson, Finnur; Schmidt, Louise; Berthier, Etienne; Björnsson, Helgi (MDPI AG, 2017-04-25)
    Albedo is a key variable in the response of glaciers to climate. In Iceland, large albedo variations of the ice caps may be caused by the deposition of volcanic ash (tephra). Sparse in situ measurements are insufficient to characterize the spatial ...
  • Gudmundsson, Magnus Tumi; Jónsdóttir, Kristín; Hooper, Andrew; Holohan, Eoghan P.; Halldorsson, Saemundur; Ofeigsson, Benedikt Gunnar; Cesca, Simone; Vogfjörð, Kristín S.; Sigmundsson, Freysteinn; Högnadóttir, Thórdís; Einarsson, Páll; Sigmarsson, Olgeir; Jarosch, Alexander H.; Jónasson, Kristján; Magnússon, Eyjólfur; Hreinsdóttir, Sigrún; Bagnardi, Marco; Parks, Michelle M.; hjorleifsdottir, vala; Pálsson, Finnur; Walter, Thomas R.; Schöpfer, Martin P. J.; Heimann, Sebastian; Reynolds, Hannah Iona; Dumont, Stéphanie; Bali, Eniko; Guðfinnsson, Guðmundur Heiðar; Dahm, Torsten; Roberts, Matthew J.; Hensch, Martin; Belart, Joaquín M. C.; Spaans, Karsten; Jakobsson, Sigurður; Guðmundsson, Gunnar B.; Fridriksdóttir, Hildur María; Drouin, Vincent; Dürig, Tobias; Adalgeirsdottir, Gudfinna; Riishuus, Morten; Pedersen, Gro; van Boeckel, Tayo; Oddsson, Björn; Pfeffer, Melissa A.; barsotti, sara; Bergsson, Baldur; Donovan, Amy; Burton, Mike R.; Aiuppa, Alessandro (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2016-07-14)
    Large volcanic eruptions on Earth commonly occur with a collapse of the roof of a crustal magma reservoir, forming a caldera. Only a few such collapses occur per century, and the lack of detailed observations has obscured insight into the mechanical ...
  • Pfeffer, Melissa; Bergsson, Baldur; Barsotti, Sara; Stefansdottir, Gerdur; Galle, Bo; Arellano, Santiago; Conde, Vladimir; Donovan, Amy; Ilyinskaya, Evgenia; Burton, Mike; Aiuppa, Alessandro; Whitty, Rachel; Simmons, Isla; Arason, Þórður; Jónasdóttir, Elín; Keller, Nicole; Yeo, Richard; Arngrímsson, Hermann; Jóhannsson, Þorsteinn; Butwin, Mary; Askew, Robert; DUMONT, Stéphanie; von Löwis, Sibylle; Ingvarsson, Þorgils; La Spina, Alessandro; Thomas, Helen; Prata, Fred; Grassa, Fausto; Giudice, Gaetano; Stefansson, Andri; Marzano, Frank; Montopoli, Mario; Mereu, Luigi (MDPI AG, 2018-01-18)
    he 2014–2015 Bárðarbunga fissure eruption at Holuhraun in central Iceland was distinguished by the high emission of gases, in total 9.6 Mt SO2, with almost no tephra. This work collates all ground-based measurements of this extraordinary eruption cloud ...
  • Pedersen, Gro; Belart, Joaquín M. C.; Magnússon, Eyjólfur; Vilmundardóttir, Olga Kolbrún; Kizel, Fadi; Sigurmundsson, Friðþór Sófus; Gísladóttir, Guðrún; Benediktsson, Jon Atli (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2018-02-22)
    Lava flow thicknesses, volumes, and effusion rates provide essential information for understanding the behavior of eruptions and their associated deformation signals. Preeruption and posteruption elevation models were generated from historical stereo ...
  • Pedersen, Gro; Montalvo, Jorge; Einarsson, Páll; Vilmundardóttir, Olga Kolbrún; Sigurmundsson, Friðþór Sófus; Belart, Joaquín M. C.; Hjartardottir, Asta Rut; Kizel, Fadi; Rustowicz, Rose; Falco, Nicola; Gísladóttir, Guðrún; Benediktsson, Jon Atli (Iceland Glaciological Society and Geoscience Society of IcelandJöklarannsóknafélags Íslands og Jarðfræðafélags Íslands, 2018)
    Hekla volcano is known to have erupted at least 23 times in historical time (last 1100 years); often producing mixed eruptions of tephra and lava. The lava flow volumes from the 20th century have amounted 80% to almost 100% of the entire erupted ...
  • Guðnason, Jónas (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2017-07-12)
    Iceland is one of the most volcanically active terrestrial regions on Earth. Hazards posed from volcanic eruptions to local population and life stock is well known in Iceland and the wider effects from volcanic activity have been elevated in recent ...
  • Pankhurst, Matthew J.; Morgan, Daniel J.; Thordarson, Thorvaldur; Loughlin, Sue C. (Elsevier BV, 2018-07)
    How a volcano has behaved throughout its past is a guide to its future behaviour. Detailed knowledge of what preceded eruptions from specific volcanoes, and how this can be recognised in real-time, are pivotal questions of this field. Here, the physical ...
  • Aufaristama, Muhammad; Höskuldsson, Ármann; Jonsdottir, Ingibjorg; Ólafsdóttir, Rósa (IOP Publishing, 2016-01-19)
    Iceland is well known for its volcanic activity due to its location on the spreading Mid Atlantic Ridge and one of the earth’s hot spot. In the past 1000 years there were about 200 eruptions occurring in Iceland, meaning volcanic eruptions occurred ...
  • Hartley, Margaret E.; Bali, Eniko; Maclennan, John; Neave, David A.; Halldórsson, Sæmundur Ari (Springer Nature, 2018-01-12)
    The 2014–2015 Holuhraun eruption, on the Bárðarbunga volcanic system in central Iceland, was one of the best-monitored basaltic fissure eruptions that has ever occurred, and presents a unique opportunity to link petrological and geochemical data with ...
  • Sigfusson, Bergur (University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, 2009)
    This thesis studied the volcanic and geothermal source of arsenic (As) and its fate in shallow ground waters and upon entering the ocean by means of experimental and field measurements combined with geochemical modeling. Arsenic enters the atmosphere ...
  • Schmidt, Anja; Leadbetter, Susan; Theys, Nicolas; Carboni, Elisa; Witham, Claire S.; Stevenson, John A.; Birch, Cathryn E.; Thordarson, Thorvaldur; Turnock, Steven; barsotti, sara; Delaney, Lin; Feng, Wuhu; Grainger, Roy G.; Hort, Matthew C.; Höskuldsson, Ármann; Ialongo, Iolanda; Ilyinskaya, Evgenia; Jóhannsson, Þorsteinn; Kenny, Patrick; Mather, Tamsin A.; Richards, Nigel A. D.; Shepherd, Janet (Wiley-Blackwell, 2015-09-23)
    The 2014–2015 Bárðarbunga-Veiðivötn fissure eruption at Holuhraun produced about 1.5 km3 of lava, making it the largest eruption in Iceland in more than 200 years. Over the course of the eruption, daily volcanic sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions exceeded ...
  • Caudron, Corentin; White, Robert S.; Green, Robert G.; Woods, Jennifer; Agustsdottir, Thorbjorg; Donaldson, Clare; Greenfield, Tim; Rivalta, Eleonora; Brandsdóttir, Bryndís (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2018-01)
    Magma is transported in brittle rock through dikes and sills. This movement may be accompanied by the release of seismic energy that can be tracked from the Earth's surface. Locating dikes and deciphering their dynamics is therefore of prime importance ...
  • Reynolds, Hannah Iona (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2017-12-18)
    Thermal anomalies are observed at many volcanoes, resulting from geothermal and magmatic activity, and are usually difficult to quantify since the measurement of heat fluxes from the ground to the atmosphere is subject to large uncertainties. However, ...